**53**

votes

**4**answers

4k views

### when is A isomorphic to A^3?

this is totally elementary, but I have no idea how to solve it: let $A$ be an abelian group such that $A$ is isomorphic to $A^3$. is then $A$ isomorphic to $A^2$? probably no, but how construct a ...

**39**

votes

**1**answer

3k views

### What is the current status of the Kaplansky zero-divisor conjecture for group rings?

Let $K$ be a field and $G$ a group. The so called zero-divisor conjecture for group rings asserts that the group ring $K[G]$ is a domain if and only if $G$ is a torsion-free group.
A couple of good ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

984 views

### finite dimensional real division algebras

A celebrated theorem of Milnor and Kervaire asserts that any finite dimensional division algebra over the real numbers has dimension 1,2,4 or 8. This result is established using methods from algebraic ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

277 views

### Rank of a $ \mathbb{Z}_{p}[[T]] $ module

Let $p$ be a prime and $M$ is a finitely generated $ \mathbb{Z}_{p}[[T]] $ module. Suppose $M[p]$ denotes the $p$-torsion of $M$. Then $M[p]$ and $M/(p)$ are both $ F_{p}$ vector spaces. So we can ...

**57**

votes

**2**answers

5k views

### How would you solve this tantalizing Halmos problem?

$1-ab$ invertible $\implies$ $1-ba$ invertible has a slick power series "proof" as below, where Halmos asks for an explanation of why this tantalizing derivation succeeds. Do you know one?
...

**17**

votes

**8**answers

3k views

### What is the “right” definition of a ring?

This is somewhat related to Greg's question about groups and abelian groups. Suppose you met someone who was well-acquainted with groups, but who was unwilling to accept rings as a meaningful object ...

**27**

votes

**9**answers

5k views

### What are the reasons for considering rings without identity?

I think a major reason is because Lie algebras don't have an identity, but I'm not really sure.

**27**

votes

**6**answers

20k views

### Determinant of sum of positive definite matrices

Say $A$ and $B$ are symmetric, positive definite matrices.
I've proved that $\det(A+B) \ge \det(A) + \det(B)$ in the case that $A$ and $B$ are two dimensional.
Is this true in general for $n$-...

**14**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### Relationship between the cohomology of a group and the cohomology of its associated Lie algebra.

Let $G$ be a group and let $k$ be a field (characteristic 0 if you want). Let $L$ be the graded Lie ring associated to the lower central series of $G$, that is, $L$, as a graded abelian group is $\...

**18**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### Dimension of infinite product of vector spaces

This question is motivated by the question link text, which compares the infinite direct sum and the infinite direct product of a ring.
It is well-known that an infinite dimensional vector space is ...

**12**

votes

**1**answer

726 views

### Explicit Bijection between Central Simple Algebras and twists of $\mathbb P^n$

The automorphism group of the algebra of $n$-dimensional matrices over a field $K$ is $PGL_n(K)$. The automorphism group of $n-1$-dimensional projective space over $K$ is also $PGL_n(K)$. Therefore, ...

**13**

votes

**2**answers

847 views

### Which commutative groups are the group of units of some field?

Inspired by a recent question on the multiplicative group of fields. Necessary conditions include that there are at most $n$ solutions to $x^n = 1$ in such a group and that any finite subgroup is ...

**15**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Characterising categories of vector spaces

Consider the category $FdVect_k$ of finite dimensional $k$-vector spaces, for some given field. It is abelian, semisimple, in that each object is a finite sum of simple objects (of which there is only ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

535 views

### Solid Rings and Tor

A solid ring is a ring $R$ such that the multiplication
$R\otimes_{\mathbb{Z}} R \to R$ is an isomorphism.
These were classified by Bousfield and Kan; they are
subrings of $R\subseteq\mathbb{Q}$,
$...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### Rational exponential expressions

Consider the following extension of polynomials. The rational exponential expressions (REXes) are given by:
The leaves 1 and $x$ for $x$ drawn from a class of variables; and
Closed under the binary ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

735 views

### Skew fields inside quaternion division algebras

Suppose that $Q$ is a quaternion division algebra with center $k$, where $k$ is an arbitrary commutative field (let's say with $\operatorname{char}(k) \neq 2$ if necessary). Assume that $D$ is an ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

755 views

### The saturation of Murray von Neumann relation

Edit: According to comment of Pace Nielsen, I remove question 2 of the previous version:
Let $R$ be a unital ring. We define Murray Von Neumann relation $M$ on $R$ as follows:
We say $a M b$ iff $...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

319 views

### A basic question about rings

Perhaps this is a trivial question, but I have no idea how to justify it.
Call a pair of groups $(G_1, G_2)$ ring-compatible if $G_1$ is abelian and there exists a ring $R$ with addition and ...

**64**

votes

**9**answers

4k views

### Can we unify addition and multiplication into one binary operation? To what extent can we find universal binary operations?

The question is the extent to which we can unify addition
and multiplication, realizing them as terms in a single
underlying binary operation. I have a number of questions.
Is there a binary ...

**42**

votes

**19**answers

38k views

### Linear Algebra Texts?

Can anyone suggest a relatively gentle linear algebra text that integrates vector spaces and matrix algebra right from the start? I've found in the past that students react in very negative ways to ...

**69**

votes

**11**answers

4k views

### Can a non-surjective polynomial map from an infinite field to itself miss only finitely many points?

Is there an infinite field $k$ together with a polynomial $f \in k[x]$ such that the associated map $f \colon k \to k$ is not surjective but misses only finitely many elements in $k$ (i.e. only ...

**35**

votes

**6**answers

8k views

### Good lattice theory books?

A recent answer motivated me to post about this. I've always had a vague, unpleasant feeling that somehow lattice theory has been completely robbed of the important place it deserves in mathematics - ...

**47**

votes

**5**answers

3k views

### Does this formula have a rigorous meaning, or is it merely formal.

I hope this problem is not considered too "elementary" for MO. It concerns a formula that I have always found fascinating. For, at first glance, it appears completely "obvious", while on closer ...

**25**

votes

**7**answers

3k views

### Consequences of not requiring ring homomorphisms to be unital?

As defined in many modern algebra books, a homomorphism of unital rings must preserve the unit elements: $f(1_R)=1_S$. But there has been a minority who do not require this, one prominent example ...

**13**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Koszul duality between Weyl and Clifford algebras?

Koszul duality
Given a finite-dimensional $k$-vector space $V$ (I am happy taking $k = \mathbb{C}$ anywhere in the following if it makes a difference) and a subspace $R \subseteq V \otimes V$, we can ...

**9**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### reduced ⊗ reduced = reduced; what about connected?

Several questions actually.
All rings and algebras are supposed to be commutative and with $1$ here.
(1) Let $k$ be a field, and let $A$ and $B$ be two $k$-algebras. I need a proof that if $A$ and $...

**15**

votes

**3**answers

4k views

### Why is a ring called a “ring”?

Why is a ring called "ring" (or Zahlring in German)? There seems to (naive) me nothing more ring-like to a ring than there is to a group or a field. I am particularly interested to learn why the ...

**19**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Is there a “categorical” description of Grothendieck's algebra of differential operators?

First, pick a commutative ring $k$ as the "ground field". Everything I say will be $k$-linear, e.g. "algebra" means "unital associative algebra over $k$". Then recall the following construction due ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

643 views

### Exact sequence of monoids

What is the right definition of an exact sequence of monoid homomorphisms?
I can't seem to find a consistent in my searches; indeed Balmer (Remark 2.6,
http://www.math.ucla.edu/~balmer/research/...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### What are tame and wild hereditary algebras?

What are tame and wild hereditary algebras?
Are they related to hereditary rings? (Those are rings for which every left (resp. right) ideal is projective, equivalently, for which every left (resp. ...

**20**

votes

**4**answers

815 views

### What is a Kelley ring?

I've heard that in some book by someone named Kelley, perhaps an early edition of John L. Kelley's General Topology, the author gave a definition of a ring which turned out to be weaker than the usual ...

**19**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### does the “convolution theorem” apply to weaker algebraic structures?

The Convolution Theorem is often exploited to compute the convolution of two sequences efficiently: take the (discrete) Fourier transform of each sequence, multiply them, and then perform the inverse ...

**19**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Are Conway's omnific integers the Grothendieck group of the ordinals under commutative addition?

This is a question in two parts.
Say that $\mathbf{On}$ is the proper class of all ordinal numbers in ZFC. We can define a binary operator over $\mathbf{On}$ which corresponds to the commutative ...

**14**

votes

**1**answer

747 views

### Are wild problems related to undecidable ones?

In representation theory, there is a well-known notion of a wild classification problem (such problems have been discussed often on this forum, for example, here). In logic, there is a notion of an ...

**22**

votes

**5**answers

835 views

### Bass' stable range of $\mathbf Z[X]$

Let $n$ be a positive integer and $A$ be a commutative ring. The ring $A$ is said to be of Bass stable range $\mathrm{sr}(A)\leq n$ if for $a, a_1, \dots, a_n \in A$ one has the following implication:
...

**14**

votes

**3**answers

570 views

### Polynomial Rings

Let $R$ and $S$ be non-zero rings with identity. Is it possible to have $R[x] \cong S[[x]]$ ?

**12**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### Characterizations of UFD and Euclidean domain by ideal-theoretic conditions

This questions is inspired by an exercise in Hungerford that I have only partially solved. The exercise reads: "A domain is a UFD if and only if every nonzero prime ideal contains a nonzero principal ...

**20**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Freeness of a Z[x]-module

Definition: Call a mapping $f: \mathbb{Z} \rightarrow \mathbb{Z}$
a generalized polynomial if for any distinct integers $m$ and $n$
we have $(m - n)|(f(m)-f(n))$.
It is easy to check that polynomial ...

**17**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### What is the geometric object corresponding to a subalgebra in a polynomial ring

Many introductory texts on algebraic geometry set up some sort of algebra-geometry dictionary in which radical ideals correspond to varieties, and so on. I am wondering if there is a geometric way to ...

**16**

votes

**1**answer

802 views

### Does GL_n(Z) have a noetherian group ring?

Has the (left, right, 2-sided) noetherian property of the integral group ring of arithmetic groups like $GL_n(Z)$ been considered in the literature?
Motivation: a recent trend has been to study "...

**13**

votes

**6**answers

2k views

### What's an example of a transcendental power series?

Let $k$ be a field. What is an explicit power series $f \in k[[t]]$ that is transcendental over $k[t]$?
I am looking for elementary example (so there should be a proof of transcendence that does ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

603 views

### Why not _co_free modules?

Let $R$ be a ring, and $R\text{-Mod}$ its category of all left modules. There is a "forgetful" functor $\operatorname{Forget}: R\text{-Mod} \to \text{AbGp}$, which is additive, continuous, and ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

775 views

### What is the smallest $C^*$-algebra containing the “standard” pseudodifferential operators?

Is $\Psi^0(\mathbb{R})$ (pseudodifferential operators with symbols obeying
$
|\partial^\alpha_x \partial^\beta_\xi a(x,\xi)| \leq C_{\alpha,\beta} (1+|\xi|)^{-|\beta|}
$
) a $C^*$-algebra?
In other ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Generalization of finitely generated, finitely presented modules?

Let $R$ be a commutative ring and $M$ an $R$-module.
The module $M$ is finitely generated iff there is an exact sequence $R^{k_0} \to M \to 0$.
Similarly, $M$ is finitely presented iff there is an ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### Intuitive Example of a Jacobson Radical

Can anyone explain what a Jacobson radical is using an intuitive example? I can't quite understand Wikipedia's explanation.

**4**

votes

**1**answer

664 views

### Is there a way to define a prime ideal object via diagrams in the category of rings?

I like to think in terms of commutative diagrams rather than referring to elements. So to me a group is really a group object, i.e. an object with some maps satisfying certain commutative diagrams. ...

**13**

votes

**5**answers

1k views

### An algebra of “integrals”

When discussing divergent integrals with people, I got curious about the following:
Is there an $\mathbb{R}$-algebra $A$ together with a map (could be defined on just a subspace)
$$\int_0^{\infty}: ...

**9**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### What is about J. v. Neumann's “Continuous geometry”?

I am curious about von Neumann's "Continuous geometry", but found no recent text or survey on it. Does anyone know the book and would be so nice to share their impression, and if/how the concept of ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### Do these matrix rings have non-zero elements that are neither units nor zero divisors?

First, a disclaimer: This is a repost of a question I asked on stackexchange (no answer there).
Let $R$ be a commutative ring (with $1$) and $R^{n \times n}$ be the ring of $n \times n$ matrices with ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

705 views

### Generalizing the Fundamental Theorem of Symmetric Polynomials

The fundamental theorem of symmetric polynomials tells us that the ring $\mathbb{Z}[x_1,\ldots,x_n]^{S_n}$ of symmetric polynomials in $n$ variables is generated (without relations) by the elementary ...