Statistics of spectral properties of matrix-valued random variables.

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**1**answer

134 views

### Spacing of the largest singular values of Wishart matrix

Let $X \in \mathbb{R}^{n \times p}$ consist of iid $\mathcal{N}(0,1)$. Assume that $n/p$ converges to a positive constant. Denote by $\sigma_1 \ge \sigma_2 \ge \cdots \ge \sigma_{\min(n,p)} \ge 0$ the ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

125 views

### Upper bound on largest singular value of a heavy tailed random matrix

Let $A$ be a $k\times n, k<n-1$ random matrix with entries drawn i.i.d. from a standard Gaussian, and $B$ a $k\times m$ random matrix with entries drawn i.i.d from a standard Gaussian, and ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

65 views

### $l_{\infty}$ norms of matrix perturbations

Say $B$ is a real symmetric matrix of dimension $n$ and $A$ is another real symmetric matrix of the same dimension.
What needs to be the bounds on (which?) norm of $B$ to ensure that $\lambda_{max}...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

342 views

### Largest eigenvalues distribution of tridiagonal symmetric random matrix

I would like to find the largest eigenvalue distribution of the following tridiagonal symmetric random matrix in an analytic way.
All the ${\lambda}_i$ are distributed the same way with chi-square (...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

133 views

### A slight generalization of Mehta's integral.

I am trying to find the value of following integral
$$\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}\dots\int_{-\infty}^{\infty}\prod_{i=1}^ne^{-\frac{t_i^2}{2}+\alpha_i t_i}\prod_{1\le i<j\le n}\left|t_i-t_j\right|^{2\...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

66 views

### Modularity in a graph - definition of the random component

This question concerns the definition of modularity in a graph.
Consider a simple, undirected, unweighted graph $G$ with vertices in set $V$ and edges in set $E$ . Between any two vertices there is ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

136 views

### Analysis of the Laplacian of a random bipartite graph

My analysis of an engineering problem reduced to analysis of the Laplacian of a (random) bipartite graph. There are a few particular questions I am interested in, but not sure which direction to take ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

162 views

### Modification of matching

Suppose i have an $n \times n$ random bipartite graph and suppose that i repeat the following process $n$ times. At the start (stage 1) each edge is selected independently with probability $p(n)$, and ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

353 views

### Worst case difference in rank by column-row swapping

Given a matrix $m\in\{-1,+1\}^{n\times n}$. Consider $m^\sigma$ to be collection of all matrices obtained from $m$ by permuting rows and columns.
Consider $\mathscr{M}[m^\sigma]$ to be collection of ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

310 views

### Probability a random matrix contains a short integer vector in its kernel

Consider a random $m$ by $n$ matrix $M$ with $m \leq n$, chosen uniformly over all those whose elements are in $\{0,1\}$ (or $\{-1,1\}$ if it is any easier). Is there any mathematical theory that ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

312 views

### Expected size of determinant of $AA^T$ for random circulant and Toeplitz matrices

If $A$ is chosen uniformly at random over all possible $n$ by $n$ Toeplitz (or circulant) (0,1)-matrices, can we give any bounds for the expected size of the determinant of $AA^T$? All arithmetic is ...

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vote

**1**answer

190 views

### Expected size of determinant of $AA^T$ for non-square random $A$

If $A$ is chosen uniformly at random over all possible $m$ by $n$ (0,1)-matrices, what is the expected size of the absolute value of the determinant of $AA^T$. We can assume $m < n$ and all ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

73 views

### Relating the R-transform in free probability to noncommutative group representations

In traditional (commutative) probability theory, sums of random variables correspond to convolutions of distribution functions, which plays well with the Fourier Transform.
In free (noncommutative) ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

425 views

### Probability that random nonnegative integer matrix is singular

Q. What is the probability that an $n \times n$ matrix, whose elements
are independent uniformly random integers in $\{0,1,\ldots,k\}$, is singular?
For example, for $n=3$ and $k=2$, the first ...

**1**

vote

**3**answers

133 views

### Extending GUE to a measure on operators?

Let $\mathcal H_n$ denote the space of Hermitian $n\times n$ matrices and let $\mu_{GUE}$ denote the following measure on $\mathcal H_n$:
$$
\mu_{GUE}(dM) = \exp\left( -\frac{n}{2}\text{tr}\ M^2\right)...

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votes

**1**answer

57 views

### Vanishing Restricted Isometric Constant

In compressed sensing, we are interested in the restricted isometry property. Suppose the design matrix is $n$ by $p$, consisting of $np$ iid $\mathcal{N}(0, 1/n)$ entries. Assume both $n$ and $p$ are ...

**7**

votes

**7**answers

684 views

### Semicircle law universality elsewhere

Wigner's semicircle distribution is:
$$f(x)=\frac{1}{2 \pi}\sqrt{4-x^2}, \ \ -2\leq x\leq 2.$$
Under reasonable conditions, the rescaled eigenvalue density of random symmetric matrices $M_n$ follows ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

47 views

### Products of random permutations with fixed matrix

This question originates from an engineering problem, which I am solving. Any related references are highly appreciated.
Let $M_k(T)=\prod_{t=1}^T P_t S_k$ over some field (finite or reals), where $...

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votes

**2**answers

372 views

### Distribution of dot product of two unit random vectors

Consider $\mathbf{u}, \mathbf{v}\in \mathcal{C}^M$ to be two independent unit norm random vectors on the $M-1$ dimensional complex sphere $\mathcal{S}^{M-1}$. In addition, $\mathbf{u}$ follows an ...

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votes

**0**answers

37 views

### Stochastic independence of columns of projection matrix to the rest of the columns of a random matrix

First let me describe the setting of the problem.
I have a random matrix $A\in \mathbb{R}^{m\times n},\ (m<n)$ with $a_{ij}\sim \mathcal{N}(0,I)$ i.i.d. Let there be a given set of $K (K<m)$ ...

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votes

**1**answer

315 views

### Is there any way to compare between diagonals of a resolvent and a Cauchy transform?

Say $A$ is a symmetric matrix of $n$ dimensions. Then let the ``resolvent" of $A$ be the matrix valued function $R_A(z) = \frac{1}{z-A}$ and its Cauchy transform be the real valued function $C_A(z) = ...

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votes

**0**answers

91 views

### eigenvalue distribution of random projection

Suppose that $A$ is an $n\times n$ diagonal matrix with positive diagonal elements and $\Pi$ is a random $k\times n$ matrix that could be
(a) i.i.d. Gaussian, or
(b) $k$ rows of a random orthogonal ...

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vote

**0**answers

45 views

### Projection of a ray onto a random polytope

Suppose $P$ is a polytope formed by $p$ (general) random planes in $\mathbb{R}^n$. We assume $p \asymp n$ and $P$ has a diameter $O(\sqrt{n})$. For any $x \in \mathbb{R}^n$, denote by $\operatorname{...

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vote

**0**answers

72 views

### Optimization with random matrix

Consider $J$ a random matrix of size $n\times n$ with i.i.d. Gaussian entries $J_{ij} \sim \mathcal{N}(0,\sigma^2/n)$. Let $f(x)=tanh(x)$, and for $x\in\mathbb{R}^n$, $f(x)$ denotes the vector where $...

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votes

**1**answer

352 views

### Expectation of Mahalanobis norm

Let $(g_i)_{i=1,...,d}$ sampled i.i.d. from a standard Gaussian, and $(\lambda_i)_{i=1,...,d}$ non-random s.t. $\max_i(\lambda_i)=1$ and $\lambda_i>0, \forall i$.
I am looking for the expectation ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

426 views

### Samuel Karlin's problem: Probability of positive solution to system of random linear equations

I came to know this problem from Dr. W. Bryc's slides (at University of Cincinnati), and I have been continually working on this problem for almost 5 days using different techniques. But I am only ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

90 views

### Smallest Singular Value of a Random Matrix with Dependent Entries

Overview
I am trying to bound from below the smallest singular value $\sigma_{n}$ of a sequence of symmetric $n$ by $n$ random matrices $M_{n}$ with dependant entries. In particular, I would like to ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

63 views

### Matroid rank decay

Consider a uniform vector matroid $M(0)=U_{m,n}$ of rank $m$ with $n$ points, $n>m>2$ (you can think of it as a set of $n$ points in general position in vector space $F^m$ for some large field $...

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vote

**1**answer

61 views

### Normalizing Entries In Defining Random Matrices (Wigner Matrix)

In the definition of Wigner Matrix (a certain type of random Matrices) we take to independent family of i.i.d zero mean distributions $\{Z_{i,j}\}_{1<i<j}$ and $\{Y_{i}\}_{1\leq i}$ and then the ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

217 views

### Estimating a Selberg-type integral (or a Fredholm determinant)

I am concerned with the asymptotical behavior of integrals like this for large $n$
$$\frac{1}{n!}\intop_{\Omega}\prod_{1\leq i<j\leq n}(x_{j}-x_{i})^{2}\,\prod_{j=1}^{n}e^{-x_{j}^{2}}dx_{j},$$
...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

181 views

### Upper bound for a Selberg-type integral over a rectangular region

(Cross-posted from math-SE).
I am trying to estimate the values of the following integral for large $n$,
$$\frac{1}{n!}\intop_{\Omega}\prod_{1\leq i<j\leq n}(x_{j}-x_{i})^{2}\,\prod_{j=1}^{n}e^{-...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

121 views

### Norm of matrix with randomly deleted entries

Let $A$ be an $n \times n$ matrix with real entries and let $B$ be the random matrix whose $(i,j)$ entry is $$B_{i,j}=v_{i,j}A_{i,j}$$ where the $v_{i,j}$ are i.i.d Bernoulli random variables with $P(...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

115 views

### Lyapunov exponents of dual / adjoint / transpose random dynamical system (RDS)

Consider the the state of a system at time $n$, $X_n$, as the action of a product of i.i.d. $d\times d$ random matrices acting on a $d$ dimensional vector $X_0$, so we have
$$X_n = A_n \cdots A_1X_0.$...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

264 views

### What is the reason the eigenvalues of GUE and CUE matrices tend locally to the same distribution?

It's well known in random matrix theory that locally the eigenvalues of a random matrix from the Gaussian unitary ensemble tend to a sine-kernel determinantal point process. Likewise, locally the ...

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votes

**0**answers

79 views

### Can the GUE be thought of as a uniform point in a high-dimensional polytope

I have thought about this question for a long time and could only find partial answers.
The Gaussian Unitary Ensemble (or GUE) is the eigenvalues of a random Hermitian matrix with complex Gaussian ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

218 views

### Symmetry type of non-cohomological automorphic forms

By Katz-Sarnak philosophy a family of $L$-functions would have a symmetry type which would reflect the statistics of $L$-functions, such as low lying zeros and moments. Shin-Templier's paper on Sato-...

**6**

votes

**4**answers

448 views

### Expected value of a function over random sets

I am doing an analysis on the complexity of some set-related algorithm where the input is a random set. One of my setbacks can be formulated as follows:
Pick $k$ distinct numbers out of numbers $[1,n]...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

92 views

### Exact growth rate of Longest Increasing Subsequence expectation

Let $S_n$ be the symmetric group, $\pi\in S_n$ a uniformly random permutation and $L_n:=L_n(\pi)$ denoting the length of the longest increasing subsequence (LIS). We know that $\lim_{n\rightarrow\...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

596 views

### Weak convergence of random measures

Let $\mu_n,n\in \mathbb N$ be a random probability measures and let $\mu$ be a deterministic probability measure on $\mathbb R$. That is to say, that the $\mu_n$ are measurable maps from a probability ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

501 views

### Statistics of strongly connected components in random directed graphs

I'm interested in the statistics of strongly connected components in random directed graphs. However, I'm unable to find any results on this, partly because I don't know the terminology to search for.
...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

212 views

### An expectation of the product of random unitaries

I want to find the answer of
$$\int dU \ U^m X \ U^{\dagger m}$$
Where $m\in\mathbb{N}$ and $U$'s are unitary matrices in $U(n)$ and $dU$ is a normalized Haar measure. $X$ is a given self-adjoint ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

549 views

### Expectation of trace of nth power of unitary matrices

I am trying to find the answer of
$$\int dU \ |Tr(U^m)|^2$$
where $m\in\mathbb{N}$ and $U$'s are unitary matrices in $\textit{U}(n)$ and $dU$ is a normalized Haar measure. In the case $m=1$, the ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

340 views

### An integral with respect to the Haar measure on a unitary group

Let $A,D\in \mathbb{C}^{n \times n}$ be diagonal matrices. I need to calculate
$$\int_{U(n)}\det{(A-HDH^\dagger)}\,\mathrm{d}H$$
where $dH$ is the unit invariant Haar measure on the group of unitary ...

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vote

**0**answers

206 views

### Bound the expectation of trace norm of random Hermitian matrix

Suppose $H_i$ are traceless $d\times d$ Hermitians, $X_i$ are Standard normal distribution for $1\leq i\leq d^2$.
We would like to bound the following expectation on the trace norm
$\mathbb{E}|\sum_{...

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vote

**1**answer

203 views

### Probabilistic statement on matrix ranks

Given $A\in\{0,1\}^{n\times n}$ with $\operatorname{rank}(A)=r=2^{O((\log_2n)^{\frac{1}{c+1}})}$.
Denote $\mathsf{1_n}\in\{0,1\}^n$ as vector with $1$s.
Does
$$\lim_{n\rightarrow\infty}\mathsf{P_{A\...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

109 views

### Eigenvalues of Random Regular Bipartite Graphs

I am looking for a way of getting a good estimate of the eigenvalues of random bipartite d-regular graphs. The literature has very precise values the proofs of which are very involved and since I am ...

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vote

**0**answers

64 views

### Tools to bound the singular values of a finite sum of random matrices from below?

Matrix Chernoff bounds (see also this arXiv paper) are usually used to give upper bounds on the largest eigenvalue of a finite sum of random matrices. Sometimes it can also be used to give a lower ...

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votes

**1**answer

188 views

### Moments of random special unitary matrices

This should be both well-known and probably easy, but I was wondering if the following is known (and, if so, how to easily calculate the thing or where to read about how to calculate it):
what is $$\...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

39 views

### Inverse of the covariance of the estimate of a covariance

I have a covariance matrix, $V_{ij}$, which (for reasons that aren't important) I'm going to call the visibilities. I have an estimator for the visibilities $\hat V_{ij}$, and I've derived that the ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

206 views

### Quaternion Wishart matrices of half-integer dimension?

For a physics application (quantum delay times of a chaotic scatterer) I need to generate $m$ positive random variables $\lambda_1,\lambda_2,\ldots\lambda_m$ with probability distribution
$$P_\beta(\...