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1
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0answers
599 views

asymmetric random walk, hitting time probability

Let's consider an asymmetric Random Walk on $Z$, with transition probabilities $p_{i, i+1}=p$, $~~p_{i, i+1}=q$, $\forall i \in \mathcal{Z}$, $p+q=1$ and $p>q$. I am interested in the probability ...
0
votes
0answers
299 views

Probability density function of the node positions in a random walk after N time slots

Hello, my question basically is how do I find the probability density function of the position of the nodes in a given area after N discrete time slots when the nodes move following the 2D random walk ...
1
vote
1answer
69 views

Spanning subgaph with trivial Poisson boundaries

Assume $\Gamma$ is the Cayley graph of an amenable$^{*}$ group and that the simple random walk has non-trivial Poisson boundary$^{**}$. Is there a spanning connected subgraph $\Gamma'$ of some ...
1
vote
1answer
207 views

Stationary distribution for directed graph

I want to implement the algorithm of graph partitioning of sparse directed graph. In this algorithm after computing the transition matrix ,we should compute the stationary distribution of the random ...
12
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3answers
458 views

Estimate on currents in Cayley graphs

Take a Cayley graph $\Gamma$ (thought of as an electrical network with all edges having equal resistance) and break one edge $e$ and put a battery there. (Assume the graph has only one end* so that ...
27
votes
1answer
907 views

Prime Number Races in 2 Dimensions

Is the mapping $$f: \ \mathbb{N} \rightarrow \mathbb{Z}[i], \ \ \ n \ \mapsto \sum_{2 < p \leq n \ {\rm prime}} e^{\frac{p-1}{4} \pi i}$$ surjective? In 1999, when I was an undergraduate student, ...
0
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0answers
91 views

Theorem Leads for tied-down random walk

scribd.com/doc/87930409/18/Leads-for-tied-down-random-walk [Theorem 3.7, page 38] Could you explain me the last equality in the proof? I mean this: $$\frac{2[\sqrt{1 - s^2t^2} - ...
4
votes
1answer
203 views

Approximating a hitting time for some state using the stationary distribution?

Provided a random walk on a bounded interval, with step probabilities, $p$ and $q$ and a stationary distribution $\pi$, how "bad" of an approximation is to assume that the hitting time for a position ...
2
votes
1answer
284 views

Manhattan distance vs. absorption time on an unbounded integer lattice

Imagine I have unbounded $d$-dimensional integer lattice where I take two vertices, $v_a$ and $v_b$, separated by a fixed Manhattan distance $L$, and I release a random walker at $v_a$ and allow for ...
4
votes
5answers
413 views

Spectrum of transition matrix for symmetric random walk

I asked this question previously on math.stackexchange.com, where it had little traction. Consider the symmetric random walk on $\{0,1,…,n\}$ with transition probabilities $P(j→j±1)=1/2$ for $0 ...
2
votes
1answer
278 views

Probability that a “closable” self-avoiding random walk forms a polygon

Consider a self-avoiding random walk on an infinite graph (for concreteness, the grid of 2-dimensional lattice points $\mathbb{Z}^2$), in which on each step, the next position is chosen uniformly at ...
11
votes
2answers
757 views

Random walks on Coxeter groups

Let $G_N$ be the group generated by elements $a_1,\ldots,a_N$ subject to the relations $a_i^2=1$ and $(a_ia_j)^3=1$. The growth function of $G_N$ is then ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

Expected Hitting Time for Simple Random Walk from origin to point (x,y) in 2D-Integer-Grid

Consider a simple random walk on the lattice $\mathbb Z^2$ starting at the origin $(0,0)$ where in each step, one of the four adjacent vertices in chosen uniformly at random, i.e. with probability ...
10
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1answer
341 views

Elephant populations (and Dyck words)

Hello, I'm relatively new to this forum so apologies if I have tagged my question incorrectly. I have been in contact with a wildlife biologist recently concerning counting elephant populations and ...
1
vote
1answer
206 views

Extending Wald's equation to two classes of i.d. random variables?

I try to adopt Wald's equation to a slightly more complex problem. In fact, after a full day, I found some solution now, but it has a confusing argument in the middle. Perhaps somebody can help me at ...
7
votes
1answer
734 views

Generating function for Random Walk Hitting Time, taking the wrong root

In a calculation of the hitting time for a Bernoulli random walk we have to calculate the hitting time $\tau(1)=\inf\{n\ge 0:S_n=1\}$ to reach $+1$ and the generating function has the recursion ...
8
votes
2answers
412 views

A discrete random walk that avoids previously visited vertices for an exponentially distributed time interval

Imagine a discrete random walk on an infinite one-dimensional lattice where, for every unit interval of time, $(t_1, t_2, ...)$, the walker takes a step with uniform probability to its left or right. ...
4
votes
2answers
275 views

How does a quasi-isometry affect Poisson or Martin boundaries?

Take two graphs (of bounded valency) or manifolds (f bounded geometry) $G$ and $G'$. Assume there is a quasi-isometry $f:G \to G'$, and assume the Poisson or Martin boundary of $G$ is known, what may ...
1
vote
1answer
260 views

The probability a self-avoiding random walk (SAW) on a rectangular or hexagonal lattice takes more than $N$ steps before trapping itself

What is the probability that a self-avoiding random walk (SAW) on a rectangular or hexagonal lattice is able to take more than $N$ steps, i.e. able to take more than $N$ steps before trapping itself ...
5
votes
0answers
141 views

hitting time of a subset

Suppose you have the simple random walk on $L=\mathbb{Z}^n,$ and $A \subset L$ is a subset (in my case, the subset is a union of hyperplanes, so in particular infinite). There is a random variable ...
5
votes
0answers
660 views

On “The Average Height of Planted Plane Trees” by Knuth, de Bruijn and Rice (1972)

I am trying to derive the classic paper in the title only by elementary means (no generating functions, no complex analysis, no Fourier analysis) although with much less precision. In short, I "only" ...
10
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2answers
570 views

Markov chains: invariant measures and explosion

The following seems like such an elementary question, but I didn't get anywhere with it. Suppose you are considering a Markov chain in continuous time which is transient and has an invariant measure ...
1
vote
1answer
177 views

Distributions induced by (weighted) random walks on the integer lattice

Consider an integer lattice $\mathbb{Z}^2$ where grid points are separated by a distance $h$. Loosely speaking, a random walk of length $k$ is a sequence of lattice points $(x_1,\cdots,x_k)$ ...
2
votes
1answer
354 views

MCMC with progressive demollification of delta distributions

Edit: I simplified the example to a canonical case for clarity. Given an integral $\int_{\Omega}{g(\mathbf{x})}$ with a well-posed integrand $g(\mathbf{x})$ defined on some multidimensional space ...
2
votes
2answers
439 views

Simple random walk on the 3-1 tree is recurrent

Hello guys, There is an infinite tree structure named "the 3-1 tree", denoted by $T_{3-1}$. The tree is constructed as follows: The origin vertex (which can be referred to as the zeroth level) has ...
3
votes
1answer
286 views

Where does directed random walk hit the boundary of a region?

I have a problem that I more or less know the answer to (in an ad hoc way), but would really like to see it done in a systematic way. In spite of this, I will pose the question in quite a concrete ...
4
votes
1answer
220 views

Probability of a topologically non-trivial random walk on a finte torus

Hi: this question is regarding the topological properties of random walks on a finite torus. Consider an unbiased random walk on finite square lattice on a torus of linear dimension $L$. Place a ...
2
votes
2answers
218 views

Probability of a Random Walk crossing an increasing function of the standard deviation

Let $(S_n)_{n=0}^{\infty}$ be a random walk with $S_n = \sum_{i=1}^n X_i$, and let the $X_i$ be distributed according to some (bounded) distribution function $F$ with mean $0$ and variance $1$, so ...
1
vote
0answers
170 views

A random walk with uniformly distributed steps II

The problem is a improved version of this problem, A random walk with uniformly distributed steps Let us imagine a point on the real axis. At the beginning, it is located at point $O$. Then it will ...
3
votes
1answer
310 views

Transience of self avoiding random walks on $\mathbb{Z}^d$

I'm finishing up a masters thesis in computer science and want to say a bit in the introduction about self-avoiding walks. My thesis looks at a random process which arose in computer science and my ...
1
vote
1answer
247 views

Limit of a rescaled random sum of i.i.d. random variables

Consider a sequence of i.i.d. random variables $(X_i)_{i \in \mathbb N}$ and let $S_n=X_1+\dots+X_n$ For every $\alpha \in ]0,+\infty[$, let $N(\alpha)$ be a discrete random variable on $\mathbb N$, ...
2
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1answer
231 views

Reference Request: Cover time for simple random walk on nxn torus

I'm putting the finishing touches on my masters thesis and need a reference for the following fact (which my advisor told me): Let $G$ be the $n\times n$ grid and identify the sides to make it a ...
20
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5answers
2k views

A random walk with uniformly distributed steps

The following problem has bothered me for a long time. Let us imagine a point on the real axis. At the beginning, it is located at point $O$. Then it will "walk" on the real axis randomly in the ...
2
votes
0answers
174 views

$n$-th return of a random walk on $\Bbb Z^d$

Lets define $f_n = P(X_n =0 , X_k \ne 0, k< n)$ the first return distribution of the random walk $X_n$ on $\mathbb{Z}^d$, and lets go ahead and assume that $f_n \approx n^{-(1+\alpha)}$ for some ...
1
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2answers
240 views

Gibbs sampling step size

I have some data generated using MCMC methods and in particular Gibbs sampling. I computed the autocorrelation but I'm unsure how to determine how many samples to skip. I'd like to determine that ...
0
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0answers
238 views

Random Walk in $\mathbb{R}^n$

Have there been papers dealing with random walks in $\mathbb{R}^n$ that are not on the lattice $\mathbb{Z}^n$? Instead of walking in one of the directions possible in $\mathbb{Z}^n$ with probability ...
8
votes
1answer
242 views

Mixing time of unitary Brownian motion

Let $B_t$ be the unitary Brownian motion, i.e. Brownian motion on the unitary group $U(N)$. What is known about the mixing time of $B_t$, that is, how fast does the measure $B_t(\delta_{\{Id\}})$ ...
2
votes
1answer
680 views

first passage time, brownian motion

Hi, If X(t) is Brownian motion in 2D, where X(0) = 0, then we can ask what is the expected time required to first hit a circle of radius R, centered at the origin. This is a First Passage Time ...
8
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0answers
669 views

Combinatorial proof for the number of lattice paths that return to the axis only at times that are a multiple of 4

Consider lattice paths consisting of $2n$ steps, each of which is either $(1,1)$ or $(1,-1)$. The number of such lattice paths that return to the horizontal axis only at times that are a multiple of ...
3
votes
1answer
289 views

Maximum vertical distance for a lattice path when NSEW steps are allowed

Suppose we have a lattice path in 2D starting at the origin, in which north, south, east, and west steps are allowed. For a given path $L$, let $\max(L)$ be the maximum value of the $y$ coordinate ...
12
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5answers
914 views

Simple Random Walk on a Locally Finite Graph - when is it recurrent?

I'm giving a talk tomorrow about a result in computer science which I recently proved. It's a recurrence-transience result on a random process which is related in spirit to a simple random walk. My ...
9
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1answer
811 views

Pólya's Random Walk Constants at infinity

Let be the probability that a random walk on a d-D lattice returns to the origin. In 1921, Pólya proved that $p(1)=p(2)=1$ but $p(d)<1$ for $d>2$. ...
8
votes
2answers
353 views

Limit shape for fixed-perimeter lattice polygons

Let $P$ be a simple polygon defined by $n$ unit-length segments connecting lattice points of $\mathbb{Z}^2$. I have two operations that preserve the perimeter of $P$. The first is the "pop" of a ...
2
votes
2answers
540 views

probability distribution of hitting nodes on a finite graph random walk

Consider a finite, undirected, scale-free graph $\{G}$, with uniform edge weights. We define a truncated random walk on $\{G}$ as a random walk that continues for exactly $\{k}$ steps. For an ...
6
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2answers
375 views

Complexity of detecting a convex body in $\mathbb{R}^n$?

Let $K_0$ be a bounded convex set in $\mathbb{R}^n$ within which lie two sets $K_1$ and $K_2$. $K_0,K_1,K_2$ have nonempty interior. Assume that, $K_1\cup K_2=K_0$ and $K_1\cap K_2=\emptyset$. The ...
4
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1answer
366 views

Decomposition of Haar measure other than Hurwitz's

Hurwitz defined a decomposition of the Haar measure on $SO(n)$ based on Given's rotation. So by left multiplication of Givens rotation one can always bring an orthogonal matrix into the identity. The ...
3
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0answers
168 views

criterion for deciding whether the product of a sequence of Givens rotations can reach the full special orthogonal group

By Givens' rotation $R(1,2;\theta)$ I mean a matrix which has the $$\begin{pmatrix} \hphantom{-}\cos \theta &\sin \theta \cr -\sin \theta & \cos \theta \end{pmatrix}$$ $2 \times 2$ block at ...
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1answer
234 views

Walks that cannot hit the boundary

I've casually proved, as application of some ideas that I am developing, a result that might be of interest in itself. I am completely new in this field and then I would like to ask your help to ...
12
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2answers
632 views

What is the maximum diameter of $N$ steps of a random walk?

Since probability is quite far away from my daily buisiness, please forgive me if my use of terminology is wrong or the question is too trivial. However, I was not able to find the right keyword to ...
5
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0answers
229 views

Any approximation algorithms for self-avoiding walks?

I've a graph whose edges are weighted by probabilities, perhaps all equal. I would like to compute the overall probability of traveling between vertices x and y in the graph after I delete each edge ...