The quantum-mechanics tag has no wiki summary.

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### Witten index non-trivial in the context of Quantum Mechanics?

Let $H$ be a self-adjoint Hamiltonian and $H$ admits a decomposition into closed operators $D,D^*$, such that we have $H = D^*D$.
I will now consider the one-dimensional case on a compact set:
So ...

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### “Semiclassical approximation” in random matrix theory

I am reading Planar Diagrams by Brezin, Parisi, Itzykson and Zuber. If you specialize the discussion in section 5 there we seem to derive the eigenvalue distribution of $N \times N$ random Hermitian ...

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### translation invariance of the Laughlin wave function

This is a translation into math of the following question, posted on PhysicsOverflow.
Let $H:=L^2(\mathbb C)$.
For every $N$, let $\psi_N\in\Lambda^N H\cong (L^2(\mathbb C^N))^{S_N}$ be the function
...

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### Second order term of the Fedosov quantised product

In Fedosov's version of quantisation of functions on a symplectic manifold, the product is given in terms of a symplectic connection. I have looked through Fedosov's book in deformation quantisation, ...

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### Average entropy of quantum system in bipartite pure state for finite temperature

[I got halfway through writing this when I found the paper that answers the question in (essentially) the affirmative. I'll post it anyways in case anyone is interested.]
Background: If a random ...

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### When does an orthomodular projection lattice have a non-trivial centre?

When does an orthomodular lattice $L$ of projections onto a given Hilbert space have a non-trivial centre $Z(L)$ and what can we generally say about the cardinality of $Z(L)$?

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### From 3-framings on $\Sigma$ to $\mathrm{Spin}^c$-structures on $\mathrm{Loc}_G(\Sigma)$?

Here is my question, below that some motivation:
For $G$ a compact abelian Lie group and $\Sigma$ a surface, with $M_G = \mathrm{Loc}_G(\Sigma)$ denoting the space of flat $G$-connections on $\Sigma$ ...

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### $q$-deformations of fundamental equation of information and entropies

Classical information theory: fundamental equation of information
In classical information theory, the information $I(A)$ of an event $A$ (any element of the $\sigma$-algebra $\mathcal F$ of a ...

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### Proof the solution of von Neumann equation will fluctuate forever if Hamiltonian and initial density matrix does not commute

Given von Neumann equation
$$\frac{d}{dt} \rho(t) = -i [H, \rho(t)] = -i e^{-iHt}[H, \rho(0)]e^{iHt}.$$
If we know that $[H, \rho(0)] \neq 0$, how do we prove that the solution will fluctuate ...

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### Perturbation theory of eigenvalues - Effects of degeneracy/ multiplicity

In Quantum mechanics Schrödinger's perturbation theory is very important (see Wikipedia) which deals with perturbation of the discrete spectrum of a self-adjoint operator.
Where can I find a ...

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### Why is geometric quantization (esp. Berezin-Toeplitz quantization) interesting for a symplectic geometer/topologist?

I know that many symplectic geometers are interested in quantization as well.
From what I understood, quantization isn't expected to be used as a tool to answer symplectic questions (as in ...

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### graded generalization of the Moyal–Weyl product

Has anyone written about the graded generalization of the Moyal–Weyl product/star product, that is, where the original algebra is already graded? Is it just a matter of signs?

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### Some explanation about Dynin's formalism

I have seen this claim on the Wikipedia page for the Yang-Mills Millenium problem by Alexander Dynin. He is a mathematician working at the Department of Mathematics of Ohio State University and so, I ...

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### How to evaluate the wiener measure of sets?

I would like to understand how the Wiener measure of some simple sets can be evaluated.
I will sketch the construction of Wiener measure I have in mind:
We denote the one point compactification of ...

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### conjectures regarding a new Renyi information quantity

In a recent paper http://arxiv.org/abs/1403.6102, we defined a quantity that we called the "Renyi conditional mutual information" and investigated several of its properties. We have some open ...

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### The Moyal action of a planar vector field

Let $X=P\frac{\partial}{\partial x}+Q\frac{\partial}{\partial y}$ be a polynomial vector field on $\mathbb{R}^{2}$. Consider the following (Moyal) operator on $\mathbb{C}[x,y]$:
...

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### Mathematical equivalent to ladder operators?

A powerful method in theoretical physics are ladder operators. They are used in QM to solve problems like the harmonic oscillator and the hydrogen atom. The idea is to solve with their help the ...

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### Integrals of two Bessel functions of the first kind and a modified bessel function of the second kind

I'm searching for a suitable (hopefully simple enough) solution to the following form of integral:
$$\int_0^\infty \mathrm{d}x~x^n J_\nu(a x) J_\nu(b x) K_\mu(c x) $$
Where $n$, $\nu$, and $\mu$ are ...

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### Lie group about the quantum harmonic oscillator [closed]

We konw that in quantum harmonic oscillator $H=a^\dagger a$, $a^\dagger$, $a$, $1$ will span a Lie algebra, where $a, a^\dagger$ is annihilation and creation operator, $H$ is the Hamiltonian operator. ...

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### Quantum Bayesian update and Bayesian update of a model category

We know that we can have internal categories in a model category. We also know that there is a notion of Quantum Bayesian update in a monoidal category. Does the Quantum Bayesian update (equation ...

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### A “coarse” version of position operator and its properties

I am wondering if someone has ever studied the following operator in the context of quantum mechanics:
$$Q : L^2(\mathbb{R}) \to L^2(\mathbb{R})$$
$$(Q f)(x) := s(x) f(x),$$
where $s(x)$ is the ...

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### A question about complex polarization

Let $M$ be a symplectic manifold, Then a subbundle $P\subset TM^{\mathbf{C}}$ of the complexified tangent bundle is called a complex polarization if
$P$ is Lagrangian
P involutive
dim$P\cap\bar P ...

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### The set of leaves of the distribution $D$ on coadjoint orbit $O_{\mu}$

Let $G$ be a compact connected Lie group and $O_{\mu}$ be a coadjoint orbit where $\mu\in \mathfrak{g}^*$ and $\mathfrak{g}^*$ is the dual of the Lie algebra of $\mathfrak{g}=\mathrm{Lie}(G)$. Let ...

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### A Theorem by Von Neumann, which pertains a product of two Hilbert Spaces

I'm writing my thesis on the EPR paradox (I want to continue my master degree in physics) but I'm having an unusual problem. One passage from the book I'm following at the moment justifies one ...

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### Closed form for 3j-symbol ratios

I am working on the spherical harmonic decomposition of cosmic microwave background maps, therefore I often deal with functions that are proportional to Wigner 3J symbols/Clebsch–Gordan ...

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### Reference to complete derivation of Kossakowski–Lindblad equation and its steady solutions

Are there recommended textbook or good intro-reference to explain with complete stretch of Kossakowski–Lindblad equation especially how is the idea to derive it from ground?
...

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### Resource for learning quantum mechanics from the viewpoint of representation theory

Quantum mechanics is deeply connected with representation theory. Therefore, I'm looking for a textbook or article which presents quantum mechanics in a representation theoretic manner. Could anyone ...

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### Cardinality of the set of Boolean subalgbras of the lattice of projections on a Hilbert space.

A simple question I've managed to gey myself quite confused about.
Given a Hilbert space H, what do we know about the cardinality of
(a) the set P(H) of projection operators onto H (equivalently, ...

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### Tensor product of generator of SU(n)

I'm doing research in quantum mechanics and got some trouble. Any help would be very much appreciated.
Let $\{\lambda_j\}$ be the set of generator of $SU(n)$. Consider the operator:
$K=\sum_j ...

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### $\mathrm{Bessel}^3$ Integral

I'm trying to calculate the following integral:
$\int_0^\infty \mathrm{BesselJ}[l_0,k_0r] \cdot \mathrm{BesselJ}[l_1,k_1r] \cdot \mathrm{BesselJ}[l_0-l_1,kr] \cdot r\,dr$
($\mathrm{BesselJ}[n,x]$ is ...

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### An example to show that when $P$ is a complex polarization the subbundle $P+ \bar P$ is not necessarly involutive

I start my question with some motivation. A subbundle $P\subset TM^{\mathbf{C}}$ of the complexified tangent bundle is called a complex polarization if
$P$ is Lagrangian
P involutive
dim$P\cap\bar ...

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### Set of orthogonal simplexes or partial mutually unbiased bases

I am interested in the existence of a set of vectors $\{ v_{ij} \}_{ij} \subseteq \mathbb{C}^N$ for $i \in \{1,\dots,N\}$, $j \in \{1,\dots,N+1\}$ such that $\left\vert v^*_{ij} v_{ij'} \right\vert = ...

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### Is Langlands reciprocity somehow analogous to the wave-particle duality of quantum mechanics?

Apologies for the vague question, and for the many inaccuracies (I am not a physicist and barely a number theorist).
In physics, there is the notion of gauge group of a field theory. The gauge group ...

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### Eigenvalues of a matrix constructed with simple logic

If a matrix can be constructed with simple bit-logic operations, is it also possible to find Eigenvalues with logic?
First I'll just say that my knowledge of logic is pretty much limited to ...

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### Do quantum “Sure-Shor separators” have a natural Veronese/Segre classification? (question inspired by Gil Kalai and Aram Harrow)

Aram Harrow asked: "Is there any place this is written up?"
Update Partly in answer to Aram's question, the thermodynamical properties of varietal dynamical systems now are written-up in ...

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### a question about geometric quantization background

I don't understand why for geometric description of a regular system, we take always the classical phase space as a symplectic manifold?

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### Can the equation of motion with friction be written as Euler-Lagrange equation, and does it have a quantum version?

My (non-expert) impression is that many physically important equations of motion can be obtained as Euler-Lagrange equations. For example in quantum fields theories and in quantum mechanics quantum ...

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### Is there a known generalization of the Schmidt decomposition based on a maximal set of “locally orthogonal” vectors?

I came across the following unusual generalization of the Schmidt decomposition in my work, which I describe below. I would like to know if this structure has been studied before so I can read more ...

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### What is the “Tangle” at the Heart of Quantum Simulation?

The following questions generalize and naturalize the question that was originally asked. Provisional answers largely due to Will Sawin are now included.
As was discussed in the question originally ...

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### Discretization model for Dirac equation in higher dimensions

I'm wondering if there are cases of discretization models (in lattices or graphs) that converge toward the non-linear Dirac equations? While there is a paper on the 2-d and 3-d cases ...

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### C*-algebraic representation of observables vs self-adjoint operators one

I am trying to reconcile the "physicist" definition of an observable: self-adjoint operator on a Hilbert space, and the operational one as given by Strocchi in "An introduction to the mathematical ...

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### Prequantization and Hilbert space

In the definition of pre-quantization on a symplectic manifold $(M,\omega)$, we represent a function $f\in C^{\infty}(M)$(with Lie algebra structure) to $\hat{f}$ in the Hilbert space $L^2(M,L,\mu)$ ...

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### Is quantum game theory reducible to classical game theory?

Quantum game theory is an extension of classical game theory to the quantum domain. It differs from classical game theory in three primary ways:
Superposed initial states,
Quantum ...

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### Certain partial integrations in quantum mechanics

In classical quantum mechanics (and specifically in the introductury texts on this topic) while calculating expectation values of certain operators in the Schrödinger approach we often have to do ...

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### Find a generalized hypergeometric-based function yielding certain ratios of fifth-degree polynomials

Find a (presumably, generalized hypergeometric-based function $f(n,a,k)$), yielding for $n=1, a=\frac{1}{2}$,the rational function (ratio of fifth-degree polynomials)
\begin{equation}
...

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### Is there an equivalent of Heisenberg's uncertainty principle in the decision sciences ?

From memories of a quantum mechanics class and Wikipedia:
In quantum mechanics, the uncertainty principle is any of a variety of mathematical inequalities asserting a fundamental limit to the ...

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### Existence of a projection operator onto a classical set of density matrices

I have a Hilbert space of quantum density matrices written in the Glauber-Sudarshan P representation - ie. we have coherent states $|\alpha \rangle$ and we write density matrices as
$$ \rho = \int ...

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### Reconciling two notions of geometric quantization.

Let $(M,\omega)$ be a compact symplectic manifold and $(L,\nabla)$ a prequantum line bundle. There are two schemes to quantize this data:
Choose a polarization $P$ of $M$ and define the quantum ...

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### How to estimate the quantum fidelity between two given states

There is a well-known theorem, firstly obtained by Denes Petz, in quantum information theory, which is described as follows:
$\mathbf{Theorem.}$ Let $\rho$ and $\sigma$ be two states on $\mathcal H$, ...

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### Three body problem with point interactions

I've studied the HVZ theorem for the three body problem interacting with regular potentials. I'd like to extend this result to the three body problem with point interactions (delta potentials).
Is ...