Statistics of spectral properties of matrix-valued random variables.

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267 views

distinguishing random orthogonal matrix from Gaussian random matrix

Jiang's paper (http://projecteuclid.org/euclid.aop/1158673325) shows the following: Suppose that $G$ is an $n\times n$ random matrix with entries i.i.d. $N(0,1/n)$, and $Z$ is a random $n\times n$ ...
9
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2answers
211 views

Iterating Random Matrix Operations

Consider the following probability measure on the integers concentrated around $0$: the probability of drawing $0$ is $\frac{1}{2}$, of drawing ($1$ or $-1$) is $\frac{1}{4}$ split evenly among the ...
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0answers
201 views

Generalization of Lagrange inversion with “skewed” formal parameter

I am interested in obtaining an analog of the Lagrange inversion formula, starting from a generalization of the implicit equation. Ordinary Lagrange reversion, as I am familiar with it, starts with ...
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1answer
194 views

random matrix products reference

For a long time the standard (though not the easiest to find) reference on random matrix products was Bougerol and Lacrois: Bougerol, Philippe, and Jean Lacroix. Products of random matrices with ...
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1answer
274 views

A particular kind of Cauchy Principal Value integral

I am sorry to bother the community with such a narrow question, it may perhaps be a little specific. As I study Random Matrix Theory, I often have to solve integrals of the form $$\mathcal{P} ...
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2answers
1k views

Singular Value Decomposition of Noisy Matrices

I am an engineer who makes measurements of a variable over a grid of, say, $m\times n$. Since these are actual measurements, the true values are always corrupted by noise, and what I measure is a ...
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1answer
149 views

Scaling laws for singular values of random matrices

Assume that we have an $n\times n$ matrix ${\bf A}$ with elements drawn i.i.d. Gaussian with mean zero and variance 1. Are there any results on the asymptotic behavior of its $i$-th largest singular ...
2
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1answer
215 views

invertibility of a matrix with a Gaussian perturbation

Suppose that $A$ is an arbitrary fixed $n\times n$ matrix and $G$ a random $n\times n$ matrix with i.i.d. $N(0,1)$ entries. Is there a simple proof that $A+G$ is invertible with probability 1? What ...
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0answers
68 views

Random Schrödinger operators with asymmetric Lifshitz tails?

For a quantum mechanical system with a periodic Hamiltonian (Schrödinger operator) $H$, let $N(E)$ be its integrated density of states, i.e. the fraction of eigenvalues in the spectrum $\sigma(H)$ ...
10
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1answer
688 views

Non-probabilistic proof of the Johnson–Lindenstrauss lemma

The Johnson–Lindenstrauss lemma states that a small set of points in a high-dimensional space can be embedded into a space of much lower dimension in such a way that distances between the points are ...
21
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0answers
1k views

Correspondence between eigenvalue distributions of random unitary and random orthogonal matrices

In the course of a physics problem (arXiv:1206.6687), I stumbled on a curious correspondence between the eigenvalue distributions of the matrix product $U\bar{U}$, with $U$ a random unitary matrix and ...
2
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0answers
117 views

Quantifying the amount of structure in a data set via random matrix theory

Given a data matrix, $M \in \mathbb{R}^{n \times p}$, I am interested in methods quantifying the amount of structure in present in $M$. I've found a few approaches, but I would like to learn more ...
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1answer
278 views

Stochastic processes with random matrices

I am currently working on complex networks. I consider a matrix $\cal N$ with random entries $\delta_{ik}$. These entries are varying randomly in time and so I have a sequence of random matrices that ...
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0answers
259 views

How fast can extreme eigenvalues of the average of random matrices converge to their expectation?

Suppose that $X_1,X_2,\ldots,X_m$ are $m$ independent $d\times d$ random matrices and let $\overline{X} = \frac{1}{m}\sum_{i=1}^m X_i$. One of the questions studied under the theory of random matrices ...
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4answers
505 views

The latice spanned by $m$ random 0-1 vectors of length $n$

Consider $m$ random 0-1 vectors of length $n$. Let $L$ be the lattice spanned by them. What is the value of $m$ (as a function of $n$) for which it is true with positive probability that $L=Z^n$? More ...
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0answers
351 views

Monte Carlo sampling high dimensions with the halton sequence?

Referring to the Halton Sequence, Swiler et al 2006 state that In cases where a large number of input variables are sampled, Robinson and Atcitty recommend using a leaped sequence, where the ...
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0answers
212 views

Concentration of functions of random unitary matrices

Suppose $U$ and $V$ are $n \times n$ random unitary matrices, chosen independently from the Haar measure. Is there any kind of concentration inequality which would be applicable to polynomials ...
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2answers
1k views

Expected values of traces of products of random matrices

Suppose I want to compute a quantity of the type: $\mathbb{E}\mathrm{tr}(AUBU^{\ast})$ where averaging is over Haar measure on the unitary group $\mathcal{U}(n)$ (one can of course consider higher ...
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2answers
511 views

Maximum Singular Value of a random +1/-1 matrix

Hi, Define a matrix $\mathbf{A} \in \mathbb{R}^{m \times n}$ such that each element is independently and randomly chosen with probability 0.5 to be either +1, or -1. Do you know any result in the ...
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0answers
401 views

PrincipAl Eigenvector of a Random Matrix

Let $A$ be a random matrix, let $\mathbf{x}$ be the singular vector associated with $\|A\|$. Let $\bar A$ be the entry wise expectation of $A$, and let $\mathbf{\bar x}$ be the singular vector ...
6
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2answers
313 views

Central limit theorem for 3d rotations

Let $X_i$ (where $i=1, \dots , n$) be independent and identically distributed 3d rotations. What is the distribution of $X_1X_2\dotsb X_n$ in the limit of large $n$? I'm especially interested in the ...
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1answer
215 views

Least singular value gaussian orthogonal ensemble.

Hello everybody, here is my question: Assume A is a random symmetric $nxn$ matrix whose entries are independent, normally distributed with mean zero and variance 2 on the diagonal and 1 off diagonal ...
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2answers
337 views

Random matrix with non-identical variances

Hello, Consider $A$ a $n \times n$ random matrix with centered Gaussian entries $A_{i,j}$ such that $$\mathbb{E}[A_{i,j}^2]=\sigma_j^2/n$$. The variances depend on the column only. What do we know ...
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0answers
152 views

Delta function representation as an integral of Pfaffians over SO(2m)

Define $\mathcal S$ as the set of all $2^m$ skew-symmetric $2m \times 2m$ matrices with the form $\oplus_{j=1}^m\begin{pmatrix} 0&\pm 1 \\ \mp 1&0\end{pmatrix}$. Let $S_i, S_j \in ...
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0answers
127 views

Orthogonality of Pfaffian polynomials in $SO(2m)$

I've been struggling here to invert some integral equation involving Pfaffians, and it would be very nice if you could shed some light on the problem. Let's go to it. Let $V=\{-1,1\}^{m}$ and $S = ...
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1answer
394 views

Derandomizing random matrices

My question is rather general - what is known about derandomization of results in random matrix theory, high-dimensional geometry, Banach spaces etc. using probabilistic constructions (like estimates ...
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1answer
456 views

existence of polynomial equation system solution

For $1 \leq i \leq n$, let $A=\begin{bmatrix} a_{11} & \cdots & a_{1n} \\ \vdots & \ddots & \vdots \\ a_{n1} & \cdots & a_{nn} \\ \end{bmatrix}$ $B_i=\begin{bmatrix} b_{i1} ...
2
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0answers
501 views

Expected operator norm of inverse Wishart matrix

Let $ W\sim W_p(n,I)$ be a white $p\times p$ Wishart matrix, and assume $n>p+1$, which ensures that $W$ is invertible almost surely. Let $\|W^{-1}\|_{\text{op}}$ be the operator norm (maximum ...
2
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2answers
501 views

spectra of VERY sparse random matrices

Consider an $n\times n$ random binary matrix $M$ with i.i.d. entries $m_{ij} \sim {\rm Bernoulli}(p)$, where $p = n^{-\beta}$ with $\beta \in (1,2)$. I am interested in the behavior of the singular ...
5
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1answer
152 views

rigidity of eigenvalues of circular ensemble

Given a circular unitary ensemble, with the following joint density: $p(\theta_1,\ldots, \theta_n) = Z_n \prod_{j < k} |e^{i \theta_j} - e^{i \theta_k}|^2$, is the following statement true? With ...
5
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1answer
970 views

Eigenvalue distributions of finite dimensional Wishart matrices

I am trying to obtain the eigenvalue distribution of a finite dimensional Wishart matrix. Let $A_{n\times n}\sim\mathbb{W}(\Sigma_{n\times n},m)$ where $\mathbb{W}(\Sigma_{n\times n},m)$ denotes the ...
5
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1answer
421 views

Characteristic polynomials of certain random symmetric matrices and the complexity of random Morse functions

Investigations concerning random Morse functions led me to the following problem. Consider the classical GOE of $m\times m$ real symmetric matrices $A$ with independent Gaussian entries with ...
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2answers
348 views

Sample from a delta-ball in the orthogonal group O(n)

An answer to another question derived a formula for the volume of a delta-ball in $O(n)$. I am wondering if there is a (constructive) way to draw samples uniformly at random from such a region. For ...
2
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2answers
1k views

Does the Tracy-Widom distribution describe the tails of eigenvalue densities of finite dimensional random matrices?

The Tracy-Widom distribution (TW) describes the density of the largest eigenvalue of a random Hermitian matrix, when scaled and centered appropriately (depending on GOE/GUE/GSE/Wishart, etc). In a ...
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3answers
410 views

Eigenvalues of Krylov matrices

Let an $n\times n$ matrix ${\bf A}$, the all ones vector ${\bf w}$, and the $n\times n$ Krylov matrix $${\bf K}_n = \left[ {\bf w}\;\;{\bf A}{\bf w}\;\;\ldots \;\; {\bf A}^{n-1}{\bf w}\right].$$ Is ...
7
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1answer
581 views

Expected norm of sum of random orthogonal matrices

Somehow I got wondering about the following question today: Suppose $Q_1,\ldots,Q_n$ are random (uniformly sampled) $d \times d$ orthogonal matrices. What is the expected value of the quantity ...
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509 views

Random Distance Matrices

My question is motivated by the following recent paper: http://arxiv.org/abs/1110.6333 Assume you have a metric space $(X,d)$ equipped with a Borel probability measure $\mu$. We can further assume ...
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1answer
2k views

Intuitive understanding of the Stieltjes transform

I have been using random matrix theory in signal processing and have some trouble understanding what the Stieltjes transform does. The gist of my work is that I have an $N\times N$ true covariance ...
4
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1answer
394 views

Decomposition of Haar measure other than Hurwitz's

Hurwitz defined a decomposition of the Haar measure on $SO(n)$ based on Given's rotation. So by left multiplication of Givens rotation one can always bring an orthogonal matrix into the identity. The ...
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1answer
345 views

Eigenvalue Density of Some Random Matrices?

Consider a class of real symmetric random matrices,$M_{n\times n}=(X_{i,j})_{n\times n},$ whose off-diagonal elements follow an exchangeable distribution, and the diagonal elements follow another ...
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2answers
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Statistics for Haar measure of random matrices?

Let's say I have $M$ samples of $N\times N$ real orthogonal matrices. What statistics can I calculate to test if they could have been drawn from a distribution consistent with Haar measure over ...
5
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2answers
2k views

Eigenvalue densities of sample covariance matrices when the population covariance matrix is a perturbed identity matrix

TLDR: I'm looking for a random matrix theory reference for the eigenvalue densities of sample covariance matrices (both dimensions approaching infinity at the same rate) when the true (population) ...
7
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3answers
505 views

Relationship between free probability and deterministic graphs?

Consider the $N\times N$ matrix $$ M = \left(\begin{array} \\ 0 & 1 & & 0 \\ 1 & \ddots & \ddots & \\ & \ddots & \ddots & 1 \\ 0 & & 1 & 0 \\ ...
6
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4answers
3k views

Intuition for Haar measure of random matrix

What is an intuitive way to understand Haar measure as defined for random matrices, say, $N\times N$ orthogonal or unitary matrices? My understanding for what Haar measure means for $U(1)$ is that it ...
3
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0answers
359 views

Relationship between R-transform and free convolution of random matrices?

I've been using the R-transform to calculate the free convolution of the eigenvalue spectra of two random matrices and I am trying to understand how it works, and in particular how it relates to ...
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4answers
457 views

Statistical computation in matrix. Rows before columns? riddle..

First I'll phrase the question as a riddle, and than as a general math problem. We have 12 lettered vases $(A,B,...,L)$, in each vase there are 30 numbered balls (1-30). In each ball there is some ...
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1answer
417 views

Random sampling a symmetric matrix

I'd like to sample the elements of a symmetric square matrix uniformly. For example, for a $N\times N$ matrix, I'd like to only keep $\alpha$% of the matrix elements to build a sparse matrix, while ...
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1answer
402 views

Spectral theory of real symmetric matrices with random diagonal elements

Can you point me in the direction of any research done on the spectral theory (i.e. eigenvalues and eigenvectors) of real symmetric matrices with random (Gaussian or Levy) diagonal elements and fixed ...
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1answer
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Matrix inversion lemma with pseudoinverses

The utility of the Matrix Inversion Lemma has been well-exploited for several questions on MO. Thus, with some positive hope, I'd like to field a question of my own. Suppose we pick $n$ values ...
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0answers
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When should we expect Tracy-Widom?

The Tracy-Widom law describes, among other things, the fluctuations of maximal eigenvalues of many random large matrix models. Because of its universal character, it obtained his position on the ...