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11
votes
0answers
195 views

p-Adic String Theory and the String-orientation of Topological Modular Forms (tmf)

I am going to ask a question, at the end below, on whether anyone has tried to make more explicit what should be, it seems to me, a close relation between p-adic string theory and the refinement of ...
4
votes
0answers
208 views

What is geometric engineering in quantum field theory?

Could someone help me to understand what geometric engineering in quantum field theory is? I didn't find any introductary articles online. Thank you! Edit : Here is my background. I am math major. I ...
12
votes
0answers
301 views

Classical and Quantum Chern-Simons Theory

Please excuse a sloppy question from an old user who hasn't been here in a long time. I think the expertise here is such that it can be answered anyway. Let $\Sigma$ be a two-manifold and $M$ a ...
1
vote
1answer
188 views

Large vs Small Gauge transformations and Physical theories

I can't decipher the difference between large and small gauge transformations especially in its applications in physics.If perhaps one can engineer a simple physical theory that has such a ...
8
votes
3answers
352 views

References request: constructive quantum field theory

I am taking a course this semester on QFT, which deals much with constructive quantum field theory. Some of its topics so far involve relationships between non-Gaussian probability measures,Feynman ...
1
vote
2answers
333 views

Quantization by cohomology

Ok, so I have heard some cool stuff here and there about how to Quantize Yang-Mills via cohomology, can anyone refer any texts in the literature that have shed some light on this, I mean I have some ...
7
votes
1answer
183 views

Duality between orbifold and quasi-Hopf algebra (twisted quantum doubles)

A quick Question: Is there some duality known between the quasi Hopf algebra $D^\omega(H)$ of a finite group $H$ to an orbifold model (such as SU(2)/$G$ or SO(3)/$G$ orbifold of some ...
1
vote
0answers
121 views

Some identities with the Riemann-Hurwitz zeta function

The only definition that I have ever seen of this Riemann-Hurtwitz zeta-function is this, For $0 < a \leq 1$ we have the identity $$ \zeta(z, a) = \frac{2 \Gamma(1 - z)}{(2 \pi)^{1-z}} \left[\sin ...
1
vote
1answer
127 views

zeta-function regularized integrals

I gather that the following two identities about $\xi(3)$ hold via some notion of zeta-function regularized integrals. $\xi(3) = \frac{(2\pi)^3}{3}\int _0 ^\infty d\lambda \frac{\sqrt{\lambda} }{1 + ...
6
votes
1answer
192 views

Understanding the intermediate field method for the $\phi^4$ interaction

In Rivasseau's and Wang's How to Resum Feynman Graphs, on page 11 they illustrate the intermediate field method for the $\phi^4$ interaction and represent Feynman graphs as ribbon graphs. I had to ...
4
votes
0answers
165 views

Lagrangian (classical) BRST cohomology groups

I'm trying to understand BRST complex in its Lagrangian incarnation i.e. in the form mostly closed to original Faddeev-Popov formulation. It looks like the most important part of that construction ...
2
votes
0answers
166 views

Looking for good conferences / workshops on applications of renormalization group methods [closed]

I am looking for conferences and/or workshops, where people working on different problems using renormalization group methods come together to share their results and experience. As I have noted, ...
1
vote
0answers
101 views

What are Euler density and Weyl invariants?

I would like to know as to what is the definition and significance of what are called "Euler density" and "Weyl invariants" (of weight $-d$ on a $d-$manifold) Do many (which?) of them vanish when ...
3
votes
0answers
241 views

A gentle introduction to CFT [closed]

1) Which is the definition of a conformal field theory? 2) Which are the physical prerequisites one would need to start studying conformal field theories? (i.e Does one need to know supersymmetry? ...
3
votes
1answer
243 views

The Fuchsian monodromy problem

I want to understand the argument being made from equation 6.1 to 6.5 in this paper between pages 27-28 6.2, 6.4 and 6.5 are completely out-of-the-blue to me and I have no clue as to from where they ...
5
votes
0answers
163 views

Are there exactly solvable CFTs?

I am wondering if there are CFTs such that n-point correlation functions in them of the fields (may be the primaries or of some notion of twist fields) is exactly known. Are there such? Aren't ...
4
votes
0answers
79 views

Proving conformal invariance of a field theory by property of its stress energy tensor.

I have a question about proving conformal invariance of a field theory by property of its stress energy tensor. In physics there is argument that when the stress-energy tensor is traceless, ...
8
votes
1answer
918 views

What is the “Tangle” at the Heart of Quantum Simulation?

The following questions generalize and naturalize the question that was originally asked. Provisional answers largely due to Will Sawin are now included. As was discussed in the question originally ...
15
votes
1answer
422 views

Gauss linking integral and quadratic reciprocity

In the setting of Mazur's "primes and knots" analogy, prime ideals $\mathfrak p\subset\mathcal O_K$ correspond to "knots" $\operatorname{Spec}\mathcal O_K/\mathfrak p$ inside a "3-manifold" ...
47
votes
1answer
4k views

The amplituhedron minus the physics

Is it possible to appreciate the geometric/polytopal properties of the amplituhedron without delving into the physics that gave rise to it? All the descriptions I've so far encountered assume ...
2
votes
0answers
61 views

What are the boundary asymptotics of harmonic symmetric transverse traceless rank-s tensors on $\mathbb{H}^n$ in the Poincare upper-half-space model? [closed]

This question is motivated by the results in this paper, http://calvino.polito.it/~camporesi/JMP94.pdf In this paper some of its most important results about the asymptotics of symmetric traceless ...
-2
votes
2answers
501 views

Regarding understanding differential geometry [closed]

I am essentially looking for a book that would hold my hand through basic concepts to more complicated ones. I am coming from physics. I am looking to make some connections with Classical mechanics ...
5
votes
1answer
301 views

Proof of the general expression for anomaly in a CFT and its partition function

I think the statement is that for any dimensional CFT the following is true, $$\langle T^{\mu}_\mu \rangle = \sum B_n I_n - 2(-1)^{d/2}AE_d,$$ where $E_d$ is the `"Euler density" and $I_n$ are ...
5
votes
2answers
338 views

C*-algebras and quantum fields

One can represent a quantum system by the Weyl algebra (which is a C*-algebra). For instance, a 1 degree of freedom system can be represented by the algebra generated by $e^{\imath t Q}, e^{\imath s ...
8
votes
6answers
684 views

What is a branched Riemann surface with cuts?

Edit: Let me restate the main claim being made in these two papers, Consider the "branched" Riemann surface which has "n" sheets stuck along the intervals, $[z_i, z_{i+1}]$ for $i=1,..,2N$ then it ...
4
votes
2answers
263 views

lie algebras, Kac Moody, and quantum mechanics book

Hi all, I've just finished a graduated course on Kac-Moody algebras, and I'm really looking for some reading in regard to their applications to Quantum Mechanics. Can you help?
6
votes
1answer
233 views

Are Turaev--Viro invariants secretly a discretized path integral?

Turaev--Viro http://www.ams.org/mathscinet-getitem?mr=1191386 defined an invariant of three-manifolds $M$ denoted $TV(M)$, which was subsequently shown by Kevin Walker to coincide with ...
1
vote
1answer
210 views

When does a “constant of the motion” imply a Noether current in a quantum field theory?

Assume we are given a quantum field theory described by some functional. If $J$ is a Noether current, i.e. it is associated with a symmetry of the functional and satisfies $\partial_s J^s=0$ (Noether ...
8
votes
1answer
301 views

Anomalies in the definition of Turaev's TQFT

In his book Quantum invariants of knots and 3-manifolds page 124, Turaev defined a TQFT $\tau$ axiomatically. For a cobordism $(M, \partial_{-}M, \partial_{+}M)$, a TQFT assignes a $k$-homomorhism ...
1
vote
1answer
508 views

What is the “fundamental theorem of invariant theory” ?

The basic question I guess can be formulated as - given two integers $N_f$ and $N_c$ what are the ways in which the fundamental and the anti-fundamental representations of $U(N_f)$ be combined to get ...
1
vote
0answers
227 views

Poles of products of Gamma functions

I want to know if there can be a general statement about the poles (Laurent expansion) of such products of Gamma functions as a function of $p \in \mathbb{R}$ in the limit $\epsilon \rightarrow 0$, ...
4
votes
2answers
359 views

CFTs corresponding to affine Lie algebras

I want to know how one can write down a CFT such that its conserved currents will satisfy some chosen (affine) Lie algebra $G$. On the few pages leading up to page 192 in here one can see see the ...
2
votes
1answer
405 views

An integral with Gamma functions

I wanted some insights about the integral in equation A.5 (page 19) in this paper, http://arxiv.org/pdf/1301.7182.pdf What is the derivation of this? Is there something more general from where this ...
17
votes
3answers
948 views

4D TQFT from a modular tensor category

I know the construction of a 3D topological quantum field theory (TQFT) from a modular tensor category. I heard that we can even (mathematically) construct 4D TQFT from a modular tensor category. I ...
6
votes
1answer
285 views

Relation between TQFT and Wilson lines, boundary conditions, surface defects etc

I have been studying (extended) topological quantum field theories (in short TQFTs) from the mathematical point of view and I have no background of the physics point of view. Sometimes I encountered ...
31
votes
7answers
3k views

The Unreasonable Effectiveness of Physics in Mathematics. Why ? What/how to catch?

Starting from 80-ies the ideas either coming from physics, or by physicists themselves (e.g. Witten) are shaping many directions in mathematics. It is tempting to paraphrase E. Wigner, saying about ...
1
vote
0answers
88 views

Is the Poincare action on the Klein-Gordon quantum field strongly continuous?

I am interested in checking continuity property of the Poincare group action on the Klein-Gordon quantum field theory defined over the Minkowski spacetime. Maybe the simplest example of QFT out there. ...
1
vote
0answers
222 views

definitions of primary fields

I have come across two similar definitions of primary fields in conformal field theory. Depending on what I am doing each definition has its own usefulness. I expect both definitions to be compatible ...
1
vote
0answers
97 views

About the massless supermultiplets in $2+1$ dimensional supersymmetry [closed]

I thought of cross-linking here this question that I had asked on physicsstackexchange. It would be a great help if someone can answer that.
3
votes
1answer
679 views

Representation theory of (anti)self-dual tensors

I am using usual physics notations and I guess the physics motivations of this question are obvious. Let a basis of the $SO(n,m)$ Lie algebra be denoted by $S^{\mu \nu}$ and the Lie algebra be, ...
5
votes
1answer
249 views

Set of physical states of FQHE on closed Riemann surface = ?

Disclaimer. One might argue that my question is off topic as it is clearly a question about physics... But I'd like a mathematically phrased answer, and I expect that only a mathematician can offer an ...
2
votes
0answers
296 views

About the quantum spectrum of a certain potential.

Intuitively one understands that if one is solving the Schroedinger's equation for energies $E$ such that $\{ x \vert U(x)\leq E \}$ is compact (..is there a weaker criteria?..) then the spectrum ...
16
votes
4answers
2k views

Mathematical foundations of Quantum Field Theory

Is there any reasonable approach, essentially different from Wightman's axioms and Algebraic Quantum Field Theory, aimed at obtaining rigorous models for realistic Quantum Field Theories? (such as ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Advice on doing physics under the umbrella of mathematics and the converse

Note: This is a question directly copied from Theoretical Physics SE primarily to get the advice of people indulged in mathematics. In the current scenario of research in QFT and string theory (and ...
3
votes
0answers
349 views

Looking for good summer schools on quantum field theory (especially renormalization theory) this summer [closed]

I'm a graduate student and I'm looking for summer schools to attend this summer. Anyone have any suggestions? Thanks!
4
votes
2answers
409 views

Wightman fields vs local functionals vs operators

In QFT literature one wants to look at $n-$point correlation functions of "operators" inserted at $x$ say, $\cal{O}(x)$ and if $\phi_i$ are the fields then the quantity one has in mind is written as, ...
29
votes
2answers
2k views

Why hasn't anyone proved that the two standard approaches to quantizing Chern-Simons theory are equivalent?

The two standard approaches to the quantization of Chern-Simons theory are geometric quantization of character varieties, and quantum groups plus skein theory. These two approaches were both first ...
6
votes
1answer
311 views

Geometric treatment of the Ward-Takahashi identity

The quantum field theory generalisation of Noether's theorem about symmetries and conservation laws is the Ward-Takahashi identity. What is a suitable treatment of this in the context of differential ...
4
votes
0answers
312 views

Correlation functions of complex operators

One defines the "scaling dimension" (as opposed to "engineering dimension") of an operator $\cal{O}$ as $[\cal{O}]$ such that if $\cal{O}(t^{-1}x) = t^{[\cal{O}]}\cal{O}(x)$ then the Lagrangian in ...
11
votes
0answers
310 views

Generalization of Witten's computation of the volume of moduli space

Let $\Sigma$ be a Riemann surface, and let $X=\operatorname{Hom}(\pi_1(\Sigma),\operatorname{SU}(2))/\\!/\operatorname{SU}(2)$ be the $\operatorname{SU}(2)$ character variety of $\pi_1(\Sigma)$. ...