**0**

votes

**1**answer

42 views

### Reference request for stably free modules

I am looking for some references on the theory of stably free modules. I will call (F) the following property for a ring $R$: every f.g. stably free module over $R$ is free.
1) Is there a standard ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

204 views

### Two infinite dimensional algebras such that the center of their tensor product is bigger than the tensor product of their centers

I am searching for two infinite dimensional algebras such that the center of their tensor product is bigger than the tensor product of their centers. Who knows of such examples? Thanks a lot.

**4**

votes

**1**answer

300 views

### Re-interpreting vector spaces in a choice-less model of ZF as modules over a regular ring in ZFC

I am searching a module $M$ over a (von Neumann) regular ring $A$ ($\forall a\in A$, $\exists x\in A$: $axa=a$) with two properties:
(1) every finitely generated submodule of $M$ is projective ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

126 views

### Discriminant of a polynomial in two variables

I want to compute the discriminant of the following polynomial
$$
F(X,Y)=X^mY^n+\sum_{i=0}^{m-1}\sum_{j=0}^{n-1}c_{ij}X^iY^j.
$$
Here the discriminate means the equation $D(c_{i,j})$ in the variables ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

750 views

### Spheres over rational numbers and other fields

Let K be an ordered field. Define the n-sphere:
$$S^n(K) := \{ (x_1,x_2,\dots,x_n+1) \in K^{n+1} \mid \sum_{i=1}^{n+1} x_i^2 = 1 \}$$
A set of vectors $v_1, v_2, \dots, v_r \in S^n(K)$ is ...

**38**

votes

**7**answers

4k views

### “Algebraic” topologies like the Zariski topology?

The fact that a commutative ring has a natural topological space associated with it is still a really interesting coincidence. The entire subject of Algebraic geometry is based on this simple fact.
...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

51 views

### Near-ring localizations

Are there any known results on localization for near-rings (i.e., "rings" with non-abelian addition and only one-sided distributive law)? The books on near-rings I checked don't mention this topic at ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

169 views

### for which truth-operations f can f-membership in a prime ideal be represented by a polynomial?

Nota bene: all rings are supposed commutative with $1$ and all ring homomorphism should be unital.
Let $B$ be the set of truth values {True, False}. For a formula $\phi$ denote by $[\phi]\in B$ it's ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

129 views

### Is the following module over a group ring necessarily infinitely generated?

Suppose $\Gamma$ is a (finitely presented, but this is probably irrelevant) group, and $M$ is a finitely generated (EDIT: finitely presented) module over $\mathbb{Q}\Gamma$ which is ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

89 views

### A quadratic algebra with four generators and four relations

Algebra that I'm going to describe pop-up in my research, it looks completely elementary, but I don't know any appropriate references.
Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field of characteristic ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

55 views

### The space of sequences of rationals and its dimension [duplicate]

In the following page, I give an example of a vector space not isomorphic to its double dual.
I use the space $E$ of sequences of reals. Its dimension (over the field of the reals) is the one of the ...

**1**

vote

**3**answers

294 views

### smooth connected affine scheme over Z has good reduction almost everywhere

Let $f(x_1,\ldots,x_n)\in\mathbf{Z}[x_1,\ldots,x_n]$ be a polynomial. Assume that the variety cut out by $f$ is smooth and connected (so irreducible) over $\overline{\mathbf{Q}}$. Where can I find a ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

78 views

### $I$ is principal if and only if $ID_M$ is principal for all $M \in Max(D)$

In a semmi-quasi local domain $D$ ( i.e. $D$ has finitely many maximal ideals),
an ideal $I$ is principal if and only if $ID_M$ is principal for all $M \in Max(D)$.
[See Comm. Rings by Kaplansky, ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

88 views

### Detecting invertible elements in group rings by their images for finite quotients of the group

Let $G$ be a "nice" infinite group: at least finitely presented and residually finite, maybe also linear and right-orderable (or even bi-orderable, or residually free nilpotent).
Consider an element ...

**15**

votes

**1**answer

354 views

### If $B\subseteq A$ are free & finite rank $R$-algebras, is $R\to A \otimes_B R$ injective?

(In this question, all rings and algebras are commutative with identity.)
I have a situation that boils down to the following data: a ring $R$, an $R$-algebra $A$ with a subalgebra $B$ such that $A$ ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

172 views

### Hlawka inequality for determinants of positive definite matrices

It is mentioned here that if $A, B, C\in M_{n}(\mathbb C)$ are positive semidefinite, then $$\det (A+B+C)+\det C\ge \det (A+C)+\det (B+C)$$ (quoted from this article) and the special case ($C=\bf 0$) ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

111 views

### Finite Dimensional Simple nonunital associative Algebras

I have the following problem:
Let K be any field. An finite dimensional associative non-unital algebra A is a vector space A, togeter with a K-biliniear associative operation such that there is NO ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

185 views

### A generalization of real characters on a group

Yesterday I understood that I can't live without this construction:
Let $G$ be a group, $A$ an associative algebra over $\mathbb R$ and $n\in{\mathbb N}$. We consider a sequence of maps ...

**42**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### A condition that implies commutativity

Let $R$ be a ring. A notable theorem of N. Jacobson states that if the identity $x^{n}=x$ holds for every $x \in R$ and a fixed $n \geq 2$ then $R$ is a commutative ring.
The proof of the result for ...

**58**

votes

**9**answers

4k views

### Can we unify addition and multiplication into one binary operation? To what extent can we find universal binary operations?

The question is the extent to which we can unify addition
and multiplication, realizing them as terms in a single
underlying binary operation. I have a number of questions.
Is there a binary ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

65 views

### Examples of Lie subalgebras of universal enveloping algebras

I'm looking for non-trivial examples of triples $(\mathfrak g, L, \psi)$, where $\mathfrak g$ and $L$ are finite-dimensional non-abelian Lie algebras over field $\Bbbk$ and $\psi\colon U_{\mathfrak ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

43 views

### Examples of noncommutative Bezout domains

I would like to see some (or many!) examples of noncommutative Bezout domains (one-sided principal ideals sum to one-sided principal ideals). I've read somewhere that it's not easy to find an example ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

267 views

### Integration on Compact Semirings

I want to know if integration of functions $f:X\rightarrow G$ where $G$ is a compact semiring has been defined and if it is possible to ensure that all continuous functions are integrable. This is ...

**22**

votes

**5**answers

2k views

### Is there an explicit construction of a free coalgebra?

I am interested in the differences between algebras and coalgebras. Naively, it does not seem as though there is much difference: after all, all you have done is to reverse the arrows in the ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

440 views

### divisorial ideals

Let $I$ be an ideal of a domain. Then is there an ideal $J$ properly located between $I$ and $I^{\nu}$? Here $I^{\nu}$ is divisor of $I$.

**1**

vote

**0**answers

71 views

### Hopf-Borel theorem over polynomial rings

Hello!
There is a theorem of Borel saying that:
For a connected cocommutative Hopf algebra $A$ over the perfect field $k$ such that underlying graded vector space is finite-dimensional over $k$ we ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

342 views

### Can a division algebra have degree divisible by its characteristic?

I apologize in advance if this is easy, but I've tried Googling, and had no luck.
I'm currently working on a proof, and I realized in the course of writing that this proof will break if out there ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

63 views

### Orders of certain quotients of power series rings

Let $\Lambda_d := \mathbb{Z}_p[[T_1, \ldots, T_d]]$ denote the ring of formal power series in $d$ variables over the ring of $p$-adic integers. Suppose that $g \in \Lambda_d$ is an irreducible ...

**1**

vote

**3**answers

343 views

### Is there a general notion of semigroup action?

The analogous result to Cayley’s theorem or Yoneda lemma in semigroup theory represents semigroups as semigroups of functions from a set to itself. This suggests that a semigroup action consists of a ...

**17**

votes

**6**answers

10k views

### Determinant of sum of positive definite matrices

Say $A$ and $B$ are symmetric, positive definite matrices.
I've proved that $\det(A+B) \ge \det(A) + \det(B)$ in the case that $A$ and $B$ are two dimensional.
Is this true in general for ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

127 views

### Operator connected with Hermite polynomials

For $n \geq 1$, define the following operator $M_n$ on the ring of all polynomials with real coefficients.
$$M_n P(x) = nP(x)^2 - x \int_0^x (P'(t))^2 \, \mathrm{d}t$$
Monomials $x^k$ are mapped to $n ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

152 views

### Isomorphism of matrix ring over ore domain

Let $R_1,R_2$ be (left and right) ore domains. Does $ Mat_n(R_1)\cong Mat_m(R_2)$ implie m=n and $q.f.(R_1)\cong q.f.(R_2)$?
An counter example, a proof or a reference is welcomed.
Thanks

**2**

votes

**0**answers

73 views

### Separating duality for TVS?

What is the modern concept (term) for "separating duality" (dualité séparante in french) in the sense of Bourbaki (TVS Ch II § 6) as explained in the following ?
...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

343 views

### Who defined and who coined “module”?

The title of my Q. says it all:
QUESTION: Who defined and who coined: module?
Would it be Emmy Noether?
EDIT In view of @anon's and KConrad's answers, and as it could have been ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

189 views

### Kaplansky Idempotent conjecture and Extension theory

We consider the Idempotent Kaplansky conjecture with $\mathbb{C}$- coefficients, that is the problem of nontrivial idempotents for group algebra $\mathbb{C}\Gamma$ where $\Gamma$ is a torsion free ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Are there any finitely generated artinian modules that are not Noetherian?

It is well known that for rings, Artinian implies Noetherian (the famous Hopkins–Levitzki theorem) and it is also well known that there are Artinian modules which are not Noetherian. A simple example ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### Hilbert's 17th Problem for smooth functions

Consider an open subset $U \subseteq \mathbb{R}^n$ and a smooth function $f\colon U \longrightarrow \mathbb{R}$ with $f(x) \ge 0$ for all $x \in U$.
It is then known (if I remember correctly: by ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

157 views

### Linear dependency of real numbers with integer coefficients adding up to zero [closed]

Let $x = (x_1, \dots, x_n)$ be a vector of real number. I was asking myself if there was an efficient way of telling whether there exists a non-zero vector of integers $z \in \mathbb Z$ such that both
...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

92 views

### A special Lie subalgebra

Motivated by comments of the following post A question on involutions on the Lie algebra of vector fields we ask the following question:
Let $L$ be a Lie algebra. We consider the Lie subalgebra ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

54 views

### Change of relative base

If $k$ is a commutative ring, $A$ a $k$-algebra and $\phi: k \rightarrow k'$ is a morphism of rings then how (/under what conditions) can the relative homology functors $Ext_{A/k}(-,-)$ and ...

**14**

votes

**7**answers

3k views

### What are the reasons for considering rings without identity?

I think a major reason is because Lie algebras don't have an identity, but I'm not really sure.

**5**

votes

**1**answer

260 views

### Behavior of the projective dimension of modules in a continuous chain of extensions

Let $R$ be an arbitrary ring. Let $D$ be the class of $R$-modules of projective dimension less than or equal to a natural number $n$. If $L$ is the direct union of a continuous chain of submodules ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

207 views

### Rings in which every module has an injective image

Consider the class of rings $R$ with identity such that any left $R$-module has a non-zero injective homomorphic image. Any such ring is clearly a left V-ring. Is it true that any such ring must be ...

**2**

votes

**3**answers

131 views

### Does a BCL algebra define a partial order?

A BCL algebra is a universal algebra with a binary operation denoted as "$*$" and a $0$-ary operation (constant) denoted as "$0$", satisying the following axioms:
(1) $x * x = 0$;
(2) if $x * y = 0$ ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

218 views

### String diagrams for bimodules over noncommutative algebras?

I'm trying to do some calculations with bimodules (over Azumaya algebras, as it happens), and I need a string diagram notation that mixes the tensor product over the base ring (a symmetric monoidal ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

36 views

### Gelfand Kirillov dimension of induced modules

How does the Gelfand-Kirillov dimension of induced modules behave?
In patricular, if $S$ is an Ore extension of $R$, how is the GK-dimension of an $R$-module say $N$ related to the GK dimension of $N ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

134 views

### What is a degenerate Legendre Transformation?

I am studying the Lagrangian and Hamiltonian description of some dynamical systems. The problem with this description of the particular kind of systems I am studying, is that the Legendre ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

251 views

### Noncommutative HKR theorem

What is the analog of HKR theorem in the noncommutative world?
Recall that the well-known theorem by Hochschild-Kostant-Rosenberg says that for a smooth commutative algebra $A$ of finite type ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

257 views

### Metrics and completions on the direct limit of matrices of all sizes over arbitrary fields

Let $M_n$ denote the $n$ by $n$ matrices.
Consider the homomorphisms
$$\phi_{n,kn}: M_n \rightarrow M_{kn}$$
which takes a matrix $A \in M_n$ to $A \otimes I_k \in M_{kn}.$
This gives a sensible way ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

117 views

### General criterion to find a Z-basis in a fixed generating subset

Let $V=\mathbf{Z}^N$ be a free $\mathbf{Z}$-module of rank $N$. Let $S\subseteq V$
be a fixed finite subset.
Consider the submodule $M:=\langle S\rangle\leq V$ generated by $S$. We know form the ...