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3
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2answers
818 views

Spectral decomposition for an arbitrary linear combination of position and momentum operators

Suppose we have the Hilbert space L2(Rn) and we have n operators Qi and n operators Pi defined in the usual way by: Qi ψ(q1,q2,...,qn) = qi ψ(q1,q2,...,qn) Pi ψ(q1,q2,...,qn) = -i ...
2
votes
6answers
2k views

Functional Analysis and its relation to mechanics

Hi I'm currently learning Hamiltonian and Lagrangian Mechanics (which I think also encompasses the calculus of variations) and I've also grown interested in functional analysis. I'm wondering if there ...
11
votes
1answer
631 views

Set theoretical realizations of the hidden variables program in quantum mechanics

The hidden variables program in quantum mechanics has been largely discredited by two powerful theorems, namely those of Bell and Kochen/Specker. Nonetheless, this program retains a certain ...
3
votes
1answer
463 views

What is the entropy of a density matrix which is the sum of two unitarily equivalent projectors?

Construction Suppose I have a density matrix $\rho$ which is proportional to a projector $P$ formed by tensoring together $N$ small projectors $P^{(i)}$ of rank 2: $P^{(i)} = |a\rangle_i\langle a| + ...
6
votes
3answers
632 views

Bounding a spectral gap: what proof techniques exist?

The following situation is ubiquitous in mathematical physics. Let $\Lambda_N$ be a finite-size lattice with linear size $N$. An typical example would be the subset of ...
3
votes
2answers
443 views

Simultaneous time-frequency concentration of orthonormal sequences?

Does there exist an orthonormal basis of square-integrable functions (either $L^2(\mathbb{R})$ or $L^2(\mathbb{C})$) such that the sequence of functions has bounded variance, and also the sequence ...
25
votes
9answers
4k views

How is the physical meaning of an irreducible representation justified?

This is maybe not an entirely mathematical question, but consider it a pedagogical question about representation theory if you want to avoid physics-y questions on MO. I've been reading Singer's ...
9
votes
1answer
591 views

Which functions are Wiener-integrable?

I'm looking for either a few precise mathematical statements about Wiener integrals, or a reference where I can find them. Background The Wiener integral is an analytic tool to define certain ...
0
votes
1answer
239 views

The Quantum Operations On The Bipartite Systems

Given two distinct and noninteracting quantum mechanical systems $\mathfrak{S}\_1$ and $\mathfrak{S}\_2$ with state spaces $\mathcal H\_1$ and $\mathcal H\_2$, respectively, the state space of the ...
24
votes
6answers
2k views

Why is addition of observables in quantum mechanics commutative?

I am no expert in the field. I hope the question is suitable for MO. Background/Motivation I once followed a quantum mechanics course aimed at mathematicians. Instead of the usual motivations coming ...
1
vote
0answers
603 views

Tensor products as isomorphic functors in category theory

An earlier question that I posed sought to define a category with a set of quantum channels as arrows and the C$^{*}$-algebra that these channels map from and to as the object. So, for example, my ...
5
votes
4answers
627 views

Quantum channels as categories: question 1.

A quantum channel is a mapping between Hilbert spaces, $\Phi : L(\mathcal{H}_{A}) \to L(\mathcal{H}_{B})$, where $L(\mathcal{H}_{i})$ is the family of operators on $\mathcal{H}_{i}$. In general, we ...
2
votes
3answers
531 views

Are the Gell-Mann matrices extremal when used as Kraus operators for a quantum channel?

Landau and Streater proved that a set of Kraus operators, Ai, is extremal if and only if the set $\{A_{k}^{\dagger}A_{l}\}_{k,l \ldots N}$ are linearly independent. I have seen very convincing ...
10
votes
2answers
2k views

Noether's Theorem in Quantum Mechanics

In classical mechanics: If a Lagrangian L is preserved by an infinitesimal change in the state space variables qi -> qi + εKi(q) leads to only second order change in the Lagrangian: $$ 0 = ...
9
votes
3answers
2k views

What is the relationship between algebraic geometry and quantum mechanics?

The basic relationship in algebraic geometry is between a variety and its ring of functions. Arguably a similarly basic relationship in quantum mechanics is between a state space and its algebra of ...
83
votes
41answers
26k views

Where does a math person go to learn quantum mechanics?

My undergraduate advisor said something very interesting to me the other day; it was something like "not knowing quantum mechanics is like never having heard a symphony." I've been meaning to learn ...