The rational-functions tag has no usage guidance.

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### Rationality of quadric fibrations

Let $Q\to S$ be a quadric fibration over a rational base $S$, over an algebraically closed field of non zero characteristic. Is it true the following?
$Q$ is rational if and only if $Q \to S$ has a ...

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### Elementary Luroth theorem proof?

Hi, everyone!
I'm trying to explain the proof of Luroth theorem (every field $L$, s.t. $K\subset L\subset K(t)$, is isomorphic to $K(t)$) to the high-school audience. I'm not going to use such ...

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### Singularity structure of integrals of rational functions

Suppose I have a convergent integral of the form $\int_0^1dx_1\dots\int_0^1 dx_n \frac{P(x_i)}{Q(x_i)}$, where $P$ and $Q$ are polynomial functions of $n$ nonnegative real variables $x_i$. Let the ...

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### some rational functions over a field of characteristic 2

I would like to know what are the formal power series $$f(t) = \sum_a \omega_a t^{-a}$$ over an algebraicially closed field of characteristic 2, with two properties: (1) The series represents a ...

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### When does a rational function have infinitely many integer values for integer inputs?

Consider rational functions $F(x)=P(x)/Q(x)$ with $P(x),Q(x) \in \mathbb{Z}[x]$. I'd like to know when I can expect $F(k) \in \mathbb{Z}$ for infinitely many positive integers $k$. Of course this ...

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### Integer values of a rational function

Suppose we are given a rational function with numerator and denominator being polynomials with integer coefficients. Is there an efficient algorithm for finding all integers arguments at which the ...

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### What characterizes rational functions with nonnegative integer Taylor coefficients?

I believe that there is a statement along the following lines (I would, of course, love to be corrected): a formal power series is the Taylor expansion of a rational function if and only if the ...

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### Rational exponential expressions

Consider the following extension of polynomials. The rational exponential expressions (REXes) are given by:
The leaves 1 and $x$ for $x$ drawn from a class of variables; and
Closed under the binary ...

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### Does an inverse polynomial map on the taylor coefficients of a rational function preserve rationality?

Supppose there are integers $a_1,a_2,\dots$ and a polynomial $p$ so that the integers $p(a_1),p(a_2)...$ satisfy some linear recurrence, i.e. $\sum p(a_i)x^i$ is a rational function of $x$. Must ...

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### Pencils with many completely decomposable fibers

Let $F= \frac{G}{H} : \mathbb P^n \to \mathbb P^1$ be a non-constant rational function ($G$ and $H$ homogenous polynomials of the same degree
in $\mathbb C^{n+1})$.
The fiber over $(\lambda:\mu) \in ...

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### Rational maps with all critical points fixed

What can be said about rational self-maps of $\mathbb P^1$
for which all critical points are also fixed points ?
If all but one of the fixed points are critical, there is
a characterization in http://...

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### When does the sequence of iterates of a rational function converge?

Darsh asks at the 20-questions seminar:
Let $f:P^1 \rightarrow P^1$ be rational function.
Can you say when the sequence $\{ f^n(x)\}_n=\{ x,f(x),f(f(x)),\cdots\} $ converges? What about the sequence ...