Questions about algebraic structures known as quantum groups, and their categories of representations. Quasitriangular Hopf algebras and their Drinfel'd twists, triangular Hopf algebras, $C^\star$ quantum groups, h-adic quantum groups, various semisimplified categories at roots of unity which are ...

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44
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4answers
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Why hasn't anyone proved that the two standard approaches to quantizing Chern-Simons theory are equivalent?

The two standard approaches to the quantization of Chern-Simons theory are geometric quantization of character varieties, and quantum groups plus skein theory. These two approaches were both first ...
31
votes
5answers
3k views

Groups, quantum groups and (fill in the blank)

In the study of special functions there are three levels of objects, classical, basic and elliptic. These correspond to classical hypergeometric functions, basic (q-) hypergeometric functions, and ...
24
votes
1answer
1k views

Does the quantum subgroup of quantum su_2 called E_8 have anything at all to do with the Lie algebra E_8?

The ordinary McKay correspondence relates the subgroups of SU(2) to the affine ADE Dynkin diagrams. The correspondence is that the vertices correspond to irreducible representations of the subgroup, ...
22
votes
2answers
2k views

When does Lusztig's canonical basis have non-positive structure coefficients?

I've heard asserted in talks quite a few times that Lusztig's canonical basis for irreducible representations is known to not always have positive structure coefficents for the action of $E_i$ and ...
22
votes
3answers
641 views

What's the state of affairs concerning the identification between quantum group reps at root of unity, and positive energy affine Lie algebra reps?

In his paper [1], Finkelberg used Kazhdan-Lusztig's massive work [4,5,6,7,8] to prove that $Rep^{ss}(U_q\mathfrak g)$ (the semisimplification of the category of finite dimensional reps of ...
21
votes
6answers
2k views

Why Drinfel'd-Jimbo-type Quantum Groups?

Hopf algebras are pretty easy to motivate, as a not-necessarily-commutative generalization of the ring of functions on an algebraic group (and there are many other ways in which they come up). I like ...
21
votes
2answers
672 views

quantum groups… not via presentations

Given a semisimple Lie algebra $\mathfrak g$ with Cartan matrix $a_{ij}$, the quantum group $U_q(\mathfrak g)$ is usually defined as the $\mathbb Q(q)$-algebra with generators $K_i$, $E_i$, $F_i$ (the ...
20
votes
6answers
1k views

Is there a q-analog to the braid group?

The braid group $B_n$ on $n$ strands fits into a short exact sequence of groups: $$ 1 \longrightarrow P_n \longrightarrow B_n \longrightarrow S_n \longrightarrow 1,$$ where $S_n$ is the symmetric ...
18
votes
1answer
362 views

Why should affine lie algebras and quantum groups have equivalent representation theories?

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a simple lie algebra over $\mathbb{C}$ and let $\hat{\mathfrak{g}}$ be the Kac-Moody algebra obtained as the canonical central extension of the algebraic loop algebra ...
17
votes
9answers
1k views

expository papers related to quantum groups

Hello all, I know basic representation theory(finite groups, lie groups&lie algebras) and I want to get a flavor of quantum groups (why they are useful, important results etc) and other related ...
16
votes
1answer
1k views

Which is the correct version of a quantum group at a root of unity?

By this I mean the specialisation of the quantum group Uq(g) with q a root of unity, and the 'correct' meaning of 'correct' (enclosed in quotations since there isn't necessarily a correct answer) is ...
16
votes
1answer
2k views

Calculating 6j-symbols (aka Racah-Wigner coefficients) for quantum groups

Which $6j$-symbols for quantised enveloping algebras are known explicitly? The quantum $6j$-symbols for $sl(2)$ are well-known. The references are Masbaum and Vogel and Frenkel and Khovanov. What ...
16
votes
1answer
250 views

Is the representation category of quantum groups at root of unity visibly unitary?

Let $\mathfrak g$ be a simple Lie algebra. By taking the specialization at $q^\ell=1$ of a certain integral version¹ of the quantum group $U_q(\mathfrak g)$, and by considering a certain quotient ...
15
votes
3answers
5k views

Quantum mathematics?

"Quantum" as a term/prefix used to be genuinely physical: what was supposed to be physically continuous turned out to be physically quantized. What sense does this distinction make inside ...
15
votes
2answers
2k views

How many definitions are there of the Jones polynomial?

Even with the connection to quantum groups being made clearer (I believe it was not known when the Jones polynomial was first introduced), it seems to me that still we don't have the "right" ...
15
votes
2answers
911 views

Does the super Temperley-Lieb algebra have a Z-form?

Background Let V denote the standard (2-dimensional) module for the Lie algebra sl2(C), or equivalently for the universal envelope U = U(sl2(C)). The Temperley-Lieb algebra TLd is the algebra of ...
15
votes
0answers
374 views

Combinatorics of Quantum Schubert Polynomials

Let $S_n$ be the symmetric group. Let $s_i$ denote the adjacent transposition $(i \ i+1)$. For any permutation $w\in S_n$, an expression $w=s_{i_1}s_{i_2}\cdots s_{i_p}$ of minimal possible length is ...
14
votes
1answer
624 views

The Major Families of Quantum Groups

If we define a quantum group to be a quasi-triangular or coquasi-triangular Hopf algebra, then what are the major families of quantum groups? Of couse, to start with we have the h-adic completions ...
13
votes
11answers
4k views

Introduction to deformation theory (of algebras)?

So I know that the idea of deformation theory underlies the concept of quantum groups; I haven't found any single introduction to quantum groups that makes me fully satisfied that I have some kind of ...
13
votes
3answers
1k views

Quantum group as (relative) Drinfeld double?

The most elementary construction I know of quantum groups associated to a finite dimensional simple Hopf algebra is to construct an algebra with generators $E_i$ and $F_i$ corresponding to the simple ...
13
votes
1answer
416 views

Categorifying the equality of product and coproduct of symmetric functions

Littlewood-Richardson coefficients are both multiplicities of $GL_n$ tensor products, and of restrictions of $GL_{m+n}$ representations to $GL_m \times GL_n$. I want to turn this equality of numbers ...
12
votes
2answers
573 views

Projective modules over quantum groups

My question is short: How can one calculate $\operatorname{Tor}_{U_q(\mathfrak g)}(k,k)$? ($k$ is the ground field of characteristic zero). If we had a regular universal enveloping algebra ...
12
votes
1answer
415 views

$(q,x)$-analog of $n!$

While doing some work in geometric representation theory I have come across the following sequence of polynomials in two variables $(q,x)$ which I would like to denote by $n!_{q,x}$. For small $n$ ...
12
votes
3answers
660 views

Isomorphisms of quantum planes

Let $k$ be a field and $q\in k^{*}$. The quantum plane $k_{q}[x,y]$ is the algebra $k\langle x,y\rangle/\langle xy=qyx \rangle$ (i.e. the quotient of the free non-commutative $k$-algebra on two ...
11
votes
7answers
1k views

Open problems in the theory of compact quantum groups

What are the important open problems in the theory of compact quantum groups? Or conjectures? Here is an example from An De Rijdt's Ph.D. thesis: Is every compact quantum group with the fusion rules ...
11
votes
2answers
479 views

Relationship between “different” quantum deformations

This is a generic question, a good answer to it may be a reference to a corresponding paper\textbook, but any useful comments would be okay too. Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a (simple) Lie algebra and ...
11
votes
2answers
551 views

Quantum-Jimbo Algebras: Why Such Fuss About Roots of Unity?

Coming from a Lie algebraic background, I'm trying to branch onto quantum group theory. The divide I see all the time, is $q$ a root of unity or $q$ not a root of unity. I am wondering why is this? If ...
11
votes
1answer
484 views

A left inverse for the comultiplication on a Hopf von Neumann algebra

Edit: incorrect claim at end of earlier version; thanks to Matthew Daws for pointing this out in comments. $\newcommand{\cM}{{\mathcal M}}\newcommand{\stp}{{\overline{\otimes}}}$The following ...
11
votes
0answers
214 views

Is there a quantum group or loop group description of a braided monoidal 2-category giving Khovanov homology?

Recall that there are (at least) two ways to describe the modular tensor category that $3$-dimensional Chern-Simons (with gauge group $G$ and level $k$) assigns to a circle: one involving ...
11
votes
0answers
343 views

Is the quantum dilogarithm related in any way to cohomology of quantum groups?

Is the quantum dilogarithm related in any way to cohomology of quantum groups? This question is a bit vague, and I don't have any rigorous justification for such a connection, but let me explain ...
10
votes
3answers
1k views

How to calculate the Witten-Reshetikhin-Turaev invariants from a triangulation?

I'm interested in the Witten-Reshetikhin-Turaev invariants for 3-manifolds, and in particular, how to calculate them from a triangulation of the 3-manifold (recall that as they were first introduced, ...
10
votes
1answer
1k views

Grothendieck and Non-commutative Geometry?

When Grothendieck and his followers were working on their profound progress of algebraic geometry, did they ever consider non-commutative rings? Is there anyway evidence that Grothendieck foresaw the ...
10
votes
1answer
452 views

The Inverse of a Universal R-Matrix for Quantized Universal Enveloping Algebra of sl2 and the Dual Pairing with SUq(2)

I have recently begun to study quasi-triangular structures and have come across a problem I can't resolve. Let ${\cal U}_q({\mathfrak sl}_N)$ denote the quantised enveloping algebra of ${\mathfrak ...
10
votes
1answer
237 views

Compact Quantum Groups and the Existence of the Classical Haar Measure

Before I state my question, let me provide the definition of a compact quantum group. Definition: An ordered pair $ \mathscr{G} = (\mathscr{A},\Phi) $ is called a compact quantum group if ...
10
votes
1answer
448 views

Generators of the Odd Dimensional Quantum Spheres

As is well-known, the $(2N-1)$-quantum sphere $S^{2N-1}_q$ is defined to be the invariant subalgebra of $SU_q(N)$ under the coaction $\Delta_R = (id \otimes \pi) \circ \Delta$, where $\Delta$ is the ...
10
votes
1answer
286 views

$\text{Rep}(D(G))$ as representation category of a vertex operator algebra

The category of representations $\text{Rep}(D(G))$ of the quantum double of a finite group is well-known to be a modular tensor category. Can these modular tensor categories also be obtained as ...
10
votes
1answer
419 views

R-matrices, crystal bases, and the limit as q -> 1

I am seeking references for precise statements and rigorous proofs of some facts about the actions of quantum root vectors and $R$-matrices on crystal bases for finite-dimensional representations of ...
10
votes
0answers
155 views

Status of the analog of the Haar measure on quantum groups

In (Masuda, Nakagami, Woronowicz)'s paper, in the introduction, the authors mentioned the deficiency common to both their and (Kusterman, Vaes)'s approach regarding the Haar state (or Haar measure ...
9
votes
3answers
562 views

Is the nc torus a quantum group?

The non-commutative n-torus appears in many applications of non-commutative geometry. To stay in the setting $n=2$: it is a C$^\ast$-algebra generated by unitaries $u$ and $v$, satisfying $u v = e^{i ...
9
votes
5answers
2k views

Solutions of the Quantum Yang-Baxter Equation

I am interested in finding non-constant solutions to the following Yang Baxter equation $$R_{12}(x/y) R_{13}(x/z) R_{23}(y/z) = R_{23}(y/z) R_{13}(x/z) R_{12}(x/y)$$ where $R(x)$ is an endomorphism ...
9
votes
3answers
747 views

Quantum group Uq(sl(2))

I'm looking at motivating the standard deformation of $U(\mathfrak{sl}(2))$. As an algebra $U(\mathfrak{sl}(2))$ is generated by $X,Y$ and $H$ and subject to the relations $[X,Y] = H$, $[H,X] = 2X$ ...
9
votes
1answer
398 views

Unitary representations of Quantum Groups

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a finite-dimensional complex simple Lie algebra and let $U_q(\mathfrak{g})$ be some incarnation of the quantized universal enveloping algebra of $\mathfrak{g}$; here I am ...
9
votes
0answers
338 views

canonical basis via Gelfand-Tsetlin basis

Do there exist explicit formulas for the action of Lusztig's canonical basis of $U_q(\mathfrak n_+)$ in the Gelfand-Tsetlin basis of a Verma module for $sl(n)$?
9
votes
0answers
433 views

Representations of quantum groups at roots of unity

I'm interested in the semisimplified category of representations of a quantum group at a root of unity. I've heard that simple objects in this category correspond to certain "integral" conjugacy ...
8
votes
6answers
888 views

Hopf algebras arising as Group Algebras

Every commutative $C^*$-algebra is isomorphic to the set of continuous functions, that vanish at infinity, of a locally compact Hausdorff space. Every commutative finite dimensional Hopf algebra is ...
8
votes
1answer
529 views

Where does the canonical basis differ from the KLR basis?

The question implicitly asked in Ben Webster's question is: Does the canonical basis of Uq(n+) agree with the basis coming from categorification via Khovanov-Lauda-Rouqier algebras? Thanks to ...
8
votes
2answers
704 views

Quantization of conjugacy classes in a Lie group

Let $G$ be a Lie group (and to be safe, let's assume it is semisimple). Consider the action of $G$ on itself by conjugation, and form the GIT (algebro-geometric) quotient $G/\\!/G$. Then let ...
7
votes
2answers
858 views

What do the local systems in Lusztig's perverse sheaves on quiver varieties look like?

In "Quivers, perverse sheaves and quantized enveloping algebras," Lusztig defines a category of perverse sheaves on the moduli stack of representations of a quiver. These perverse sheaves are defined ...
7
votes
2answers
536 views

Drinfeld's equivalence of quantized function algebras and quantized universal enveloping algebras

In his 1986 ICM address, Drinfeld discusses a way of producing a quantized function algebra (or more precisely a quantized formal series Hopf algebra) from a quantized universal enveloping algebra -- ...
7
votes
1answer
169 views

Real forms of Drinfeld-Jimbo quantum groups

A real form of a Hopf algebra $H$ over $\mathbb{C}$ is defined to be a $\ast$-structure on $H$ which is compatible with the coproduct. Compatibility of the $\ast$-structure with the counit and ...