Non-commutative rings and algebras, non-associative algebras, universal algebra and lattice theory, linear algebra, semigroups.

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2
votes
2answers
167 views

indecomposable decomposition for a commutative ring

Let $R$ be a commutative ring with identity. We say that $R$ has an indecomposible decomposition if it can be wrighten as a finite direct sum of indecomposiable rings. Is there any characterization ...
19
votes
2answers
389 views

What are applications of commutativity theorems for rings?

Herstein's little book "Noncommutative Rings" has a chapter called Commutativity Theorems in which he proves results like Jacobson's theorem: if a ring (associative with identity, please) has the ...
6
votes
3answers
716 views

Decidability of matrix algebra

Take multi-sorted first-order logic with equality, complex scalars, 1xn vectors, nx1 vectors, nxn matrices, addition and multiplication for each pair of sorts they make sense for, and hermitian ...
7
votes
1answer
274 views

Algorithmic decidability of equality in the ring of periods

Suppose two elements of the ring of periods are given by their systems of polynomial inequalities with rational coefficients. Is there a known algorithm deciding their equality? Is it known if their ...
1
vote
0answers
93 views

Cyclic faithfully flat modules

I am looking for an example of a cyclic faithfully flat $R$-module that is not projective. Could someone help me?
-1
votes
0answers
56 views

Interpolating Product of two Polynomials

Consider we have two non-constant polynomials $A(x)$ and $B(x)$. We define the polynomials over field $\mathbb{Z}_p$, for a large prime number $p$. We define Polynomial $A(x)$ as follows: ...
2
votes
0answers
21 views

Non-existence of commutative rings with many nilpotent elements with some restrictions where matrix powers are efficient

At the moment can't find better reference than "Cycle Enumeration using Nilpotent Adjacency Matrices with Algorithm Runtime Comparisons" though certainly there are others. Consider the following ...
0
votes
2answers
113 views

Making idempotent element by a relation [on hold]

Let $R$ be a commutative ring with identity and let $a, b \in R$ such that $a=ab$. How can we make a non zero idempotent element of $R$ by this relation?
-4
votes
0answers
90 views

Prove $R$ is a finite ring [closed]

Suppose that $R$ is a ring and $D(R)$ is the set of all elements $x\in R$ such that there exist $b,c\neq 0$ with $xb=cx=0$. Prove that if $1<|D(R)|<\infty$ then $|R|<\infty$. ($|S|<\infty$ ...
1
vote
0answers
48 views

Avoiding the range of a bivariate integer function or Diophantine function [on hold]

I have a bivariate integer function $f(x,y)=5+23x+7y+30xy$ where $x,y \geq 0$ and are integers. The lattice points of this function, or its range contain a large number of values. I'm trying to see if ...
10
votes
1answer
205 views

Are all separable algebras Frobenius algebras?

Let $\mathcal C$ be a [added later: semi-simple] tensor category, and let $A=(A,m:A\otimes A\to A,i:1\to A)$ be an algebra object in $\mathcal C$. The algebra is... Separable if there is an ...
0
votes
0answers
40 views

Extremal roots of Bernstein-Sato polynomials

Let $f \in \mathbb{C}[x_1,\ldots,x_n]$. Consider $D[s]$, where $D$ is the ring of polynomial coefficient differential operators in $n$ variables, and $s$ is an additional formal variable. Suppose ...
5
votes
2answers
191 views

Dickson/determinant type polynomial (updated)

For $2\leq \ell \leq k$, consider the polynomial \begin{equation} P_{k,\ell} = \prod_{1\leq a_1+\ldots+a_k\leq \ell} (a_1x_1+\ldots + a_kx_k)\in \mathbb{F}_2[x_1,\ldots, x_k] \end{equation} ...
15
votes
2answers
852 views

Does $\mathbb{K}[G]\simeq\mathbb{K}[H]$ for some field $\mathbb{K}$ of characteristic $p$, imply $\mathbb{F}_p[G]\simeq\mathbb{F}_p[H]$?

Due to the first (and very helpful) answer I received, I've reformulated the question a little: $G$ and $H$ are now assumed to be $p$-groups. Let $p$ be a prime, and let $\mathbb{F}_p$ be the field ...
27
votes
2answers
1k views

Non isomorphic finite rings with isomorphic additive and multiplicative structure

About a year ago, a colleague asked me the following question: Suppose $(R,+,\cdot)$ and $(S,\oplus,\odot)$ are two rings such that $(R,+)$ is isomorphic, as an abelian group, to $(S,\oplus)$, and ...
7
votes
1answer
153 views

riemann mapping theorem for skew-fields of quaternions and beyond

Is there any known generalization of the riemann mapping theorem over skew-fields of quaternions and beyond or at least a conjectured formulation of it? In a less focused way, how far does the main ...
8
votes
2answers
361 views

Strategies for proving a category is Noetherian?

Let $C$ be a small linear category over a commutative ring $R$. A representation of $C$ is an $R$-linear functor $C \to \mathrm{Mod}(R)$. For example, for each $c\in C$, there is a representation ...
1
vote
0answers
65 views

Morita equivalence of $K$-algebras

Given $K$ a unital commutative ring and $A$ a $K$-algebra different from $K$. Can $K$ be Morita equivalent to $A \amalg A$, where $A \amalg A$ is the coproduct in the category of unital associative ...
2
votes
0answers
53 views

Involution of unital based ring (Grothendieck ring of a fusion category)

Let $A$ be a unital based ring in the sense of [Ostrik, arXiv:math/0111139]. As part of the data we have a base $B = \{b_i\}_{i\in I}$, and an involution $i \mapsto \bar i$ of $I$ whose induced map ...
19
votes
6answers
3k views

Expressing adj(A) as a polynomial in A?

Suppose $A\in R^{n\times n}$, where $R$ is a commutative ring. Let $p_i \in R$ be the coefficients of the characteristic polynomial of $A$: $\mathop{\mathrm{det}}(A-xI) = p_0 + p_1x + \dots + p_n ...
3
votes
1answer
113 views

A question about a form of elements of G2

Let $f$ be an automorphism of the octonions algebra. Then $f(x)=x$ for $x\in \mathbb R$ and $f$ restricted to $Im \mathbb O$ is in $SO(7)$. By the properties of the rotations there is an orthonormal ...
1
vote
1answer
85 views

Independent set of relations in an algebra [closed]

Let $k⟨X⟩$ be a free associative algebra generated by a set $X$ over a field $k$. Let $S$ be a set of $k$-algebra relations. Then what does it mean by the set of relations are independent ?
1
vote
1answer
185 views

Universal constructions that factor through endomorphisms

If $\cal A$ is a variety of algebras (e.g., all groups) and $\cal B$ is a subvariety defined by some set of identities $X$ (e.g., abelian groups with $X = \{xy \simeq yx\}$), then there is a functor ...
2
votes
1answer
446 views

Krull Dimension

For all $n$, I need to find examples of rings $A\subset B$ such that: i) $\dim A-\dim B\gt n$ ii) $\dim B-\dim A\gt n$ (where $\dim$ is the Krull dimension)
1
vote
1answer
130 views

Counting Roots of Unit

Let $p\left( x\right) =% %TCIMACRO{\tprod \limits_{k=1}^{m}}% %BeginExpansion {\textstyle\prod\limits_{k=1}^{m}} %EndExpansion \left( x^{e_{k}}-\omega_{k}^{e_{k}}\right) $ be a polynomial with ...
15
votes
1answer
514 views

Is the class of additive groups of rings axiomatizable?

I know that it is impossible to axiomatize the multiplicative structures of rings, called $R$-semigroups. Is anything known about the first-order axiomatizability of the class of abelian groups which ...
2
votes
1answer
347 views

A particularly “natural” algebraic structure with three commutative, pairwise-distributive operations

EDIT: As mentioned in my answer below, I was mistaken in thinking Dirichlet convolution distributes over ordinary convolution. I'm leaving this question here for reference. I keep stumbling on the ...
6
votes
1answer
133 views

presentations of subalgebras

Assume that I have a finitely presented algebra $A$ over the complex numbers (by which I mean that $A$ is generated over $\mathbb{C}$ by finitely many elements $x_1,...,x_n$ subject to finitely many ...
4
votes
0answers
150 views

Hochschild Cohomology of the Quantum Torus

I would like some advice on how to compute directly, or by a higher powered method the Hochschild Cohomology groups of the quantum torus using the stated complex I have found. I think there are ...
21
votes
14answers
6k views

Geometrical meaning of Grassmann Algebra

I don't understand wedge product and Grassmann algebra. However, I heard that these concepts are obvious when you understand the geometrical intuition behind them. Can you give this geometrical ...
2
votes
0answers
46 views

question about the group completion of a simplicial monoid

In Daniel Quillen, On the group completion of a simplicial monoid pdf, MIT preprint 1971, Memoirs of the AMS vol 529, 1994, pp. 89-105, I do not understand the following part with question mark ...
9
votes
1answer
264 views

Non-field example of a commutative, local, dual ring with nilradical $N$ such that $ann(N)\nsubseteq N$

I asked this question on math.stackexchange a month ago with no progress, even after a bounty. I hope to eliminate one if the other receives a satisfactory answer. For an ideal $I\lhd R$ in a ...
0
votes
1answer
211 views

Determinants of tensors [closed]

Consider a tensor of dimension $[d]\times[d]\times[d]$ which is symmetric with respect to every permutation of the indices. Are there any $\textbf{explicit}$ formulas for notions like determinant-like ...
5
votes
1answer
251 views

Does the following $ C^{*} $-algebraic result have a purely algebraic proof?

While studying the proof of Bott periodicity for operator $ K $-theory in this set of notes, I learned this fact: Theorem. Let $ A $ and $ B $ be $ C^{*} $-algebras. Let $ f,g: A \to B $ be $ * ...
7
votes
1answer
184 views

In modules over finite rings $Rv = Rw \iff R^\times v = R^\times w$

Let $R$ be a finite ring (with unit, possibly non-commutative), and $M$ a left module over $R$. Let $v,w\in M$. Then $$Rv = Rw \iff R^\times v = R^\times w.$$ This follows from Lemma 6.4 in ...
3
votes
0answers
165 views

Ring epimorphisms, and epimorphism in the category of small preadditive cats

This question is related to this other question I have asked some time ago. Let $R$ and $S$ be two rings and let $\phi:R\to S$ be a ring homomorphism. It is well-known that $\phi$ is an epimorphism ...
5
votes
3answers
509 views

adjoint of multiplication operator in a commutative algebra

Dan Popescu asked me the following question, and since I'm not an expert I'm throwing his question on MO. Suppose that $A$ is a finite-dimensional vector space over an ordered field $k$ with ...
0
votes
0answers
52 views

Writing a module as a direct sum

Let $q_1, q_2, q_3 \in \mathbb{Z}[x,y]$ such that $q_1, q_2$ are algebraically independent and let $S$ be an algebra generated by $q_1, q_2, q_3$ over $F_p$. If writing $S$ as a module over $F_p ...
0
votes
0answers
108 views

Intersections of ideals and nilpotence

Let $R$ be a polynomial ring over a field $k$, $R = k[x_1, \dots, x_n]$. Suppose $R'$ is an associative $R$-algebra and it has the property that there exists a degree $m<n$ monomial in the $x_i$'s ...
19
votes
4answers
1k views

does the “convolution theorem” apply to weaker algebraic structures?

The Convolution Theorem is often exploited to compute the convolution of two sequences efficiently: take the (discrete) Fourier transform of each sequence, multiply them, and then perform the inverse ...
4
votes
3answers
796 views

When does a planar ternary ring uniquely coordinitise a projective plane?

From every projective plane a coordinitisation can be constructed on a planar ternary ring, and conversely from every planar ternary ring a projective plane can be constructed. (For background see ...
2
votes
1answer
105 views

Do representations of the universal enveloping algebra $\mathrm{U}\mathfrak{su}_2$ retain the Hopf algebra structure?

A Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$ generates its universal enveloping algebra $\mathrm{U}\mathfrak{g}$, which has the structure of a Hopf algebra. Modules of $\mathrm{U}\mathfrak{g}$ are exactly the of ...
2
votes
2answers
246 views

What is twisted in a twisted Poisson structure?

The usual definition of a twisted Poisson algebra involving a 3-form does not seem to refer to a Poisson algebra that is then twisted, i.e. twisting either the commutative product or the Lie bracket. ...
0
votes
0answers
76 views

The universal property of ring of big Witt vectors

Let $X_1,X_2,\cdots$ be infinite many indeterminates. Define \begin{equation*} W_n = \sum_{d\mid n} d X_d^{n/d}. \end{equation*} A big Witt vector over a commutative ring $R$ is a sequence ...
15
votes
1answer
337 views

Computability of Brauer groups

A friend of mine and I were talking about computable algebra, and this question came up. The answer may already be known, but I couldn't find it with Google: Suppose I have a countable field, $k$. ...
7
votes
0answers
261 views

Can every commutative ring of characteristic $p\in\mathbb P$ be written as the form $R/(p)$ with $R$ being a ring of characteristic $0$?

All rings here are associative, commutative and unital. By a ring of characteristic zero (resp. of characteristic $p$, for prime $p$) I mean a ring $A$ such that the canonical homomorphism $\mathbb ...
2
votes
2answers
179 views

Generalizing the commutator and anti-commutator

I was wondering if there's any attempt to generalize the commutator for something general for more than two terms. Here's what I was thinking of, for $[A,B]=AB-BA$, so for three terms: $[A,B,C] = ...
3
votes
1answer
89 views

Can you test flatness on $FP_3$-modules?

Let $A$ be a ring, and let $M$ be a right $A$-module. Then $M$ is flat if and only if for each left $A$-module $N$ we have that $Tor^1_A(M,N) = 0$. Becasuse $Tor$ commutes with filtered direct limits, ...
1
vote
0answers
96 views

cohomlogy of Diagonal ring

Let $S=\bigoplus_{\underline n\in\mathbb N^r } S_{\underline n}$ be a standard multigraded ring over a local ring and M be a finitely generated $\mathbb N^r $-graded $S$-module. Let ...
12
votes
4answers
2k views

What are hypergroups and hyperrings good for?

I came across the concept of a hyperring in two recent papers by Connes and Consani (From monoids to hyperstructures: in search of an absolute arithmetic and The hyperring of adèle classes). It's a ...