The quantum-mechanics tag has no wiki summary.

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### Where does a math person go to learn quantum mechanics?

My undergraduate advisor said something very interesting to me the other day; it was something like "not knowing quantum mechanics is like never having heard a symphony." I've been meaning to learn ...

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### Quantum mechanics formalism and C*-algebras

Many authors (e.g Landsman, Gleason) have stated that in quantum mechanics, the observables of a system can be taken to be the self-adjoint elements of an appropriate C*-algebra. However, many ...

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### Is the Mendeleev table explained in quantum mechanics?

Does anybody know if there exists a mathematical explanation of Mendeleev table in quantum mechanics? In some textbooks (for example in "F.A.Berezin, M.A.Shubin. The Schrödinger Equation") the authors ...

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### “psi-epistemic theories” in 3 or more dimensions

In their recent paper The Quantum State Can Be Interpreted Statistically, Lewis et al. end with a very nice mathematical question, one whose answer (either way) would have interesting implications for ...

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### How is the physical meaning of an irreducible representation justified?

This is maybe not an entirely mathematical question, but consider it a pedagogical question about representation theory if you want to avoid physics-y questions on MO.
I've been reading Singer's ...

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### Why is addition of observables in quantum mechanics commutative?

I am no expert in the field. I hope the question is suitable for MO.
Background/Motivation
I once followed a quantum mechanics course aimed at mathematicians. Instead of the usual motivations coming ...

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### Is Langlands reciprocity somehow analogous to the wave-particle duality of quantum mechanics?

Apologies for the vague question, and for the many inaccuracies (I am not a physicist and barely a number theorist).
In physics, there is the notion of gauge group of a field theory. The gauge group ...

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### Toy Models of Quantum Mechanics

Do toy models of quantum mechanics help us better understand "regular" quantum mechanics? For example, if we look at quantum mechanics over a finite field $F$ (e.g. $\mathbb{Z}_2$), can this lead to ...

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### On the periods in the periodic table (or Why is a noble gas stable?)

Added 22, November:
I've succeeded in making the question entirely unintelligible with all my additions.
So I thought I would summarize it in the simplest form I could manage and add it to the title. ...

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### A novice question on Quantum Mechanics

I'm currently working through Dirac's book The Principles of Quantum Mechanics. In it, he describes the nature of superpositions and at one point states:
"... if the ket vector corresponding to a ...

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### Reconciling two notions of geometric quantization.

Let $(M,\omega)$ be a compact symplectic manifold and $(L,\nabla)$ a prequantum line bundle. There are two schemes to quantize this data:
Choose a polarization $P$ of $M$ and define the quantum ...

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### Is zero a hydrogen eigenvalue?

This question has been bugging me for some time.
Take the hamiltonian for the hydrogen atom: $$\hat{H}=-\frac{1}{2}\nabla^2-\frac{1}{r},$$ acting on (a domain contained in) $L^2(\mathbb{R}^3)$. It is ...

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### Fixed point theorems and equiangular lines

I've been thinking about the equiangular lines (or SIC-POVM) conjecture, and my conclusion is that the best means of attack would be through some kind of fixed point theorem -- I'm thinking ...

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### What impact would P!=NP have on the characterization of BQP?

Many complexity theorists assume that $P\ne NP.$ If this is proved, how would it impact quantum computing and quantum algorithms? Would the proof immediately disallow quantum algorithms from ever ...

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### Set theoretical realizations of the hidden variables program in quantum mechanics

The hidden variables program in quantum mechanics has been largely discredited by two powerful theorems, namely those of Bell and Kochen/Specker. Nonetheless, this program retains a certain ...

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### Is quantum game theory reducible to classical game theory?

Quantum game theory is an extension of classical game theory to the quantum domain. It differs from classical game theory in three primary ways:
Superposed initial states,
Quantum ...

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### Noether's Theorem in Quantum Mechanics

In classical mechanics:
If a Lagrangian L is preserved by an infinitesimal change in the state space variables qi -> qi + εKi(q) leads to only second order change in the Lagrangian:
$$ 0 = ...

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### Classical Limit of Quantum Mechanics

There is a well-known principle that one can recover classical mechanics from quantum mechanics in the limit as $\hbar$ goes to zero. I am looking for the strongest statement one can make concerning ...

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### Is there an equivalent of Heisenberg's uncertainty principle in the decision sciences ?

From memories of a quantum mechanics class and Wikipedia:
In quantum mechanics, the uncertainty principle is any of a variety of mathematical inequalities asserting a fundamental limit to the ...

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### Resource for learning quantum mechanics from the viewpoint of representation theory

Quantum mechanics is deeply connected with representation theory. Therefore, I'm looking for a textbook or article which presents quantum mechanics in a representation theoretic manner. Could anyone ...

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### What is the relationship between algebraic geometry and quantum mechanics?

The basic relationship in algebraic geometry is between a variety and its ring of functions. Arguably a similarly basic relationship in quantum mechanics is between a state space and its algebra of ...

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### Wick rotation and the Riemann zeta function

The goal of this question is to conceptualize in some way the fact that the Riemann zeta function $\zeta(s)$, and other zeta functions like it, have analytic continuations.
Background
I have by now ...

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### Do quantum “Sure-Shor separators” have a natural Veronese/Segre classification? (question inspired by Gil Kalai and Aram Harrow)

Aram Harrow asked: "Is there any place this is written up?"
Update Partly in answer to Aram's question, the thermodynamical properties of varietal dynamical systems now are written-up in ...

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### Which functions are Wiener-integrable?

I'm looking for either a few precise mathematical statements about Wiener integrals, or a reference where I can find them.
Background
The Wiener integral is an analytic tool to define certain ...

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### Can the equation of motion with friction be written as Euler-Lagrange equation?

My (non-expert) impression is that many physically important equations of motion can be obtained as Euler-Lagrange equations. For example in quantum fields theories and in quantum mechanics quantum ...

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### Mathematical “proof” of the stability of atoms?

I am trying to find proofs of the stability of an atom, says, for simplicity, the hydrogen atom. There are positive answers and negative answers in various atom models.
The naive "solar system" model ...

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### What is the “Tangle” at the Heart of Quantum Simulation?

The following questions generalize and naturalize the question that was originally asked. Provisional answers largely due to Will Sawin are now included.
As was discussed in the question originally ...

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### Operator compression preserving lowest energy eigenspace.

I have a large ($10^6$ by $10^6$) sparse ($0.4$% nonzero) hermitian matrix $H$ arising from the discretization of an elliptic PDE. I would like to approximate $H$ with a smaller matrix $H'$ in such a ...

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### Intuitive meaning of Double Commutant Theorem

Is there any intuitive explanation of the Double Commutant Theorem for Von Neumann Algebras? By intuitive I mean in terms of Quantum Mechanics. For example, duality of states and observables in the ...

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### Does there exist a potential which realizes this strange quantum mechanical system?

I have done some courses on quantum mechanics and statistical mechanics in the past. Since I also do math, I wonder about converge issues which are usually not such a problem in physics. One of those ...

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### Uncertainty principle in Entropy terms

Math Questions:
Consider Hilbert space $L_2(\mathbb{R})$ with a standard norm
$
||\psi|| = ( \int_{\mathbb{R}}{ |\psi(t)|^2 dt } )^{1/2},
$
and Fourier transform
$
(F\psi)(\xi) =
...

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### Quantizations in quantum mechanics

Perhaps this is not an appropriate question for MO, but having just discovered this site I wanted to ask it.
Is there a rigorous definition as to what "a quantization" of a Hamiltonian dynamical ...

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### Quantization of a classical system (e.g. the case of a billard)

There has been already several questions asking for an introduction to quantum mechanics
for a mathematician, but this ons is slightly different, and more restrictive. I know (some)
quantum mechanics, ...

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### Quantum mechanics basics [closed]

Hello. I'm thinking about where does the basic quantum mechanics things comes from. I mean the forms of operators and a Shroedinger equation. The more intuitive explanation is better.
To get forms of ...

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### $\mathrm{Bessel}^3$ Integral

I'm trying to calculate the following integral:
$\int_0^\infty \mathrm{BesselJ}[l_0,k_0r] \cdot \mathrm{BesselJ}[l_1,k_1r] \cdot \mathrm{BesselJ}[l_0-l_1,kr] \cdot r\,dr$
($\mathrm{BesselJ}[n,x]$ is ...

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### Bounding a spectral gap: what proof techniques exist?

The following situation is ubiquitous in mathematical physics. Let
$\Lambda_N$
be a finite-size lattice with linear size
$N$. An typical example would be the subset of
...

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### Can the von Neumann entropy of a positive, positive semi-definite, and unit-trace density matrix with equal on-diagonal terms be bounded by equalizing all off-diagonal elements to their highest/lowest value?

Statement of problem
Consider the density matrix $M = (m_{i,j})$ in $d$-dimensions with all positive elements: $m_{i,j} > 0$. From physics, a density matrix is Hermitian, positive semi-definite, ...

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### Lovász function of the Möbius ladder

Quantum motivation
Noncontextuality inequalities (and in particular Bell inequalities) can be mapped into graphs, in such a way that its relevant properties can be calculated via some simple ...

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### Quantum channels as categories: question 1.

A quantum channel is a mapping between Hilbert spaces, $\Phi : L(\mathcal{H}_{A}) \to L(\mathcal{H}_{B})$, where $L(\mathcal{H}_{i})$ is the family of operators on $\mathcal{H}_{i}$. In general, we ...

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### Prequantization and Hilbert space

In the definition of pre-quantization on a symplectic manifold $(M,\omega)$, we represent a function $f\in C^{\infty}(M)$(with Lie algebra structure) to $\hat{f}$ in the Hilbert space $L^2(M,L,\mu)$ ...

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### C*-algebraic representation of observables vs self-adjoint operators one

I am trying to reconcile the "physicist" definition of an observable: self-adjoint operator on a Hilbert space, and the operational one as given by Strocchi in "An introduction to the mathematical ...

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### Space with 720° / not 2$\pi$ rotational symmetry?

Is there a space with a 720°, but no 360° rotational symmetry? Possibly one that can be mapped onto something more conventional like R(3) or R(3,1)?
The reason I am asking is because in quantum ...

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### Quantum probability experiment?

I am looking for an example (or definition) of a quantum probability experiment (if there is such a thing). Ideally it should have these properties:
Be purely mathematical; no mention of physics or ...

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### Topology on the space of Schwartz Distributions

If we equip the Schwartz space $\mathcal{S}$ with its usual Fréchet space topology, then the space of continuous linear functionals $\mathcal{S}^\ast$ is known as the space of Schwartz distributions ...

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### Classical Limit of Feynman Path Integral

I understand that in the limit that h_bar goes to zero, the Feynman path integral is dominated by the classical path, and then using the stationary phase approximation we can derive an approximation ...

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### First Quantization is a mystery… but de-quantizing perhaps not

There is an well-known infamous DICTUM:
-Second Quantization is a functor, First Quantization is a mystery-.
Indeed, second quantization is the "Fock functor", which builds the Fock space in a ...

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### Approximate analytic solution of Schroedinger equation with arbitrary power potential

I'm solving the following Schroedinger equation in the domain $r>0$
$\psi''(r) + \left(E-\frac{a}{r^b}\right)\psi(r)=0 $,
where $0 < b < 2$ and $a, E$ are positive constants. Primarily I'm ...

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### Certain partial integrations in quantum mechanics

In classical quantum mechanics (and specifically in the introductury texts on this topic) while calculating expectation values of certain operators in the Schrödinger approach we often have to do ...

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### What categorical mathematical structure(s) best describe the space of “localized events” in “relational quantum mechanics”?

In a recent (and to me, very beautiful) paper, entitled "Relational EPR",
Smerlak and Rovelli present a way of thinking about EPR which relies upon Rovelli's ...

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### A Theorem by Von Neumann, which pertains a product of two Hilbert Spaces

I'm writing my thesis on the EPR paradox (I want to continue my master degree in physics) but I'm having an unusual problem. One passage from the book I'm following at the moment justifies one ...