Non-commutative rings and algebras, non-associative algebras, universal algebra and lattice theory, linear algebra, semigroups.

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10
votes
1answer
149 views

How many traces are there on Temperley-Lieb, Fuss-Catalan, Iwahori-Hecke, Birman-Wenzl-Murakami-Kauffman, … algebras?

There is a theorem (I believe by Ocneanu) that the Markov trace on the tower of Temperley-Lieb algebras is (essentially) unique. What about just traces on separate algebras? That is, take one of ...
4
votes
2answers
366 views

How to understand a solenoid?

Consider the invertible extension of the circle-doubling map T(x)=2x (mod 1), the new system can be represented as X={(x_k)|x_{k+1}=T(x_k)}(see GTM 259 ...
0
votes
0answers
39 views

A constrained positive polynomial

Is there an example of a polynomial $Q(x)\in\Bbb Z_{\geq0}[x]$ with $Q(0)=1$ so that $Q(x)=Q_m(x)Q_+(x)$ where $$Q_+(x)\in\Bbb Z_{\geq0}[x]$$ $$Q_m(x)\in\Bbb Z[x]\mbox{ so that }Q_m(x)\mbox{ has at ...
0
votes
0answers
295 views

Looking for product of symmetric polynomials evaluated at roots of unity

Consider $a_{1} = \alpha^{N-n}, a_{2} = \alpha^{N-n+1}, a_{3} = \alpha^{N-n+2}, a_{4} = \alpha^{N-n+3}, \cdots, a_{n} = \alpha^{N-1}$ where $\alpha$ is a complex $N$th root of unity where $N = 2 + ...
2
votes
1answer
145 views

When does $\overline{U(0,1)}=B(0,1)$ hold?

Given $R$ an absolute valued ring (with unit), sometimes $\overline{U(0,1)}=B(0,1)$ (for example, $\mathbb{Q},\mathbb{R},\mathbb{C},\mathbb{H}$) and sometimes $\overline{U(0,1)}\neq B(0,1)$ (for ...
18
votes
6answers
3k views

Expressing adj(A) as a polynomial in A?

Suppose $A\in R^{n\times n}$, where $R$ is a commutative ring. Let $p_i \in R $ be the coefficients of the characteristic polynomial of $A$: $\mathop{\mathrm{det}}(A-xI) = p_0 + p_1x + \dots + p_n ...
1
vote
0answers
37 views

Locally free sheaves of algebras vs. algebra bundles

It is well known that there is a bijective correspondence between locally free sheaves of modules and vector bundles (cf. ...
4
votes
2answers
268 views

Relation between Associative algebra and group algebra

Let $A$ be an associative algebra over a filed $k$. Q) What are the condition we can impose on $A$ such that there exists a $G$ such that $A=k[G]$, the group algebra generated by $G$? I am ...
1
vote
1answer
109 views

Extension of scalars and projective limits

Consider a morphism of commutative rings $h\colon R\rightarrow S$. This gives rise to a functor $h^*\colon{\sf Mod}(R)\rightarrow{\sf Mod}(S)$, called scalar extension by means of $h$. This functor ...
1
vote
2answers
134 views

Degree of sum of integral elements over a UFD

Is it possible to generalize Degree of sum of algebraic numbers (especially Pete L. Clark's answer, based on Keith Conrad's answer) in the following way: Let $D$ be a (noetherian) UFD of zero ...
1
vote
1answer
159 views

a problem about ideals of polynomial rings

Let $\{f_n\}_{n=1}^\infty\in \mathbb{C}[x,y]$ be a sequence of polynomials given by the following expressions $$ f_n(x,y)=\sum_{i=0}^{[\dfrac{n}{2}]}(-1)^{n-i}{{n-i}\choose i}x^{n-2i}y^i. $$ Let ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

Extending scalars in Ore extensions

Given an Ore extension $k[y : \delta]$, where the field is not necessarily central is it possible to extend scalars in the usual way, that is, by tensoring with an extension of $k$? Is $K \otimes_k ...
7
votes
5answers
737 views

Noncommutative Localization of a Ring : Complete Construction

I've been looking for the following construction in the literature, but I've only been able to find (very) partial proofs or proofs of special cases. Let $R$ be a non-commutative ring and $S$ a ...
5
votes
2answers
414 views

The number of ideals in a ring

Here is a question that I first asked in math.stackexchange, but I think the question must be proposed here. Let $R$ be a finite commutative ring with identity. Under what conditions the number ...
6
votes
2answers
250 views

Strategies for proving a category is Noetherian?

Let $C$ be a small linear category over a commutative ring $R$. A representation of $C$ is an $R$-linear functor $C \to \mathrm{Mod}(R)$. For example, for each $c\in C$, there is a representation ...
9
votes
0answers
88 views

When does Hochschild homology commute with infinite products?

Let $A$ be an associative algebra. Its zeroth Hochschild homology $\mathrm{HH}_0(A)$ is the cokernel of the linear map $A^{\wedge 2} \to A$, $a \wedge b \mapsto ab - ba$. I.e. you quotient the ...
0
votes
1answer
54 views

Is the following ideal zero-dimensional?

Let $\left\{ p_{k}\in\mathbb{R}\left[ x_{1},\ldots,x_{n-1}\right] :k=1,\ldots,n\right\} $ be a family of linear polynomials such that $p_{k}\left( 0,\ldots,0\right) =0$. Let ...
0
votes
0answers
58 views

Degree of function field extension in several variables (degree of an endomorphism over an AV)

I just want to know which is the best way to calculate the degree of a function field extension like this $[\mathbb{F}_q(a,b,c):\mathbb{F}_q(x,y,z)]$ where $x\mapsto f(a,b,c)$ $y\mapsto g(a,b,c)$ ...
11
votes
2answers
793 views

Which commutative groups are the group of units of some field?

Inspired by a recent question on the multiplicative group of fields. Necessary conditions include that there are at most $n$ solutions to $x^n = 1$ in such a group and that any finite subgroup is ...
3
votes
3answers
364 views

Polynomials of low degree that clone polynomials of higher degree

Let $f(x_1,\dots,x_{16})=(x_1+x_2+x_3+x_4)(x_5+x_6+x_7+x_8)(x_9+x_{10}+x_{11}+x_{12})(x_{13}+x_{14}+x_{15}+x_{16})\in\Bbb R[x]$. Let $\mathcal{Z}$ be the zero set of $f$ in ...
5
votes
1answer
410 views

When quotient of a $k$-algebra by any maximal ideal is $k$?

Let $k$ be a valued field. Is there a special term for a commutative (Banach) $k$-algebra $A$ such that for any maximal ideal $m$ we have $A/m=k$? Is there an easy to check criterion that would imply ...
33
votes
16answers
28k views

Linear Algebra Texts?

Can anyone suggest a relatively gentle linear algebra text that integrates vector spaces and matrix algebra right from the start? I've found in the past that students react in very negative ways to ...
16
votes
1answer
974 views

Are Conway's omnific integers the Grothendieck group of the ordinals under commutative addition?

This is a question in two parts. Say that $\mathbf{On}$ is the proper class of all ordinal numbers in ZFC. We can define a binary operator over $\mathbf{On}$ which corresponds to the commutative ...
1
vote
1answer
53 views

ideals of polynomial ring of two variables generated by two elements

Let $f,g$ be two polynomials in $\mathbb{Z}[x,y]$, given by $$ f(x,y)=x^4-3xy+y^2,$$ $$ g(x,y)=x^5-4xy+3xy^2.$$ Let $I=(f,g)$ be the ideal in $\mathbb{Z}[x,y]$ generated by $f$ and $g$. Is ...
6
votes
0answers
139 views

How to prove that a projective module is not free?

Let $A$ be a noncommutative (perhaps $\ast$-) algebra (over $\mathbb{C}$) and let $M$ be a projective module defined via a projector $P\in M_n(A)$; i.e. $M=P(A^n)$. Furthermore, assume that all ...
20
votes
7answers
2k views

Consequences of not requiring ring homomorphisms to be unital?

As defined in many modern algebra books, a homomorphism of unital rings must preserve the unit elements: $f(1_R)=1_S$. But there has been a minority who do not require this, one prominent example ...
-1
votes
2answers
263 views

Anick resolution [closed]

I would like to know some applications of Anick's resolution in non-commutative algebras.
0
votes
0answers
59 views

Action of semidirect products of cyclic groups

Is there anything known about group actions of $C_{p}\rtimes C_{p}^{*}$ on the ring of real polynomials $\mathbb{R}[X_{1},\ldots,X_{n}]$, where $C_{p}$ denotes the cyclic group of order $p$ and $p$ is ...
1
vote
1answer
270 views

Gerstenhaber versus Schouten

In terms of formal definitions, is there any distinction between Schouten and Gerstenhaber algebras?
1
vote
0answers
246 views

Total degree of a polynomial

Let $\mathsf{F,G}\in\Bbb R[x_1,\dots,x_n]$ be minimum multivariate polynomials of least total degree $\mathsf{degF}$, $\mathsf{degG}$ such that, given unequal $a,b\in\Bbb R$, $$\mathsf{F(p)}=a, ...
12
votes
2answers
377 views

$\mathbb{Z}G$ (left) Noetherian$\Rightarrow$ $l^1(G)$ is a flat $\mathbb{Z}G$-(right) module?

Let $G$ be a countable discrete group (not necessarily abelian), and suppose the group ring $\mathbb{Z}G$ is a left-Noetherian ring, for example, when $G$ is a polycyclic-by finite group. Denote the ...
0
votes
0answers
79 views

Global dimension of graded Lie algebra

The rational global dimension of a graded algebra $A=(A_k)_{k\geq 0}$, with $A_0=\mathbb Q$, denoted here ${\rm gl}\dim A$ is defined to be the greatest integer $k$ (or $\infty$) such that ${\rm ...
6
votes
2answers
577 views

How do I apply the Boolean Prime Ideal Theorem?

I have become aware of an amazing phenomenon from a myriad of questions and answers here on MathOverflow: many of the results that I would typically prove using the Axiom of Choice can actually be ...
2
votes
1answer
78 views

Locally nilpotent operators of the Weyl algebra

$\newcommand{\ad}{\operatorname{ad}}$As my recent post (here) did not receive any answers yet, I thought I would ask a similar question in which I'm also interested. Let $A=$ $^{k \langle x,y\rangle ...
5
votes
0answers
91 views

Noncommutative group of invertible ideals of a ring

Let $R$ be a noetherian domain and let $\mathcal{O}$ be an $R$-algebra that is finitely generated and projective as an $R$-module. The set of invertible fractional ideals of $\mathcal{O}$ is a group ...
4
votes
0answers
41 views

examples of local, nonsemisimple , nonsymmetric hopf algebras

I'm searching for (a class of) examples of Hopf algebras , which have the following properties: they should be finite dimensional they should not be semisimple they should be local they should ...
8
votes
2answers
655 views

“Composition of Morita equivalences” or “Morita equivalence and the Nakayama functor”

This problem occured to me, when trying to find a Morita invariant for finite dimensional algebras. Suppose $\Lambda$ and $\Gamma$ are two self-injective $k$-algebras ($k$ being a field) which are ...
3
votes
0answers
79 views

Nilpotent operator of the Weyl algebra

For a research project I'm currently working on, I came across the following problem: Let $A=$ $^{k <x,y> }\Big/_{(yx-xy-1)}$ be the Weyl Algebra over a field $k$ of characteristic $p$, where ...
47
votes
2answers
4k views

How would you solve this tantalizing Halmos problem?

1-ab invertible => 1-ba invertible has a slick power series "proof" as below, where Halmos asks for an explanation of why this tantalizing derivation succeeds. Do you know one? Geometric series. In ...
1
vote
1answer
132 views

Structure of $\text{Aut}_R(R[X])$

Let $R$ be a commutative ring with identity. I'd like to know how to determine the set $\text{Aut}_R(R[X])$ of all $R$-automorphisms of $R[X]$. I've proved that all $\sigma\in\text{Aut}_R(R[X])$ ...
3
votes
1answer
145 views

Tits-Kantor-Koecher construction for Jordan algebra of symmetric bilinear form

Suppose $f$ is a nondegenerate, symmetric bilinear form on a vector space $V$ over a field $F$. Then $J = V + F\cdot 1$ is a unital Jordan algebra (known as the "spin factor" Jordan algebra when $F = ...
4
votes
1answer
129 views

If $R$ is generated by idempotents, then $\text{Ann}(R)=0$?

Let $R$ be a ring (not necessarily commutative or unital) that is generated by idempotents. I'd like to know if $\text{Ann}(R)=0$ must hold. Here I use $\text{Ann}(R)$ to denote the set of all ...
2
votes
0answers
94 views

Geometry of rings and semi-rings

Basically, I wonder whether a theory similar to geometric group theory has been or could be developed for rings and semirings. One direction would be the following. Consider $\mathbb{N}$ (with the ...
19
votes
2answers
842 views

What do you do if you believe a problem is undecidable?

While the title of this question is subjective, I hope to make what I'm looking for quite concrete. The first, and main question is this: If you believe that a problem you are working on is formally ...
1
vote
0answers
38 views

Goldie's Theorem for Semigroups

Goldie's theorem is a theorem in noncommutative ring theory that gives a clear picture of semiprime Noetherian rings (actually a slightly broader class). Let $R$ be a semiprime Noetherian ring. The ...
6
votes
1answer
187 views

Injective dimension of cyclic modules

Let $R$ be a non-Noetherian ring. Is its left global dimension ${\rm{lD}}(R)$ equal to $\sup \{ {\rm{id}}(M) \mid M \text{ is a cyclic $R$-module} \}$? Here $\rm{{id}}(M)$ denotes the injective ...
1
vote
1answer
114 views

Example of a left perfect ring with finite left global dimension that is not right coherent

I am looking for an example in noncommutative ring theory. Namely, I am looking for a left perfect ring with finite left global dimension that is not right coherent. It seems to me that should be ...
0
votes
0answers
137 views

For which pairs of distinct positive primes $p$ and $q$, the integral closure of $\mathbb{Z}$ in $\mathbb{Q}[\sqrt{pq}]$ is a UFD?

For which pairs of distinct positive primes $p$ and $q$, the integral closure of $\mathbb{Z}$ in $\mathbb{Q}[\sqrt{pq}]$ is a UFD? I've proved that neither $p$ nor $q$ can be congruent to $1$ modulo ...
8
votes
0answers
155 views

What's the analogue of a Young symmetrizer in the Brauer algebra?

According to Schur--Weyl duality, the centralizer of $\mathrm{GL}(V)$ acting diagonally on $V^{\otimes N}$ is the group algebra of the symmetric group $\mathbb S_N$. An equivalent formulation is the ...
0
votes
1answer
80 views

Scalar restriction and scalar extension

Consider a morphism of commutative rings $h\colon R\rightarrow S$. This yields the two functors $h_*\colon{\sf Mod}(S)\rightarrow{\sf Mod}(R)$ (scalar restriction) and $h^*\colon{\sf ...