**25**

votes

**0**answers

603 views

### Greatly expanded new edition of a Bourbaki chapter on algebra?

Recently I discovered by accident that Bourbaki issued in 2012 a radically expanded version of their 1958 Chapter 8 Modules et anneaux semi-simples (like other chapters, initially in French) within ...

**21**

votes

**0**answers

2k views

### Sums of injective modules, products of projective modules?

Under what assumptions on a noncommutative ring R does a countable direct sum of injective left R-modules necessarily have a finite injective dimension?
Analogously, under what assumptions on R does ...

**19**

votes

**0**answers

259 views

### Topological loops vs. algebro-geometric suspension in Hochschild homology

Let $k$ be a base commutative ring, and let $A$ be a (unital but not necessarily commutative) $k$-algebra. The cone on $A$ is the ring $CA$ of infinite matrices $(a_{ij})_{i,j \geq 1}$ that are ...

**13**

votes

**0**answers

610 views

### Countable Hom/Ext implies finitely generated

Today I learned this interesting fact from Jerry Kaminker: If $A$ is an abelian group such that $\mathrm{Hom}(A,\mathbb{Z})$ and $\mathrm{Ext}(A,\mathbb{Z})$ are both countably generated, then in fact ...

**12**

votes

**0**answers

557 views

### How to explain the picturesque patterns in François Brunault's matrix?

How to explain the patterns in the matrix defined in François Brunault's
answer to the question Freeness of a Z[x] module depicted below? --
Choosing colors according to the highest power of 2 which ...

**12**

votes

**0**answers

546 views

### Is “being a full ring of quotients” a Morita invariant property?

Definition and context:
An (associative, unital, not necessarily commutative) ring $R$ is called classical if every regular element of $R$ is a unit. Equivalently, $R$ is its own classical ring of ...

**11**

votes

**0**answers

156 views

### Must nonunit in group algebra of free group generate proper two-sided ideal?

Let $F$ be a free group and $k$ be a field. If $x$ is an element of
the group algebra $k[F]$ that is not a unit (equivalently, that is not
a nonzero scalar multiple of an element of $F$), must the ...

**11**

votes

**0**answers

530 views

### Given an algebra, can it be realized as a block of a Hopf algebra?

During a classification problem I came across a set of algebras given as the path algebra of a quiver with relations. As an example the local ones: $k\langle x,y\rangle/x^2,y^2, xy-qyx$, where $q\in ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

86 views

### How “nondegenerate” are amalgamated free products of C*-algebras?

In the following, I assume all algebras are unital. Let $A$ and $B$ be C*-algebras that each contain (isomorphic copies of) a common C*-subalgebra $C$. Let $A *_C B$ denote the amalgamated free ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

124 views

### When does Hochschild homology commute with infinite products?

Let $A$ be an associative algebra. Its zeroth Hochschild homology $\mathrm{HH}_0(A)$ is the cokernel of the linear map $A^{\wedge 2} \to A$, $a \wedge b \mapsto ab - ba$. I.e. you quotient the ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

137 views

### Weierstrass division theorem for henselian rings

Let $A$ be an henselian local noetherian ring. There is an old result of Lafon ("Anneaux henséliens et théorème de préparation" (1967)), which says that if $A$ is analytically normal and of ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

141 views

### Detecting invertible elements in group rings by their images for finite quotients of the group

Let $G$ be a "nice" infinite group: at least finitely presented and residually finite, maybe also linear and right-orderable (or even bi-orderable, or residually free nilpotent).
Consider an element ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

313 views

### Does there exist a Noetherian ring of finite injective dimension but higher Krull dimension?

Definition: a (not necessarily commutative) left and right Noetherian ring $R$ is said to be Auslander-Gorenstein if
(i) $R$ has finite left and right injective dimension (in which case it turns out ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

234 views

### What do Multilinear Forms tell us about Representations?

The last few days I have been calculating whether certain group representations are real, complex, or quaternionic. It is well-known that the type of the representation corresponds to what type of ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

208 views

### What's the analogue of a Young symmetrizer in the Brauer algebra?

According to Schur--Weyl duality, the centralizer of $\mathrm{GL}(V)$ acting diagonally on $V^{\otimes N}$ is the group algebra of the symmetric group $\mathbb S_N$. An equivalent formulation is the ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

198 views

### Does this kind of non-noetherian bimodule exist?

Question: Do there exist simple rings $R$ and $S$ (i.e., rings with no proper nonzero ideals) and an $(R,S)$-bimodule $M$ such that
$M$ is finitely generated both as a left $R$-module and a right
...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

169 views

### Depth for non-commutative rings

The depth of a ring or module is one of the most basic invariants in commutative ring theory.
Q1: Is there also a powerful notion of depth for non-commutative rings ?
By a search in mathscinet, I ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

470 views

### Skew polynomial algebra

When I was a very little hare, a big grey wolf told me about the following skew polynomial algebra, which I never understood. My question is whether the following construction is a part of some bigger ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

157 views

### Terminology for vanishing of Hochschild homology with symmetric coefficients?

In a title or abstract for a paper, if I say "Hochschild cohomology of this algebra $A$ vanishes in degrees two and above" then
it should hopefully be understood by most readers as saying ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

317 views

### Can every commutative ring of characteristic $p\in\mathbb P$ be written as the form $R/(p)$ with $R$ being a ring of characteristic $0$?

All rings here are associative, commutative and unital. By a ring of characteristic zero (resp. of characteristic $p$, for prime $p$) I mean a ring $A$ such that the canonical homomorphism $\mathbb ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

281 views

### What happens to simple modules under Ringel duality?

If $A$ is a quasi-hereditary algebra then its Ringel dual $A'=End_A(T)$ is the endomorphism algebra of a (minimal) full tilting module $T$ for $A$. The algebra $A'$ is again quasi-hereditary, although ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

139 views

### Is 2 a zerodivisor in the ring parametrizing rank-n algebras?

Let $n$ be a natural number; I am studying (commutative) rings $R$ and $R$-algebras $A$ such that $A\cong R^n$ as $R$-modules. There is a universal such algebra: a ring $R_0$ and a free, rank-$n$ ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

583 views

### duality between universal enveloping and function algebra for GL(n)

Motivation. Few years ago I constructed a family of internal Hopf algebras in the Loday-Pirashvili tensor category of linear maps which is in a sense a generalization of the algebra of regular ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

196 views

### Is always the ratio (number of commuting pairs of elements in a ring or a Lie algebra)/(the size of the ring or the Lie algebra) integer?

(1) Is there a finite nilpotent ring $R$ such that the ratio
$$c(R)=\frac{|\{(x,y)\in R\times R \; | \; xy=yx\}}{|R|}$$
is not integer?
Edit 1: The nilpotent condition is put later.
Edit/Answer: ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

156 views

### How to prove that a projective module is not free?

Let $A$ be a noncommutative (perhaps $\ast$-) algebra (over $\mathbb{C}$) and let $M$ be a projective module defined via a projector $P\in M_n(A)$; i.e. $M=P(A^n)$. Furthermore, assume that all ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

131 views

### flatness and derived completion

Let $A$ be a local ring of maximal ideal $\mathfrak{m}$. Let $\hat{A}$ be its completion.
If $A$ is noetherian , then we know that $A\rightarrow\hat{A}$ is faithfully flat.
If $A$ is not noetherian, ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

163 views

### Which endomorphism algebras are not Morita-trivial?

Let $\mathcal C$ be a symmetric monoidal category — for example, $\mathcal C$ might be the category of $R$-modules for a commutative ring $R$. At a minimum, I request further that:
$\mathcal C$ is ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

169 views

### Square of primary ideals

Is there any example of a $P$-primary ideal $I$ in a noetherian domain $R$ such that $I^2=PI \not=P^2$?

**6**

votes

**0**answers

156 views

### Series in topological rings that only converge if almost all summands are zero

While trying to understand a certain topological ring better, I stumbled onto the following question.
Suppose $I$ is a fixed infinite index set, $R$ is a topological ring and $(x_i)_{i\in I}$ is a ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

168 views

### Is it possible to define Hopf algebra as an object in the category of (associative) algebras?

I think this must be well-known, but I can't find references, so my apologies from the very beginning.
Consider first the notion of bialgebra. It is usually defined as an object $B$ in the category ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

141 views

### Classifying algebras with two idempotent generators and involution

Say that a finite-dimensional algebra $H$ over a field $K$ is dihedral if $H$ is generated by idempotents $P_1$ and $P_2$ and there is an algebra involution interchanging $P_1$ and $P_2$.
For ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

422 views

### Ideal class group isomorphic to $\mathbb{Z}$

Hi everybody,
I wonder if someone could provide me with a simple example of a Dedekind ring whose ideal class group is isomorphic to $\mathbb{Z}$.
The point is I would like the example simple enough ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

280 views

### Is there an idempotent measure on the free LD system?

This is a follow up question to MO question "Idempotent measures on the free binary system?".
Let $(A,*)$ be the free binary operation on one generator which satisfies the left self distributive law:
...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

420 views

### Can we write unitary matrices as positive linear combinations of Hermitian matrices?

The space $M_n:=M_n(\mathbb{C})$ of complex $n\times n$ matrices has the structure of a finite-dimensional complex vector space.
The space of Hermitian matrices forms a cone in this vector space ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

357 views

### Quantum polynomial rings and singularities

Something I've been thinking about lately has led me to wonder about the following. Consider the quantum polynomial ring $ Q= \mathbb{C}_{-1}[x_1,...x_n]$ generated as a graded ring in degree 1 with ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

76 views

### Sets of matrices which are irreducible but not strongly irreducible

A set of $d \times d$ real or complex matrices is commonly called irreducible if those matrices do not jointly preserve a linear subspace with dimension strictly between zero and $d$. A stronger ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

206 views

### A roadmap to learn about finite-dimensional commutative associative real or complex unital algebras

I've always been secretly fascinated with the rich structure and applications of finite-dimensional associative unital algebras over complete fields. In particular, I am very much interested in the ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

137 views

### Centralizers of elements in free group algebras

Let $A$ be a group algebra of a free group, and $x \in A$. What is the centralizer of $x$? Is there something like Bergman's theorem for free associative algebras?

**5**

votes

**0**answers

251 views

### A generalization of real characters on a group

Yesterday I understood that I can't live without this construction:
Let $G$ be a group, $A$ an associative algebra over $\mathbb R$ and $n\in{\mathbb N}$. We consider a sequence of maps ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

171 views

### Operator connected with Hermite polynomials

For $n \geq 1$, define the following operator $M_n$ on the ring of all polynomials with real coefficients.
$$M_n P(x) = nP(x)^2 - x \int_0^x (P'(t))^2 \, \mathrm{d}t$$
Monomials $x^k$ are mapped to $n ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

142 views

### Software for BMW algebra calculations?

Does software exist for computations in the BMW algebra?
For example, I'd like to be able to express elements in a basis of "totally descending tangles" as in a paper of Morton–Wassermann. At ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

355 views

### The logarithm over $\mathbb F_1$

In 'Cyclotomy and analytic geometry over F1', Manin proposes a version of the notion of `analytic function' over the 'field with one element $\mathbb F_1$'.
Question 1: can somebody explain or give ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

211 views

### On the linear transformation between matrix space

Suppose we have two matrix subspaces, $n\times n$ matrix subspace $S_1$ and $m\times m$ matrix subspace $S_2$. Every element of $S_1$ and $S_2$ is complex symmetric matrix.
Suppose there exists ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

240 views

### How to compute the abelianization of the representation theory of a Hopf algebra?

I will ask two versions of my question, which probably aren't precisely the same, and I am also interested in hearing about nuances between the two.
Version 1:
Let $(C,\otimes)$ be any monoidal ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

278 views

### Homological dimension of completed path algebras.

Let A = c[Q]/I be a finite dimensional quotient of a path algebra over a quiver Q, with I being the ideal of relations.
Is it true that the I-adic completion of A has finite homological dimension?

**5**

votes

**0**answers

216 views

### Cocontinuous monadic functors

Some forgetful functors of algebraic categories preserve colimits, but most do not. In order to understand this phenomen in general, I have classified cocontinuous monadic functors whose target is an ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

536 views

### Elementary polynomial-free proofs of fundamental theorem of Galois theory?

I am looking for simple proofs that show the correspondence between intermediate fields in a field extension and subgroups of the Galois group. I'm happy for everything to be subfields of ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

470 views

### Kaplansky's theorem and Axiom of choice

Kaplansky in his paper titled by Projective Modules gave an important and essential theorem as follow:
Theorem: Let $R$ be a ring, $M$ an $R$-module which is a direct sum of (any number of) countably ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

416 views

### A reference on semisimple linear algebra

Is there any literature where the tools familiar from (multi)linear algebra are systematically transferred to the setting of semisimple modules over noncommutative rings?
In fact this question is a ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

102 views

### Does Mittag-Lefflerness descend?

I have read in the Stacks Project that if $A \to B$ is a faithfully flat ring homomorphism, $M$ is an $A$-module, and $M \otimes_A B$ is a flat, Mittag-Leffler $B$-module, then $M$ is a flat, ...