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6
votes
3answers
549 views

Some explanation about Dynin's formalism

I have seen this claim on the Wikipedia page for the Yang-Mills Millenium problem by Alexander Dynin. He is a mathematician working at the Department of Mathematics of Ohio State University and so, I ...
1
vote
1answer
109 views

Perturbation theory of eigenvalues - Effects of degeneracy/ multiplicity

In Quantum mechanics Schrödinger's perturbation theory is very important (see Wikipedia) which deals with perturbation of the discrete spectrum of a self-adjoint operator. Where can I find a ...
3
votes
0answers
132 views

Why is geometric quantization (esp. Berezin-Toeplitz quantization) interesting for a symplectic geometer/topologist?

I know that many symplectic geometers are interested in quantization as well. From what I understood, quantization isn't expected to be used as a tool to answer symplectic questions (as in ...
1
vote
3answers
183 views

How to evaluate the wiener measure of sets?

I would like to understand how the Wiener measure of some simple sets can be evaluated. I will sketch the construction of Wiener measure I have in mind: We denote the one point compactification of ...
5
votes
3answers
92 views

graded generalization of the Moyal–Weyl product

Has anyone written about the graded generalization of the Moyal–Weyl product/star product, that is, where the original algebra is already graded? Is it just a matter of signs?
2
votes
1answer
265 views

a question about geometric quantization background

I don't understand why for geometric description of a regular system, we take always the classical phase space as a symplectic manifold?
8
votes
2answers
566 views

Mathematical equivalent to ladder operators?

A powerful method in theoretical physics are ladder operators. They are used in QM to solve problems like the harmonic oscillator and the hydrogen atom. The idea is to solve with their help the ...
18
votes
0answers
515 views

conjectures regarding a new Renyi information quantity

In a recent paper http://arxiv.org/abs/1403.6102, we defined a quantity that we called the "Renyi conditional mutual information" and investigated several of its properties. We have some open ...
5
votes
3answers
855 views

Is there a useful generalization of the Schmidt decomposition to the tensoring together of 3 or more vector spaces?

I've rewritten the question in math notation, and I've left the old version in physics bra-ket notation here. Background A simple consequence of the singular value decomposition is that any vector ...
1
vote
0answers
106 views

The Moyal action of a planar vector field

Let $X=P\frac{\partial}{\partial x}+Q\frac{\partial}{\partial y}$ be a polynomial vector field on $\mathbb{R}^{2}$. Consider the following (Moyal) derivation on $\mathbb{C}[x,y]$: ...
4
votes
1answer
106 views

Closed form for 3j-symbol ratios

I am working on the spherical harmonic decomposition of cosmic microwave background maps, therefore I often deal with functions that are proportional to Wigner 3J symbols/Clebsch–Gordan ...
4
votes
2answers
141 views

Integrals of two Bessel functions of the first kind and a modified bessel function of the second kind

I'm searching for a suitable (hopefully simple enough) solution to the following form of integral: $$\int_0^\infty \mathrm{d}x~x^n J_\nu(a x) J_\nu(b x) K_\mu(c x) $$ Where $n$, $\nu$, and $\mu$ are ...
2
votes
2answers
162 views

Lie group about the quantum harmonic oscillator [closed]

We konw that in quantum harmonic oscillator $H=a^\dagger a$, $a^\dagger$, $a$, $1$ will span a Lie algebra, where $a, a^\dagger$ is annihilation and creation operator, $H$ is the Hamiltonian operator. ...
0
votes
0answers
85 views

Quantum Bayesian update and Bayesian update of a model category

We know that we can have internal categories in a model category. We also know that there is a notion of Quantum Bayesian update in a monoidal category. Does the Quantum Bayesian update (equation ...
5
votes
2answers
982 views

Space with 720° / not 2$\pi$ rotational symmetry?

Is there a space with a 720°, but no 360° rotational symmetry? Possibly one that can be mapped onto something more conventional like R(3) or R(3,1)? The reason I am asking is because in quantum ...
9
votes
1answer
534 views

Which functions are Wiener-integrable?

I'm looking for either a few precise mathematical statements about Wiener integrals, or a reference where I can find them. Background The Wiener integral is an analytic tool to define certain ...
1
vote
0answers
145 views

A “coarse” version of position operator and its properties

I am wondering if someone has ever studied the following operator in the context of quantum mechanics: $$Q : L^2(\mathbb{R}) \to L^2(\mathbb{R})$$ $$(Q f)(x) := s(x) f(x),$$ where $s(x)$ is the ...
1
vote
1answer
263 views

A question about complex polarization

Let $M$ be a symplectic manifold, Then a subbundle $P\subset TM^{\mathbf{C}}$ of the complexified tangent bundle is called a complex polarization if $P$ is Lagrangian P involutive dim$P\cap\bar P ...
1
vote
1answer
152 views

The set of leaves of the distribution $D$ on coadjoint orbit $O_{\mu}$

Let $G$ be a compact connected Lie group and $O_{\mu}$ be a coadjoint orbit where $\mu\in \mathfrak{g}^*$ and $\mathfrak{g}^*$ is the dual of the Lie algebra of $\mathfrak{g}=\mathrm{Lie}(G)$. Let ...
4
votes
2answers
207 views

A Theorem by Von Neumann, which pertains a product of two Hilbert Spaces

I'm writing my thesis on the EPR paradox (I want to continue my master degree in physics) but I'm having an unusual problem. One passage from the book I'm following at the moment justifies one ...
2
votes
1answer
82 views

Reference to complete derivation of Kossakowski–Lindblad equation and its steady solutions

Are there recommended textbook or good intro-reference to explain with complete stretch of Kossakowski–Lindblad equation especially how is the idea to derive it from ground? ...
6
votes
0answers
205 views

Lovász function of the Möbius ladder

Quantum motivation Noncontextuality inequalities (and in particular Bell inequalities) can be mapped into graphs, in such a way that its relevant properties can be calculated via some simple ...
10
votes
3answers
409 views

Resource for learning quantum mechanics from the viewpoint of representation theory

Quantum mechanics is deeply connected with representation theory. Therefore, I'm looking for a textbook or article which presents quantum mechanics in a representation theoretic manner. Could anyone ...
7
votes
2answers
311 views

$\mathrm{Bessel}^3$ Integral

I'm trying to calculate the following integral: $\int_0^\infty \mathrm{BesselJ}[l_0,k_0r] \cdot \mathrm{BesselJ}[l_1,k_1r] \cdot \mathrm{BesselJ}[l_0-l_1,kr] \cdot r\,dr$ ($\mathrm{BesselJ}[n,x]$ is ...
3
votes
1answer
121 views

Cardinality of the set of Boolean subalgbras of the lattice of projections on a Hilbert space.

A simple question I've managed to gey myself quite confused about. Given a Hilbert space H, what do we know about the cardinality of (a) the set P(H) of projection operators onto H (equivalently, ...
0
votes
1answer
179 views

Tensor product of generator of SU(n)

I'm doing research in quantum mechanics and got some trouble. Any help would be very much appreciated. Let $\{\lambda_j\}$ be the set of generator of $SU(n)$. Consider the operator: $K=\sum_j ...
9
votes
1answer
350 views

Do quantum “Sure-Shor separators” have a natural Veronese/Segre classification? (question inspired by Gil Kalai and Aram Harrow)

Aram Harrow asked: "Is there any place this is written up?" Update  Partly in answer to Aram's question, the thermodynamical properties of varietal dynamical systems now are written-up in ...
3
votes
1answer
77 views

Set of orthogonal simplexes or partial mutually unbiased bases

I am interested in the existence of a set of vectors $\{ v_{ij} \}_{ij} \subseteq \mathbb{C}^N$ for $i \in \{1,\dots,N\}$, $j \in \{1,\dots,N+1\}$ such that $\left\vert v^*_{ij} v_{ij'} \right\vert = ...
2
votes
1answer
81 views

An example to show that when $P$ is a complex polarization the subbundle $P+ \bar P$ is not necessarly involutive

I start my question with some motivation. A subbundle $P\subset TM^{\mathbf{C}}$ of the complexified tangent bundle is called a complex polarization if $P$ is Lagrangian P involutive dim$P\cap\bar ...
25
votes
2answers
823 views

Is Langlands reciprocity somehow analogous to the wave-particle duality of quantum mechanics?

Apologies for the vague question, and for the many inaccuracies (I am not a physicist and barely a number theorist). In physics, there is the notion of gauge group of a field theory. The gauge group ...
8
votes
4answers
682 views

Can the equation of motion with friction be written as Euler-Lagrange equation?

My (non-expert) impression is that many physically important equations of motion can be obtained as Euler-Lagrange equations. For example in quantum fields theories and in quantum mechanics quantum ...
2
votes
1answer
131 views

Eigenvalues of a matrix constructed with simple logic

If a matrix can be constructed with simple bit-logic operations, is it also possible to find Eigenvalues with logic? First I'll just say that my knowledge of logic is pretty much limited to ...
7
votes
1answer
954 views

What is the “Tangle” at the Heart of Quantum Simulation?

The following questions generalize and naturalize the question that was originally asked. Provisional answers largely due to Will Sawin are now included. As was discussed in the question originally ...
3
votes
0answers
77 views

Is there a known generalization of the Schmidt decomposition based on a maximal set of “locally orthogonal” vectors?

I came across the following unusual generalization of the Schmidt decomposition in my work, which I describe below. I would like to know if this structure has been studied before so I can read more ...
2
votes
1answer
586 views

Bounding the von Neumann entropy of a density matrix with the Hilbert-Schmidt norm

Question Suppose I have a $D$-dimensional density matrix $\rho_0$ $\rho_0^\dagger = \rho_0 \quad, \quad \mathrm{Tr} \rho_0 = 1 \quad, \quad \rho_0 > 0,$ with a known spectrum $\{\lambda_i^0\}$ ...
6
votes
2answers
319 views

C*-algebraic representation of observables vs self-adjoint operators one

I am trying to reconcile the "physicist" definition of an observable: self-adjoint operator on a Hilbert space, and the operational one as given by Strocchi in "An introduction to the mathematical ...
1
vote
0answers
58 views

Discretization model for Dirac equation in higher dimensions

I'm wondering if there are cases of discretization models (in lattices or graphs) that converge toward the non-linear Dirac equations? While there is a paper on the 2-d and 3-d cases ...
17
votes
8answers
1k views

A novice question on Quantum Mechanics

I'm currently working through Dirac's book The Principles of Quantum Mechanics. In it, he describes the nature of superpositions and at one point states: "... if the ket vector corresponding to a ...
5
votes
4answers
333 views

Prequantization and Hilbert space

In the definition of pre-quantization on a symplectic manifold $(M,\omega)$, we represent a function $f\in C^{\infty}(M)$(with Lie algebra structure) to $\hat{f}$ in the Hilbert space $L^2(M,L,\mu)$ ...
10
votes
2answers
459 views

Is quantum game theory reducible to classical game theory?

Quantum game theory is an extension of classical game theory to the quantum domain. It differs from classical game theory in three primary ways: Superposed initial states, Quantum ...
5
votes
2answers
214 views

Certain partial integrations in quantum mechanics

In classical quantum mechanics (and specifically in the introductury texts on this topic) while calculating expectation values of certain operators in the Schrödinger approach we often have to do ...
10
votes
2answers
761 views

Is there an equivalent of Heisenberg's uncertainty principle in the decision sciences ?

From memories of a quantum mechanics class and Wikipedia: In quantum mechanics, the uncertainty principle is any of a variety of mathematical inequalities asserting a fundamental limit to the ...
0
votes
1answer
124 views

Find a generalized hypergeometric-based function yielding certain ratios of fifth-degree polynomials

Find a (presumably, generalized hypergeometric-based function $f(n,a,k)$), yielding for $n=1, a=\frac{1}{2}$,the rational function (ratio of fifth-degree polynomials) \begin{equation} ...
2
votes
2answers
213 views

Existence of a projection operator onto a classical set of density matrices

I have a Hilbert space of quantum density matrices written in the Glauber-Sudarshan P representation - ie. we have coherent states $|\alpha \rangle$ and we write density matrices as $$ \rho = \int ...
1
vote
0answers
268 views

How to estimate the quantum fidelity between two given states

There is a well-known theorem, firstly obtained by Denes Petz, in quantum information theory, which is described as follows: $\mathbf{Theorem.}$ Let $\rho$ and $\sigma$ be two states on $\mathcal H$, ...
13
votes
1answer
275 views

Reconciling two notions of geometric quantization.

Let $(M,\omega)$ be a compact symplectic manifold and $(L,\nabla)$ a prequantum line bundle. There are two schemes to quantize this data: Choose a polarization $P$ of $M$ and define the quantum ...
24
votes
10answers
3k views

Toy Models of Quantum Mechanics

Do toy models of quantum mechanics help us better understand "regular" quantum mechanics? For example, if we look at quantum mechanics over a finite field $F$ (e.g. $\mathbb{Z}_2$), can this lead to ...
78
votes
41answers
24k views

Where does a math person go to learn quantum mechanics?

My undergraduate advisor said something very interesting to me the other day; it was something like "not knowing quantum mechanics is like never having heard a symphony." I've been meaning to learn ...
3
votes
1answer
129 views

Three body problem with point interactions

I've studied the HVZ theorem for the three body problem interacting with regular potentials. I'd like to extend this result to the three body problem with point interactions (delta potentials). Is ...
3
votes
1answer
229 views

Solvable models in quantum mechanics

Is there anyone who studied on the book "Solvable Models In Quantum Mechanics" by Albeverio? I don't succed in understanding the proof of page 116 about the eigenvalues of the Hamiltonian with point ...