**11**

votes

**1**answer

428 views

### Constructive proof of “Projective implies proper”

For every ring $A$, the structural morphism of schemes $\pi_A : {\bf P}^n_{A} \to {\rm Spec}{A}$ is a closed map. The usual proof of this fact is not constructive : given equations of a closed subset ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

266 views

### Descending chain condition in noncommutative rings

By Hopkins Theorem it is well-known that every right (resp. left) artinian unitary ring is right (left) noetherian. Suppose that a noncommutative unitary ring R satisfies the descending chain ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

346 views

### Artin Jacobson-semisimple rings are semisimple. Constructively, too?

Notation. When I say "ring", I mean "ring with unity" (not necessarily commutative).
Definition. A ring $R$ is said to be left-Artinian if for every sequence $I_0\supseteq I_1\supseteq I_2\supseteq ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

106 views

### Binary operation on subsets of rings

Let $R$ be a non-zero commutative ring with identity. The following is well known:
If $x,y \in R$ are idempotents then $x+y-2xy$ is also an idempotent and more than that by defining $x*y = x+y-2xy$, ...

**19**

votes

**9**answers

4k views

### What are the reasons for considering rings without identity?

I think a major reason is because Lie algebras don't have an identity, but I'm not really sure.

**18**

votes

**1**answer

346 views

### Kaplansky's unit conjecture and unique products

There are three conjectures on group rings that bear the name of Kaplansky (see for example this question). The 'unit conjecture' in the title of the present question is the strongest of them, and ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

384 views

### Is there a good version of Artin-Wedderburn for semisimple algebra objects?

Artin-Wederburn says that if you have a semisimple algebra then it is a product of matrix algebras over division rings.
Suppose that $C$ is a fusion category over the complex numbers (if you want to ...

**12**

votes

**3**answers

354 views

### Is the Amitsur-Levitzki identity essentially unique?

Let us consider the matrix algebra. $Mat_n(\mathbb{C})$. The Amitsur-Levitzki identity states that for any matrices $X_1, X_2, ..., X_{2n} \in Mat_n(\mathbb{C})$ the sum $\Sigma_{\sigma \in S_{2n}} ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

234 views

### Polynomial identities for mod p matrices

Can there be a polynomial over the field $F_p$ of $p$ elements ($p$ prime) in non-commuting variables $X_1,..., X_r$ such that:
1) $f(A_1,...,A_r)=0$ for every $n \times n$ matrices $A_1,...,A_r$ ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

276 views

### Ring of differential operators of a quotient ring

All rings are assumed to have unity.
Let $k$ be a field. Recall the definition of Grothendieck's ring of ($k$-linear) differential operators $D(R;k)$ of a commutative $k$-algebra $R$:
...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

34 views

### PBW for Lie Superalgebras [migrated]

The PBW Theorem
In the literature there are many sources discussing the PBW-basis for Lie superalgebras, see for example M. Scheunert - The Theory of Lie Superalgebras theorem 1 and corollary in ...

**7**

votes

**0**answers

152 views

### Does this kind of non-noetherian bimodule exist?

Question: Do there exist simple rings $R$ and $S$ (i.e., rings with no proper nonzero ideals) and an $(R,S)$-bimodule $M$ such that
$M$ is finitely generated both as a left $R$-module and a right
...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

320 views

### Integration on Compact Semirings

I want to know if integration of functions $f:X\rightarrow G$ where $G$ is a compact semiring has been defined and if it is possible to ensure that all continuous functions are integrable. This is ...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

307 views

### properties of formal delta functions

The formal delta function is
$\,\,\displaystyle\delta(x):=\sum_{n\in\mathbb Z}x^n.
$
If we agree that expressions $(x+y)^n$ for $n\in\mathbb Z$ are always expanded in non-negative powers of the second ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

167 views

### Bass' stable range for Bezout rings

As discussed in this MO topic, every principal ideal domain has stable rank at most 2. The proof in the accepted answer uses the fact that PID is a unique factorization domain, but there can be no ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

82 views

### Near-ring localizations

Are there any known results on localization for near-rings (i.e., "rings" with non-abelian addition and only one-sided distributive law)? The books on near-rings I checked don't mention this topic at ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

172 views

### Cancellable elements of a power semigroup

For a semigroup $S,$ its power semigroup $P(S)$ is the semigroup of all non-empty subsets of $S$ with the operation given by $AB=\{ab\,|\,a\in A,b\in B\}.$ I would like to know about the cancellable ...

**16**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### does the “convolution theorem” apply to weaker algebraic structures?

The Convolution Theorem is often exploited to compute the convolution of two sequences efficiently: take the (discrete) Fourier transform of each sequence, multiply them, and then perform the inverse ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

82 views

### Existence of small projective dimensioned modules

Suppose $A$ is a (if necessary unital) associative ring and $I$ is a left ideal in $A$. Let $\operatorname{pd}(M)$ denote the projective dimension of a left $A$-module $M$.
Then do either of the ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

242 views

### Proving that a semigroup is regular

In a number of diverse situations of interest to me (mostly associated with something called the abelian sandpile model), one can define a nonabelian semigroup generated by commuting elements ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

163 views

### Classical deformation of algebras

Given a complex manifold (or a smooth scheme) $X$, the classical (infinitesimal) deformation theory is parametrized by the first cohomology with coefficients in the tangent sheaf $H^1 (X, T_X)$.
...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

164 views

### Division algebras over extension fields / reducibility of $G$-modules

Reformulation of the question (see below for the original question): Let $K$ be an algebraic number field and $D$ a finite-dimensional $K$-division algebra. Is there a description of the field ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

177 views

### Is the “algebraic closure” of the quaternions, finite dimensional? [closed]

This post is a sequel of: What's the algebraic closure of the quaternions?
$\mathbb{H}$ is algebraically closed for the polynomials of the form $\sum a_r x^r$, but it is not for the polynomials ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

84 views

### Extension of an involutive automorphism

Suppose that $g$ is a complex semi-simple Lie algebra and $g'$ its reductive subalgebra.
If $\tau$ is an involutive automorphism of $g'$, can $\tau$ be extended to an involutive automorphism of $g$ ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

230 views

### Strong Morita equivalence and representation theory

In the context of pure algebra we say that two algebras (in general: rings) $A,B$ are Morita equivalence when there are bimodules $_AP_B,_BQ_A$ such that $P \otimes_B Q \cong _AA_A$ and $Q \otimes_A P ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

317 views

### Polynomials of low degree that clone polynomials of higher degree

Let $f(x_1,\dots,x_{16})=(x_1+x_2+x_3+x_4)(x_5+x_6+x_7+x_8)(x_9+x_{10}+x_{11}+x_{12})(x_{13}+x_{14}+x_{15}+x_{16})\in\Bbb R[x]$.
Let $\mathcal{Z}$ be the zero set of $f$ in ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

872 views

### Solving z^n=a+ib using only radicals of positive real numbers

Let $a+bi\in\mathbf{C}$ be a complex number with $a,b\in\mathbf{R}$. Then
it is easy to find exact solutions of $z^2=a+ib$. For example let $z=u+iv$. Then
$$
u^2+v^2=z\overline{z}=\sqrt{a^2+b^2}
$$
...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

216 views

### Example of a Frobenius algebra that is not projective over a Frobenius subalgebra

I'd like to know an example of a Frobenius algebra $A$, with a subalgebra $B$ that is itself a Frobenius algebra, such that $A$ is not projective as a left $B$-module. I don't require any ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

354 views

### Re-interpreting vector spaces in a choice-less model of ZF as modules over a regular ring in ZFC

I am searching a module $M$ over a (von Neumann) regular ring $A$ ($\forall a\in A$, $\exists x\in A$: $axa=a$) with two properties:
(1) every finitely generated submodule of $M$ is projective ...

**8**

votes

**3**answers

618 views

### Does a left basis imply a right basis, without AC?

If $_DV_D$ is a $D$-$D$-bimodule, and we have a $D$-basis for $V_D$, do we still need AC to get a $D$-basis for $_DV$?
(The original question appears below. But this shorter question gets at the ...

**-9**

votes

**1**answer

173 views

### Do the mathematicians really know the exact values of what usually called “indeterminate forms”? [closed]

First of all I would point out that exact value of a function and the limit of the function in that point do not necessarily coincide. For instance, it is often assumed that $0^0=1$ even though the ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

66 views

### (Affine) Schemes and the point of view of morphisms with values in a field

Let $A$ be a commutative ring with unity. If $\varphi_1 : A \rightarrow K_1$ and $\varphi_2 : A \rightarrow K_2$ are ring morphisms from $A$ to fields, $\varphi_1$ and $\varphi_2$ are said to ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

188 views

### Purely noncommutative algebra-Morita equivalence

Morita equivalence of algebras certainly don't preserve commutativity: even if $A$ is commutative there are plenty of noncommutative algebras which are Morita equivalent with $A$---for example all ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

446 views

### Central idempotents from characters in Frobenius algebras (generalizing Lusztig arXiv:math/0208154v2 §19)

$\newcommand{\refone}{\textbf{(1)}} \newcommand{\Hom}{\operatorname{Hom}} \newcommand{\tr}{\operatorname{Tr}} \newcommand{\kk}{\mathbf{k}}$ Let $\kk$ be a field. Let $A$ be a $\kk$-algebra which is ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

179 views

### for which truth-operations f can f-membership in a prime ideal be represented by a polynomial?

Nota bene: all rings are supposed commutative with $1$ and all ring homomorphism should be unital.
Let $B$ be the set of truth values {True, False}. For a formula $\phi$ denote by $[\phi]\in B$ it's ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

147 views

### Characteristic polynomial of Kronecker/tensor product

This was asked before on stackexchange but no answer was given. The question is the following:
Let $A$ and $B$ be matrices in $GL(n)$ and $GL(m)$ respectively. Their tensor product $A\otimes B$ is ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

35 views

### Comparing least degrees of certain polynomials

Let $\Bbb K$ be an infinite or a finite field with $\mathsf{char\mbox{ }}\Bbb K\neq 2$ and let $M\subsetneq\Bbb K[x_1,\dots,x_n]$ be the set of multilinear polynomials.
Fix $S\subsetneq\{0,1\}^n$ and ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

188 views

### Is the equational theory of commutative vN regular rings decidable?

I wanted to check whether $A(x,y):=\frac{xy}{x+y}$ is an associative operation in every commutative vN regular ring. Now $A(-1,A(1,1))=A(-1,\frac{1}{2})=1\neq 0 =A(0,1)=A(A(-1,1),1)$. On the other ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

90 views

### Dimensions of two spaces

Let $R=\Bbb K[x_1,\dots,x_n]/I$ and $Z=\mathsf Z(I)$ where $\Bbb K$ is any field with $char(\Bbb K)\neq 2$.
Is there a way to describe space of $f_1,f_2\in R$ that satisfies $$f_1+f_2\neq 0,\mbox{ ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

425 views

### Product-Decomposition of distributive lattices

EDIT
I now (strongly) believe that the following claim answers my question (see the text below). However, if it does, then I am sure that it is known. It is not difficult to prove and the question ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

110 views

### Solution to system of polynomial equations

Suppose $A$ is a set of polynomials:$$P_1(x,y_1,\dots,y_n)=0,$$
$$P_2(x,y_1,\dots,y_n)=0,$$
$$\vdots$$
$$P_k(x,y_1,\dots,y_n)=0$$
is a system of equations with coefficients over $\mathbb{Z}$, and ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

206 views

### Example of proof using the generic matrix

There is a really nice proof of the Cayley-Hamilton Theorem using the generic matrix. I expose it briefly.
One defines the generic matrix $G:=(X_{ij})_{ij} ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

75 views

### Criterion for global dimension of subring

All rings are assumed to be associative and unital.
If $B$ is a commutative sub-ring of $A$ (which itself needs not be commutative) then what properties of $B$ are both necessary and sufficient for ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

38 views

### Analogue of Baer's injectivity criterion for comodule algebras

Let $H$ be a Hopf algebra and $A$ an $H$-comodule algebra; denote by $M^H_A$ the category of right $(H,A)$-Hopf modules [i.e. $A$-module, $H$-comodules, everything is compatible with everything else]. ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

70 views

### dual composition of binary relations

I'm not sure if this is of any interest at all, but I spent some time looking at it a couple of years ago so I'd like to ask for input on this.
Given two binary relations $\rho,\,\sigma$ on a set ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

379 views

### A classification of non-associative algebras with a norm?

I would like to know if there exists any kind of classification of finite dimensional (possibly non-associative) algebras $A$ over $\mathbb R$ that satisfy the following condition:
There exists a ...

**9**

votes

**4**answers

873 views

### What is about J. v. Neumann's “Continuous geometry”?

I am curious about von Neumann's "Continuous geometry", but found no recent text or survey on it. Does anyone know the book and would be so nice to share their impression, and if/how the concept of ...

**21**

votes

**3**answers

861 views

### Two (other) rings…are they isomorphic?

Consider the local rings
$$R = \mathbb{C}[[x,y,z,w]]/\langle xyz+xyw+xzw+yzw\rangle$$
and
$$S = \mathbb{C}[[x,y,z,w]]/\langle xyz+xyw+xzw+yzw+xyzw\rangle.$$
Is $R$ isomorphic to $S$?
Some ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

104 views

### Projecting solutions of Hermitian forms over local rings

Let $R$ be a local ring (commutative and with $1$) with maximal ideal $M$, with an involution $\theta$. Let $h$ be a Hermitian form on $R^n$, i.e. $h:R^n\times R^n\rightarrow R$ such that $h$ is ...

**16**

votes

**1**answer

912 views

### Two rings…are they isomorphic?

Edit: I have reverted my question to its original version (which Bjorn Pooenen answered correctly) as requested in the comments.
Consider the local rings
$$R = \mathbb{C}[[x,y,z]]/\langle ...