**7**

votes

**2**answers

231 views

### Integration on Compact Semirings

I want to know if integration of functions $f:X\rightarrow G$ where $G$ is a compact semiring has been defined and if it is possible to ensure that all continuous functions are integrable. This is ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

109 views

### Noncommutative HKR theorem

What is the analog of HKR theorem in the noncommutative world?
Recall that the well-known theorem by Hochschild-Kostant-Rosenberg says that for a smooth commutative algebra $A$ of finite type ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

114 views

### Isomorphism of matrix ring over ore domain

Let $R_1,R_2$ be (left and right) ore domains. Does $ Mat_n(R_1)\cong Mat_m(R_2)$ implie m=n and $q.f.(R_1)\cong q.f.(R_2)$?
An counter example, a proof or a reference is welcomed.
Thanks

**4**

votes

**1**answer

228 views

### Re-interpreting vector spaces in a choice-less model of ZF as modules over a regular ring in ZFC

I am searching a module $M$ over a (von Neumann) regular ring $A$ ($\forall a\in A$, $\exists x\in A$: $axa=a$) with two properties:
(1) every finitely generated submodule of $M$ is projective ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

251 views

### Metrics and completions on the direct limit of matrices of all sizes over arbitrary fields

Let $M_n$ denote the $n$ by $n$ matrices.
Consider the homomorphisms
$$\phi_{n,kn}: M_n \rightarrow M_{kn}$$
which takes a matrix $A \in M_n$ to $A \otimes I_k \in M_{kn}.$
This gives a sensible way ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

110 views

### General criterion to find a Z-basis in a fixed generating subset

Let $V=\mathbf{Z}^N$ be a free $\mathbf{Z}$-module of rank $N$. Let $S\subseteq V$
be a fixed finite subset.
Consider the submodule $M:=\langle S\rangle\leq V$ generated by $S$. We know form the ...

**-3**

votes

**0**answers

26 views

### On a bijection with a division ring [closed]

Let $K$ be an infinite division ring and $n$ a natural integer . I need to show that there exists a bijection between $K$ and $K^n$.
Well, I'm not sure of this, could you help me with it ? A ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

191 views

### Motivation behind the definition of hochschild cohomology

For an associative algebra $A$ one can define the Hochschild cohomology of $A$ as $ HH^n(A,A):= Hom_{\mathcal{D}(A^{op} \otimes A)}(A, [n]A)$ (this definition also works for the graded and dg cases as ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

249 views

### Existence of a ring with specified residue fields

Given a finite set of fields $k_1, \ldots, k_n$, is there a (commutative with $1$) ring $R$ with (maximal) ideals $m_i$ such that $R/m_i \cong k_i$?
To prevent things from being too easy, I ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

685 views

### Splitting of a division algebra with an involution of second kind

Let $k$ be a field, $K/k$ a separable quadratic extension,
and $D/K$ a central division algebra of dimension $r^2$ over $K$
with an involution $\sigma$ of second kind
(i.e. $\sigma$ acts non-trivially ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

496 views

### Counting representations of $k[x,y]$ when $k$ is finite

$\newcommand{\GFq}{\mathbf F_q}$
Let $r_n(q)$ denote the number of isomorphism classes of $n$-dimensional modules of the $\GFq$-algebra $\GFq[x,y]$. Is it known whether there exists a polynomial ...

**20**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Freeness of a Z[x]-module

Definition: Call a mapping $f: \mathbb{Z} \rightarrow \mathbb{Z}$
a generalized polynomial if for any distinct integers $m$ and $n$
we have $(m - n)|(f(m)-f(n))$.
It is easy to check that polynomial ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

151 views

### for which truth-operations f can f-membership in a prime ideal be represented by a polynomial?

Nota bene: all rings are supposed commutative with $1$ and all ring homomorphism should be unital.
Let $B$ be the set of truth values {True, False}. For a formula $\phi$ denote by $[\phi]\in B$ it's ...

**2**

votes

**4**answers

453 views

### Products of Boolean algebras and probability measures thereon

These are really two questions, but the second presupposes the first.
First, let $( B_i )_{i\in I}$ be an arbitrary family of Boolean algebras. I want to directly form a product of them that is like ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

165 views

### Minimal fields of isomorphism for varieties

Let $V$ be an algebraic variety over a field $K$. Is there a constant $d = d(V) \in \mathbb{N}$ such that for any variety $W$ defined over $K$ and isomorphic to $V$ over the algebraic closure of $K$, ...

**11**

votes

**7**answers

684 views

### Properties of rings that have an elegant description in terms of the associated category of modules

Suppose $A$ is a ring. Then $A$ happens to be a division ring iff every left $A$-module is free. (See here for proofs). I think this is very beautiful; what other properties of rings have an elegant ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

16 views

### Projecting solutions of Hermitian forms over local rings

Let $R$ be a local ring (commutative and with $1$) with maximal ideal $M$, with an involution $\theta$. Let $h$ be a Hermitian form on $R^n$, i.e. $h:R^n\times R^n\rightarrow R$ such that $h$ is ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

942 views

### a quotient of an injective module which is not injective

If R is an infinite direct product of fields, then R is an injective R-module...But I need an example of a quotient ring R, R/S, that is not injective ?? I feel that "if we take S as an infinite ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

185 views

### Matrix representation of real *-algebras

It is a standard fact that everyt real $n$-dimensional algebra is a subalgebra of $M_n(\mathbb R)$.
The transposition map, operating in $M_n(\mathbb R)$, is an involutive ($(A^t)^t=A$) ...

**14**

votes

**6**answers

9k views

### Determinant of sum of positive definite matrices

Say $A$ and $B$ are symmetric, positive definite matrices.
I've proved that $\det(A+B) \ge \det(A) + \det(B)$ in the case that $A$ and $B$ are two dimensional.
Is this true in general for ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

64 views

### Intersection of Maximal Left Ideals with Finite Dimensional Quotient

Let $\Gamma$ be a finitely generated group and let $A=\mathbb{C}[\Gamma]$ be the corresponding group algebra over $\mathbb{C}$. Let $X$ be the set of all maximal left ideals of $A$ and let $X_0=\{I ...

**21**

votes

**6**answers

810 views

### How to recognize a Hopf algebra?

Suppose we are handed an algebra $A$ over a field $k$. What should we look at if we want to determine whether $A$ can or cannot be equipped with structure maps to make it a Hopf algebra?
I guess in ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

467 views

### integral equivalence classes of quadratic forms

Let $A$ and $B$ two symmetric matrices definite positive over $\mathbb{R}$. Then we say that $A$ and $B$ are integrally equivalent if there exists $Q\in GL_n(\mathbb{Z})$ such that
$A=Q.B.Q^t$ (1)
...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

134 views

### A doubt from the paper “The diagonal subring and the Cohen-Macaulay property of a multigraded ring”

I am currently reading the paper "The diagonal subring and the Cohen-Macaulay property of a multigraded ring" by Eero Hyry. I have a doubt about the first part of Theorem 2.5. In the proof $(1)\iff ...

**16**

votes

**0**answers

184 views

### Kaplansky's unit conjecture and unique products

There are three conjectures on group rings that bear the name of Kaplansky (see for example this question). The 'unit conjecture' in the title of the present question is the strongest of them, and ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

989 views

### Is there an algebraic proof of the infinitude of primes? [closed]

It is well-known that there exists a (justly celebrated) topological proof of the infinitude of primes (Hillel Fürstenburg, 1955). Does there also exist an algebraic proof?

**12**

votes

**4**answers

757 views

### Showing that a family of polynomials has positive and real roots.

Hi everybody, for my research I am dealing with the following function:
$$\alpha_n(x):=\left.\frac{\partial^{2n+1}}{\partial z^{2n+1}}\frac{\sinh(z)}{\cosh(z)-1+x}\right|_{z=0},\quad n\in ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

118 views

### Vertices of a polytope as algebra generators

I am wondering if the following kind of objects has some name, or are there any studied examples. I apologize for perhaps too specific definition, this is an adoptation of a situation that arises in ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

79 views

### Finitely generated projective = finitely presented flat over a noncommutative Noetherian ring

Let $R$ be a possibly noncommutative left Noetherian ring and $M$ an $R$-module. I am looking for a reference or a proof for the following fact: $M$ is finitely generated and projective if and only if ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### When the determinant of a 2x2 polynomial matrix is a square?

Consider a 2x2 matrix $A$ with entries from $\mathbb{C}[x,y]$. Assume that $\mathrm{det} A$ is a square. Is it true that then $A$ can be represented as a noncomuting product $A=A_1 A_2 … A_{2n}$, in ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

617 views

### Are there only finitely many associative algebras of fixed dimension?

Given an algebraically closed field $F$, for any positive integer $n$, are there always only finitely many non-isomorphic (noncommutative) associative algebras (possibly without identity) with ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

271 views

### How to define a generating subset for algebra in a category?

As is well known, the definition of an monoid can be generalised to the notion of a monoid $A$ in a monoidal category $C$ (see the n-lab entry here). What I would like to know is if the notion of ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

142 views

### Universal constructions that factor through endomorphisms

If $\cal A$ is a variety of algebras (e.g., all groups) and $\cal B$ is a subvariety defined by some set of identities $X$ (e.g., abelian groups with $X = \{xy \simeq yx\}$), then there is a functor ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

125 views

### C*-algebras and bounded relations

I'm trying to get used to the language of generators and relations for C*-algebras through Loring's "Lifting Solutions to Perturbing Problems in C*-Algebras". So far this is what I got from the first ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

167 views

### Injective flat module

Let $R$ be a (right noetherian) ring. Is there always a right $R$-module which is both flat and injective? If $R$ is an integral domain, then the answer is indeed yes, as the quotient field is such.
...

**10**

votes

**4**answers

446 views

### Morita equivalence for *-algebras

This is a reference request. I'm looking for a definition of Morita equivalence of *-algebras, as described below. If anyone thinks that this is not the right way to define Morita equivalence of ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

206 views

### Global dimension of a subalgebra with all units

(All rings here are always assumed to be unital and associative).
Setup
Let $R$ be a ring, and $A$ and $B$ be $R$-algebras, with $A$ a commutative subalgebra of $B$ satisfying:
If $u$ is a unit ...

**11**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Dimension of infinite product of vector spaces

This question is motivated by the question link text, which compares the infinite direct sum and the infinite direct product of a ring.
It is well-known that an infinite dimensional vector space is ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

99 views

### Finding an integral basis for the lattice of the form $\mathbb{Z}^J \cap \mathbf{p}^{\perp}$

Let $\mathbf{p}$ be a primitive point in the lattice $\mathbb{Z}^J$
and denote the $J-1$ dimensional vector space $V = \mathbf{p}^{\perp} \subseteq \mathbb{R}^J$.
Let $\Lambda' = \mathbb{Z}^J \cap V ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

62 views

### Does this kind of non-noetherian bimodule exist?

Do there exist simple rings $R$ and $S$ (i.e., rings with no proper nonzero ideals) and an $(R,S)$-bimodule $M$ such that $M$ is finitely generated both as a left $R$-module and a right $S$-module, ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

69 views

### Grading a module

Let $R = \bigoplus_{n\in\mathbb{Z}}R_n$ be a graded ring. I'm trying to understand the structure of simple graded $R$-modules.
In C. Nastasescu and F. Van Oystaeyen book, Methods of graded rings, ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

98 views

### Modules “projective in a subcategory”

In my research I have come up with the following notion which I would like to learn more about. It may be very naive.
Let $R$ be a ring, $M$ an $R$-module and $S$ a class or $R$-modules closed under ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

145 views

### Is there a purely module theoretic characterization of semiprimitive rings?

A ring (say unital for simplicity) is semiprimitive (or Jacobson semisimple) if its Jacobson radical is trivial, or equivalently it has faithful semisimple module. Semiprimitivity is a Morita ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

148 views

### On the socle of rings

Is it possible that the socle of a ring (with identity) is cyclic as a left ideal but not finitely generated as a right ideal !?

**3**

votes

**3**answers

819 views

### Defining Multiplication in Polynomials over Rings of Matrices

More explicitly, if $M_{2 \times 2}(\mathbb{R})[x]$ denotes the ring of polynomials over the ring of 2x2 matrices with real coefficients (with indeterminate x a 2 by 2 matrix with real coefficients), ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

312 views

### Degrees of factors of polynomial $f(x)=x^q-(ax^2+bx+c)\in \mathbb{F}_q[x]$

I’m facing the problem of factoring polynomials of type $f(x)=x^q-(ax^2+bx+c)\in \mathbb{F}_q[x]$ and the degrees of factors seem to be quite special. For example, according to my experimental results ...

**9**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### What are hypergroups and hyperrings good for?

I came across the concept of a hyperring in two recent papers by Connes and Consani (From monoids to hyperstructures: in search of an absolute arithmetic and The hyperring of adèle classes). It's a ...

**17**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Example for column rank $\neq$ row rank

The proof that column rank = row rank for matrices over a field relies on the fact that the elements of a field commute. I'm looking for an easy example of a matrix over a ring for which column rank ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

117 views

### What do epimorphisms in noncommutative rings look like?

The question I want to ask is inspired by this mathoverflow post about epimorphisms in the category of commutative rings. I found the seminar (by P. Samuel) referenced by David Rydh particularly ...

**11**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### Zero divisor conjecture for finite fields

I believe that the most attractive "zero-divisor" conjecture is the existence of non-trivial zero-divisors in a group ring $\mathbb{C}[G]$ for a torsion free group $G$. For the sake of knowledge let ...