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32
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5answers
2k views

Is there a quaternionic algebraic geometry ?

Let $\mathbb{H}$ be the skew-field of quaternions. I'm aware of the Theorem 1. A function $f:\mathbb{H}\to\mathbb{H}$ which is $\mathbb{H}$-differentiable on the left (i.e. the usual limit ...
18
votes
1answer
1k views

The Quaternion Moat Problem

"One cannot walk to infinity on the real line if one uses steps of bounded length and steps on the prime numbers. This is simply a restatement of the classic result that there are arbitrarily large ...
16
votes
1answer
732 views

history of quaternion algebras

Who is responsible for the generalization of Hamilton's quaternions to other types of quaternion algebras, and when did this occur? In particular, Hamilton's quaternions are the 4-dimensional algebra ...
15
votes
1answer
1k views

William Rowan Hamilton and Algebra as Time

This question ended up longer than I intended (though most of the bulk is interesting remarks by Hamilton), so I thought it might be good to include my question at the beginning before the ...
12
votes
1answer
403 views

Is the ring of quaternionic polynomials factorial?

Denote by $\mathbb{H}[x_1,\dots,x_n]$ the ring of polynomials in $n$ variables with quaternionic coefficients, where the variables commute with each other and with the coefficients. Two polynomials ...
11
votes
0answers
344 views

Nullstellensatz for quaternionic plane curves?

By a quaternionic plane curve I mean the zero locus of a noncommutative polynomial in two variables, $x$ and $y$ say, over ${\Bbb H}$, Hamilton's quaternions. It is evidently well-known that, after ...
10
votes
2answers
249 views

Which finite nonabelian groups have all their quaternionic representations of degree one?

A finite group $G$ has a finite set of irreducible representations over the complex numbers. All of these representations are linear (that is, are maps in 1x1 complex matrices) if and only if $G$ is ...
10
votes
1answer
394 views

What rings/groups have interesting quaternionic representations?

Let $\mathbb{H}$ denote the quaternions. Let $G$ be a group, and define a representation of $G$ on $\mathbb{H}^n$ in the natural way; that is, its a map $\rho:G\rightarrow ...
9
votes
2answers
1k views

When the determinant of a 2x2 polynomial matrix is a square?

Consider a 2x2 matrix $A$ with entries from $\mathbb{C}[x,y]$. Assume that $\mathrm{det} A$ is a square. Is it true that then $A$ can be represented as a noncomuting product $A=A_1 A_2 … A_{2n}$, in ...
9
votes
2answers
1k views

Gaussian primes, quaternion primes, … octonions?

Is there a notion of an octonion prime? A Gaussian integer $a + bi$ with $a$ and $b$ nonzero is prime if $a^2 + b^2$ is prime. A quaternion $a + bi + cj + dk$ is prime iff $a^2 + b^2 +c^2 + d^2$ is ...
9
votes
0answers
372 views

Polynomial function from $S^3$ to $S^3$ and quaternions

I am searching the polynomial functions from $S^3$ to $S^3$. ($S^3$ is the set of vectors $x$ in $\mathbb{R}^4$ such that $\|x\|=1$) We say $g$ is a polynomial function from $S^3$ to $S^3$, if there ...
8
votes
1answer
1k views

The gimbal lock shows up in my quaternions

I suspect this is a bit basic for mathoverflow, seeing I'm still just an undergraduate I've been playing around with quaternions as means to eliminate the gimbal lock. From what I understand, one ...
8
votes
2answers
381 views

Which quaternion algebras have class number one?

Over Q, the definite quaternion algebras with a unique conjugacy class of maximal orders, i.e. "with class number one", are those with discriminant 2,3,5,7, and 13. Three questions: What is a ...
8
votes
1answer
263 views

Explicit isomorphism for quaternion algebras over $\mathbb{Q}$?

It is known that the isomorphism class of a quaternion algebra $A=\binom{a,b}{K}$ over a number field $K$ is determined by the finite set of places $v$ of $K$ where $A\otimes_K K_v$ is a division ...
6
votes
2answers
452 views

Hurwitz integers represented as sums of two squares of Hurwitz integers

I wonder if there exists a characterisation of Hurwitz integers which are represented as sums of two squares of Hurwitz integers, up to multiplication by a unit. And if so, could you please point to a ...
5
votes
2answers
550 views

Explicit description of a quaternion algebra with a prescribed set of ramified places

Let $k$ be an algebraic number field. I understand that given a finite set of non-complex places $S\subset V(k)$ of even cardinality, there exists a unique quaternion algebra $Q$ over $k$ such that ...
5
votes
3answers
841 views

Octonions and the dance of the seven veils

Let us take the octonions as having all integer coefficients and the multiplication table at BAEZ We have a standard conjugation operator with $\bar{1} = 1$ and $\bar{e_i}= - e_i,$ extend by ...
5
votes
2answers
394 views

Book on ideal theory in Hurwitz quaternions

Hello, I am looking for a book that studies the set of Hurwitz quaternions (HQ). In particular, I am interested in a connection between HQ and imaginary quadratic fields (IQF); quaternion orders ...
5
votes
1answer
183 views

Filling in a rational orthogonal matrix given one row

Quick version: given natural $n$ and a row of $n$ integers such that the sum of the squares is another square, call it $m^2.$ For $n=5,6,7$ is it always possible to fill in the rest of an $n$ by $n$ ...
4
votes
5answers
1k views

Why is every quadratic subfield of a Galois extension of the rationals with the quaternions as Galois group real?

Suppose that L is a field extension of the rationals with Galois group the quaternions Q={1,-1,i,-i,j,-j,k,-k}. Furthermore assume that L contains a quadratic subfield K. I have learned from this link ...
4
votes
2answers
267 views

Volumes of fundamental domains of maximal orders in definite quaternion algebras over Q

I'm looking for an explanation of the following result: If D is a maximal order in a definite (i.e. ramified at infinity) quaternion algebra B over $\mathbb{Q}$, and $\phi : ...
4
votes
1answer
287 views

What does the Jacquet-Langlands correspondence say about quaternion algebras of class number one?

If F is a totally real number field of degree n, and A is a definite quaternion algebra over F, I understand (not really) the Jacquet Langlands correspondence to construct a modular form in n ...
4
votes
1answer
149 views

Finding Finite Generators of a Subset of a Quaternion Algebra/Cocompact Lattices

I was wondering if anyone had some ideas (books, papers, experience) on how to explicitly compute generators for the elements of a quaternion algebra, $Q$, with reduced norm $1$. I'm trying to ...
3
votes
4answers
472 views

Polar decomposition for quaternionic matrices?

A non-zero complex number can be uniquely written in polar form as $re^{i\theta}$. There is an analogous result for complex matrices: any invertible complex matrix can be uniquely written as $UP$, ...
3
votes
3answers
563 views

Polynomial Vector Fields on the 3-Sphere

EDIT(3): I am looking for a basis for the Lie algebra of polynomial vector fields on $S^3$. EDIT(2): I am fairly certain now that my question is more along the lines of, what does the Lie algebra of ...
3
votes
2answers
209 views

3D Rotation Representation for Multiple Turns

Is there a rotation representation that can also represent "turns", instead of collapsing coincident rotations into the same representation? In 2D, a simple angle satisfies this, as it can have ...
3
votes
2answers
312 views

How do you find maximal orders in quaternion algebras?

Let A be the 4-dimensional algebra over Q with basis 1,i,j,k, and multiplication table $$ i^2 = -1 \quad j^2 = -11 \quad k^2 = -11 \quad ij = k \quad jk = 11i \quad ki = j $$ So, A is the unique ...
3
votes
1answer
149 views

The de Rham complex of a quaternion-Kahler manifold

As we all know, for a complex manifold $M$, its de Rham complex admits a decomposition into a double complex called the Dolbeault complex. If $M$ also admits a Kahler metric, then we get the wonderful ...
3
votes
2answers
540 views

Skew fields inside quaternion division algebras

Suppose that $Q$ is a quaternion division algebra with center $k$, where $k$ is an arbitrary commutative field (let's say with $\operatorname{char}(k) \neq 2$ if necessary). Assume that $D$ is an ...
3
votes
1answer
208 views

Question about the definition of the genus 0 curves in Gross' paper “Heights and the Special values of L-series”

Let $N \in \mathbb{Z}$ be a prime number, and let $B = \left( \dfrac{a, b}{\mathbb{Q}} \right)$ be the unique quaternion algebra over $\mathbb{Q}$ ramified at $N$ and at $\infty$. Then, in section 3 ...
3
votes
0answers
65 views

Grunsky-Motzkin-Schoenberg formula

I found this formula in Brian McCartin's interesting book "Mysteries of the equilateral triangle" http://www.kettering.edu/news/mysteries-equilateral-triangle and it looks as follows: Suppose that ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

In the quaternions, “any imaginary unit may be called i”

Introduction Suppose we are trying to prove that $\rm PSO_3\times PSO_3$ is isomorphic with $\rm PSO_4,$ and we catch on to the idea of using the quaternions to do so. We realize (as in Conway & ...
2
votes
2answers
279 views

ramified quaternion algebras

I'm trying to better understand the connection between the concepts of ramification of a field extension, and ramification of a quaternion algebra. I'm also trying to build a better understanding of ...
2
votes
1answer
560 views

Central division and quaternion algebras

I would like to know if there are some central-simple algebras $D_1$, $D_2$ and $D_3$ over a field $k$ satisfying the following properties : $ind(D_1)=exp(D_1)=4$ ($ind$ is the Schur index and $exp$ ...
2
votes
1answer
82 views

Why do noncocompact arithmetic Kleinian groups have quadratic trace fields?

I realize there are a few different ways of going about proving this, depending on one's background, but there's a particular number theoretic aspect that I am just blanking on, and can't seem to find ...
2
votes
1answer
143 views

Distance measure for noisy $SE(3)$ transforms

I have a transformation $T \in SE(3)$ parameterized by a mean quaternion $q$ with covariance matrix $\Sigma_q \in R^{4\times4}$ and a mean translation $t \in R^3$ with covariance matrix $\Sigma_t \in ...
1
vote
1answer
90 views

How to calculate $(A^{-1})_{ii}$ for an invertible hyperhermitian quaternionic matrix $A$?

The article Alesker, S. (2003). Quaternionic Monge-Ampere equations. The Journal of Geometric Analysis, 13(2), 205-238. has the following CLAIM: Claim. Let $A$ be an invertible hyperhermitian ...
1
vote
1answer
46 views

Integral elements of quaternion algebras with predescribed properties

In the course of doing some calculations I have found myself wanting to answer the following question: Let $D/\mathbb{Q}$ be a quaternion algebra ramified at a prime $p$ and at $\infty$ and let ...
1
vote
1answer
218 views

Diagonalization of Quaternion Hermitian matrices

How do I go about diagonalizing such a matrix. I ask because I need to sort out the following problem: Let $D$ be the quaternion algebra over $\mathbb{Q}$ with $i^2 = -1, j^2 = -11, ij=-ji=k$. ...
1
vote
1answer
151 views

regular quaternion functions of form f(q) =c + a*q*b + …

Hello, is it possible do somehow define regular function(in the way that some analogy to Cauchy integral formula would hold) over quaternions that function of form $$f(q)= \sum_{n=0}^\inf a_n q^n ...
1
vote
0answers
33 views

Find a common expression (parameterized by y = 1/2, 1 and 2) uniting three (rational) polynomials in k [closed]

I am seeking a common "simple" expression (preferably/presumably a sum of products of linear factors, or sum of products of low-degree factors) uniting the three polynomials (parameterized by ...
0
votes
1answer
106 views

Reference for compact operators in quaternionic Hilbert spaces

Have they been studied? In particular, what is the analogue of the Schmidt theorem for compact operators in Hilbert spaces? Helemskii A. Ya., Lectures and Exercises on Functional Analysis, Ch. 3, ...
0
votes
1answer
195 views

Representation quaternions as matrices

char F≠2, a,b invertable from F, A(a,b) - generalised quaternions. Using Artin–Wedderburn theorem there is a representation of them over F. I found representation as Q8 but it's not over F. So, how to ...
0
votes
1answer
780 views

Quaternion between two quaternions [closed]

Hello, I have an orientation P1 in a 3D space, represented as a quaternion [w x y z]. Then P1 is rotated using another quaternion (q1) with the formula ...
-1
votes
1answer
267 views

Can any quaternion be written in exponential form? [closed]

I am new to the topic of quaternions, but I have an excellent understanding of complex numbers and linear algebra. I read that unitary quaternions (or versors) can be written in the form: $q = ...