The random-walk tag has no wiki summary.

**3**

votes

**1**answer

81 views

### General ballot theorem

I am looking for a version of the Ballot Theorem for general step distributions. Specifically, let $X_1,X_2,\ldots$ be i.i.d. real random variables with some distribution. Let $S_n = S_1 + \cdots + ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

189 views

### A variant of random walk

Standard random walk assumes a sequence of iid RVs $\{X_i\}_{i\geq 0}$ and studied the distribution of $S_n=\sum_{i=0}^n X_i$.
Here, I am wondering whether there is some work on
$T_n=\sum_{i=0}^n ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

116 views

### Self-avoiding random walks that always turn

I am wondering if the statistics of self-avoiding random lattice-walks
on $\mathbb{Z}^2$
that turn left or right at each step (i.e., they cannot continue the
direction of the preceding step) have been ...

**-1**

votes

**0**answers

40 views

### Is there a stochastic process with zero mean but nonzero value in each time instant? [on hold]

Background: In a signal processing application, we want to randomized a signal by 'whiten' it, that is to say we want the 'whitened' signal with zero mean. However, there is a constraint on the signal ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

115 views

### Hitting probabilities for conditioned oriented random walk monotonic?

Consider an oriented random walk on $\mathbb Z^2$ (i.e. only steps $\rightarrow$ and $\uparrow$ with equal probability.) Say we let the walk go $2m$ steps then start guessing sites at distance $2m$ ...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

81 views

### Probability that Random walkers meet [closed]

I was wondering about a question about Random Walks. I came across various papers where the probability of 2 random walkers in 1 dimension and 2 dimension starting at the same point and returning to ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

121 views

### Tail sigma-algebra of a branching random walk

I am looking for any known results about the tail sigma-algebra of a branching random walk. To be specific, let $T$ be the nodes of an infinite binary tree rooted at $r \in T$. Let $\{X_t\})_{t \in ...

**19**

votes

**0**answers

428 views

### Time for Langton's ant to cover a “square” torus

Langton's ant is a cellular automaton running as follows:
Squares on a plane are colored variously either black or white. We
arbitrarily identify one square as the "ant". The ant can travel ...

**9**

votes

**5**answers

648 views

### Combinatorial\Probabilistic Proof of Stirling's Approximation

Stirling's approximation is the following well-known asymptotic result:
$$n! \approx \left(\frac{n}{e}\right)^n \sqrt{2 \pi n}$$
This result has several analytical proofs, for example via Laplace's ...

**14**

votes

**1**answer

623 views

### In how many steps a random walk visits all the elements of a finite group, with a probability 1/2?

This question is a variation of the return to the origin problem.
Let $G$ be the finite group $\mathbb{Z}/n \times \mathbb{Z}/n$ and let the random transformation $T: G \to G$ such that $T(a,b) = ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

245 views

### The probability that a 2d continuous time random walk avoids the origin

I am trying to find a reference of a proof of a continuous time version of a result of Dvoretzky and Erdos from their paper "Some problems on random walk in space" that says the probability ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

55 views

### Stationary distribution of random walk alias solving uncountably many linear equations [closed]

Let us have interval $I = (i_1,i_2)$, function $f_1 : I \mapsto I$, function $f_2 : I \mapsto I$.
Let $x_0$, $x_1$, $x_2$, ... be series of random variables from interval $I$ denoting random walk. ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

122 views

### Asymmetric random walk on the line with barriers

The most commonly considered random walk on the line takes one step left or right with equal probability until a barrier is reached (if there are any barriers).
More generally, suppose we fix any ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

223 views

### Integration of independent Brownian motions

I am wondering if the following integral of stochastic Brownian motions has an analytical solution?
$$
\int_{0}^{t}e^{\nu \tilde{V}_{\tau} - \frac{1}{2}\nu^{2}\tau}d\tilde{W}_{\tau}
$$
where ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

94 views

### Do constrained random walks converge weakly to the Wiener measure on the space of constrained paths (that corresponds to the heat equation)?

Let $U$ be an open subset of $\mathbb{R}^n$ such that
$\partial \overline{U}$, the boundary of $\overline{U}$ is ''nice''
(for simplicity you can assume piecewise smooth). I also want to allow the ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

114 views

### Maximizer of random walk with very small drift

This is an extended question based on
Large deviations for maximizer of random walk with drift.
Let $$S_k = X_1 + \ldots + X_k,$$ where $X_i$ are i.i.d. with mean $-\mu < 0$ and unit variance. ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

104 views

### Properties of a finite random walk

Consider the simplest random walk - $X_0 = 0$ and from there on (i.i.d), $X_i=X_{i-1}+1$ with probability $p$ or $X_{i-1}-1$ otherwise.
Let $Y_N$ be the highest point $X$ have reached on the first ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

113 views

### Large deviations for maximizer of random walk with drift

Is it easy to write down the large deviations rate for the maximizer of a random walk with negative drift?
Let $X_i$ be the (iid, mean $-\mu$, variance $\sigma$, arbitrarily nice tails) jumps of a ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

397 views

### Probability that a self-avoiding walk on $\mathbb{Z}^3$ closes to a polygon

The probability that a random walk on $\mathbb{Z}^3$ returns to the origin is about 34%.
This is (part of)
Pólya's theorem.
I have been looking for an analogous (numerical) result for the probability
...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

143 views

### Speed and absence of non-constant bounded harmonic functions

For a (symmetric) random walks on countable groups generated by $\mu$, there is a "brute-force computation" argument of Avez (1974) that shows that if the entropy $h_\mu$ is trivial then there are no ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

407 views

### Harmonic Crystal using Random Walk

Me and my advisor were looking for a specific proof of the disorder in $2d$ harmonic crystals. We could not find a paper or a textbook with it, so I thought trying my luck here.
Basically, it is a ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

191 views

### Random walks with exponential decreasing steps

Let $g$ be the golden number (or another algebraic integer in $(0,1)$ that fullfills an equation with coefficients $\pm 1$). Consider the random walk on $\mathbb{R}$ starting with $0$ and walking ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

58 views

### Controlling fluctuations in a Markov chain

For $N>0$, consider the Markov chain $x_n$ on $\{0,1/N,...,1\}$ that moves up by $1/N$ at rate $(c-x_n/2)N$ and down by $1/N$ at rate $(c+x_n/2)N$. As $N\rightarrow\infty$ sample paths approach ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

22 views

### Is there effective algorithm for finding “minimal discovery time” for large graphs?

Consider a large, probably sparse graph with Markovian random walkers on it. Define discovery time as time to first
reach a vertex by random walk
from uniform start. Are there effective ways to find ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

85 views

### hitting time of the first quadrant for a 2-d random walk

Suppose $(S_n)_{n=1}^{\infty}$ is a simple random walk in $\mathbb{R}^2$. Let $\tau_{(a,b)}$ be the hitting of the first quadrant when $S_0 = (a,b)$. Is there a way to compute or estimate the ...

**10**

votes

**3**answers

482 views

### Square filling self avoiding walk

I want to create an algorithm that fills a square grid with a random Hamiltonian path starting at a particular point. See this example.
One approach is to try a free direction as a next step, and ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

249 views

### Distribution of a random walk on a directed line

Is there a closed formula for the distribution of $x_t$ in the following random process, describing a random walk on a directed line?
$x_0 = n$
$x_t$ is a uniformly random integer between 1 and ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

286 views

### Trapping a particle

A particle starts a brownian walk in the middle of a long tunnel in the plane, at one end of the tunnel is a region Y of given area A.
Does the shape of region Y affect average time for the particle ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

332 views

### Brownian motion of every point in the plane

Suppose every point in the plane undergoes brownian motion for a time t. What is the probability n particles ended up at 0? For n finite, countable or uncountable?
What proportion of the plane does ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

187 views

### Why is the density function of a sum of many iid random variables (i.e., the Gaussian) self-dual?

In the usual proof of the central limit theorem via characteristic functions, we note that if $X_1, \dots, X_n$ are independent and identically distributed, with probability density function $f(x)$, ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

105 views

### N random walkers that hit node v in a graph

Consider a finite, undirected graph G, with uniform edge weights. Assume that there are n number of random walkers that will start at different nodes (lets say n=3, hence the random walkers will start ...

**16**

votes

**1**answer

451 views

### Longest of random worm-like paths in $\mathbb{Z}^2$

Imagine at each lattice point of $\mathbb{Z}^2$ within $[1,3n]^2$,
with coordinates
$\equiv 2 \bmod 3$,
we place, with equal probability, one of these six patterns:
The result ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

197 views

### First Collision Time for k Random Walkers on a Torus

I consider $k$ random walkers on $\mathbb{Z}^{d}/n \mathbb{Z}^{d}$, the $d$-dimensional torus of side length $n$. More precisely, I will define a Markov chain $Z_{t} = (X_{t}[1], \ldots, X_{t}[k])$ ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

340 views

### Stopping time of two dimensional random walk

Let $U_n=\sum_{i=1}^n X_i,V_n=\sum_{i=1}^n Y_i$, $n\geq 1$, be a two-dimensional random walk with i.i.d. increments $(X_n, Y_n)$, where $X_n, Y_n$ are discrete random variables with joint pmf ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

197 views

### Random walk in a convex body or convex polytope

Let $\Delta$ be a convex body (i.e. a compact convex subset) or a convex polytope in
$\mathbb{R}^n$. Let $x$ be a point inside $\Delta$ and consider a (uniform) random walk starting at $x$ inside ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

159 views

### Diameter of $n$-unit-vector closed scribble

Suppose one creates a random, closed, likely self-crossing polygon
from $n$ unit-length vectors arranged head-to-tail,
randomly oriented except for the requirement
that their sum is zero (so the ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

84 views

### 1d random walk probability of previous n positions

I have the following question.
(May be it is very simple, but I cannot find the answer).
Suppose I have a 1d random walk on integer numbers with equal pobabilities of unit step in either direction ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

193 views

### Random walk on a Penrose tiling

Pólya proved that a random walk on $\mathbb{Z}^2$ almost surely returns to the
origin, or, equivalently, returns to the origin infinitely often.
It was subsequently established that in $\mathbb{Z}^3$, ...

**14**

votes

**2**answers

790 views

### Randomly walking a leashed dog

Let a human $h(t)$ random walk on $\mathbb{Z}^2$ by taking a unit-length step at every
time step $t$. A dog $d(t)$ on a leash of length $\lambda$ follows $h(t)$, also
taking a unit-length step at ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

318 views

### Wander distance of self-avoiding walk that backs out of culs-de-sac

Suppose a self-avoiding walk on $\mathbb{Z}^2$, with random steps each one unit long,
backs out of culs-de-sac, but retaining the lattice points on which it stepped
marked as unavailable for future ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

698 views

### Do Random Walks on the Hexagonal Lattice have a limit?

For every positive integer $n$, consider a regular hexagon $\mathrm{H}_n$ such that
the distance of each vertex from the center is $\frac{1}{\sqrt{n}}$. That in turn
induces a tiling of ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

154 views

### Does the concept of connective constant make sense for any tiling of the plane?

First let me define what is the "connective constant" of a two dimensional lattice.
Let $c_{n}$ denote the number of $n$ step self-avoiding walks starting from a fixed origin point in the lattice. ...

**6**

votes

**5**answers

509 views

### Reference requested: Random walk on groups

I am looking for a good reference to learn about random walks on groups (either finite groups or Lie groups). Ideally, I would like a reference for general theory of random walks on groups that is ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

124 views

### Connection between degree of growth and return probabilities of random walks on Lie groups

Let $G$ be a finitely generated group of polynomial growth, let $\mu$ be a non-degenerate symmetric probability measure with finite support on $G$, and let $d$ be the degree of growth of $G$. ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

130 views

### How much do the classes of geodesic metrics and Green metrics on a Gromov hyperbolic group differ?

Background
Let $G$ be a Gromov hyperbolic group. If $G$ acts properly discontinuously and cocompactly on a proper geodesic metric space $X$, then any bijective identification of $G$ with its orbit ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

214 views

### Nonmonotonicity of expected distance of a random walk

What's the simplest example of a reversible random walk $X_n$ on an infinite vertex-transitive graph such that the expected distance from the origin is not increasing, i.e. there exists $n$ such that:
...

**9**

votes

**3**answers

396 views

### Hitting time for two out of three random walk particles

I'm imagining a simple random walk on $\mathbb{Z}$ with three independent particles (maybe add laziness so they don't jump over each other). Suppose the particles are initially placed at, say, $-10$, ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

238 views

### Area covered by Brownian motion of 2D disc

I would like to know the expected value for the area covered by a disc of radius $R$ whose center undergoes Brownian motion (diffusion).
Specifically, let $\mathbf{X}_t$ represent a two-dimensional ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

571 views

### Random walk by simplex vertices

I apologize if this question is well-known, but I was unable to find it mentioned anywhere.
There exists a bug which moves around in $r$-space. The bug begins at the origin of this $r$-space. If the ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

65 views

### Using Crump-Mode-Jagers processes to get logarithmic bound on a random tree height

I am currently pursuing my PhD degree and in my research I came across a family of random trees. I need to prove a logarithmic asymptotic bound for the heights of such trees as their size grows. I ...