The quadratic-residues tag has no wiki summary.

**1**

vote

**2**answers

214 views

### overlap quadratic residues

Let $p$ be a prime number of form $4k+1$ and $M$ is its quadratic residue set.
Let $M_i=\{i+x|\forall x\in M\}$ $\forall 0<i<p$.
Does there exist a positive constant $\varepsilon$ such that ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

235 views

### How does this sequence grow

Let $a(n)$ be the number of solutions of the equation $a^2+b^2\equiv -1 \pmod {p_n}$, where $p_n$ is the n-th prime and $0\le a \le b \le \frac{p_n-1}2$. Is the sequence $a(1),a(2),a(3),\dots$ ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

194 views

### Orders of the conjugates of an algebraic prime number in its residue field

Of interest to me is the following question (it would be nice to find out what is known in its direction):
Given a Galois number field $K/\mathbb{Q}$ and a completely and principally split prime ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

254 views

### Quadratic residues and nonresidues of arbitrary patterns

Let $p_1, p_2, \dotsc, p_n$ be distinct primes, and let $\epsilon_1, \epsilon_2, \dotsc, \epsilon_n$ be an arbitrary sequence of $1$ and $-1$.
There is an integer $a$ such that $\left( \frac{a}{p_1} ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

218 views

### Impossible Range for Minkowski-Like Sum of Squares

Given coprime positive integers M,N, and a corresponding integer z outside of the range (for all integers x,a,b,c) of $Mx^2-N(a^2+b^2+c^2)$, is there any such z which is "deceptive", meaning that it ...

**9**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Does there exist a non-square number which is the quadratic residue of every prime?

I want to know whether there exist a non-square number $n$ which is the quadratic residue of every prime.
I know it is very elementary, and I think those kind of number are not exist, but I don't know
...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

392 views

### Are there Carlitz analogues of quadratic residues and reciprocity?

Let $q$ be a prime power. I will use the notations of Keith Conrad's Carlitz extensions paper (but I'll work over $\mathbb{F}_q$ rather than $\mathbb{F}_p$).
The most general question I'm asking here ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

539 views

### quadratic residues - is there an easy explanation for the pattern I'm seeing?

Let $m$ be an integer and $q$ be an odd prime factor of $m^2 + 1$. Is there an obvious reason that $\left(\frac{2m}{q}\right)$ always equals 1? From some numerics, this seems to be the case.
The ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

931 views

### Three consecutive quadratic residues problem

Prove that doesn't exist $N\in\mathbb{N}$ with property: for all primes $p>N$ exist $n\in\{3, 4,\ldots, N\}$ such that $n, n-1, n-2$ are quadratic residues modulo $p$.

**4**

votes

**0**answers

221 views

### Shortest interval over which there are more quadratic residues than nonresidues

Hi, I refer to formula (8) in Chapter 1 of H. Davenport, Multiplicative Number Theory, Third Edition, Springer (2000), which says that for primes $q\equiv 3 \bmod 4$:
$$
...

**8**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Gauss sum (with sign) through algebra

Let $p$ be an odd prime, and $\zeta$ a primitive $p$-th root of unity over a field of characteristic $0$.
Let $G = \sum\limits_{j=0}^{p-1} \zeta^{j\left(j-1\right)/2}$ be the standard Gauss sum for ...

**10**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Sum of squares modulo a prime

What is the probability that the sum of squares of n randomly chosen numbers from $Z_p$ is a quadratic residue mod p?
That is, let $a_1$,..$a_n$ be chosen at random. Then how often is $\Sigma_i ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

422 views

### Numbers with few quadratic residues

It is well known that the upper bound on the number of quadratic residues mod n is approximately n/2 and it reaches this bound for n prime.
Is there any similar lower bound on the number of quadratic ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

338 views

### Distribution of quadratic residues of a fixed number without using Dedekind zeta function

Let $n > 1$ be a square-free natural number, which is fixed. The assertion to be proved is the following:
Let $p$ run through primes. Then, $$\left( \frac{n}{p} \right)$$ is equally distributed ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

727 views

### Efficient quadratic residue mod 2^32

I want to determine if a value is a quadratic residue mod $2^{32}$.
I've developed a very fast pre-screening method based on a Bloom Filter that identifies quadratic residues for mod $2^7=128$ in ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

526 views

### Positivity of $L(1,\chi)$ for real Dirichlet's character

Let $\chi$ be a real nonprincipal Dirichlet's character modulo $m$.
In my
answer to the question on $L(1,\chi)$, I explain a trick for showing that $L(1,\chi)>0$ on the simplest examples
of the ...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Intuition for a formula that expresses the class number of an imaginary quadratic field by counting quadratic residues

If $p$ is a prime of the form $4n+3$, the class number $h$ of $Q[\sqrt{-p}]$ can be expressed using the number $V$ of quadratic residues and $N$ nonresidues in the interval $[1,\frac{p-1}{2}]$:
If ...

**8**

votes

**3**answers

772 views

### Isolated quadratic residues in integers mod p

For prime p sufficiently large, there is always an integer q such that q is a residue mod p, but neither q−1 nor q+1 are; the number of such residues scales like p/8 (and similarly for any ...

**14**

votes

**3**answers

823 views

### Irreducibility of polynomials related to quadratic residues

Let $p \equiv 1 \bmod 4$ be a prime number. Define the polynomial
$$ f(x) = \sum_{a=1}^{p-1} \Big(\frac{a}{p}\Big) x^a. $$
Then $f(x) = x(1-x)^2(1+x)g(x)$ for some polynomial
$g \in {\mathbb Z}[x]$ ...