The rational-functions tag has no wiki summary.

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### A curious sequence of rationals: finite or infinite?

Consider the following function repeatedly applied to a rational
$r = a/b$ in lowest terms:
$f(a/b) = (a b) / (a + b - 1)$.
So, $f(2/3) = 6/4 = 3/2$. $f(3/2) = 6/4 = 3/2$.
I am wondering if it is ...

**12**

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**0**answers

528 views

### Pencils with many completely decomposable fibers

Let $F= \frac{G}{H} : \mathbb P^n \to \mathbb P^1$ be a non-constant rational function ($G$ and $H$ homogenous polynomials of the same degree
in $\mathbb C^{n+1})$.
The fiber over $(\lambda:\mu) \in ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

664 views

### Determining rational functions by their critical points

Fix an integer $d > 1$ and $2d-2$ points $P_1, \ldots, P_{2d-2}$ in the Riemann sphere (not necessarily distinct). Thanks to the work of Eisenbud and Harris on limit linear series (Inventiones, ...

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**1**answer

252 views

### Sets of integers represented by degree zero rational functions

Suppose $f(x_1,x_2,\dots)=\frac{P}{Q}$, where $P,Q$ are polynomials in several variables with integer coefficients that have the same degree. Let's denote by $S(f)$ the set of integers $n$ for which ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

311 views

### certain trigonometric homeomorphisms

Are there any simple characterizations of rational functions $f(x,y)$ with real coefficients such that $\theta\mapsto f(\cos\theta,\sin\theta)$ is a homeomorphism from $\mathbb R\bmod 2\pi$ to ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

307 views

### Given a curve, under which condition is the set of gonal morphisms finite

Recently, in my research I bumped onto gonal morphisms. At the moment, my knowledge is based upon some things I read on the internet. Before stating my questions, I added some definitions/facts that ...

**8**

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**3**answers

2k views

### Elementary Luroth theorem proof?

Hi, everyone!
I'm trying to explain the proof of Luroth theorem (every field $L$, s.t. $K\subset L\subset K(t)$, is isomorphic to $K(t)$) to the high-school audience. I'm not going to use such ...

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**5**answers

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### Rational maps with all critical points fixed

What can be said about rational self-maps of $\mathbb P^1$
for which all critical points are also fixed points ?
If all but one of the fixed points are critical, there is
a characterization in ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

604 views

### Is this a Julia set (and if so, for which function family is it the Julia set)?

Consider the function family given by $f_\lambda(z) = z - p_\lambda(z)/p_\lambda'(z)$ where $p_\lambda(z) = (z^2 - 1)(z - \lambda)$. Every attracting cycle and every rational neutral cycle of ...

**7**

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**1**answer

890 views

### Integer values of a rational function

Suppose we are given a rational function with numerator and denominator being polynomials with integer coefficients. Is there an efficient algorithm for finding all integers arguments at which the ...

**6**

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**3**answers

807 views

### What characterizes rational functions with nonnegative integer Taylor coefficients?

I believe that there is a statement along the following lines (I would, of course, love to be corrected): a formal power series is the Taylor expansion of a rational function if and only if the ...

**6**

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**3**answers

1k views

### Rational exponential expressions

Consider the following extension of polynomials. The rational exponential expressions (REXes) are given by:
The leaves 1 and $x$ for $x$ drawn from a class of variables; and
Closed under the binary ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

318 views

### Asymptotics for the coefficients of a rational function

Let $(a_n)$ be a sequence of non-negative real numbers and assume that the resulting power series defines a rational function
$$\sum_{n=0}^\infty a_n x^n = \dfrac{f(x)}{(1-x^{k_1})\cdots ...

**6**

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**4**answers

409 views

### What are good methods for detecting parabolic components and Siegel disk components in the Fatou set of a rational function?

Given a rational function $f$ on the Riemann sphere, I would like to answer the question: Does the Fatou set of the function, $F(f)$, contain any parabolic components or Siegel disk components? ...

**6**

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**0**answers

238 views

### Singularity structure of integrals of rational functions

Suppose I have a convergent integral of the form $\int_0^1dx_1\dots\int_0^1 dx_n \frac{P(x_i)}{Q(x_i)}$, where $P$ and $Q$ are polynomial functions of $n$ nonnegative real variables $x_i$. Let the ...

**5**

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**5**answers

1k views

### When does the sequence of iterates of a rational function converge?

Darsh asks at the 20-questions seminar:
Let f:P^1 -> P^1 be rational function.
Can you say when the sequence ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

353 views

### Does an inverse polynomial map on the taylor coefficients of a rational function preserve rationality?

Supppose there are integers $a_1,a_2,\dots$ and a polynomial $p$ so that the integers $p(a_1),p(a_2)...$ satisfy some linear recurrence, i.e. $\sum p(a_i)x^i$ is a rational function of $x$. Must ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

151 views

### Reference request on symmetric polynomials

A version of this question on stackexchange got a few comments from one person and no answers.
Let $e_k$ be the $k$th-degree elementary symmetric polynomial in variables $x_1,\ldots,x_n$ (so in ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

671 views

### When a sequence of coefficients converges to the coefficients of a rational function $R$, when does the sequence $R_n$ converge uniformly to $R$?

Let $R$ be a rational function of degree $d$ mapping the Riemann sphere to itself:$$R(z) = \frac{a_d z^d + a_{d-1} z^{d-1} + \cdots + a_0}{b_d z^d + b_{d-1} z^{d-1} + \cdots + b_0}$$
where $a_d$ and ...

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250 views

### an equation in fractions

I have an equation of the form $\sum_{i=1}^{m}{\frac{1}{a_{i}-x}}=\sum_{j=1}^{n}{\frac{1}{b_{j}-x}}$ and would like to express $x$ as a an approximate explicit function of the $a_{i},b_{j},m,n$. Have ...

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313 views

### confusion about rational maps and Fatou components

Dear fellows,
I have come to another conclusion which must be wrong.
Let $f$ be a rational map and let $U$ be a connected but not simply connected open subset of the Fatou set such that $f(U)$ is ...

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votes

**2**answers

143 views

### Finding a simpler “local” lower bound for a rational function

I have obtained as the expression for some quantity the following gargantuan formula:
$$ \frac{k^8 + 3k^7 + 8k^6 + 3k^5 - 16k^4 - 32k^3 + 63k^2 - 34k + 6}{k^6 + 3k^5 + 6k^4 - 24k^2 + 21k - 5}$$.
...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

259 views

### resolution of singularities and a projection formula

Let $Y$ be a normal surface and let $p:X\longrightarrow Y$ be a resolution of singularities.
Let $f$ be a rational function on $Y$.
Do we have that $p_\ast$div $(d(f\circ p)) = $ div $df$ as ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

63 views

### Markov-type functions

I'd like to have some informations about Markov-type functions (or Cauchy-type):
\[ f(z)=\int_{\Gamma} \frac{\mathrm{d}\gamma(\xi)}{\xi-z}.\]
$\gamma$ is a positive measure with compact support ...

**2**

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**0**answers

110 views

### Rational interpolation: Error bounds for coefficients

The following question was asked on MSE, but might be more suitable here.
Assume there is a rational function
$$
f:x\mapsto \frac{\sum_{i=0}^m{a_ix^i}}{1+\sum_{j=1}^n{b_jx^j}}
$$
of type $(m,n)$ with ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

67 views

### Subfields $k\subseteq F\subseteq k(x_1,\dots,x_n)$. Is then $F\cap k[x_1,\dots,x_n]=k(f_1,\dots,f_m)\cap k[x_1,\dots,x_n]$ for polynomials $f_i$?

Let $F\subseteq k(x_1,\dots,x_n)$ be a subfield with $k\subseteq F$. I know that $F=k(\psi_1,\dots,\psi_r)$ for rational functions $\psi_i\in k(x_1,\dots,x_n)$. I'm interested in the intersection ...

**2**

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**1**answer

250 views

### some rational functions over a field of characteristic 2

I would like to know what are the formal power series $$f(t) = \sum_a \omega_a t^{-a}$$ over an algebraicially closed field of characteristic 2, with two properties: (1) The series represents a ...

**1**

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**1**answer

299 views

### Can we construct rational functions with prescribed ramification on an algebraic curve over \Qbar

Let $C$ be a smooth projective connected curve of genus $g$ over $\bar{\mathbf{Q}}$. Fix a finite non-empty (Edit) set of closed points $S$ in $C$ and let $U$ be the complement of $S$ in $C$.
Q1. ...

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**1**answer

85 views

### Approximating rational generating functions

Suppose we have a initial segment $x_1,\ldots,x_N$ (for reasonably large $N$) of a sequence of natural numbers $(x_i)$. We have reason to believe the generating function $\sum_{i=0}^\infty x_iX^i$ is ...

**1**

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**1**answer

186 views

### Approximation of a given function by rational functions

Given a function $1/\sqrt{x^2 -k^2}$ where k is a constant with a small imaginary part, how do you go about constructing a rational approximation? I am interested in the L_p (p=2 or $\infty$) norm of ...

**1**

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**1**answer

203 views

### Rationality of quadric fibrations

Let $Q\to S$ be a quadric fibration over a rational base $S$, over an algebraically closed field of non zero characteristic. Is it true the following?
$Q$ is rational if and only if $Q \to S$ has a ...

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127 views

### Solving a system of rational functions

Given pairwise distinct numbers $c_1, c_2, \dots c_n \in \mathbb{C} \setminus \{0\}$, does the system of equations $$\frac{6}{c_k} + \sum_{i \ne k} \frac{2}{c_k - c_i} = \sum_{i = 1}^n \frac{1}{c_k - ...

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291 views

### Properties of a rational function of multiple variables

Suppose you are given a multivariable rational function f(x0,x1,x2,x3,..,xn), so the only four operation are +,-,*,/.
Assume that all constants and exponents are integers within certain range.
I ...

**1**

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161 views

### Generalization of Lagrange inversion with “skewed” formal parameter

I am interested in obtaining an analog of the Lagrange inversion formula, starting from a generalization of the implicit equation. Ordinary Lagrange reversion, as I am familiar with it, starts with ...

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146 views

### Fields over which cubic hypersurfaces are rational

All cubic hypersurfaces having at least one double point are birational to some $P^n$ over an algebraically closed field. How does the statement change as I pass to non alg closed fields? Does it hold ...

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99 views

### Extrema in two variables of a sum of logs, or equation with sum of rational functions

I am trying to find numerically $\arg\min_{x\in(1, +\infty),y\in(0, 1)}\sum_i\log(xy+\alpha_ix+\beta_iy+\gamma_i)$, where the sum has a large number of terms, and the coefficients are such that the ...

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**1**answer

80 views

### Looking for methods/results for explicitly bounding iterations of rational functions

In Theorem 2.6.4 of Beardon's book, "Iteration of Rational Functions", he states the values for the first two coefficients of an iterated power series.
That is, suppose that
$$
...

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164 views

### sections of vector bundles

Let $X$ a smooth projective connected curve over $\mathbb{C}$.
Let $E$ a vector bundle and $E'$ a subbundle of $E$.
Let $(x_{1},\dots,x_{n})$ $n$ closed points on the curve $X$ with $n>2g$ and $z$ ...

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288 views

### Absolute minima for rational function

Suppose I have two rational polynomials $f_1 (x)$ and $f_2 (x)$, both of the form
$$
f_k (x) = \frac{x (A_k x + B_k)}{(C_k x + D_k)}
$$
with constants $A_k, B_k, C_k$ and $D_k$ and where $k=1,2$. I am ...