Non-commutative rings and algebras, non-associative algebras, universal algebra and lattice theory, linear algebra, semigroups.

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Existence of a left adjoint to tensor product implies projectivity

Let $S$ and $R$ be two (not necessarily commutative) $k$-algebras for $k$ a field. If I have a $S$-$R$ bimodule $_SM_R$, I can form the functor $_SM_R\otimes_R (-):R\text{Mod} \rightarrow ...
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82 views

Norm of a number in an algebraically closed field

I consider an algebraically closed field of characteristic zero $F$ as a vector space over a real closed field $R \subset F$. I would like to define a norm on $F$ in an invariant fashion, i.e. if we ...
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255 views

A generalized K- theory via generalized idempotents

Edit After the answer by Neil Strickland, I add the word "a ring" in this new version. In the literature, there is a concept of generalized idempotent: an n- idempotent is an element $a$ of a Banach ...
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1answer
153 views

Universal constructions that factor through endomorphisms

If $\cal A$ is a variety of algebras (e.g., all groups) and $\cal B$ is a subvariety defined by some set of identities $X$ (e.g., abelian groups with $X = \{xy \simeq yx\}$), then there is a functor ...
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273 views

Trace of finitely generated projective module

Let $k$ be a field and $A$ a $k$-algebra with unit. The trace module is $$ T(A)=A/[A,A], $$ where $[A,A]$ is the left $A$-module generated by all elements of the form $ab-ba$ for $a,b\in A$. The ...
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81 views

Simplest (?) example of bicrossed product Hopf algebra

Suppose we have two Hopf algebras, H and A and additionally A is (left) H-module algebra and H is (right) A comodule coalgebra. This means that A is left module over H and moreover that ...
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320 views

Are algebraic structures uniquely identifed by their free objects?

It might be a naive question, as I am not a specialist in this field. This is a follow-up to this question. I want to study varieties of objects generalizing ordered monoids, in particular using an ...
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494 views

Examples of complete distributive lattices that are not Heyting algebras

Here is a short question with a possibly simple and short answer: I need an example of a complete distributive lattice that is not a Heyting algebra which should be an infinite complete lattice that ...
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68 views

approximate coordinates in a one dimensional lattice

suppose I have a finite set of real numbers ${r_1, \ldots r_n \in \mathbf{R} }$ and a single real number $x \in \mathbf{R}$. Is there a fast algorithm for finding integer numbers ${i_1, \ldots i_n \in ...
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161 views

Potentially identity elements in an Abelian group

I didn't see this problem before. I motivated by the questions Is every commutative group structure underlying at least one (unitary, commutative) ring structure A basic question about rings ...
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115 views

Non commutative analogy of compact-open topology

Let $R$ be a ring, define a topology on $AUT(R)$(Or End(R)) with the following subbase: For every two 2-sided Ideal $I$ and $J$, a subbase element is $B(I,J)=\{f\in AUT(R) \mid f(I)+J=R\}$. We can ...
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252 views

A question in ring theory

Is there an example of two groups $G_{1}, G_{2}$ such that there are two non isomorphic ring $R_{1}$ and $R_{2}$ such that the additive group of both rings is isomorphic to $G_{1}$ and their unit ...
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312 views

A basic question about rings

Perhaps this is a trivial question, but I have no idea how to justify it. Call a pair of groups $(G_1, G_2)$ ring-compatible if $G_1$ is abelian and there exists a ring $R$ with addition and ...
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182 views

Examples of cancellative normal semigroups

I've got a couple of things to test against normality in cancellative semigroups. A normal semigroup $S$ is one in which for any $x\in S$ we have $xS=Sx.$ This implies the Ore condition $$x,y\in ...
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116 views

subring of the matrix algebra

Let $Mat_2(\mathbb{Z})$ be the $\mathbb{Z}$-algebra of $2\times2$ matrices with integer entries. Let $A$ be a $\mathbb{Z}$-submodule of $Mat_2(\mathbb{Z})$ containing $\mathbb{Z}$. We want to show ...
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207 views

On rings $R$ for which $R \cong \frac RI$ for any proper two-sided ideal $I$

This is a problem I asked in SE, but it seems the question is more suitable for MO. Consider a ring $R$ (not necessary with identity or commutative) such that for any proper two-sided ideal $I$, ...
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59 views

Cyclic modules over serial rings

Let $R$ be a serial ring. What can be said about the uniform dimension of cyclic $R$-modules? Specially I would like to know Is it true that every cyclic $R$-module has finite uniform dimension ?
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102 views

Sum of projective submodules of a projective over a semihereditary ring

Sorry in advance if this is too silly. Let $R$ be a right semihereditary ring and $P$ a projective right $R$-module. It is well-known that finitely generated (thus projective) submodules of $P$ form a ...
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2answers
203 views

How much information does the multiplicative semigroup of an algebra contain?

How much do we know about an given algebra when we only know its semigroup strucure under the product law? How far can two algebras be distinguished by knowing only their semigroup strucure? The ...
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136 views

How to find $n$ such that the group of units $U(\mathbb{Z}/n\mathbb{Z})$ has a given abelian subgroup?

Given an integer $n$, we can determine the structure of the multiplicative group of integers modulo $n$ ($U(\mathbb{Z}/n\mathbb{Z})$) by the factorization of $n$. Hence we can easily find all the ...
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234 views

Inverse limit of Gorenstein local rings is again Gorenstein?

If we have the system of surjective ring homomorphisms $f_{i,i+1}: R_{i+1} \twoheadrightarrow R_i$ for an arbitrary $i \geq 0$ such that all $R_i$ are Gorenstein local ring. Let us put ...
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90 views

Super-Gorenstein ideal of ${\Bbb F}_p[[X_1,\ldots,X_n]]$

Let $A \colon= {\Bbb F}_p[[X_1,\ldots,X_n]]$ be a $n$-variable power series ring over a finite field ${\Bbb F}_p$. We put ${\frak m}_A \colon= (X_1,\ldots,X_n)$. Definition(Super-Gorenstein ideal): ...
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349 views

Integration on Compact Semirings

I want to know if integration of functions $f:X\rightarrow G$ where $G$ is a compact semiring has been defined and if it is possible to ensure that all continuous functions are integrable. This is ...
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294 views

Dual of a module

Let $M$ be a $ \mathbb{Z}_{p}[[T]] $-module and $X=Hom(M,\mathbb{Q}_{p}/\mathbb{Z}_{p})$ be the dual of $M$. Let $X[p^n]$ denotes the $p^n$-torsion points of $X$. Is $X/X[p^n]$ the dual of $M[p^n]$ ...
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471 views

Does base extension reflect the property of being isomorphic?

Let L/K be a (separable?) field extension, let A be a finite dimensional algebra over K, and let M and N be two A-modules. Let $A' = L \otimes_K A$ be the algebra given by extension of scalars, and ...
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67 views

What is a necessary and sufficient condition that the kernel of a semi-module homomorphism is a partitioning sub-semi-module?

I would like to identify a representation of the subcategory of a comma category of semi-rings, whose objects are abelian group objects. When attempting to identify the representation, the following ...
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65 views

An invariant number of modules over Auslander Gorenstein modules

Given an Auslander Gorenstein $R$ of injective dimension $\mu$, one can associate with each finitely generated module $M$ with a number $\varepsilon_{\mu}(M)$, which is the number of the ...
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1answer
99 views

When for every module $M$, $|E(M)| = |M|$

Is there a non-semisimple ring $R$ such that for any left $R$-module $M$, $|E(M)| = |M|$ ? (where $E(M)$ is the injective hull of $M$ and $|M|$ is the cardinality of $M$)
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161 views

“order two sequence” in a paper of Waldhausen

In F. Waldhausen's paper "Algebraic K-theory of generalized free products, Part I", page 142,line 19, there is a term "order two sequence". Can anyone explain its meaning to me? According to the ...
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273 views

Proving that a semigroup is regular

In a number of diverse situations of interest to me (mostly associated with something called the abelian sandpile model), one can define a nonabelian semigroup generated by commuting elements ...
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264 views

Rank of a $ \mathbb{Z}_{p}[[T]] $ module

Let $p$ be a prime and $M$ is a finitely generated $ \mathbb{Z}_{p}[[T]] $ module. Suppose $M[p]$ denotes the $p$-torsion of $M$. Then $M[p]$ and $M/(p)$ are both $ F_{p}$ vector spaces. So we can ...
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109 views

Universally catenary and all its formal fibers over minimal members are Cohen-Macaulay but it has a nonCohen-Macaulay formal fiber

Please help me to find a Noetherian local ring $R$ such that: $R$ is universally catenary and all its formal fibers over minimal members of $Spec(R)$ are Cohen-Macaulay but $R$ has a nonCohen-Macaulay ...
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268 views

Weyl algebra and its nontriviality

The Weyl algebra (say, over $\mathbb{C}$) is an universal unital algebra with two generators $x,y$ subject to the relation $xy-yx=1$. This algebra can be constructed in the following way: take two ...
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112 views

Chinese Remainder Theorem

On a non-commutative ring we have this generalization of CRT. I wonder if there is a statement involving only left or right ideals. do you know any?
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Square of primary ideals

Is there any example of a $P$-primary ideal $I$ in a noetherian domain $R$ such that $I^2=PI \not=P^2$?
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178 views

What is the formula for the commutative multiplication on CP(infinity)?

There is a classic formula for maps $\mathrm{CP}(r) \times \mathrm{CP}(s) \to \mathrm{CP}(r+s)$ or maybe $r+s+1$ using Plücker coordinates - IF memory serves. In the limit we get the abelian ...
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80 views

Rings in which every J-matrix is non-singular

Let $R$ be a ring with identity. A matrix $A=[a_{ij}] \in M_n(R)$ is called a J-matrix if for any $i$, $a_{ii} \not \in J(R)$ but for any $i \not = j$, $a_{ij} \in J(R)$. Now suppose that every ...
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1answer
339 views

Morita theorem for simplicial rings

My question is the following: is there an analog of Morita theorem in the simplicial setting? I mean, we can define two simplicial rings $A,B$ to be simplicially Morita equivalent is the categories ...
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1answer
390 views

Homotopy of quivers

The matrix ring $k^{n\times n}$ can be realized in many ways as a quotient of a path algebra: For example choose the quiver $1\leftrightarrows 2 \leftrightarrows \cdots \leftrightarrows ...
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1answer
206 views

Algebra structure $Tor(A,A)$

This is a question i asked on math.stackexchange but i didn't get any answer. Let $A$ be algebra over commutative ring $k$ and $P_{\bullet}=(P_i,d_i)\rightarrow A$, $k$ projective resolution. Then we ...
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1answer
129 views

Localizations of hereditary rings

It is known that if a commutative Noetherian ring $R$ is hereditary then for any maximal ideal $M$ the localization $R_M$ is also hereditary. Is the Noetherian assumption necessary?
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153 views

$Aut(\mathbb{Z}G)=?$ for $G=\mathbb{Z}^2\rtimes_n\mathbb{Z}$

I am interested in the automorphism group of the group ring $\mathbb{Z}G$ for some noncommutative group $G$ of the form $\mathbb{Z}^2\rtimes_n\mathbb{Z}$, say ...
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Automorphisms of $P(\Bbb N)$

I believe I've proved that the power semigroup of non-negative integers with addition has a trivial automorphism group. The proof is a bit long, completely elementary and rather unremarkable (as the ...
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247 views

Maximal centralizer in full matrix ring

I will be so thankful if someone can help me with the following question. Is it possible to obtain all maximal centralizers in the full matrix ring, $M_n(F)$, for an arbitrary finite field $F$? Here, ...
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2answers
244 views

What is twisted in a twisted Poisson structure?

The usual definition of a twisted Poisson algebra involving a 3-form does not seem to refer to a Poisson algebra that is then twisted, i.e. twisting either the commutative product or the Lie bracket. ...
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112 views

On separable field extensions [closed]

Let $F\subseteq K$ be a finite separable field extension with $a_1,..., a_n$ an $F$-basis for $K$. Is it true that the matrix $A := [\mbox{tr}(a_ia_j)]$ is non-singular ?
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249 views

Is there a cohomology for magmas?

Is there a cohomology theory for magmas? Or cohomology theories for any class of non-associative algebras (other than Lie and maybe Jordan)?
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265 views

when does one want to use the Reynolds operator in GIT?

The role of Reynolds operator in GIT has always been a little mystery to me. Actually I see that in some proofs it gets used in an efficient way, but what I cannot grasp is the general philosophy. I ...
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integrals in Hopf algebras

Let $H$ be a Hopf algebra and $g$ be a group-like element in $H^{*}$. Define $L_{g}=\{x\in H\mid hx=g(h)x,~\forall h\in H\}$. If $H$ is not semisimple, when can we find a group-like element $g$ in ...
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Number of ways to write an integer as a product of irreducibles

Is there any way to tell the number of distinct ways to factor $a\in\mathcal{O}_k$ (up to units, of course) when $k$ is not a PID? A simple investigation in $\mathbb{Q}(\sqrt{-5})$ with integer ring ...