Non-commutative rings and algebras, non-associative algebras, universal algebra and lattice theory, linear algebra, semigroups.

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33
votes
16answers
27k views

Linear Algebra Texts?

Can anyone suggest a relatively gentle linear algebra text that integrates vector spaces and matrix algebra right from the start? I've found in the past that students react in very negative ways to ...
16
votes
1answer
969 views

Are Conway's omnific integers the Grothendieck group of the ordinals under commutative addition?

This is a question in two parts. Say that $\mathbf{On}$ is the proper class of all ordinal numbers in ZFC. We can define a binary operator over $\mathbf{On}$ which corresponds to the commutative ...
1
vote
1answer
45 views

ideals of polynomial ring of two variables generated by two elements

Let $f,g$ be two polynomials in $\mathbb{Z}[x,y]$, given by $$ f(x,y)=x^4-3xy+y^2,$$ $$ g(x,y)=x^5-4xy+3xy^2.$$ Let $I=(f,g)$ be the ideal in $\mathbb{Z}[x,y]$ generated by $f$ and $g$. Is ...
6
votes
0answers
134 views

How to prove that a projective module is not free?

Let $A$ be a noncommutative (perhaps $\ast$-) algebra (over $\mathbb{C}$) and let $M$ be a projective module defined via a projector $P\in M_n(A)$; i.e. $M=P(A^n)$. Furthermore, assume that all ...
20
votes
7answers
2k views

Consequences of not requiring ring homomorphisms to be unital?

As defined in many modern algebra books, a homomorphism of unital rings must preserve the unit elements: $f(1_R)=1_S$. But there has been a minority who do not require this, one prominent example ...
-1
votes
2answers
258 views

Anick resolution [closed]

I would like to know some applications of Anick's resolution in non-commutative algebras.
0
votes
0answers
57 views

Action of semidirect products of cyclic groups

Is there anything known about group actions of $C_{p}\rtimes C_{p}^{*}$ on the ring of real polynomials $\mathbb{R}[X_{1},\ldots,X_{n}]$, where $C_{p}$ denotes the cyclic group of order $p$ and $p$ is ...
1
vote
1answer
269 views

Gerstenhaber versus Schouten

In terms of formal definitions, is there any distinction between Schouten and Gerstenhaber algebras?
1
vote
0answers
235 views

Total degree of a polynomial

Let $\mathsf{F,G}\in\Bbb R[x_1,\dots,x_n]$ be minimum multivariate polynomials of least total degree $\mathsf{degF}$, $\mathsf{degG}$ such that, given unequal $a,b\in\Bbb R$, $$\mathsf{F(p)}=a, ...
12
votes
2answers
373 views

$\mathbb{Z}G$ (left) Noetherian$\Rightarrow$ $l^1(G)$ is a flat $\mathbb{Z}G$-(right) module?

Let $G$ be a countable discrete group (not necessarily abelian), and suppose the group ring $\mathbb{Z}G$ is a left-Noetherian ring, for example, when $G$ is a polycyclic-by finite group. Denote the ...
2
votes
1answer
129 views

When does $\overline{U(0,1)}=B(0,1)$ hold?

Given $R$ an absolute valued ring (with unit), sometimes $\overline{U(0,1)}=B(0,1)$ (for example, $\mathbb{Q},\mathbb{R},\mathbb{C},\mathbb{H}$) and sometimes $\overline{U(0,1)}\neq B(0,1)$ (for ...
0
votes
0answers
76 views

Global dimension of graded Lie algebra

The rational global dimension of a graded algebra $A=(A_k)_{k\geq 0}$, with $A_0=\mathbb Q$, denoted here ${\rm gl}\dim A$ is defined to be the greatest integer $k$ (or $\infty$) such that ${\rm ...
6
votes
2answers
547 views

How do I apply the Boolean Prime Ideal Theorem?

I have become aware of an amazing phenomenon from a myriad of questions and answers here on MathOverflow: many of the results that I would typically prove using the Axiom of Choice can actually be ...
2
votes
1answer
72 views

Locally nilpotent operators of the Weyl algebra

$\newcommand{\ad}{\operatorname{ad}}$As my recent post (here) did not receive any answers yet, I thought I would ask a similar question in which I'm also interested. Let $A=$ $^{k \langle x,y\rangle ...
5
votes
0answers
90 views

Noncommutative group of invertible ideals of a ring

Let $R$ be a noetherian domain and let $\mathcal{O}$ be an $R$-algebra that is finitely generated and projective as an $R$-module. The set of invertible fractional ideals of $\mathcal{O}$ is a group ...
4
votes
0answers
40 views

examples of local, nonsemisimple , nonsymmetric hopf algebras

I'm searching for (a class of) examples of Hopf algebras , which have the following properties: they should be finite dimensional they should not be semisimple they should be local they should ...
8
votes
2answers
648 views

“Composition of Morita equivalences” or “Morita equivalence and the Nakayama functor”

This problem occured to me, when trying to find a Morita invariant for finite dimensional algebras. Suppose $\Lambda$ and $\Gamma$ are two self-injective $k$-algebras ($k$ being a field) which are ...
3
votes
0answers
75 views

Nilpotent operator of the Weyl algebra

For a research project I'm currently working on, I came across the following problem: Let $A=$ $^{k <x,y> }\Big/_{(yx-xy-1)}$ be the Weyl Algebra over a field $k$ of characteristic $p$, where ...
46
votes
2answers
4k views

How would you solve this tantalizing Halmos problem?

1-ab invertible => 1-ba invertible has a slick power series "proof" as below, where Halmos asks for an explanation of why this tantalizing derivation succeeds. Do you know one? Geometric series. In ...
1
vote
1answer
130 views

Structure of $\text{Aut}_R(R[X])$

Let $R$ be a commutative ring with identity. I'd like to know how to determine the set $\text{Aut}_R(R[X])$ of all $R$-automorphisms of $R[X]$. I've proved that all $\sigma\in\text{Aut}_R(R[X])$ ...
3
votes
1answer
144 views

Tits-Kantor-Koecher construction for Jordan algebra of symmetric bilinear form

Suppose $f$ is a nondegenerate, symmetric bilinear form on a vector space $V$ over a field $F$. Then $J = V + F\cdot 1$ is a unital Jordan algebra (known as the "spin factor" Jordan algebra when $F = ...
4
votes
1answer
128 views

If $R$ is generated by idempotents, then $\text{Ann}(R)=0$?

Let $R$ be a ring (not necessarily commutative or unital) that is generated by idempotents. I'd like to know if $\text{Ann}(R)=0$ must hold. Here I use $\text{Ann}(R)$ to denote the set of all ...
2
votes
0answers
91 views

Geometry of rings and semi-rings

Basically, I wonder whether a theory similar to geometric group theory has been or could be developed for rings and semirings. One direction would be the following. Consider $\mathbb{N}$ (with the ...
1
vote
0answers
72 views

Extension of scalars and projective limits

Consider a morphism of commutative rings $h\colon R\rightarrow S$. This gives rise to a functor $h^*\colon{\sf Mod}(R)\rightarrow{\sf Mod}(S)$, called scalar extension by means of $h$. This functor ...
19
votes
2answers
835 views

What do you do if you believe a problem is undecidable?

While the title of this question is subjective, I hope to make what I'm looking for quite concrete. The first, and main question is this: If you believe that a problem you are working on is formally ...
1
vote
0answers
37 views

Goldie's Theorem for Semigroups

Goldie's theorem is a theorem in noncommutative ring theory that gives a clear picture of semiprime Noetherian rings (actually a slightly broader class). Let $R$ be a semiprime Noetherian ring. The ...
6
votes
1answer
186 views

Injective dimension of cyclic modules

Let $R$ be a non-Noetherian ring. Is its left global dimension ${\rm{lD}}(R)$ equal to $\sup \{ {\rm{id}}(M) \mid M \text{ is a cyclic $R$-module} \}$? Here $\rm{{id}}(M)$ denotes the injective ...
1
vote
1answer
106 views

Example of a left perfect ring with finite left global dimension that is not right coherent

I am looking for an example in noncommutative ring theory. Namely, I am looking for a left perfect ring with finite left global dimension that is not right coherent. It seems to me that should be ...
0
votes
0answers
135 views

For which pairs of distinct positive primes $p$ and $q$, the integral closure of $\mathbb{Z}$ in $\mathbb{Q}[\sqrt{pq}]$ is a UFD?

For which pairs of distinct positive primes $p$ and $q$, the integral closure of $\mathbb{Z}$ in $\mathbb{Q}[\sqrt{pq}]$ is a UFD? I've proved that neither $p$ nor $q$ can be congruent to $1$ modulo ...
7
votes
0answers
147 views

What's the analogue of a Young symmetrizer in the Brauer algebra?

According to Schur--Weyl duality, the centralizer of $\mathrm{GL}(V)$ acting diagonally on $V^{\otimes N}$ is the group algebra of the symmetric group $\mathbb S_N$. An equivalent formulation is the ...
0
votes
1answer
72 views

Scalar restriction and scalar extension

Consider a morphism of commutative rings $h\colon R\rightarrow S$. This yields the two functors $h_*\colon{\sf Mod}(S)\rightarrow{\sf Mod}(R)$ (scalar restriction) and $h^*\colon{\sf ...
2
votes
1answer
200 views

Automorphisms of Clifford Algebras

What are the automorphisms of real Clifford algebras $Cl_{n,0}$? Of course, I'm interested in the case where they are not central simple.
0
votes
0answers
121 views

Rational group scheme

Suppose $G$ is a group scheme over a field $k$, i.e., $G$ is a functor from the category $\text{Alg}_k$ of unital commutative, associative $k$-algebras to the category of $\text{Groups}$. Suppose that ...
1
vote
0answers
48 views

Convention on Clifford Product

When studying the Clifford Algebra associated to some $(V,Q)$, one finds two basic identities differing by a sign: $vv=Q(v)$ (see, for instance, Wikipedia) $vv=-Q(v)$ (see, for instance, MathWorld ...
1
vote
0answers
112 views

local rings with finite type maximal ideal

Let $A$ be a local ring with a maximal ideal $\mathfrak{m}$ finitely generated (not principal). Is there a sufficient condition for $A$ to be noetherian? For example, we know that the completion ...
-4
votes
2answers
239 views

Representing quaternions as matrices [closed]

Assume F is a field of characteristic different than 2. Let a, b be invertible elements in F, and let A(a,b) be the generalised quaternions. Using the Artin–Wedderburn theorem, there is a ...
0
votes
0answers
37 views

Embedding rational simple algebras in the real quaternions [duplicate]

Is there any way to embed a rational division algebra of dimension higher than 4 over its center in the real quaternions ? I think not, but I cannot prove it.
3
votes
0answers
95 views

Description of modules over self-injective algebras of finite representation type

Is there any description of indecomposable modules and irreducible morphisms over self-injective algebras of finite representation type? I am interested mainly in such a description for nonstandard ...
6
votes
0answers
96 views

flatness and derived completion

Let $A$ be a local ring of maximal ideal $\mathfrak{m}$. Let $\hat{A}$ be its completion. If $A$ is noetherian , then we know that $A\rightarrow\hat{A}$ is faithfully flat. If $A$ is not noetherian, ...
7
votes
2answers
173 views

Making an algebra the uniqe maximal one-sided ideal in another unital algebra

If $R$ is an algebra without a unit, then the standard unitisation $R^\sharp$ can have maximal one-sided ideals other than $R$. Thus, it is natural to ask about the following. Let $R$ be an algebra ...
4
votes
1answer
147 views

When is the essential extension commutes with colimits(or push forward)

Let $M$ be an $R$-module,where $R$ is a hereditary (or cohomological dimension less or equal to 1).Take $E(R)$ to be injective hull of $R$, then we have the essential extension $i:R^I\rightarrowtail ...
3
votes
1answer
813 views

Who coined “mob” and “clan” and why these words?

A mob is a word used for a topological semigroup which is a Hausdorff space. A clan is a compact connected mob with a two-sided identity element. Who used these words with these meanings first and ...
1
vote
1answer
110 views

configuration spaces of real projective space

Let $F(\mathbb{R}P^n,k)$ be the $k$-th ordered configuration space on $\mathbb{R}P^n$. In http://arxiv.org/abs/1502.04258, the cohomology ring $$ H^*(F(\mathbb{R}P^n,k);R)$$ is obtained for any ...
2
votes
1answer
95 views

Involution on the components of a group algebra

If $G$ is a finite group and $k$ a field, there is a canonical involution (ie an involutive anti-automorphism) $\sigma$ on $k[G]$ induced by $g\mapsto g^{-1}$. Given that the center of $k[G]$ has ...
0
votes
0answers
101 views

Anticommuting operators with positive properties

Which classes of $M\in \mathsf M_k(\Bbb R)^{n\times n}$ admit solutions $N\in \mathsf M_k(\Bbb R)^{n\times n}$ such that $$(M\otimes N+N\otimes M)(u\otimes u)=0$$ forall $u\in \mathsf D_k(\Bbb ...
11
votes
0answers
112 views

Must nonunit in group algebra of free group generate proper two-sided ideal?

Let $F$ be a free group and $k$ be a field. If $x$ is an element of the group algebra $k[F]$ that is not a unit (equivalently, that is not a nonzero scalar multiple of an element of $F$), must the ...
8
votes
0answers
89 views

Weierstrass division theorem for henselian rings

Let $A$ be an henselian local noetherian ring. There is an old result of Lafon ("Anneaux henséliens et théorème de préparation" (1967)), which says that if $A$ is analytically normal and of ...
2
votes
1answer
108 views

Units in a finite semisimple group algebra

Let $G$ be a finite group and $k$ a finite field, with the characteristic of $k$ not dividing the order of $G$. Then $kG$ is a finite semisimple group algebra with the interesting property that an ...
8
votes
1answer
250 views

Division algebras over extension fields / reducibility of $G$-modules

Reformulation of the question (see below for the original question): Let $K$ be an algebraic number field and $D$ a finite-dimensional $K$-division algebra. Is there a description of the field ...
17
votes
4answers
629 views

What is a Kelley ring?

I've heard that in some book by someone named Kelley, perhaps an early edition of John L. Kelley's General Topology, the author gave a definition of a ring which turned out to be weaker than the usual ...