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2
votes
1answer
165 views

Volumes of families of semialgebraic sets

Let $f_0(T),f_1(T) \in \mathbb R [T]$ be polynomials. Let $F(T,X):=X^2+f_1(T)X+f_0(T)$. Then the set $M(t):=\{x \in \mathbb R \mid F(t,x) \le 0\}$ is bounded. Its volume $V(t)$ is ...
2
votes
3answers
181 views

How to tell if a second-order curve goes below the $x$ axis?

Suppose we have a second-order curve in general form: (1) $a_{11}x^{2}+2a_{12}xy+a_{22}y^{2}+2a_{13}x+2a_{23}y+a_{33}=0$. I'd like to know if there is a simple condition that ensures that the curve ...
6
votes
0answers
237 views

Real schubert calculus

Studying real enumerative questions I noticed, that the even-even Schubert varieties of the real Grassmannian $Gr:=Gr_{2k}(2n,\mathbb R)$ behave analogously to the complex case. I call a partition ...
0
votes
1answer
135 views

Real Pfaffian representations of real cubic surfaces

Consider the following classical construction (which is called Pfaffian representation as Sasha indicates): Let $ V^4\subset \Lambda^2 \mathbb R^6$ be a four-dimensional subspace of the space of ...
6
votes
2answers
365 views

orderings of the field R((x, y))

I don't know much about the theory of ordered fields. But I know that, for the real fields $\mathbb{R}(y)$, $\mathbb{R}((x))(y)$, and $\mathbb{R}((x))((y))$, we can explicitly determine all the ...
4
votes
1answer
471 views

Exact arithmetic for real algebraic numbers

There was a reply to a question (that I can't find) which mentioned SARAG (Some Algorithms in Real Algebraic Geometry) see http://perso.univ-rennes1.fr/marie-francoise.roy/bpr-ed2-posted2.html. This ...
1
vote
1answer
84 views

Decidability of the generated order

is the question whether a polynomial is non-negative on some semi-algebraic set (equivalently, is it in the cone denerated by some polynomials in the field of rational functions) known to be ...
0
votes
1answer
157 views

Nonsingular zeroes are algebraic?

I'm getting started in Real Algebraic Geometry (from a model-theory perspective), and a paper makes the following assertion (here $K\subset L$ are real-closed fields): Suppose $Q\in L^n$, $f_1, ...
5
votes
0answers
171 views

Differential operators that preserve real-rootedness

Is there some description of polynomial differential operators, $\mathcal{D}=\sum f_i(x) D_x^i$ such that, if $h$ is a polynomial all of whose roots are in $[0,1]$, then so are all the roots of ...
4
votes
1answer
289 views

Deciding the convexity of semialgebraic sets

Given a basic closed semialgebraic set, $S \subset \mathbb{R}^n$, defined by $S = \{ x \in \mathbb{R}^n \mid g_1 (x) \geq 0 \land \dots \land g_m (x) \geq 0\}$ where $m \in \mathbb{N}$ and $g_1, ...
4
votes
2answers
479 views

Real vs complex surfaces

Hi! My background is in (complex) algebraic geometry. For the first time I'm considering varieties defined over $\mathbb{R}$ and I have some very basic questions about these. In particular I'm trying ...
4
votes
1answer
472 views

Morley's Theorem and real algebraic geometry

Consider the following attempt at a ``thought-free'' proof of Morley's Theorem. Let $(x_1,y_1)$, $(x_2,y_2)$ and $(x_3,y_3)$ denote three vertices of a generic triangle. Let $(a_1,b_1)$, $(a_2,b_2)$ ...
4
votes
1answer
399 views

Hausdorff distance on algebraic curves

Introduction Let $K$ be a nice closed domain in $\mathbb{R}^2$, for example the closed unit ball. Recall that the Hausdorff distance on the family $C(K)$ of nonempty compact subsets of $K$ is defined ...
2
votes
1answer
134 views

Ultrafilters on the set of semialgebraic subsets of R^2

Let $R$ be a real closed field and $f: R \to R$ a map. Then let $\textrm{F}(f)$ be the set of semialgebraic subsets of $R^2$, which contain $(t,f(t))$ for all $0< t< \epsilon$ for some $\epsilon ...
10
votes
1answer
611 views

Is the pairing between contours and functions perfect (modulo the kernel given by Stokes' theorem)?

Let $s: \mathbb C^n \to \mathbb C$ be a homogeneous degree-$d$ polynomial which is nonsingular (in the sense that the hypersurface it defines in $\mathbb{CP}^{n-1}$ is smooth; equivalently the ...
1
vote
0answers
210 views

Trigonometric semialgebraic conditions for two floors to be unequal [edited]

EDIT: Since posting my original question I have simplified the problem to finding a sufficient condition for $\lfloor \frac{a}{\phi}\rfloor \neq \lfloor \frac{b}{\phi}\rfloor$ which is trigonometric ...
3
votes
4answers
497 views

Computation of the Euler characteristic of a specific real variety

I think computation of the Euler characteristic of a real variety is not a problem in theory. There are some nice papers like J.W. Bruce, Euler characteristics of real varieties. But suppose we ...
0
votes
0answers
209 views

Ideal of real points in $\mathbb{C}[x_0,x_1,\dotsc,x_k]$

I fell a little uncomfortable with this real stuff. The question here is more general, but we can suppose $\mathbb{K}=\mathbb{R}$. Take a set of (distinct) points in $\mathbb{P}^n$, the complex ...
0
votes
1answer
338 views

Degree of a real algebraic variety and regular morphisms

I'm reading Fulton's "Intersection theory", which i need for some applied needs. And i have two questions on general definition of degree used in Fulton. 1)Let us we have a real algebraic variety ...
1
vote
1answer
366 views

Number of connected components of complement to a reducible real algebraic hypersurface.[EDITED]

Let $X_1,\ldots X_k$ be irreducible(may be singular) affine real algebraic hypersurfaces in $R^n$ with $x_1,\ldots, x_k$ connected components, respectively. Let $G_1,\ldots, G_l$ be their ...
4
votes
2answers
528 views

intersections of real algebraic sets (a bezout-type question)

This question arose when I was trying to understand the Guth-Katz paper on Erdos distance problem, namely, related to Proof of Lemma 2.9 in http://arxiv.org/abs/1011.4105. The proof of that lemma is ...
3
votes
1answer
467 views

Quick algorithm for finding real solutions for a system polynomial equations

Would you please recommend a computer program that could give quick answer Yes/No for the question: does there exist a real solution of a given system of polynomial equations with integer ...
8
votes
2answers
431 views

The topology of open semi-algebraic sets (appl.: totally positive matrices)

Let $P_1,\ldots,P_r$ be polynomials over ${\mathbb R}^N$. I am interested in the homotopy type of the semi-algebraic set defined by $$ P_j(x_1,\ldots,x_N)>0,\qquad j=1,\ldots,r . $$ Is there a ...
2
votes
0answers
250 views

Integrating over the real points of an algebraic variety

This question is motivated by my earlier question. Suppose I have some algebraic variety $X/\mathbb R$ of dimension $n$, and suppose that $X(\mathbb R)$ is compact. Now for any element of ...
6
votes
2answers
630 views

Maximal number of connected components of complement to an affine plane real algebraic curve

Let $X$ be a (singular, reducible) affine plane real algebraic curve of degree $d$. How we can estimate maximal number of connected components of it's complement in $R^2$ in terms of degree?
7
votes
1answer
619 views

(Real) algebraic geometry for (real) trigonometric polynomials?

Has somebody developed a comprehensive theory of the algebraic structure of trigonometric polynomials in several variables? If yes, where? Background: By a (real) trigonometric polynomial in ...
2
votes
0answers
280 views

Maximal compact subgroup of a real semisimple Lie group of “quasi-adjoint” type.

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a semisimple complex Lie algebra, and $G$ the adjoint group of $\mathfrak{g}$. Let $\sigma:\mathfrak{g}\rightarrow \mathfrak{g}$ be a complex conjugation and ...
4
votes
1answer
244 views

Hypersurfaces without real points

Let $n, d$ be positive integers. I am interested in the open subset $\mathcal U_{n,d} \subset \mathbb P H^0 ( \mathbb P^n_{\mathbb R}, \mathcal O_{\mathbb P^n_{\mathbb R}}(d))$ corresponding to ...
12
votes
5answers
2k views

Cohomology of Structure Sheaves: Algebraic, Constructible and more

I am not an algebraic geometer, but I am a topologist who uses sheaves. I have studied some algebraic geometry and am interested in what happens as I reduce the amount of rigidity in the structure ...
2
votes
3answers
765 views

Isolated zero set of real polynomial in two variables

The polynomial $x^2+y^2$ has an isolated zero at the origin. And so do powers $(x^2+y^2)^n$ of this polynomial. I'm wondering if this is a special property of these real polynomials. Here's the ...
6
votes
2answers
631 views

Conditions on coefficients of a homogeneous polynomial of the third degree in three variables over R which allow it to be positive on a positive octant

I am a student of Saint Petersburg State Polytechnical University, chair of Theoretical Mechanics. While looking into stability of ideal crystal lattices (2D and 3D) by means of molecular dynamics I ...
10
votes
3answers
1k views

Counting roots: multidimensional Sturm's theorem

Sturm's theorem gives a way to compute the number of roots of a one-variable polynomial in an interval [a,b]. Is there a generalization to boxes in higher dimensions? Namely, let $P_1,\dotsc,P_n\in ...
3
votes
1answer
424 views

Function Fields of Real Varieties

Let $V$ be a geometrically irreducible and reduced scheme defined over the real numbers, and let $K = K(V)$ be its function field. If $V$ does not have any real points, is it true that $K$ is not ...
11
votes
5answers
2k views

Polynomial positive on an interval

If $p$ is a polynomial with real coefficients and p(x)>0 on [0,1], then $p(x)=\sum c_{i,j} x^i(1-x)^j$ with $c_{i,j}$ positive. I know this is true but but I need a proof/reference. Thanks!
10
votes
3answers
459 views

Effective algorithm to test positivity

Let $f(x_1,\ldots, x_n)$ be a real polynomial in several variables. Is there an effective algorithm to test whether $f$ is positive (or nonnegative) on the whole of ${\mathbb{R}}^n$?
6
votes
2answers
718 views

Embeddings and triangulations of real analytic varieties

This is a follow up question to my answer here How do you define the Euler Characteristic of a scheme? A real analytic space is a ringed space locally isomorphic to $(X,O/I)$ where $X$ is the zero ...
3
votes
4answers
1k views

Measure on real Grassmannians

OK, so I'm reading about this nice measure you can define on a (real) Grassmannian on Wikipedia. Basically, and to save you the trip through the link, consider the Haar measure $\theta$ on $O(n)$, fix ...
20
votes
3answers
3k views

Real algebraic geometry vs. algebraic geometry

This question is predicated on my understanding that real algebraic geometry (henceforth RAG) is the version of algebraic geometry (AG) one gets when replacing (esp. algebraically closed) fields with ...
2
votes
2answers
384 views

Real spectrum of ring of continuous semialgebraic functions

Let R be a real closed field, and let U be a semialgebraic subset of $R^n$. Let $S^0(U)$ be the ring of continuous R-valued semialgebraic functions. Also let $\tilde{U}$ be the subset of Spec$_r ...
27
votes
6answers
2k views

Are all polynomial inequalities deducible from the trivial inequality?

I remember learning some years ago of a theorem to the effect that if a polynomial $p(x_1, ... x_n)$ with real coefficients is non-negative on $\mathbb{R}^n$, then it is a sum of squares of ...
13
votes
2answers
1k views

The Sylvester Gallai Theorem and Sections of Varieties with “Simple Topology”.

The Sylvester-Gallai theorem asserts that for every collection of points in the plane, not all on a line, there is a line containing exactly two of the points. One high dimensional extension ...