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2
votes
1answer
119 views

Non-negativity of invariant polynomials

Certifying the non-negativity of a symmetric polynomial is much easier than certifying the non-negativity of an arbitrary polynomial function: for instance, in (1) is proved that the complexity of ...
10
votes
0answers
179 views

real algebraic geometry software?

Does anyone have suggestions/experience for any software packages to study real algebraic varieties (for example, counting connected components of hypersurfaces, figuring out the topological type of ...
7
votes
0answers
121 views

Nearest Point to a real algebraic set

Suppose I have a compact bounded real algebraic (eventually: or analytic or semialgebraic or semianalytic set) $V$ in $\mathbb R^3$ and a point $x\in\mathbb R^3$ not in $V$. How much do we know about ...
6
votes
0answers
209 views

Does every commutative $*$-algebra of operators on a prehilbert space have a character?

My question can be equivalently stated as follows: Let $A$ be a complex commutative algebra with involution, and assume there exists a non-zero homomorphism $\pi:A\to L(V)$ to the algebra of ...
6
votes
0answers
126 views

Zariski closure of orbits of real groups on complex flag manifolds

Let $G$ be a complex reductive algebraic group defined over $\mathbb R$, and $G_0$ its real points. Then the orbits of $G_0$ on $G/B$ need not be real algebraic subvarieties. Take $G=SL_2(\mathbb C)$, ...
6
votes
0answers
59 views

Bounding volume of cell in complement of zero set

I am given an integer polynomial $f \in \mathbb{Z}[X_1, \ldots, X_n]$ of bounded degree and bounded coefficient size. The polynomial's zero set partitions $\mathbb{R}^n$ into cells. What I am looking ...
6
votes
0answers
219 views

Real schubert calculus

Studying real enumerative questions I noticed, that the even-even Schubert varieties of the real Grassmannian $Gr:=Gr_{2k}(2n,\mathbb R)$ behave analogously to the complex case. I call a partition ...
5
votes
0answers
166 views

Differential operators that preserve real-rootedness

Is there some description of polynomial differential operators, $\mathcal{D}=\sum f_i(x) D_x^i$ such that, if $h$ is a polynomial all of whose roots are in $[0,1]$, then so are all the roots of ...
4
votes
0answers
94 views

moduli in real/semi algebraic geometry

Is there a moduli space in semialgebraic geometry analogous to the Hilbert scheme in algebraic geometry? The sort of thing I am imagining is an object in a category of semischemes: Ordinary schemes ...
3
votes
0answers
84 views

Bound on the sum of arguments

Problem: Show that for all real $s,t,u$ and all complex $z$ with $|z|<1$ one has $$(*)\qquad \arg\frac{1-zf(s-u)}{1-zf(s+u)} +\arg\frac{1-zf(t+u)}{1-zf(t-u)}<\pi, $$ where $f$ is the ...
2
votes
0answers
79 views

Real-rooted polynomials and higher rank matrices

For $A$ and $B$ being matrices of the same dimension and $B$ being rank $1$, one knows that $det(A+tB)$ is a linear polynomial in $t \in \mathbb{R}$. Hence by Taylor series it follows that $det(A + ...
2
votes
0answers
59 views

conic structure at infinity for non-closed unbounded semi-algebraic sets

Let $X\subseteq\mathbb{R}^k$ be a non-closed, unbounded semi-algebraic subset. Then it seems to me that Proposition 5.49 on p. 189 of the book Algorithms in Real Algebraic Geometry still holds true ...
2
votes
0answers
70 views

Behavior of elementary symmetric polynomials near zero sets

It is straightforward to show (see Characterizing intersection of zero sets of elementary symmetric polynomials on R^n) that the set of points $\Lambda_{k}$ in $x \in \mathbb{R}^{n}$ with ...
2
votes
0answers
246 views

Integrating over the real points of an algebraic variety

This question is motivated by my earlier question. Suppose I have some algebraic variety $X/\mathbb R$ of dimension $n$, and suppose that $X(\mathbb R)$ is compact. Now for any element of ...
2
votes
0answers
272 views

Maximal compact subgroup of a real semisimple Lie group of “quasi-adjoint” type.

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a semisimple complex Lie algebra, and $G$ the adjoint group of $\mathfrak{g}$. Let $\sigma:\mathfrak{g}\rightarrow \mathfrak{g}$ be a complex conjugation and ...
1
vote
0answers
136 views

About real roots of complex multivariable polynomials

Let $f(z,w_1,w_2,..,w_n)$ be a multivarible complex polynomial mapping $\mathbb{C}^{n+1} \rightarrow \mathbb{C}$ and it has all real coefficients. Assume that this is "real-stable" i.e it has no roots ...
1
vote
0answers
64 views

vector space of ternary forms with real rooted property

Let $V \subseteq \mathbb{R}[x,y]_d$ be a two dimensional linear subspace of the vector space of bivariate forms of degree $d$. For each degree $d$ we can find such subspaces with the property that ...
1
vote
0answers
85 views

Representing quasianalytic functions in several variables

For functions in a quasianalytic Denjoy-Carleman class we have the property that their Taylor expansions at a point (the origin) determines the function. For classes that don't only contain analytic ...
1
vote
0answers
42 views

Components of Intersection of Ellipsoids

Let $\Sigma$ be an $n-1$ dimensional ellipsoid in $\textbf{R}^{n}$ and $S$ the unit sphere. I would like to understand the connected components $C$ of the intersection of $\Sigma$ and $S$. In my ...
1
vote
0answers
209 views

Trigonometric semialgebraic conditions for two floors to be unequal [edited]

EDIT: Since posting my original question I have simplified the problem to finding a sufficient condition for $\lfloor \frac{a}{\phi}\rfloor \neq \lfloor \frac{b}{\phi}\rfloor$ which is trigonometric ...
0
votes
0answers
46 views

homogeneous polynomials of degree 3 in two variables

I am interested in trying to determine if the following statement is true. Let $V$ be the four-dimensional real vector space consisting of all homogeneous polynomials of degree 3 in two variables ...
0
votes
0answers
90 views

Dimensions of two spaces

Let $R=\Bbb K[x_1,\dots,x_n]/I$ and $Z=\mathsf Z(I)$ where $\Bbb K$ is any field with $char(\Bbb K)\neq 2$. Is there a way to describe space of $f_1,f_2\in R$ that satisfies $$f_1+f_2\neq 0,\mbox{ ...
0
votes
0answers
36 views

Real centrally-symmetric plane algebraic curves

I am looking for a reference regarding the topology of real centrally-symmetric plane algebraic curves. By this I mean the curves defined by $$ P(x,y)=0, $$ where $P$ is a degree $m$ polynomial, ...
0
votes
0answers
208 views

Ideal of real points in $\mathbb{C}[x_0,x_1,\dotsc,x_k]$

I fell a little uncomfortable with this real stuff. The question here is more general, but we can suppose $\mathbb{K}=\mathbb{R}$. Take a set of (distinct) points in $\mathbb{P}^n$, the complex ...