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8
votes
4answers
2k views

Topology on the space of Schwartz Distributions

If we equip the Schwartz space $\mathcal{S}$ with its usual Fréchet space topology, then the space of continuous linear functionals $\mathcal{S}^\ast$ is known as the space of Schwartz distributions ...
-2
votes
0answers
29 views

How to find wave function by scattering data [closed]

How to find wave function for the two-dimensional cartesian coordinates(coordinate and time), if the potential function is unknown?
19
votes
0answers
616 views

conjectures regarding a new Renyi information quantity

In a recent paper http://arxiv.org/abs/1403.6102, we defined a quantity that we called the "Renyi conditional mutual information" and investigated several of its properties. We have some open ...
6
votes
0answers
127 views

From 3-framings on $\Sigma$ to $\mathrm{Spin}^c$-structures on $\mathrm{Loc}_G(\Sigma)$?

Here is my question, below that some motivation: For $G$ a compact abelian Lie group and $\Sigma$ a surface, with $M_G = \mathrm{Loc}_G(\Sigma)$ denoting the space of flat $G$-connections on $\Sigma$ ...
4
votes
0answers
59 views

$q$-deformations of fundamental equation of information and entropies

Classical information theory: fundamental equation of information In classical information theory, the information $I(A)$ of an event $A$ (any element of the $\sigma$-algebra $\mathcal F$ of a ...
10
votes
4answers
768 views

Can the equation of motion with friction be written as Euler-Lagrange equation, and does it have a quantum version?

My (non-expert) impression is that many physically important equations of motion can be obtained as Euler-Lagrange equations. For example in quantum fields theories and in quantum mechanics quantum ...
2
votes
1answer
344 views

a question about geometric quantization background

I don't understand why for geometric description of a regular system, we take always the classical phase space as a symplectic manifold?
3
votes
2answers
59 views

Proof the solution of von Neumann equation will fluctuate forever if Hamiltonian and initial density matrix does not commute

Given von Neumann equation $$\frac{d}{dt} \rho(t) = -i [H, \rho(t)] = -i e^{-iHt}[H, \rho(0)]e^{iHt}.$$ If we know that $[H, \rho(0)] \neq 0$, how do we prove that the solution will fluctuate ...
6
votes
3answers
583 views

Some explanation about Dynin's formalism

I have seen this claim on the Wikipedia page for the Yang-Mills Millenium problem by Alexander Dynin. He is a mathematician working at the Department of Mathematics of Ohio State University and so, I ...
1
vote
1answer
124 views

Perturbation theory of eigenvalues - Effects of degeneracy/ multiplicity

In Quantum mechanics Schrödinger's perturbation theory is very important (see Wikipedia) which deals with perturbation of the discrete spectrum of a self-adjoint operator. Where can I find a ...
3
votes
0answers
145 views

Why is geometric quantization (esp. Berezin-Toeplitz quantization) interesting for a symplectic geometer/topologist?

I know that many symplectic geometers are interested in quantization as well. From what I understood, quantization isn't expected to be used as a tool to answer symplectic questions (as in ...
1
vote
3answers
196 views

How to evaluate the wiener measure of sets?

I would like to understand how the Wiener measure of some simple sets can be evaluated. I will sketch the construction of Wiener measure I have in mind: We denote the one point compactification of ...
5
votes
3answers
100 views

graded generalization of the Moyal–Weyl product

Has anyone written about the graded generalization of the Moyal–Weyl product/star product, that is, where the original algebra is already graded? Is it just a matter of signs?
8
votes
2answers
581 views

Mathematical equivalent to ladder operators?

A powerful method in theoretical physics are ladder operators. They are used in QM to solve problems like the harmonic oscillator and the hydrogen atom. The idea is to solve with their help the ...
5
votes
3answers
867 views

Is there a useful generalization of the Schmidt decomposition to the tensoring together of 3 or more vector spaces?

I've rewritten the question in math notation, and I've left the old version in physics bra-ket notation here. Background A simple consequence of the singular value decomposition is that any vector ...
1
vote
0answers
109 views

The Moyal action of a planar vector field

Let $X=P\frac{\partial}{\partial x}+Q\frac{\partial}{\partial y}$ be a polynomial vector field on $\mathbb{R}^{2}$. Consider the following (Moyal) derivation on $\mathbb{C}[x,y]$: ...
4
votes
1answer
108 views

Closed form for 3j-symbol ratios

I am working on the spherical harmonic decomposition of cosmic microwave background maps, therefore I often deal with functions that are proportional to Wigner 3J symbols/Clebsch–Gordan ...
4
votes
2answers
152 views

Integrals of two Bessel functions of the first kind and a modified bessel function of the second kind

I'm searching for a suitable (hopefully simple enough) solution to the following form of integral: $$\int_0^\infty \mathrm{d}x~x^n J_\nu(a x) J_\nu(b x) K_\mu(c x) $$ Where $n$, $\nu$, and $\mu$ are ...
2
votes
2answers
175 views

Lie group about the quantum harmonic oscillator [closed]

We konw that in quantum harmonic oscillator $H=a^\dagger a$, $a^\dagger$, $a$, $1$ will span a Lie algebra, where $a, a^\dagger$ is annihilation and creation operator, $H$ is the Hamiltonian operator. ...
0
votes
0answers
85 views

Quantum Bayesian update and Bayesian update of a model category

We know that we can have internal categories in a model category. We also know that there is a notion of Quantum Bayesian update in a monoidal category. Does the Quantum Bayesian update (equation ...
5
votes
2answers
999 views

Space with 720° / not 2$\pi$ rotational symmetry?

Is there a space with a 720°, but no 360° rotational symmetry? Possibly one that can be mapped onto something more conventional like R(3) or R(3,1)? The reason I am asking is because in quantum ...
9
votes
1answer
541 views

Which functions are Wiener-integrable?

I'm looking for either a few precise mathematical statements about Wiener integrals, or a reference where I can find them. Background The Wiener integral is an analytic tool to define certain ...
1
vote
0answers
146 views

A “coarse” version of position operator and its properties

I am wondering if someone has ever studied the following operator in the context of quantum mechanics: $$Q : L^2(\mathbb{R}) \to L^2(\mathbb{R})$$ $$(Q f)(x) := s(x) f(x),$$ where $s(x)$ is the ...
1
vote
1answer
268 views

A question about complex polarization

Let $M$ be a symplectic manifold, Then a subbundle $P\subset TM^{\mathbf{C}}$ of the complexified tangent bundle is called a complex polarization if $P$ is Lagrangian P involutive dim$P\cap\bar P ...
1
vote
1answer
154 views

The set of leaves of the distribution $D$ on coadjoint orbit $O_{\mu}$

Let $G$ be a compact connected Lie group and $O_{\mu}$ be a coadjoint orbit where $\mu\in \mathfrak{g}^*$ and $\mathfrak{g}^*$ is the dual of the Lie algebra of $\mathfrak{g}=\mathrm{Lie}(G)$. Let ...
4
votes
2answers
207 views

A Theorem by Von Neumann, which pertains a product of two Hilbert Spaces

I'm writing my thesis on the EPR paradox (I want to continue my master degree in physics) but I'm having an unusual problem. One passage from the book I'm following at the moment justifies one ...
2
votes
1answer
89 views

Reference to complete derivation of Kossakowski–Lindblad equation and its steady solutions

Are there recommended textbook or good intro-reference to explain with complete stretch of Kossakowski–Lindblad equation especially how is the idea to derive it from ground? ...
6
votes
0answers
209 views

Lovász function of the Möbius ladder

Quantum motivation Noncontextuality inequalities (and in particular Bell inequalities) can be mapped into graphs, in such a way that its relevant properties can be calculated via some simple ...
10
votes
3answers
418 views

Resource for learning quantum mechanics from the viewpoint of representation theory

Quantum mechanics is deeply connected with representation theory. Therefore, I'm looking for a textbook or article which presents quantum mechanics in a representation theoretic manner. Could anyone ...
7
votes
2answers
316 views

$\mathrm{Bessel}^3$ Integral

I'm trying to calculate the following integral: $\int_0^\infty \mathrm{BesselJ}[l_0,k_0r] \cdot \mathrm{BesselJ}[l_1,k_1r] \cdot \mathrm{BesselJ}[l_0-l_1,kr] \cdot r\,dr$ ($\mathrm{BesselJ}[n,x]$ is ...
3
votes
1answer
122 views

Cardinality of the set of Boolean subalgbras of the lattice of projections on a Hilbert space.

A simple question I've managed to gey myself quite confused about. Given a Hilbert space H, what do we know about the cardinality of (a) the set P(H) of projection operators onto H (equivalently, ...
0
votes
1answer
193 views

Tensor product of generator of SU(n)

I'm doing research in quantum mechanics and got some trouble. Any help would be very much appreciated. Let $\{\lambda_j\}$ be the set of generator of $SU(n)$. Consider the operator: $K=\sum_j ...
9
votes
1answer
355 views

Do quantum “Sure-Shor separators” have a natural Veronese/Segre classification? (question inspired by Gil Kalai and Aram Harrow)

Aram Harrow asked: "Is there any place this is written up?" Update  Partly in answer to Aram's question, the thermodynamical properties of varietal dynamical systems now are written-up in ...
3
votes
1answer
78 views

Set of orthogonal simplexes or partial mutually unbiased bases

I am interested in the existence of a set of vectors $\{ v_{ij} \}_{ij} \subseteq \mathbb{C}^N$ for $i \in \{1,\dots,N\}$, $j \in \{1,\dots,N+1\}$ such that $\left\vert v^*_{ij} v_{ij'} \right\vert = ...
2
votes
1answer
83 views

An example to show that when $P$ is a complex polarization the subbundle $P+ \bar P$ is not necessarly involutive

I start my question with some motivation. A subbundle $P\subset TM^{\mathbf{C}}$ of the complexified tangent bundle is called a complex polarization if $P$ is Lagrangian P involutive dim$P\cap\bar ...
25
votes
2answers
834 views

Is Langlands reciprocity somehow analogous to the wave-particle duality of quantum mechanics?

Apologies for the vague question, and for the many inaccuracies (I am not a physicist and barely a number theorist). In physics, there is the notion of gauge group of a field theory. The gauge group ...
2
votes
1answer
134 views

Eigenvalues of a matrix constructed with simple logic

If a matrix can be constructed with simple bit-logic operations, is it also possible to find Eigenvalues with logic? First I'll just say that my knowledge of logic is pretty much limited to ...
7
votes
1answer
964 views

What is the “Tangle” at the Heart of Quantum Simulation?

The following questions generalize and naturalize the question that was originally asked. Provisional answers largely due to Will Sawin are now included. As was discussed in the question originally ...
3
votes
0answers
79 views

Is there a known generalization of the Schmidt decomposition based on a maximal set of “locally orthogonal” vectors?

I came across the following unusual generalization of the Schmidt decomposition in my work, which I describe below. I would like to know if this structure has been studied before so I can read more ...
2
votes
1answer
594 views

Bounding the von Neumann entropy of a density matrix with the Hilbert-Schmidt norm

Question Suppose I have a $D$-dimensional density matrix $\rho_0$ $\rho_0^\dagger = \rho_0 \quad, \quad \mathrm{Tr} \rho_0 = 1 \quad, \quad \rho_0 > 0,$ with a known spectrum $\{\lambda_i^0\}$ ...
6
votes
2answers
339 views

C*-algebraic representation of observables vs self-adjoint operators one

I am trying to reconcile the "physicist" definition of an observable: self-adjoint operator on a Hilbert space, and the operational one as given by Strocchi in "An introduction to the mathematical ...
1
vote
0answers
59 views

Discretization model for Dirac equation in higher dimensions

I'm wondering if there are cases of discretization models (in lattices or graphs) that converge toward the non-linear Dirac equations? While there is a paper on the 2-d and 3-d cases ...
17
votes
8answers
1k views

A novice question on Quantum Mechanics

I'm currently working through Dirac's book The Principles of Quantum Mechanics. In it, he describes the nature of superpositions and at one point states: "... if the ket vector corresponding to a ...
5
votes
4answers
334 views

Prequantization and Hilbert space

In the definition of pre-quantization on a symplectic manifold $(M,\omega)$, we represent a function $f\in C^{\infty}(M)$(with Lie algebra structure) to $\hat{f}$ in the Hilbert space $L^2(M,L,\mu)$ ...
10
votes
2answers
464 views

Is quantum game theory reducible to classical game theory?

Quantum game theory is an extension of classical game theory to the quantum domain. It differs from classical game theory in three primary ways: Superposed initial states, Quantum ...
5
votes
2answers
217 views

Certain partial integrations in quantum mechanics

In classical quantum mechanics (and specifically in the introductury texts on this topic) while calculating expectation values of certain operators in the Schrödinger approach we often have to do ...
10
votes
2answers
810 views

Is there an equivalent of Heisenberg's uncertainty principle in the decision sciences ?

From memories of a quantum mechanics class and Wikipedia: In quantum mechanics, the uncertainty principle is any of a variety of mathematical inequalities asserting a fundamental limit to the ...
0
votes
1answer
125 views

Find a generalized hypergeometric-based function yielding certain ratios of fifth-degree polynomials

Find a (presumably, generalized hypergeometric-based function $f(n,a,k)$), yielding for $n=1, a=\frac{1}{2}$,the rational function (ratio of fifth-degree polynomials) \begin{equation} ...
2
votes
2answers
219 views

Existence of a projection operator onto a classical set of density matrices

I have a Hilbert space of quantum density matrices written in the Glauber-Sudarshan P representation - ie. we have coherent states $|\alpha \rangle$ and we write density matrices as $$ \rho = \int ...
1
vote
0answers
282 views

How to estimate the quantum fidelity between two given states

There is a well-known theorem, firstly obtained by Denes Petz, in quantum information theory, which is described as follows: $\mathbf{Theorem.}$ Let $\rho$ and $\sigma$ be two states on $\mathcal H$, ...