Quantum groups, skein theories, operadic and diagrammatic algebra, quantum field theory

learn more… | top users | synonyms

12
votes
1answer
1k views

The cyclic subfactors theory: a quantum arithmetic?

Context: First recall some results: - Actions of finite groups on the hyperfinite type $II_{1}$ factor $R$ (Jones 1980). - A Galois correspondence for depth 2 irreducible subfactors ...
15
votes
1answer
902 views

Non-“weakly group theoretical” integral fusion categories?

Is there an integral fusion category of global dimension $210$, such that the simple objects have dimensions $\{1,5,5,5,6,7,7\}$ and the following fusion matrices? $\small{\begin{smallmatrix} 1 & ...
5
votes
3answers
478 views

Jordan-Hölder theorem for subfactors?

All the subfactors $(N\subset M)$ are irreducible and finite index inclusions of II$_1$ factors. First recall that in this paper, D. Bisch characterizes the Jones projections $e_K$ of the ...
4
votes
0answers
113 views

Is there a maximal finite depth infinite index irreducible subfactor?

A subfactor $N \subset M $ is irreducible if $N' \cap M = \mathbb{C} $. It's maximal if it admits no non-trivial intermediate subfactors $N \subset P \subset M $. It's cyclic if its lattice of ...
7
votes
3answers
308 views

What are the intermediate subfactors of the tensor product of two maximal subfactors?

Let $(N_1 \subset M_1)$ and $(N_2 \subset M_2)$ be two maximal subfactors. Their tensor product, the subfactor $(N_1 \otimes N_2 \subset M_1 \otimes M_2)$, admits four obvious intermediate ...
8
votes
1answer
682 views

Are there workable algebraic geometry approaches for the pentagon equation?

A pentagon equation is a system of polynomial equations of degree $3$ with several variables and integer coefficients, given by a fusion ring. A fusion ring is given by a finite set of integer ...
6
votes
2answers
308 views

Are subfactor planar algebras hard to classify at index 6?

Given a finite index inclusion, $N\subset M$, of $II_1$ factors we can construct two towers of finite dimensional algebras known as the $\textit{standard invariant}$. For low index, this has allowed ...
33
votes
5answers
3k views

Groups, quantum groups and (fill in the blank)

In the study of special functions there are three levels of objects, classical, basic and elliptic. These correspond to classical hypergeometric functions, basic (q-) hypergeometric functions, and ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

Is there a machinery describing all the irreducible representations ?

Suppose we have a finite dimensional Lie algebra $g$, Is there a machinery to describe all the irreducible representation of $g$. Consider toy example: $sl_{2}$ or $sl_{3}$, how do we describe all ...
24
votes
1answer
1k views

Does the quantum subgroup of quantum su_2 called E_8 have anything at all to do with the Lie algebra E_8?

The ordinary McKay correspondence relates the subgroups of SU(2) to the affine ADE Dynkin diagrams. The correspondence is that the vertices correspond to irreducible representations of the subgroup, ...
8
votes
0answers
269 views

Are there only finitely many maximal irreducible amenable subfactors at fixed finite index?

A subfactor $N \subset M $ is maximal if it admits no non-trivial intermediate subfactors $N \subset P \subset M $. Question: Are there only finitely many maximal irreducible amenable subfactors at ...
10
votes
3answers
1k views

A problem on a specific integer partition

Let $n$ be a positive integer, we consider partitions of the following form : $$n = d^{2}_{1} + d^{2}_{2} + ... + d^{2}_{r}$$ such that : $d_{i}\vert n$ $1=d_{1}<d_{2} \le d_{3} \le ... \le ...
4
votes
0answers
206 views

An embedding theorem for a fusion ring planar algebra?

We first recall the embedding theorem for finite depth subfactor planar algebras: The planar algebra generated by a (finite depth) subfactor, is embeddable into the planar algebra generated by its ...
4
votes
0answers
185 views

Existence of a Kac algebra for a given fusion ring in a particular class

A $n$-dimensional Kac algebra (i.e., a Hopf C*-algebra), admits finitely many irreducible representations, whose cardinal $r$ is called its rank, the increasing sequence $(d_{1},d_{2},d_{3}, ..., ...
5
votes
1answer
202 views

Jordan-Hölder theorem for planar algebras?

First recall the Jordan-Hölder theorem for groups: Theorem (Jordan-Hölder): Let $G$ be a group, and let $$ G=G_1 \supset G_2 \supset \dots \supset G_r = \{ e \} $$ be a normal tower such that ...
0
votes
1answer
122 views

Gradings Induced by Coactions?

A "well-known" fact is that a ${C}_q[U(1)]$-coaction on a vector space $V$ induces a $Z$-grading. I don't see why this is so. Clearly, a ${C}_q[U(1)]$-grading will induce a $Z$-grading. But why does ...
50
votes
11answers
6k views

What is Quantization ?

I would like to know what quantization is, I mean I would like to have some elementary examples, some soft nontechnical definition, some explanation about what do mathematicians quantize?, can we ...
36
votes
6answers
4k views

What does “quantization is not a functor” really mean?

The answers to this question do a good job of exploring, at a heuristic level, what "quantization" should be. From my perspective, quantization involves replacing a (commutative) Poisson algebra by ...
49
votes
4answers
4k views

Why hasn't anyone proved that the two standard approaches to quantizing Chern-Simons theory are equivalent?

The two standard approaches to the quantization of Chern-Simons theory are geometric quantization of character varieties, and quantum groups plus skein theory. These two approaches were both first ...
31
votes
4answers
1k views

Intuition behind the definition of quantum groups

Being far from the field of quantum groups, I have nevertheless made in the past several (unsuccessful) attempts to understand their definition and basic properties. The goal of this post is to try to ...
24
votes
2answers
821 views

quantum groups… not via presentations

Given a semisimple Lie algebra $\mathfrak g$ with Cartan matrix $a_{ij}$, the quantum group $U_q(\mathfrak g)$ is usually defined as the $\mathbb Q(q)$-algebra with generators $K_i$, $E_i$, $F_i$ (the ...
17
votes
1answer
2k views

Grothendieck and Non-commutative Geometry?

When Grothendieck and his followers were working on their profound progress of algebraic geometry, did they ever consider non-commutative rings? Is there anyway evidence that Grothendieck foresaw the ...
17
votes
2answers
2k views

How many definitions are there of the Jones polynomial?

Even with the connection to quantum groups being made clearer (I believe it was not known when the Jones polynomial was first introduced), it seems to me that still we don't have the "right" ...
11
votes
3answers
1k views

How to calculate the Witten-Reshetikhin-Turaev invariants from a triangulation?

I'm interested in the Witten-Reshetikhin-Turaev invariants for 3-manifolds, and in particular, how to calculate them from a triangulation of the 3-manifold (recall that as they were first introduced, ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Homotopic morphisms between curved A-infinity algebras

I know how to think about (curved) $A_\infty$-algebras 'geometrically', i.e. via formal non-commutative geometry in the sense of Kontsevich etc. I also know how to think about $A_\infty$-morphisms in ...
25
votes
4answers
2k views

A mysterious Heisenberg algebra identity from Sylvester, 1867

I am trying to understand two papers by James Joseph Sylvester: P92: "Note on the properties of the test operators which occur in the calculus of invariants, their derivatives, analogues, and laws of ...
7
votes
1answer
199 views

Does the normal ordered product on differential operators lift to $U\left(\mathfrak{gl}_n\right)$?

Let $n\in\mathbb N$. Let $k$ be a commutative ring in which $1,2,3,\ldots$ are invertible. Let $\Omega$ denote the $k$-algebra of polynomial differential operators on $n$ variables $x_1$, $x_2$, ..., ...
4
votes
1answer
95 views

Compact Quantum Groups and FRT-Algebras

As is well known, every compact quantum group in the sense of Woronowicz has a dense Hopf $*$-sub-algebra. For the case of $q-SU(n)$ (among others) this Hopf $*$-sub-algebra is an FRT-algebra, which ...
4
votes
2answers
344 views

Yang–Baxter explanation

What are the most simple examples which can explain the meaning of Yang–Baxter equation? Is there any way to explain this mysterious object to a person who is not a professional in quantum groups? ...
3
votes
1answer
282 views

Why are relations of degree 3 or less enough in a presentation of the polynomial current Lie algebra g[t]?

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a finite dimensional simple Lie algebra over $\mathbb{C}$. The polynomial current Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}[t] = \mathfrak{g} \otimes \mathbb{C} [t]$ has the bracket $$[xt^r, ...
2
votes
0answers
147 views

Are there workable numerical approaches for the pentagon equation?

Warning: this post is the "numerical" analog of Are there workable algebraic geometry approaches for the pentagon equation? I've replaced "algebraic geometry" by "numerical" in its content, ...
4
votes
2answers
478 views

The category of subfactors extending the category of groups?

This post was inspired by this answer of Dave Penneys. In the category of (irreducible hyperfinite II$_1$) subfactors, the morphisms of $(N \subset M)$ to $(N' \subset M')$ are usually defined as ...
3
votes
0answers
274 views

Is there a non-trivial Hopf algebra without left coideal subalgebra?

Let $H$ be a Hopf algebra over an algebraically closed field $\mathbb{K}$ of characteristic $0$. A subalgebra $I$ of $H$ is called a left coideal subalgebra if $\Delta(I) \subset H \otimes I$. $H$ is ...
2
votes
2answers
308 views

How to explicitly describe algebras in a monoidal 2-category?

I essentially understand (I think) how this ought to be done. Algebras in a monoidal 2-category $\mathcal{C}$, on the level of 0-cells and 1-cells, should appear as algebras in the 1-category ...
6
votes
1answer
356 views

The Irreducible Corepresentations of the eight-dimensional Kac-Paljutkin Quantum Group

I asked this question on Math.Stack but have not had any answers. Question What are the irreducible corepresentations of the eight-dimensional Kac-Paljutkin Quantum Group, $A$? The trivial ...
3
votes
0answers
109 views

A “nice” Orthogonal Basis for Translation Invariant Symmetric Polynomials

It is going to be a rather long question, so I will first state it and then try to explain and motivate it. Take $\Lambda_n $ as the graded ring of symmetric polynomials of a field $F$ in $n$ ...
3
votes
1answer
609 views

Image, kernel, quotient and first isomorphism theorem, in a category of monoid objects

Let $\mathcal{C}$ be a monoidal category and Mon$_{\mathcal{C}}$ the category of monoids (also called algebra objects) on $\mathcal{C}$. Questions: are there definitions of image and kernel for a ...
3
votes
1answer
338 views

Pictorial explanation of Dynkin index and quadratic Casimir?

Draw a colored loop. You explained quantum dimension. :-) OK, now you may use trivalent nodes and knot crossings too (with edges colored by irreps). You can now pictorialize 6j symbols, writhe ...
2
votes
1answer
98 views

Deforming the category of representations of a simple Lie algebra?

This is a follow up question to the insightful answer by Theo Johnson-Freyd to the question 105221. This answer explained that the quantised enveloping algebra, $U_q(\mathfrak{g})$, (defined by a ...
1
vote
0answers
72 views

Weakly group theoretical fusion category and subsystems

Let $\mathcal{C}$ be a fusion category and $H$ a semi-simple finite weak Hopf algebra such that $\mathcal{C}(H) = \mathcal{C}$. Suppose that for every nontrivial left coideal subalgebras $S$ of $H$ or ...
1
vote
0answers
135 views

The planar algebra generated by the biprojections

Let $(N_1 \subset M_1)$ and $(N_2 \subset M_2)$ be two irreducible finite index subfactors. Let $\mathcal{B}_i$ be the set of all the biprojections of $\mathcal{P}_{2+}(N_i \subset M_i)$. Let ...