**3**

votes

**1**answer

195 views

### Metrics and completions on the direct limit of matrices of all sizes over arbitrary fields

Let $M_n$ denote the $n$ by $n$ matrices.
Consider the homomorphisms
$$\phi_{n,kn}: M_n \rightarrow M_{kn}$$
which takes a matrix $A \in M_n$ to $A \otimes I_k \in M_{kn}.$
This gives a sensible way ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

79 views

### Metrizable Coalgebras

A Coalgebra $C$ is called metrizable if there is a base $B$ for $C$(as a vector
space) and a metric $d:B \times B \to \mathbb{R}$ on $B$ such that the linear extension $\tilde{d}: C\otimes C ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

287 views

### Topological Problems Solved by Lattice Duality

It is well known the success of lattice dualities (as Pontryagin duality for abelian groups, Stone duality for Boolean algebras and Priestley duality for distributive lattices) to solve algebraic ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

70 views

### Possibilities for dimensions of $\mathfrak{m}^i/\mathfrak{m}^{i+1}$ for a local ring

Let $R$ be a local commutative ring with maximal ideal $\mathfrak{m}$, and denote by $k$ the residue field $R/\mathfrak{m}$. Then we can look at the sequence of $k$-vectorspaces
$$R/\mathfrak{m}, ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

100 views

### Universal constructions that factor through endomorphisms

If $\cal A$ is a variety of algebras (e.g., all groups) and $\cal B$ is a subvariety defined by some set of identities $X$ (e.g., abelian groups with $X = \{xy \simeq yx\}$), then there is a functor ...

**64**

votes

**11**answers

3k views

### Can a non-surjective polynomial map from an infinite field to itself miss only finitely many points?

Is there an infinite field $k$ together with a polynomial $f \in k[x]$ such that the associated map $f \colon k \to k$ is not surjective but misses only finitely many elements in $k$ (i.e. only ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

77 views

### Weyl algebras $A_n(k)$ as tensor product of the first Weyl algebra

In afew threads I've read that the Weyl algebra $A_{n+1}(k)$ is isomorphic to the $k$-tensor product of $A_n(k)$ with $A_1(k)$, why is this true?

**0**

votes

**0**answers

27 views

### Grassmann algebra morphism with universal property

I'm pretty sure that the following doesn't work, but nevertheless i wanted to ask, maybe this is a kind of well-known construction i've never heard of:
Let $\Lambda(\mathbb{R}^n)$ be a finite ...

**-2**

votes

**1**answer

41 views

### How to find a matrix by its characteristic value and characteristic vectors? [on hold]

Now I am studying linear algebra course, In that for a given matrix we are finding the characteristic values (eigen vlaues) and characteristic vectors (eigen vectors). But my qustion is why cant we ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

134 views

### for which truth-operations f can f-membership in a prime ideal be represented by a polynomial?

Nota bene: all rings are supposed commutative with $1$ and all ring homomorphism should be unital.
Let $B$ be the set of truth values {True, False}. For a formula $\phi$ denote by $[\phi]\in B$ it's ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

128 views

### Is there an intuitionistic generalized boolean algebra (of Stone)?

A "boolean algebra without the greatest element" was called by Stone "generalized boolean algebra" and he axiomatized it. Is there any publication about "preudo-boolean algebras without the greatest ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

57 views

### Does a BCL algebra define a partial order?

A BCL algebra is a universal algebra with a binary operation denoted as "$*$" and a $0$-ary operation (constant) denoted as "$0$", satisying the following axioms:
(1) $x * x = 0$;
(2) if $x * y = 0$ ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

336 views

### Is the class of inverse semigroups globally determined?

This question is a follow-up to this one I asked on math.stackexchange. I've decided to ask here because I believe this is a research-level question. I'm sorry if I'm wrong -- I'm not a researcher ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

42 views

### Alternative Generating Sets of the Quantum Special Linear Group

The Hopf algebra ${\cal O}_q(SL(N))$ has as generators the elements $u^i_j$, subject to certain $q$-relations. Moreover, the antipode is bijective, with square equal to a multiple of the identity on ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

68 views

### Infinite dimensional simple algebras of finite degree

Let $F$ be a field and let $B$ be an $F$-algebra. The degree of $B$ over $F$ is the smallest positive integer $\deg_F B = d \geq 1$ such that every element of $B$ satisfies a (monic) polynomial of ...

**21**

votes

**5**answers

694 views

### How to recognize a Hopf algebra?

Suppose we are handed an algebra $A$ over a field $k$. What should we look at if we want to determine whether $A$ can or cannot be equipped with structure maps to make it a Hopf algebra?
I guess in ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

41 views

### On generating Euler Square of index q, q-1 (where q is any prime power)

Can somebody help me in generating Euler Square of index q, q-1 (where q is any prime power). Also, kidly tell me if there is any code availeble for generating the stated Euler Square. The details of ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

180 views

### Proving that a semigroup is regular

In a number of diverse situations of interest to me (mostly associated with something called the abelian sandpile model), one can define a nonabelian semigroup generated by commuting elements ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

102 views

### Cycles in Quivers and Path Algebras

I cannot find anything giving the algebra of a quiver with a single cycle on three or more vertices. In other words if your quiver consists of n vertices (n>2), and e_i is connected to e_{i+1} (taking ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

244 views

### The logarithm over $\mathbb F_1$

In 'Cyclotomy and analytic geometry over F1', Manin proposes a version of the notion of `analytic function' over the 'field with one element $\mathbb F_1$'.
Question 1: can somebody explain or give ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

218 views

### A generalized K- theory via generalized idempotents

Edit After the answer by Neil Strickland, I add the word "a ring" in this new version.
In the literature, there is a concept of generalized idempotent: an n- idempotent is an element $a$ of a Banach ...

**8**

votes

**6**answers

528 views

### Properties of rings that have an elegant description in terms of the associated category of modules

Suppose $A$ is a ring. Then $A$ happens to be a division ring iff every left $A$-module is free. (See here for proofs). I think this is very beautiful; what other properties of rings have an elegant ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

163 views

### Equivariant Formality

Let $G$ be a finite group and $\mathcal{A}$ be a $dg$-algebra. Assume $G$ acts on $\mathcal{A}$, i.e. there exists a homomorphism $G\to {\rm Aut}_{dg}(\mathcal{A})$.
Assume further there exists a ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

182 views

### Integration on Compact Semirings

I want to know if integration of functions $f:X\rightarrow G$ where $G$ is a compact semiring has been defined and if it is possible to ensure that all continuous functions are integrable. This is ...

**12**

votes

**7**answers

3k views

### What are the reasons for considering rings without identity?

I think a major reason is because Lie algebras don't have an identity, but I'm not really sure.

**3**

votes

**0**answers

93 views

### Formal DG-algebras

Sorry for this question but I really have difficulties with model categories.
Usually a $dg$-algebra $A$ is called formal, if there exists a $dg$-algebra $B$ and quasi-isomorphisms $$A\leftarrow B\to ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

119 views

### symmetric algebra of an ideal and syzygies

Let $(R,\mathfrak{m})$ be a Cohen Macaulay local ring and $I=(a+1,\ldots,a_g,a_{g+1})$ an almost complete intersection ideal of codimension $g.$ Let $R^k\longrightarrow R^{g+1}\longrightarrow ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

143 views

### Comparing different Euclidean algorithms on a Euclidean domain

I have posted this question at stackexchange (502413), without responses until now.
In the papers by T. Motzkin: The Euclidean Algorithm, Bull. AMS 55, 1949, pp. 1142--1146 and P. Samuel: About ...

**12**

votes

**5**answers

1k views

### An algebra of “integrals”

When discussing divergent integrals with people, I got curious about the following:
Is there an $\mathbb{R}$-algebra $A$ together with a map (could be defined on just a subspace)
$$\int_0^{\infty}: ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

144 views

### Properly “transfinitely” Euclidean domains

Are there integral domains which admit ordinal-valued Euclidean functions but not $\mathbb{N}$-valued Euclidean functions?

**3**

votes

**4**answers

602 views

### When does a planar ternary ring uniquely coordinitise a projective plane?

From every projective plane a coordinitisation can be constructed on a planar ternary ring, and conversely from every planar ternary ring a projective plane can be constructed. (For background see ...

**6**

votes

**3**answers

420 views

### IBN for algebraic theories

Let us say that a finitary algebraic theory $\tau$ has IBN (invariant basis number) if the free functor $F : \mathsf{Set} \to \mathsf{Mod}(\tau)$ reflects the isomorphism relation: If $S,T$ are sets ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

62 views

### Quasi-isomorphisms and Subalgebras

Let $A$ and $B$ $dg$-algebras over $\mathbb{C}$. If there exists an isomorphism $f:A\to B$, then every subalgebra $A'$ of $A$ is isomorphic to the subalgebra $f(A')$ of $B$.
What is if $f$ is ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

153 views

### Examples of cancellative normal semigroups

I've got a couple of things to test against normality in cancellative semigroups. A normal semigroup $S$ is one in which for any $x\in S$ we have $xS=Sx.$ This implies the Ore condition $$x,y\in ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

237 views

### Non-commutative reduced rings of order $p^2$

Let $p$ be a prime number. Is there a non-commutative reduced ring of order $p^2$? (Note that any ring of order $p^2$ with identity is commutative).

**15**

votes

**5**answers

2k views

### Origin of exact sequences

I have seen exact sequences appearing a lot in algebraic texts with different purposes. But I've never seen names of the people associated with it. Also I don't understand what's so good about showing ...

**18**

votes

**3**answers

936 views

### Freeness of a Z[x]-module

Definition: Call a mapping $f: \mathbb{Z} \rightarrow \mathbb{Z}$
a generalized polynomial if for any distinct integers $m$ and $n$
we have $(m - n)|(f(m)-f(n))$.
It is easy to check that polynomial ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

125 views

### Jacobson radical and group rings/subalgebras

Let $G$ be a finite group and $N\le G$ be a subgroup. Consider the group algebra $kN$ as a subalgebra of $kG$ over an algebraically closed field $k$ of positive characteristic.
What can we deduce ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

132 views

### coherent modules

Let $R$ be a nontrivial ring. A right $R$-module $M$ is called coherent if ${\rm Ker} (f)$ is finitely generated for any $R$-module homomorphism $f: L\to M$ with $L$ finitely generated.
It is ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

65 views

### Units in residue classes

Let $K$ be a CM-field of degree $2n$. (Quadratic extension of totally real number field)
Let $\mathcal{O}_K$ be the ring of integers in $K$, and $m\geq 1$ an integer. Let $U_K$ be the group of units ...

**22**

votes

**16**answers

18k views

### Linear Algebra Texts?

Can anyone suggest a relatively gentle linear algebra text that integrates vector spaces and matrix algebra right from the start? I've found in the past that students react in very negative ways to ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

126 views

### What happens to simple modules under Ringel duality?

If $A$ is a quasi-hereditary algebra then its Ringel dual $A'=End_A(T)$ is the endomorphism algebra of a (minimal) full tilting module $T$ for $A$. The algebra $A'$ is again quasi-hereditary, although ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

664 views

### Finite local rings

There is some classification of finite commutative local rings. For example how many not isomorphic finite local rings with the same order $p^k$ and the same residue field $\mathbb F_p$ exist?

**29**

votes

**7**answers

3k views

### What makes a theorem *a* “nullstellensatz.”

I know what the (Hilbert) Nullstellensatz says. A MathSciNet search on "nullstellensatz" turns up nearly 200 papers, with only a minority offering either new proofs or new applications of the classic ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

108 views

### Which endomorphism algebras are not Morita-trivial?

Let $\mathcal C$ be a symmetric monoidal category — for example, $\mathcal C$ might be the category of $R$-modules for a commutative ring $R$. At a minimum, I request further that:
$\mathcal C$ is ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

345 views

### “Inverse problem” for Brauer groups

This question is just a curiosity, but I'm really interested in the answer. It was originally posted on math.stackexchange ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

69 views

### Relationships between finiteness of stable rank and IBN property of rings

Does any ring of finite stable rank have IBN property? Where can we find this result?

**17**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### Is there an explicit construction of a free coalgebra?

I am interested in the differences between algebras and coalgebras. Naively, it does not seem as though there is much difference: after all, all you have done is to reverse the arrows in the ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

57 views

### Isomorphic bound quiver algebras for different admissible Ideals

We know that for a path algebra KQ, whether or not KQ is finite dimensional (namely, Q may or may not have oriented cycles), there might be different admissible ideals I and J of KQ for which the ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

241 views

### Reference for the fact that a coderivation of the (non reduced) tensor coalgebra is determined by its corestrictions

If $V$ is a vector space, let us consider the tensor coalgebra $TV=\bigoplus\limits_{k=0}^\infty V^{\otimes^k}$ with coproduct given by
$$\Delta (x_1\otimes \dots \otimes x_n):= ...