**-7**

votes

**1**answer

123 views

### Do the mathematicians really know the exact values of what usually called “indeterminate forms”? [on hold]

First of all I would point out that exact value of a function and the limit of the function in that point do not necessarily coincide. For instance, it is often assumed that $0^0=1$ even though the ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

44 views

### (Affine) Schemes and the point of view of morphisms with values in a field

Let $A$ be a commutative ring with unity. If $\varphi_1 : A \rightarrow K_1$ and $\varphi_2 : A \rightarrow K_2$ are ring morphisms from $A$ to fields, $\varphi_1$ and $\varphi_2$ are said to ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

249 views

### Polynomials of low degree that clone polynomials of higher degree

Let $f(x_1,\dots,x_{16})=(x_1+x_2+x_3+x_4)(x_5+x_6+x_7+x_8)(x_9+x_{10}+x_{11}+x_{12})(x_{13}+x_{14}+x_{15}+x_{16})\in\Bbb R[x]$.
Let $\mathcal{Z}$ be the zero set of $f$ in ...

**8**

votes

**3**answers

442 views

### Does a left basis imply a right basis, without AC?

If $_DV_D$ is a $D$-$D$-bimodule, and we have a $D$-basis for $V_D$, do we still need AC to get a $D$-basis for $_DV$?
(The original question appears below. But this shorter question gets at the ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

74 views

### Near-ring localizations

Are there any known results on localization for near-rings (i.e., "rings" with non-abelian addition and only one-sided distributive law)? The books on near-rings I checked don't mention this topic at ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

147 views

### Purely noncommutative algebra-Morita equivalence

Morita equivalence of algebras certainly don't preserve commutativity: even if $A$ is commutative there are plenty of noncommutative algebras which are Morita equivalent with $A$---for example all ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

433 views

### Central idempotents from characters in Frobenius algebras (generalizing Lusztig arXiv:math/0208154v2 §19)

$\newcommand{\refone}{\textbf{(1)}} \newcommand{\Hom}{\operatorname{Hom}} \newcommand{\tr}{\operatorname{Tr}} \newcommand{\kk}{\mathbf{k}}$ Let $\kk$ be a field. Let $A$ be a $\kk$-algebra which is ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

179 views

### for which truth-operations f can f-membership in a prime ideal be represented by a polynomial?

Nota bene: all rings are supposed commutative with $1$ and all ring homomorphism should be unital.
Let $B$ be the set of truth values {True, False}. For a formula $\phi$ denote by $[\phi]\in B$ it's ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

136 views

### Characteristic polynomial of Kronecker/tensor product

This was asked before on stackexchange but no answer was given. The question is the following:
Let $A$ and $B$ be matrices in $GL(n)$ and $GL(m)$ respectively. Their tensor product $A\otimes B$ is ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

32 views

### Comparing least degrees of certain polynomials

Let $\Bbb K$ be an infinite or a finite field with $\mathsf{char\mbox{ }}\Bbb K\neq 2$ and let $M\subsetneq\Bbb K[x_1,\dots,x_n]$ be the set of multilinear polynomials.
Fix $S\subsetneq\{0,1\}^n$ and ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

181 views

### Is the equational theory of commutative vN regular rings decidable?

I wanted to check whether $A(x,y):=\frac{xy}{x+y}$ is an associative operation in every commutative vN regular ring. Now $A(-1,A(1,1))=A(-1,\frac{1}{2})=1\neq 0 =A(0,1)=A(A(-1,1),1)$. On the other ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

85 views

### Dimensions of two spaces

Let $R=\Bbb K[x_1,\dots,x_n]/I$ and $Z=\mathsf Z(I)$ where $\Bbb K$ is any field with $char(\Bbb K)\neq 2$.
Is there a way to describe space of $f_1,f_2\in R$ that satisfies $$f_1+f_2\neq 0,\mbox{ ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

414 views

### Product-Decomposition of distributive lattices

EDIT
I now (strongly) believe that the following claim answers my question (see the text below). However, if it does, then I am sure that it is known. It is not difficult to prove and the question ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

104 views

### Solution to system of polynomial equations

Suppose $A$ is a set of polynomials:$$P_1(x,y_1,\dots,y_n)=0,$$
$$P_2(x,y_1,\dots,y_n)=0,$$
$$\vdots$$
$$P_k(x,y_1,\dots,y_n)=0$$
is a system of equations with coefficients over $\mathbb{Z}$, and ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

188 views

### Example of proof using the generic matrix

There is a really nice proof of the Cayley-Hamilton Theorem using the generic matrix. I expose it briefly.
One defines the generic matrix $G:=(X_{ij})_{ij} ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

66 views

### Criterion for global dimension of subring

All rings are assumed to be associative and unital.
If $B$ is a commutative sub-ring of $A$ (which itself needs not be commutative) then what properties of $B$ are both necessary and sufficient for ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

299 views

### Is the Amitsur-Levitzki identity essentially unique?

Let us consider the matrix algebra. $Mat_n(\mathbb{C})$. The Amitsur-Levitzki identity states that for any matrices $X_1, X_2, ..., X_{2n} \in Mat_n(\mathbb{C})$ the sum $\Sigma_{\sigma \in S_{2n}} ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

295 views

### Integration on Compact Semirings

I want to know if integration of functions $f:X\rightarrow G$ where $G$ is a compact semiring has been defined and if it is possible to ensure that all continuous functions are integrable. This is ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

36 views

### Analogue of Baer's injectivity criterion for comodule algebras

Let $H$ be a Hopf algebra and $A$ an $H$-comodule algebra; denote by $M^H_A$ the category of right $(H,A)$-Hopf modules [i.e. $A$-module, $H$-comodules, everything is compatible with everything else]. ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

55 views

### dual composition of binary relations

I'm not sure if this is of any interest at all, but I spent some time looking at it a couple of years ago so I'd like to ask for input on this.
Given two binary relations $\rho,\,\sigma$ on a set ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

324 views

### Re-interpreting vector spaces in a choice-less model of ZF as modules over a regular ring in ZFC

I am searching a module $M$ over a (von Neumann) regular ring $A$ ($\forall a\in A$, $\exists x\in A$: $axa=a$) with two properties:
(1) every finitely generated submodule of $M$ is projective ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

378 views

### A classification of non-associative algebras with a norm?

I would like to know if there exists any kind of classification of finite dimensional (possibly non-associative) algebras $A$ over $\mathbb R$ that satisfy the following condition:
There exists a ...

**9**

votes

**4**answers

841 views

### What is about J. v. Neumann's “Continuous geometry”?

I am curious about von Neumann's "Continuous geometry", but found no recent text or survey on it. Does anyone know the book and would be so nice to share their impression, and if/how the concept of ...

**21**

votes

**3**answers

856 views

### Two (other) rings…are they isomorphic?

Consider the local rings
$$R = \mathbb{C}[[x,y,z,w]]/\langle xyz+xyw+xzw+yzw\rangle$$
and
$$S = \mathbb{C}[[x,y,z,w]]/\langle xyz+xyw+xzw+yzw+xyzw\rangle.$$
Is $R$ isomorphic to $S$?
Some ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

102 views

### Projecting solutions of Hermitian forms over local rings

Let $R$ be a local ring (commutative and with $1$) with maximal ideal $M$, with an involution $\theta$. Let $h$ be a Hermitian form on $R^n$, i.e. $h:R^n\times R^n\rightarrow R$ such that $h$ is ...

**16**

votes

**1**answer

904 views

### Two rings…are they isomorphic?

Edit: I have reverted my question to its original version (which Bjorn Pooenen answered correctly) as requested in the comments.
Consider the local rings
$$R = \mathbb{C}[[x,y,z]]/\langle ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

42 views

### Bass' stable range for Bezout rings

As discussed in this MO topic, every principal ideal domain has stable rank at most 2. The proof in the accepted answer uses the fact that PID is a unique factorization domain, but there can be no ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

264 views

### A back and forth Euclidean algorithm over the integers--does it have bounded length?

cLet $a,b,c,d\in \mathbb{Z}$ and suppose we have the equation $ac+bd=1$. One way of thinking about this equation is it expresses the fact $\gcd(c,d)=1$. It is well-known that all other similar ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

228 views

### properties of formal delta functions

The formal delta function is
$\,\,\displaystyle\delta(x):=\sum_{n\in\mathbb Z}x^n.
$
If we agree that expressions $(x+y)^n$ for $n\in\mathbb Z$ are always expanded in non-negative powers of the second ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

149 views

### Can Schwartz-Zippel be formulated for commutative rings instead of fields?

The polynomials which occur in the Schwartz-Zippel lemma could be defined for any commutative ring, yet the lemma is restricted to fields. This makes it inapplicable for ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

196 views

### Graphs of tensoring modules

Let $A$ be a ring, and $L,M,N$ an $A^\mathrm{op} \otimes A$-modules.
$L \otimes_A M$ is then an $A \otimes A^\mathrm{op}$ module so we can tensor it again with $N$ to get an abelian group $(L ...

**13**

votes

**3**answers

968 views

### Continuum Hypothesis

I am new here, so forgive me if this question does not satisfy the protocols of the site.
I know there are so many equivalents to the AC (axiom of choice) and there are books that lists this ...

**10**

votes

**3**answers

433 views

### Natural associative law for a ternary “group”?

Suppose one were to define a group-like structure based on a set $G$
with a ternary (rather than binary) operator $g( a, b, c ) = \left< a, b, c \right>$.
One possible definition for the ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

80 views

### Is every non-invertible element of a commutative von Neumann regular ring a zero-divisor? (answered: yes!)

As I learned from a previous old question, every commutative von Neumann regular ring is a subdirect product of a family of fields. For a direct product of fields, it seems clear to me that every ...

**14**

votes

**2**answers

506 views

### Nice Algebraic Statements Independent from ZF + V=L (constructibility)

Background and Motivation
I've always been fascinated about algebraic statements independent from ZFC set theory. One such fascinating example comes from considering ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

177 views

### Self-similarity for simple algebraic structures [closed]

I'm doing this thread because I have some ideas about how to define self-similarity in algebra, but I don't know if this is known at all. Any critics, comments and references are more than welcomed. ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

151 views

### Operator connected with Hermite polynomials

For $n \geq 1$, define the following operator $M_n$ on the ring of all polynomials with real coefficients.
$$M_n P(x) = nP(x)^2 - x \int_0^x (P'(t))^2 \, \mathrm{d}t$$
Monomials $x^k$ are mapped to $n ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

166 views

### Can this way of comparing numbers of the form a+b sqrt(K) be generalized?

So I want to make a system for computing with various classes of numbers. One of those is a class of number closed under the standard arithmetic operators ($+$, $-$, $*$ and $/$) along with square ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

87 views

### Orders of Clifford algebra

Let $C_n$ be the Clifford algebra over $\mathbb{Q}$ associated to negative definite quadratic form $-I_n$ (i.e. $-x_1^2-\dots-x_n^2$). Let $\mathcal{O}$ be a $\mathbb{Z}$-order of $C_n$.
Q1) Is it ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

116 views

### non unital composition algebra

It is well-known the Hurwitz theorem showing that every unital composition algebra is of dimension 1, 2, 4 or 8 over the base field.
Is there an analogue in the non unital case? ¿Do non unital ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

241 views

### How do I check that this is a Frobenius algebra?

Let $f_1,f_2,\ldots,f_n\in \mathbb C[z_1,\ldots, z_n]$ be such that the quotient ring
$$A:=\mathbb C[z_1,\ldots, z_n]/(f_1,f_2,\ldots,f_n)$$
is finite dimensional (in other words, it's a ...

**14**

votes

**3**answers

547 views

### Characterize the category of rings

(Sub)categories of many well-studied mathematical objects have been characterized purely in terms of their morphisms. Some (famous) examples:
Sets and functions, due to Lawvere.
Modules over some ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

185 views

### Modules for an idempotented algebra

Recall that an associative algebra $A$ is called idempotented provided that is the filtered union of subalgebras $eAe$ for $e \in A$ idempotent. I think sometimes people say that $A$ has approximate ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

53 views

### Reference request for stably free modules

I am looking for some references on the theory of stably free modules. I will call (F) the following property for a ring $R$: every f.g. stably free module over $R$ is free.
1) Is there a standard ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

214 views

### Two infinite dimensional algebras such that the center of their tensor product is bigger than the tensor product of their centers

I am searching for two infinite dimensional algebras such that the center of their tensor product is bigger than the tensor product of their centers. Who knows of such examples? Thanks a lot.

**0**

votes

**1**answer

157 views

### Discriminant of a polynomial in two variables

I want to compute the discriminant of the following polynomial
$$
F(X,Y)=X^mY^n+\sum_{i=0}^{m-1}\sum_{j=0}^{n-1}c_{ij}X^iY^j.
$$
Here the discriminate means the equation $D(c_{i,j})$ in the variables ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

757 views

### Spheres over rational numbers and other fields

Let K be an ordered field. Define the n-sphere:
$$S^n(K) := \{ (x_1,x_2,\dots,x_n+1) \in K^{n+1} \mid \sum_{i=1}^{n+1} x_i^2 = 1 \}$$
A set of vectors $v_1, v_2, \dots, v_r \in S^n(K)$ is ...

**38**

votes

**7**answers

4k views

### “Algebraic” topologies like the Zariski topology?

The fact that a commutative ring has a natural topological space associated with it is still a really interesting coincidence. The entire subject of Algebraic geometry is based on this simple fact.
...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

138 views

### Is the following module over a group ring necessarily infinitely generated?

Suppose $\Gamma$ is a (finitely presented, but this is probably irrelevant) group, and $M$ is a finitely generated (EDIT: finitely presented) module over $\mathbb{Q}\Gamma$ which is ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

94 views

### A quadratic algebra with four generators and four relations

Algebra that I'm going to describe pop-up in my research, it looks completely elementary, but I don't know any appropriate references.
Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field of characteristic ...