**5**

votes

**2**answers

525 views

### The Problem about 2-coloring finite plane

Suppose we color a $X \times X$ finite plane by red and blue arbitrarily. How large does X need to be to guarantee a monochromatic combinatorial square $k \times k$
1 0 1 0 1 1
1 1 1 1 1 1
1 ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

429 views

### Combinatorial optimization and graph coloring

I am considering the following problem:
(i) Fix $n$ and color the edges of $K_n$ red and blue arbitrarily.
(ii) Let $M$ be the set of monochromatic triangles in $K_n$ and define $g:M\rightarrow ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

275 views

### Slightly improving bounds on two-color Ramsey numbers by globally pruning edges and counting connected vertices in instances of two-colored complete graphs

The two-color Ramsey number, $R(m, n)$, is the minimum number of vertices, $||V||$, in a complete graph necessary for there to exist a clique of order $m$ or an independent set of order $n$. In terms ...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

327 views

### Extracting countable chains from linear orders

There is a well-known fact in infinite combinatorics asserting that for each infinite linear order $P$ there is a countable subset $R\subseteq P$ of order type either $\omega$ or $\omega^{*}$
(by ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

390 views

### Quasi-Ramsey Graphs

A graph with number of vertices less than R(n,n)-1, is called quasi-Ramsey of case n, if it has no complete graph Kn in itself or its complementary graph, and if added another vertex, no matter how it ...

**10**

votes

**3**answers

812 views

### Density Ramsey theorems with explicit asymptotics

I wonder what interesting and non-trivial examples of density Ramsey theorems with explicit asymptotics are there?
I'm aware of two examples: Szemerédi's theorem and density Hales-Jewett theorem.
...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

808 views

### Is this Ramsey-type problem an open problem?

A blog claims that the following Ramsey-type (or van der Waerden type) problem is open:
If the natural numbers are colored with finitely many colors, must there exist x and y (not both 2) such that ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

220 views

### Constructive lower bounds for multicolor Ramsey numbers

The $k$-color Ramsey number of the complete graph $K_n$, denoted with $R_k(n)$, is defined to be the smallest integer $t$, such that in any $k$-coloring of the edges of $K_t$, there is a complete ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

282 views

### 3x3 submatrix with only $0$ or $1$ entries

I decided to cross-post the question here from math.stackexchange.com because I got no answer from there.
It is a quick question on bipartite Ramsey numbers (I'm not an expert on the subject, so ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

105 views

### Bound on how many 2-colored graphs have maxredclique $i$, maxblueclique $j$

Fix $i,j$. I want a bound $F(i,j)$ on the following:
$\sum_{n=1}^\infty$ (the number of 2-colorings of the edges of $K_n$ such that
the MAX RED clique is size exactly ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

611 views

### Partition calculus question

For $m,n,k < \omega$, consider the equation
$X \to (\omega \times k)^{m}_{n}$
What is the smallest $X$ known to satisfy it?
Baumgartner-Hajnal theorem gives a satisfactory answer for $m=2$, but ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

466 views

### Permutations of Grid Colorings

Hello all,
This question arises out of a Ramsey-theoretic study related (but tangential) to this question on CSTheory: Grid $k$-coloring without monochromatic rectangles.
Background:
In general, we ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

679 views

### Asymptotics for Ramsey Theory

Ramsey Theory says that every sufficently large (but finite) complete graph having $d-$coloured edges contains a monochromatic complete subgraph with $k$ vertices.
One could ask for asymptotics: Let ...

**2**

votes

**3**answers

631 views

### Arithmetic progressions of length 3 in subset of Z_n of size n^d

Let $A\subset\mathbb{Z}/n\mathbb{Z}$ such that: $|A|>n^{d}$ ($0< d <1$).
Let $C=\{(x,y,2y-x)\in A\times A \times A\}$ be the set of $3$-term arithmetic progressions within $A$.
[The ...

**30**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### Cliques, Paley graphs and quadratic residues

A question I've thought about, on and off for a long time, is how to improve the best bounds that (seem to be) known for the clique numbers of Paley graphs.
If p=1 mod 4 is a prime, we can define the ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

664 views

### Best lower bound for off-diagonal Ramsey numbers

What are the current best lower bounds for off-diagonal Ramsey numbers $R(k,l)$ with $l$ of order unity and asking for asymptotic behavior for large $k$, such as $R(k,4)$, $R(k,5)$, and so on? ...

**17**

votes

**3**answers

579 views

### Ergodic limits along subsets of $\mathbb{N}.$

Let say that an infinite subsets $A$ of $\mathbb{N}$ is "nice w.r.to ergodic limits", if it can replace $\mathbb{N}$ in the individual ergodic theorem, that is, if it is such that the following ...

**13**

votes

**3**answers

755 views

### Differences of near diagonal Ramsey numbers.

I am a graduate student trying to get involved in Ramsey theory. My question comes from:
Erdős on graphs: his legacy of unsolved problems
By Fan R. K. Chung, Paul Erdős, Ronald L. Graham
p.14 of ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

237 views

### Any 2-coloring of the scope of equilateral triangle must create a monochromatic rectangular triangle ?

Hello All,
I'm trying to prove something that we know that is correct but can't find how to do it or any example to show how to solve it.
Any 2-coloring of the scope of equilateral triangle must ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

638 views

### monochromatic cycle-free colouring of the complete graph on R?

Hi
So there is an edge-colouring of a complete graph on R (the reals), with countably many colours that as no monochromatic triangle. To find it map R to (0,1) write the numbers in binary and if 2 ...

**20**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### Monochromatic triangles in every two-coloring of the plane?

An old problem (possibly due to Erdős and Graham?): given a triangle $T$ and a two-coloring of the plane, does there necessary exist a monochromatic congruent copy of $T$? Here "monochromatic" means ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

321 views

### Ramsey pairs of classes graphs

Motivation
Call a set $H$ of vertices of a graph $G$ homogeneous if it is either independent or complete.
Every perfect graph of size $n$ has a homogeneous subset of size $\sqrt n$.
Noga Alon has ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### Proofs of Lower Bounds for Ramsey Numbers?

As a sort of dual question to this question, I am wondering what proofs people know of lower bounds on Ramsey numbers $R(k, k)$. I know of two proofs: there is Erdos's beautiful probabilistic ...

**12**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### Noncombinatorial proofs of Ramsey's Theorem?

I know of 2(.5) proofs of Ramsey's theorem, which states (in its simplest form) that for all $k, l\in \mathbb{N}$ there exists an integer $R(k, l)$ with the following property: for any $n>R(k, l)$, ...

**18**

votes

**2**answers

803 views

### Ramsey multiplicity

Given a positive integer $a$, the Ramsey number $R(a)$ is the least $n$ such that whenever the edges of the complete graph $K_n$ are colored using only two colors, we necessarily have a copy of $K_a$ ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

386 views

### Suppose the independent number of a graph is bounded. How small the clique number can be?

Suppose the independent number of a graph is bounded. How small the clique number can be? linear?
It seems to be a natural problem to ask. but I could not find any reference.
Thanks.

**5**

votes

**2**answers

254 views

### Bounds on a partition theorem with ambivalent colors

I've been running into the following type of partition problem.
Given positive integers h, r, k, and a real number ε ∈ (0,1), find n such that if every (unordered) r-tuple from an n ...

**22**

votes

**5**answers

5k views

### Erdos Conjecture on arithmetic progressions

Introduction:
Let A be a subset of the naturals such that $\sum_{n\in A}\frac{1}{n}=\infty$. The Erdos Conjecture states that A must have arithmetic progressions of arbitrary length.
Question:
I ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

837 views

### Where can I find a catalog of known Ramsey numbers?

Is there an online catalog available of Ramsey numbers, preferably one that for unknown values documents the known upper/lower bounds?

**16**

votes

**10**answers

3k views

### Applications of infinite Ramsey's Theorem (on N)?

Finite Ramsey's theorem is a very important combinatorial tool that is often used in mathematics. The infinite version of Ramsey's theorem (Ramsey's theorem for colorings of tuples of natural numbers) ...

**12**

votes

**6**answers

17k views

### Magnitude of Graham's Number?

I recently stumbled across this number, and then (foolishly, most likely) decided to try to describe it in a blog post
http://frothygirlz.com/2010/01/14/big-numbers-part-2/
Q - Are there any ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Ramsey Theory, monochromatic subgraphs

If we have the complete countably infinite bipartite graph $K_{\omega,\omega}$ and we colour the edges with just two colours. Should we expect to get a monochromatic copy of $K_{\omega,\omega}$.
...

**5**

votes

**5**answers

1k views

### Bound on cardinality of a union

Suppose I have n finite sets A1 through An contained in some fixed set S, and I am given non-negative integers N and N1 through Nn such that each Ai has cardinality N, and each k-tuple intersection ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

353 views

### Non trivial colouring of the edges of an infinite complete graph

Can you build a probabilistic scheme for colouring each edge (independently of all other edges) of the complete graph G on the positive integers such that the probability that G contains an infinite ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

747 views

### Infinite Ramsey theorem with infinitely many colours

Clearly, it is possible to colour the edges of an infinite complete graph so that it does not contain any infinite monochromatic complete subgraph. Now what about the following?
Let $G$ be the ...

**14**

votes

**4**answers

903 views

### Splitting pythagorean triples

Can one partition the set of positive integers into finitely many pythagorean-triple-free subsets? If so, what is the smallest number of such subsets? Taking a wild guess, I would
be least surprised ...

**11**

votes

**5**answers

1k views

### Can one make Erdős's Ramsey lower bound explicit?

Erdős's 1947 probabilistic trick provided a lower exponential bound for the Ramsey number $R(k)$. Is it possible to explicitly construct 2-colourings on exponentially sized graphs without large ...