**7**

votes

**3**answers

347 views

### properties of formal delta functions

The formal delta function is
$\,\,\displaystyle\delta(x):=\sum_{n\in\mathbb Z}x^n.
$
If we agree that expressions $(x+y)^n$ for $n\in\mathbb Z$ are always expanded in non-negative powers of the second ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

190 views

### Can this way of comparing numbers of the form a+b sqrt(K) be generalized?

So I want to make a system for computing with various classes of numbers. One of those is a class of number closed under the standard arithmetic operators ($+$, $-$, $*$ and $/$) along with square ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

98 views

### Orders of Clifford algebra

Let $C_n$ be the Clifford algebra over $\mathbb{Q}$ associated to negative definite quadratic form $-I_n$ (i.e. $-x_1^2-\dots-x_n^2$). Let $\mathcal{O}$ be a $\mathbb{Z}$-order of $C_n$.
Q1) Is it ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

200 views

### Graphs of tensoring modules

Let $A$ be a ring, and $L,M,N$ an $A^\mathrm{op} \otimes A$-modules.
$L \otimes_A M$ is then an $A \otimes A^\mathrm{op}$ module so we can tensor it again with $N$ to get an abelian group $(L ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

274 views

### How do I check that this is a Frobenius algebra?

Let $f_1,f_2,\ldots,f_n\in \mathbb C[z_1,\ldots, z_n]$ be such that the quotient ring
$$A:=\mathbb C[z_1,\ldots, z_n]/(f_1,f_2,\ldots,f_n)$$
is finite dimensional (in other words, it's a ...

**15**

votes

**3**answers

623 views

### Characterize the category of rings

(Sub)categories of many well-studied mathematical objects have been characterized purely in terms of their morphisms. Some (famous) examples:
Sets and functions, due to Lawvere.
Modules over some ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

216 views

### Discriminant of a polynomial in two variables

I want to compute the discriminant of the following polynomial
$$
F(X,Y)=X^mY^n+\sum_{i=0}^{m-1}\sum_{j=0}^{n-1}c_{ij}X^iY^j.
$$
Here the discriminate means the equation $D(c_{i,j})$ in the variables ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

69 views

### Reference request for stably free modules

I am looking for some references on the theory of stably free modules. I will call (F) the following property for a ring $R$: every f.g. stably free module over $R$ is free.
1) Is there a standard ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

144 views

### Is the following module over a group ring necessarily infinitely generated?

Suppose $\Gamma$ is a (finitely presented, but this is probably irrelevant) group, and $M$ is a finitely generated (EDIT: finitely presented) module over $\mathbb{Q}\Gamma$ which is ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

98 views

### A quadratic algebra with four generators and four relations

Algebra that I'm going to describe pop-up in my research, it looks completely elementary, but I don't know any appropriate references.
Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field of characteristic ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

57 views

### The space of sequences of rationals and its dimension [duplicate]

In the following page, I give an example of a vector space not isomorphic to its double dual.
I use the space $E$ of sequences of reals. Its dimension (over the field of the reals) is the one of the ...

**1**

vote

**3**answers

330 views

### smooth connected affine scheme over Z has good reduction almost everywhere

Let $f(x_1,\ldots,x_n)\in\mathbf{Z}[x_1,\ldots,x_n]$ be a polynomial. Assume that the variety cut out by $f$ is smooth and connected (so irreducible) over $\overline{\mathbf{Q}}$. Where can I find a ...

**9**

votes

**0**answers

123 views

### Detecting invertible elements in group rings by their images for finite quotients of the group

Let $G$ be a "nice" infinite group: at least finitely presented and residually finite, maybe also linear and right-orderable (or even bi-orderable, or residually free nilpotent).
Consider an element ...

**11**

votes

**1**answer

279 views

### Hlawka inequality for determinants of positive definite matrices

It is mentioned here that if $A, B, C\in M_{n}(\mathbb C)$ are positive semidefinite, then $$\det (A+B+C)+\det C\ge \det (A+C)+\det (B+C)$$ (quoted from this article) and the special case ($C=\bf 0$) ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

149 views

### Finite Dimensional Simple nonunital associative Algebras

I have the following problem:
Let K be any field. An finite dimensional associative non-unital algebra A is a vector space A, togeter with a K-biliniear associative operation such that there is NO ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

248 views

### A generalization of real characters on a group

Yesterday I understood that I can't live without this construction:
Let $G$ be a group, $A$ an associative algebra over $\mathbb R$ and $n\in{\mathbb N}$. We consider a sequence of maps ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

89 views

### Examples of Lie subalgebras of universal enveloping algebras

I'm looking for non-trivial examples of triples $(\mathfrak g, L, \psi)$, where $\mathfrak g$ and $L$ are finite-dimensional non-abelian Lie algebras over field $\Bbbk$ and $\psi\colon U_{\mathfrak ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

70 views

### Examples of noncommutative Bezout domains

I would like to see some (or many!) examples of noncommutative Bezout domains (one-sided principal ideals sum to one-sided principal ideals). I've read somewhere that it's not easy to find an example ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

90 views

### Near-ring localizations

Are there any known results on localization for near-rings (i.e., "rings" with non-abelian addition and only one-sided distributive law)? The books on near-rings I checked don't mention this topic at ...

**10**

votes

**1**answer

391 views

### Can a division algebra have degree divisible by its characteristic?

I apologize in advance if this is easy, but I've tried Googling, and had no luck.
I'm currently working on a proof, and I realized in the course of writing that this proof will break if out there ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

69 views

### Orders of certain quotients of power series rings

Let $\Lambda_d := \mathbb{Z}_p[[T_1, \ldots, T_d]]$ denote the ring of formal power series in $d$ variables over the ring of $p$-adic integers. Suppose that $g \in \Lambda_d$ is an irreducible ...

**1**

vote

**3**answers

469 views

### Is there a general notion of semigroup action?

The analogous result to Cayley’s theorem or Yoneda lemma in semigroup theory represents semigroups as semigroups of functions from a set to itself. This suggests that a semigroup action consists of a ...

**15**

votes

**1**answer

395 views

### If $B\subseteq A$ are free & finite rank $R$-algebras, is $R\to A \otimes_B R$ injective?

(In this question, all rings and algebras are commutative with identity.)
I have a situation that boils down to the following data: a ring $R$, an $R$-algebra $A$ with a subalgebra $B$ such that $A$ ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

163 views

### Operator connected with Hermite polynomials

For $n \geq 1$, define the following operator $M_n$ on the ring of all polynomials with real coefficients.
$$M_n P(x) = nP(x)^2 - x \int_0^x (P'(t))^2 \, \mathrm{d}t$$
Monomials $x^k$ are mapped to $n ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

82 views

### Separating duality for TVS?

What is the modern concept (term) for "separating duality" (dualité séparante in french) in the sense of Bourbaki (TVS Ch II § 6) as explained in the following ?
...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

93 views

### $I$ is principal if and only if $ID_M$ is principal for all $M \in Max(D)$

In a semmi-quasi local domain $D$ ( i.e. $D$ has finitely many maximal ideals),
an ideal $I$ is principal if and only if $ID_M$ is principal for all $M \in Max(D)$.
[See Comm. Rings by Kaplansky, ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

391 views

### Who defined and who coined “module”?

The title of my Q. says it all:
QUESTION: Who defined and who coined: module?
Would it be Emmy Noether?
EDIT In view of @anon's and KConrad's answers, and as it could have been ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

210 views

### Kaplansky Idempotent conjecture and Extension theory

We consider the Idempotent Kaplansky conjecture with $\mathbb{C}$- coefficients, that is the problem of nontrivial idempotents for group algebra $\mathbb{C}\Gamma$ where $\Gamma$ is a torsion free ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

174 views

### Linear dependency of real numbers with integer coefficients adding up to zero [closed]

Let $x = (x_1, \dots, x_n)$ be a vector of real number. I was asking myself if there was an efficient way of telling whether there exists a non-zero vector of integers $z \in \mathbb Z$ such that both
...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

54 views

### Change of relative base

If $k$ is a commutative ring, $A$ a $k$-algebra and $\phi: k \rightarrow k'$ is a morphism of rings then how (/under what conditions) can the relative homology functors $Ext_{A/k}(-,-)$ and ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

102 views

### A special Lie subalgebra

Motivated by comments of the following post A question on involutions on the Lie algebra of vector fields we ask the following question:
Let $L$ be a Lie algebra. We consider the Lie subalgebra ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

237 views

### String diagrams for bimodules over noncommutative algebras?

I'm trying to do some calculations with bimodules (over Azumaya algebras, as it happens), and I need a string diagram notation that mixes the tensor product over the base ring (a symmetric monoidal ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

46 views

### Gelfand Kirillov dimension of induced modules

How does the Gelfand-Kirillov dimension of induced modules behave?
In patricular, if $S$ is an Ore extension of $R$, how is the GK-dimension of an $R$-module say $N$ related to the GK dimension of $N ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

178 views

### What is a degenerate Legendre Transformation?

I am studying the Lagrangian and Hamiltonian description of some dynamical systems. The problem with this description of the particular kind of systems I am studying, is that the Legendre ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

289 views

### Noncommutative HKR theorem

What is the analog of HKR theorem in the noncommutative world?
Recall that the well-known theorem by Hochschild-Kostant-Rosenberg says that for a smooth commutative algebra $A$ of finite type ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

171 views

### Isomorphism of matrix ring over ore domain

Let $R_1,R_2$ be (left and right) ore domains. Does $ Mat_n(R_1)\cong Mat_m(R_2)$ implie m=n and $q.f.(R_1)\cong q.f.(R_2)$?
An counter example, a proof or a reference is welcomed.
Thanks

**2**

votes

**1**answer

127 views

### General criterion to find a Z-basis in a fixed generating subset

Let $V=\mathbf{Z}^N$ be a free $\mathbf{Z}$-module of rank $N$. Let $S\subseteq V$
be a fixed finite subset.
Consider the submodule $M:=\langle S\rangle\leq V$ generated by $S$. We know form the ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

343 views

### Motivation behind the definition of hochschild cohomology

For an associative algebra $A$ one can define the Hochschild cohomology of $A$ as $ HH^n(A,A):= Hom_{\mathcal{D}(A^{op} \otimes A)}(A, [n]A)$ (this definition also works for the graded and dg cases as ...

**12**

votes

**3**answers

422 views

### Existence of a ring with specified residue fields

Given a finite set of fields $k_1, \ldots, k_n$, is there a (commutative with $1$) ring $R$ with (maximal) ideals $m_i$ such that $R/m_i \cong k_i$?
To prevent things from being too easy, I ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

200 views

### Minimal fields of isomorphism for varieties

Let $V$ be an algebraic variety over a field $K$. Is there a constant $d = d(V) \in \mathbb{N}$ such that for any variety $W$ defined over $K$ and isomorphic to $V$ over the algebraic closure of $K$, ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

115 views

### Projecting solutions of Hermitian forms over local rings

Let $R$ be a local ring (commutative and with $1$) with maximal ideal $M$, with an involution $\theta$. Let $h$ be a Hermitian form on $R^n$, i.e. $h:R^n\times R^n\rightarrow R$ such that $h$ is ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

79 views

### Intersection of Maximal Left Ideals with Finite Dimensional Quotient

Let $\Gamma$ be a finitely generated group and let $A=\mathbb{C}[\Gamma]$ be the corresponding group algebra over $\mathbb{C}$. Let $X$ be the set of all maximal left ideals of $A$ and let $X_0=\{I ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

171 views

### A doubt from the paper “The diagonal subring and the Cohen-Macaulay property of a multigraded ring”

I am currently reading the paper "The diagonal subring and the Cohen-Macaulay property of a multigraded ring" by Eero Hyry. I have a doubt about the first part of Theorem 2.5. In the proof $(1)\iff ...

**18**

votes

**1**answer

401 views

### Kaplansky's unit conjecture and unique products

There are three conjectures on group rings that bear the name of Kaplansky (see for example this question). The 'unit conjecture' in the title of the present question is the strongest of them, and ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

153 views

### Vertices of a polytope as algebra generators

I am wondering if the following kind of objects has some name, or are there any studied examples. I apologize for perhaps too specific definition, this is an adoptation of a situation that arises in ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

196 views

### Finitely generated projective = finitely presented flat over a noncommutative Noetherian ring

Let $R$ be a possibly noncommutative left Noetherian ring and $M$ an $R$-module. I am looking for a reference or a proof for the following fact: $M$ is finitely generated and projective if and only if ...

**12**

votes

**2**answers

674 views

### Are there only finitely many associative algebras of fixed dimension?

Given an algebraically closed field $F$, for any positive integer $n$, are there always only finitely many non-isomorphic (noncommutative) associative algebras (possibly without identity) with ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

291 views

### How to define a generating subset for algebra in a category?

As is well known, the definition of an monoid can be generalised to the notion of a monoid $A$ in a monoidal category $C$ (see the n-lab entry here). What I would like to know is if the notion of ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

150 views

### C*-algebras and bounded relations

I'm trying to get used to the language of generators and relations for C*-algebras through Loring's "Lifting Solutions to Perturbing Problems in C*-Algebras". So far this is what I got from the first ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

197 views

### Injective flat module

Let $R$ be a (right noetherian) ring. Is there always a right $R$-module which is both flat and injective? If $R$ is an integral domain, then the answer is indeed yes, as the quotient field is such.
...