Non-commutative rings and algebras, non-associative algebras, universal algebra and lattice theory, linear algebra, semigroups.

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$\mathrm{rk}_R M$ vs $\mathrm{rk}_S M$ - how nice need $R,S$ be?

Let $R\hookrightarrow S$ be Noetherian (noncommutative) rings without zero divisors with $\mathrm{rk}_{R} S < \infty$ (e.g. $S=R*G$ the crossed product of $R$ with a finite group $G$). Let $M$ be a ...
2
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0answers
104 views

Artinian rings where all injective hulls of simple modules have finite length

Let $A$ be a unitary artinian ring. Suppose additionally that the injective hulls of all simple modules have finite length (or, equivalently, are finitely generated). Does the ring $A$ have to ...
2
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1answer
123 views

A class of rings related to rings with IBN property [closed]

A ring $R$ (with 1) has IBN property if free $R$-modules have unique rank (e.g., commutative rings). In the same fashion, lets call $R$ a good ring if in every free $R$-module any independent set can ...
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144 views

Is it possible to define Hopf algebra as an object in the category of (associative) algebras?

I think this must be well-known, but I can't find references, so my apologies from the very beginning. Consider first the notion of bialgebra. It is usually defined as an object $B$ in the category ...
5
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2answers
408 views

Isomorphic rings of functions

Let $X$ and $Y$ be two topological spaces with $C(X) \cong C(Y)$ (where $C(X)$ is the ring of all continuous real valued functions on $X$). I know that we can not conclude that $X$ and $Y$ are ...
4
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138 views

Injectivity criterion for surjective coalgebra maps: does it hold in full generality?

Let $k$ be a commutative ring. Let $C$ be a filtered $k$-coalgebra. This means a $k$-coalgebra equipped with an increasing $k$-module filtration $C^0 \subseteq C^1 \subseteq C^2 \subseteq ...$ ...
9
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542 views

Countable Maximal Ideals

This may be simple but I can not see a way. I am looking for an uncountable ring (with 1) containing a countable maximal left ideal which is not a direct summand (as a left ideal).
5
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2answers
211 views

How big can a commutative subalgebra of Weyl algebra be?

Consider the smallest Weyl algebra $A_1=\{q,p; qp-pq=1\}$. It is known that there exist pairs of commuting elements, say $L$ and $M$, that obey various polynomial relations, e.g. elliptic curves. I ...
3
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1answer
128 views

Are the heredity ideals in an heredity chain always finitely generated?

An ideal $J$ of a ring $A$ is a heredity ideal of $A$ if: $J^2=J$; $J$ is a projective $A$-module; $J (\operatorname{Rad}A)J=0$. A (unitary) semiprimary ring $A$ is said to be quasihereditary if ...
2
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0answers
195 views

Using the Affine Maxima Package

The Maxima computer algebra system has a package called Affine for doing the calculations implicit in Bergman's diamond lemma for rings. It can be viewed as a kind of noncommutative analogue of ...
2
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1answer
212 views

Symmetric algebra of an ideal and syzygies

Let $(R,\mathfrak{m})$ be a Cohen Macaulay local ring and $I=(a_1,\ldots,a_g,a_{g+1})$ an almost complete intersection ideal of codimension $g.$ Let $R^k\longrightarrow R^{g+1}\longrightarrow ...
3
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1answer
171 views

Is the definition of Gerstenhaber bracket related to operads?

I was reading these notes by Keller. On the page 19 he defines the Gerstenhaber bracket on the Hochschild cochain complex. But first of all he defines the operation $\bullet$ on the cochains by $$ ...
8
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1answer
338 views

Generalizing detropicalization

Given an identity in max,plus arithmetic, are there ways to turn it into an ordinary algebraic identity it other than by replacing addition by multiplication and replacing max by series-plus or by ...
1
vote
1answer
100 views

Invariance of reduced trace of Azumaya algebras

Let $A$ be an Azumaya algebra over the commutative ring $R$ and let $\newcommand{\tr}{\operatorname{tr}} \tr\colon A \to R$ be the reduced trace as defined (for example) in Section IV.2 of M.-A. Knus, ...
2
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1answer
476 views

Commutative associative rational binary operations

What are all the nondegenerate rational binary operations that are commutative and associative? (Examples: $(x,y) \mapsto x+y$, $xy+x+y$, $xy/(x+y)$.) Feel free to re-tag if you can think of ...
4
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2answers
552 views

Rings with a finite maximal ideal

A field has a finite maximal ideal. Of course the converse is not true. So is there a characterization for those rings having a finite maximal ideal ?? EDIT: The characterization below is very nice. ...
1
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1answer
132 views

Idempotents in Green J classes

I recently read this article Syntactic semigroups. In page $8$, he speaks about a J class having an idempotent is called regular: A $\mathcal J$-class containing an idempotent is called regular. ...
4
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1answer
280 views

Rings with group of units cyclic of prime order

For what prime numbers $p$ there exists a ring with identity and exactly $p$ invertible elements ? REMARK It can be shown that for $p=5$ there is no such ring, so I am wondering for what values of ...
3
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2answers
262 views

Do morphisms of finitely-decomposable Quiver representations map indecomposables nicely?

Consider two quivers $Q$ and $Q'$ of type $A_n$, laid out horizontally like so: Given representations of $Q$ and $Q'$, Gabriel's theorem guarantees the existence of finitely many indecomposables ...
2
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1answer
114 views

A non-orthomodular orthocomplemented lattice identity?

Assume you have an orthocomplemented (but possibly not orthomodular) lattice $L$. For $q,r\in L$ say "$q$ and $r$ are in position $p'$" to mean that $q\wedge r^\perp=0$ and $r\wedge q^\perp=0$. Is ...
4
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1answer
400 views

“as close to being semisimple as it can possibly be.”

I had originally asked this question on math stack exchange but I think maybe it's more appropriate to ask it here. In the paper of Beilinson, Ginzburg and Soergel entitled "Koszul Duality ...
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Usefulness of polynomial ideals for graphs

Given a graph $G=(V,E)$ on $n$ vertices, one can associate to it the polynomial $f \in k[x_1,\dots,x_n]$ given by $f = \prod_{\{i,j\}\in E}(x_i - x_j)$. Then one can map various graph properties into ...
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133 views

simple tensor product of modules over algebras

Let $M$, $N$ be simple modules over associative algebras $A$ and $B$ (over $\mathbb{C}$), respectively. When is $M\otimes N$ simple as a $A\otimes B$-module? It is right if $A$ or $B$ has a ...
3
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2answers
489 views

Shape of axioms in abstract algebra

When defining abstract algebraic structures (like monoids, groups, etc...), are there some constraints on the shape of the axioms, for the structure to have good properties that we implicitly use in ...
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205 views

Two infinite dimensional algebras such that the center of their tensor product is bigger than the tensor product of their centers

I am searching for two infinite dimensional algebras such that the center of their tensor product is bigger than the tensor product of their centers. Who knows of such examples? Thanks a lot.
2
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1answer
101 views

Degree principles for non-symmetric polynomials

A theorem of Timofte says that a symmetric polynomial inequality of degree $d$ holds on $\mathbb{R}^{n}_{+}$ if and only if it holds for all vectors in $\mathbb{R}^{n}_{+}$ with at most $\max\{\lfloor ...
11
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1answer
323 views

$\mathbb{Z}G$ (left) Noetherian$\Rightarrow$ $l^1(G)$ is a flat $\mathbb{Z}G$-(right) module?

Let $G$ be a countable discrete group (not necessarily abelian), and suppose the group ring $\mathbb{Z}G$ is a left-Noetherian ring, for example, when $G$ is a polycyclic-by finite group. Denote the ...
2
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2answers
124 views

Are there atomistic ortholattices which are not modular?

Let $L$ be an atomic ortholattice. We say that two elements $a$ and $b$ of $L$ are orthogonal if $a\leq b^\perp$. If $L$ is orthomodular then every element of $L$ can be written as a join of pairwise ...
7
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1answer
170 views

$K_0$ group of graph underlying an approximately finite (AF) C* algebra

Say we have an AF C* algebra $A$ described by some Bratteli diagram $E$. If $M_\infty (A)=\displaystyle{\lim_\rightarrow M_n(A)}$ and $P(A)$ are the projections in this algebra, we know that ...
0
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1answer
272 views

GCD computation for multiple polynomials and degree of Bezout coefficients

Assuming two polynomials $P_1,P_2 \in \mathbb{Z}_p[r]$ of degree $n$, with no common factors, we know that there exist polynomials $Q_1,Q_2$ s.t.: $Q_1P_1 + Q_2P_2 =1$. From Bezout's identity we also ...
0
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1answer
225 views

Finite extension of a field [closed]

Is it true, that if $A$ is finitely generated commutatative algebra over a field $k$, not necessary algebraically closed, then prime ideal $p \subset A$ is maximal if and only if $k \subset Quot(A/p)$ ...
4
votes
2answers
535 views

Example of a reduced ring whose completion is not reduced

Let $(R,\mathfrak{m})$ be a local Noetherian ring. Give an example such that R is reduced but $\mathfrak{m}$-adic completion of R is not reduced.
7
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2answers
280 views

Where should I search for resolutions?

In my research, to test some conjectures or just to illustrate some facts, I often need to compute some explicit examples of derived functors (in the sence of Quillen's model categories). Mainly I ...
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0answers
124 views

Ring of Witt Vectors and Tensor product of Fields

Let $p > 2$ be a prime, and let $\textbf{F}_{p} = \textbf{Z}/p\textbf{Z}$. Let $k_{1}$ be a finite field over $\textbf{F}_{p}$, and let $k$ be a perfect field of characteristic $p$. Then we have ...
3
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1answer
195 views

Polynomial identities for mod p matrices

Can there be a polynomial over the field $F_p$ of $p$ elements ($p$ prime) in non-commuting variables $X_1,..., X_r$ such that: 1) $f(A_1,...,A_r)=0$ for every $n \times n$ matrices $A_1,...,A_r$ ...
3
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1answer
120 views

something like a kleene algebra of rational functions?

There's a procedure that control engineers (used to) do to calculate the transfer function of a linearized system, gradually reducing a block diagram to a rational function of s. It's justified by ...
1
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1answer
110 views

cobar construction of a direct sum of coalgebras

I have the following question. Let's denote by $\Omega$ the cobar functor, by $C$ some DG-coalgebra (not co-commutative) over a field $k$. Also suppose $V=k\times\dots\times k$ is just the product of ...
15
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1answer
385 views

Geometry of numbers for three by three matrices?

While trying to use Minkowski's theorem to calculate the (left) class number of a noncommutative ring, I ran into the following problem: What is the volume of the largest symmetric convex subset ...
2
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83 views

Nontrivial examples of rings of relative stable rank 1

Given a (commutative) ring $R$, one says that the stable rank $sr(R)\leq n$ if any unimodular row $(a_1,\ldots,a_{n+1})$ of length $n+1$ is stable, i.e. there exist $x_1,\ldots,x_n$ such that ...
2
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2answers
108 views

Specialization of PBW-algebras over rational function field

I have been thinking about the concept of specialization of algebras defined over the field of rational functions $k = \mathbb{C}(t)$ (I'm using $\mathbb{C}$ for my work, but the question can be asked ...
3
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1answer
150 views

Morphism of algebras

Let $Q(i)$ be the extension of the rational numbers $Q$ obtained by adjoining a root i of the polynomial $X^2 + 1$. Consider the algebra B defined by the Hilbert symbol $(-2, -5)$ over $Q(i)$. So, by ...
11
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2answers
424 views

What is a Kelley ring?

I've heard that in some book by someone named Kelley, perhaps an early edition of John L. Kelley's General Topology, the author gave a definition of a ring which turned out to be weaker than the usual ...
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105 views

What is the composition in SesquiAlg?

To motivate my question, I will describe a famous 2-category. First, there is the 1-category $\text{Vect}$ of vector spaces (over some fixed field). This category has a tensor product $\otimes$, and ...
4
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1answer
189 views

Fermat’s Two Squares for polynomials

Is there an analog of Fermat’s Two Squares theorem over polynomial rings $\Bbb Z[x]$ by considering a version for non-negative polynomials? Fermat two squares says primes $p$ is sum of two squares ...
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1answer
122 views

Finding reducible polynomials with restricted factors

Given $f(x),g(x) \in \mathbb{Z}[x]$, two irreducible polynomials, is there a polynomial $h(x) \in \mathbb{Z}[x]$ coprime to $f(x)$ such that $f(x) + g(x)h(x)$ is reducible over $\mathbb{Z}[x]$ with ...
3
votes
1answer
193 views

Existence of a generalized matrix inverse over an arbitrary field?

Let $A\in M_n(K)$ be a square matrix over a field $K$. The notion of inverse matrix was generalized by Moore and Penrose for real and complex matrices (also called pseudo-inverse $A^{\dagger}$ of $A$, ...
4
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1answer
201 views

A question about Weil algebra

Let $G$ ba a compact Lie group with Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$, $\mathfrak{g}^{*}$ be the dual of $\mathfrak{g}$. We known the Weil algebra is $$W(\mathfrak{g})=\wedge(\mathfrak{g}^{*})\otimes ...
7
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2answers
571 views

Quintic polynomial solution by Jacobi Theta function.

Does someone have a good and rigorous reference for the solution of quintic ploynomial equation with Jacobi Theta function, in English? Mathworld and Wikipedia don't give a good English reference, at ...
3
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1answer
136 views

Thinking about the quadratic dual graphically

Say you have a quadratic algebra $A$ , that is, an algebra defined by a finite list of generators over a ground ring $k$ (either a field or a direct product of fields, which will be assumed ...
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199 views

On the linear transformation between matrix space

Suppose we have two matrix subspaces, $n\times n$ matrix subspace $S_1$ and $m\times m$ matrix subspace $S_2$. Every element of $S_1$ and $S_2$ is complex symmetric matrix. Suppose there exists ...