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0
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0answers
73 views

Poisson approximation of random sub-graphs

I add the edges of $G(n)$ the complete graph on $n$ vertices one by one, at random and without replacement, and denote by $G(n,m)$ the resulting Erdos Renyi random graph process. At step $m$ in the ...
5
votes
4answers
233 views

Do there exist sparse graphs with large crossing number?

Does there exist a sequence of graphs $\{ G_n \}$ such that $G_n$ has $n$ vertices, the number of edges of $G_n$ is $O(n)$, and the crossing number of $G_n$ is $\Omega(n)$? In particular, do ...
4
votes
1answer
111 views

Expectation of ratio of functions of i.i.d. Bernoullis: a concentration question

Consider the following $n \times n$ symmetric matrix of i.i.d. Bernoulli random variables, $X_{ij}$. For $i=1,...,n$ and $i<j\le n$. Let $X_{ij} \sim \text{Bernoulli}(p)$ when $i \ne j$ ($p$ ...
2
votes
0answers
27 views

“drift” of a random graph $G(n,p)$ with $p=\alpha\ln{n}/n$

Suppose $G\sim G(n,p)$ with $p=\alpha\ln{n}/n$ for some large constant $\alpha$. I wish to show a certain "drift" property of $G$, which can roughly be phrased as follows: if $u$ is "not that far" ...
3
votes
1answer
88 views

Independent Sets in random geometric graphs

I was wondering if a lot is known about independent sets in Random Geometric graphs? Most google searches don't bring up much. In addition I'm interested in any algorithms used for finding independent ...
1
vote
1answer
154 views

Finding loops and double edges ASAP in configuration model random graph

A common approach (at least in theory) to generating a random $n$ vertex graph uniformly subject to having a given (feasible) degree sequence $(d_i)_{i = 1}^n$ is to use the configuration model, i.e. ...
2
votes
1answer
59 views

Hamiltonicity of random graphs with high girth

We say that $G\sim G_{n,f}$ (for $f=f(n)$) if $G$ is chosen uniformly at random from all graphs on $n$ vertices with girth $g(G)\ge f(n)$. Is there any threshold function $F(n)$ such that when $f\ll ...
9
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0answers
202 views

First passage percolation on a random geometric graph in the large connectivity limit

Let $V_\rho\subset\mathbb{R}^2$ be a point set in the plane obtained from a Poisson process of density $\rho$. The random geometric graph $G_\rho$ is obtained from $V_\rho$ by connecting points that ...
2
votes
1answer
79 views

limiting empirical spectral distribution of the Laplacian matrix on an Erdos-Renyi graph?

Let $G$ be an Erdos-Renyi random graph (i.e. an edge ($ij$) exists with probability $0 < p < 1$ and all edges are independent). Let $L$ be the Laplacian matrix of this graph (i.e $L=D-A$, where ...
3
votes
0answers
87 views

Node covering in a random graph

Given $N$ nodes randomly placed in a $D\times D$ area, i.e., the position of each node is randomly chosen. Assume that both $N$ and $D$ are sufficiantly large. An agent can move in the area at ...
0
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2answers
82 views

different way of selecting a random graph

Consider having a 'base' graph $G=(V,E)$ and selecting each vertex with independent probability $p$ and having the induced subgraph of $G$ with all 'selected' points as your random graph. Has this ...
6
votes
2answers
119 views

Convergence on a random graph

Assume a directed graph $G = (V,E)$ is drawn from a random graph distribution, for instance Erdős–Rényi's $G(n,p)$ (but with directed edges). Let $S:V\rightarrow\mathcal{P}(V)$ be the direct ...
4
votes
1answer
128 views

Expected number of connected components in a random graph

For a random graph G(n,p) what is the expected number of connected components? What is the probability distribution of this value? I'm specially interested in what happens for small values of p, ...
1
vote
0answers
50 views

Simulation of disassortative random graphs

Recently I have been trying to find a succinct algorithm for generation of disassortative networks. The best I have found is the algorithm by Newman described in his paper "Mixing patterns in ...
7
votes
0answers
94 views

Longest induced cycles in random geometric graphs near criticality

We make a random geometric graph $X(n;r)$ as follows. Choose $n$ points uniformly, independently, in the unit square $[0,1]^2$, for vertices, and then connect a pair of vertices $\{ p,q \}$ by an edge ...
4
votes
0answers
54 views

Cycle removal process

Consider the following stochastic process for generating a forest: start from a complete graph on $n$ vertices and proceed to repeatedly remove the edges of uniformly chosen cycles. Formally, let ...
3
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0answers
168 views

Hitting edges in graphs at random and let them die with honor

Let $G=(V,E)$ be a finite simple 2-connected graph. Let $B\subseteq E$ be a set of bad edges of size $k:=|B|$. For each edge $e\in E$ we toss a fair coin ($p=1/2$) and if the outcome is head, we hit ...
7
votes
1answer
138 views

Erdős-Renyi graph restricted to largest connected component

Suppose we have an instance of Erdős-Renyi $G(n,p)$ graph with $p = d/n$. Thus the expected node degree is $d$ which we will fix, while letting $n \to \infty$. Then, there will be more than one ...
5
votes
6answers
414 views

Random planar, bipartite graphs

I have a need to generate random planar graphs none of which have an odd cycle, i.e., bipartite graphs. I know there is a substantial two-decade literature on random planar graphs, little with which I ...
3
votes
0answers
51 views

Using Crump-Mode-Jagers processes to get logarithmic bound on a random tree height

I am currently pursuing my PhD degree and in my research I came across a family of random trees. I need to prove a logarithmic asymptotic bound for the heights of such trees as their size grows. I ...
3
votes
1answer
226 views

Expected Value for a Connected Graph

Consider a connected graph of N nodes. Assign randomly to each node a distinct number from 1 to N. For each node consider the maximum adjacent value or itself if all adjacent values are smaller. ...
3
votes
3answers
356 views

random networks and prime numbers

I have been studying networks recently and accidentally came up with an heuristic approach towards the distribution of prime numbers. The prime number theorem states that $\pi(n)\sim n/log(n)$ for ...
4
votes
3answers
169 views

Tracking automorphism groups of graph processes

Start with an edgeless graph on $n$ labeled vertices, and note that the automorphism group is $\Sigma_n$, the symmetric group on $n$ elements. Now imagine that we randomly start throwing in all of the ...
0
votes
0answers
59 views

Maximum Independent set of sparse graphs with few triangles

Notations used $\alpha(G) = $ Max sized independent set of graph $G$. $n(G) = $ Number of vertex in graph $G$. Theorem (by Ajtai et al.): For a triangle-free graph $G$ and max degree being ...
3
votes
0answers
60 views

Quasi-isometry of giant components in Erdos-Renyi graphs

Take two independent random graphs $G_1, G_2$ in the $G(n,p)$ model for $p = \frac{c}{n}$, $c > 1$ (the question probably makes sense also for $c=1$). Each of them will have a unique giant ...
3
votes
0answers
126 views

Concentration inequality for function of independent Bernoulli r.v.'s (related to random graph)

Consider a random undirected graph on a set of $n$ nodes, say $\{1,2,\ldots,n\}$, such that the probability of edge between nodes $i$ and $j$ is $p_{ij}$ (we may assume $p_{ij}=o(1)$ for all $i,j$, ...
4
votes
0answers
111 views

Behavior of eigenspaces of adjacency matrices of random graphs (not via perturbation theory)

For the sake of discussion, let us say that we have the adjacency matrix $A$ of a graph, on $n$ nodes, from a stochastic block model with 2 blocks. Another name for this (usually used in computer ...
7
votes
0answers
122 views

Can two random graphs be metrically embedded into one another?

Let $X, Y$ be two random graphs on $n$ vertices (say, in $G(n, p)$ model for some $p$). Can anything (expectation, value with high probabiity, ...) be said about $D(X, Y)$, where $D$ is the minimal ...
1
vote
1answer
457 views

Probability of two vertices being connected in a random graph

Consider a random directed graph with $N$ vertices where each vertex $v$ has exactly one link to some vertex (maybe to itself) $u$ with known probability $a_{vu}$. What is the probability of ...
-3
votes
1answer
168 views

adjacency matrix of random geometric graphs [closed]

Consider a graph with N nodes. All nodes are distributed as a Poisson point process with density of λ in a L*L area. There is an edge between two nodes if and only if the distance between them is less ...
2
votes
0answers
89 views

Reachability in dynamic random graphs

There has been some advice on how to ask questions. So I reask my question.I have a problem related to graph theory, random graphs or random geometric graphs in special that really confuses me. ...
11
votes
3answers
601 views

What fraction of n-point sets in the unit ball have diameter smaller than 1?

This question is inspired by a recent talk by Matt Kahle on random geometric complexes. Some simple notation: let $\mathcal{B} \subset \mathbb{R}^d$ be the unit ball in $d$-dimensional Euclidean ...
2
votes
2answers
239 views

Random graphs require O(n log(n)) edges until they are almost certainly fully connected - what are more concrete boundaries ?

As far as I understand my literature, the probability of a random graph being fully connected tends toward one as the number of edges approaches a value of size $O(n \log(n))$ The way I read this, ...
1
vote
0answers
60 views

Can this application of the moment closure method to epidemics on networks be made rigorous?

Short version: Consider the SI model of infectious disease spread on a random graph $G$ with a given degree sequence. Let $j$ be a vertex and let $i$ and $k$ be two of its neighbors. If $G$ ...
2
votes
1answer
250 views

Removing edges from Erdős–Rényi graph to make two nodes disconnected

Consider a Erdős–Rényi graph on $n$ nodes, say $1,2,\ldots,n$, ($n\geq 3$) such that the probability of edge between any two nodes is $c/n$. I wish to know if there is a result that says "There ...
0
votes
1answer
61 views

Degree of a node by geometric random undirected graph

suppose nodes with radius R are distributed randomly in Area of size A, then how can we calculate the degree of each node by geometric random graph.
4
votes
1answer
512 views

How many distinct eigenvalues does a random graph have?

It is well-known that a random graph a.e. has diameter 2. It is also well-known that the number of distinct eigenvalues of a graph is at least the diameter plus one. But what is known about the ...
5
votes
1answer
183 views

The structure of small components in random graphs with a given degree sequence

Background and definitions Consider a random graph on $n$ vertices with a nicely behaved degree sequence. That is, letting $d_i(n)$ denote the number of vertices of degree $i$, suppose that for all ...
3
votes
0answers
65 views

Is there precedent in the literature for a variant of a random geometric graph where vertices are the centroids of discs placed by random sequential adsorption (RSA)?

Imagine I form a random graph by simulating random sequential adsorption (RSA) of discs (each with the same radius $r$) on $[0,1]^2$ until I cover the plane at a density $\leq U$, where $U \leq ...
0
votes
1answer
106 views

Is there a proper way to define a threshold vertex density for a random graph s.t. the graph is fully connected?

Imagine one generates some form of random graph (e.g. a random geometric graph) and via simulation, calculates the probability that there exists an edge-wise path between all vertices in the graph as ...
2
votes
2answers
258 views

The probability distribution for vertex degree in a unit disc graph generated from random points on a plane

Imagine I cover an arbitrarily large plane with randomly placed points at some density $\rho$ s.t. the number of points in any randomly sampled area $A$ (of arbitrary shape and size) is $\approx ...
0
votes
1answer
250 views

Two different definitions of Erdos-Rényi random graph

There are two or more ways to define an Erdos-Rényi random graph. Let consider the following two: 1) $G_n=(V_n,E_n)$ with vertex set $V_n=(1,\dots,n)$ and edge set $E_n=(ij\in\mathcal{P}_2(V_n)\ |\ ...
0
votes
0answers
191 views

counting k-cliques not also (k+1) on random graphs

consider the set of graphs with $n$ vertices and exactly half of all $\binom n 2$ possible edges. looking for a formula that counts the number of these graphs that have a $k$-clique but not a ...
1
vote
1answer
99 views

how rare random bipartite graphs in all random regular graphs

i read a note talking about this fact, bipartite graphs are rare in regular graphs. but it do not state how rare it is? just curious about it. thank you very much.
5
votes
1answer
231 views

Probability of two vertices to be connected in G(n,p)

A question I asked at math.SE without elliciting an answer. Let $G(n,p)$ be an Erdős–Rényi graph on $n$ vertices. Is there an explicit expression for the probability $P_{n,p}(u,v)$ that two fixed ...
3
votes
1answer
331 views

How random are random spanning trees?

Suppose you take a $G(n,p)$ random graph for a fixed probability $p$ and find a spanning tree using Kruskal's algorithm. If you now repeat this process indefinitely, will every tree on $n$ vertices ...
2
votes
1answer
325 views

small hyperworlds ?

The theory of random graphs, after the pioneering classic work of Erdős & Rényi, has come to prominence with many further refinements, most notably the small world theory (Barabási, Watts, etc). ...
0
votes
1answer
123 views

Generating spatially-aware degree-preserving random graphs?

In the study of biological neural networks, researchers sometimes compare hypotheses vs. a degree-preserving random null model. One major criticism against this approach is that connections in neural ...
4
votes
2answers
277 views

between “giant-component” and “fully connected”

This is a request for reference. Where can I find discussion of the Erdős–Rényi random graph in the regime between "giant-component" and "fully connected"? e.g. a detailed picture for say, ...
4
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1answer
255 views

Cut-distance between two Erdos-Renyi random graphs

Consider two Erdos-Renyi random graphs $G_1,G_2$ on $n$ nodes, with the edges in each graph generated independently at random with probability $1/2$. My question is about the cut-distance between ...