Quantum groups, skein theories, operadic and diagrammatic algebra, quantum field theory

**12**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### The cyclic subfactors theory: a quantum arithmetic?

Context: First recall some results:
- Actions of finite groups on the hyperfinite type $II_{1}$ factor $R$ (Jones 1980).
- A Galois correspondence for depth 2 irreducible subfactors ...

**15**

votes

**1**answer

902 views

### Non-“weakly group theoretical” integral fusion categories?

Is there an integral fusion category of global dimension $210$, such that the simple objects have dimensions $\{1,5,5,5,6,7,7\}$ and the following fusion matrices?
$\small{\begin{smallmatrix}
1 & ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

478 views

### Jordan-Hölder theorem for subfactors?

All the subfactors $(N\subset M)$ are irreducible and finite index inclusions of II$_1$ factors.
First recall that in this paper, D. Bisch characterizes the Jones projections $e_K$ of the ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

113 views

### Is there a maximal finite depth infinite index irreducible subfactor?

A subfactor $N \subset M $ is irreducible if $N' \cap M = \mathbb{C} $.
It's maximal if it admits no non-trivial intermediate subfactors $N \subset P \subset M $.
It's cyclic if its lattice of ...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

308 views

### What are the intermediate subfactors of the tensor product of two maximal subfactors?

Let $(N_1 \subset M_1)$ and $(N_2 \subset M_2)$ be two maximal subfactors.
Their tensor product, the subfactor $(N_1 \otimes N_2 \subset M_1 \otimes M_2)$, admits four obvious intermediate ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

682 views

### Are there workable algebraic geometry approaches for the pentagon equation?

A pentagon equation is a system of polynomial equations of degree $3$ with several variables and integer coefficients, given by a fusion ring.
A fusion ring is given by a finite set of integer ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

309 views

### Are subfactor planar algebras hard to classify at index 6?

Given a finite index inclusion, $N\subset M$, of $II_1$ factors we can construct two towers of finite dimensional algebras known as the $\textit{standard invariant}$. For low index, this has allowed ...

**33**

votes

**5**answers

3k views

### Groups, quantum groups and (fill in the blank)

In the study of special functions there are three levels of objects, classical, basic and elliptic. These correspond to classical hypergeometric functions, basic (q-) hypergeometric functions, and ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Is there a machinery describing all the irreducible representations ?

Suppose we have a finite dimensional Lie algebra $g$， Is there a machinery to describe all the irreducible representation of $g$.
Consider toy example: $sl_{2}$ or $sl_{3}$, how do we describe all ...

**24**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Does the quantum subgroup of quantum su_2 called E_8 have anything at all to do with the Lie algebra E_8?

The ordinary McKay correspondence relates the subgroups of SU(2) to the affine ADE Dynkin diagrams. The correspondence is that the vertices correspond to irreducible representations of the subgroup, ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

269 views

### Are there only finitely many maximal irreducible amenable subfactors at fixed finite index?

A subfactor $N \subset M $ is maximal if it admits no non-trivial intermediate subfactors $N \subset P \subset M $.
Question: Are there only finitely many maximal irreducible amenable subfactors at ...

**10**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### A problem on a specific integer partition

Let $n$ be a positive integer, we consider partitions of the following form :
$$n = d^{2}_{1} + d^{2}_{2} + ... + d^{2}_{r}$$ such that :
$d_{i}\vert n$
$1=d_{1}<d_{2} \le d_{3} \le ... \le ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

206 views

### An embedding theorem for a fusion ring planar algebra?

We first recall the embedding theorem for finite depth subfactor planar algebras:
The planar algebra generated by a (finite depth) subfactor, is embeddable into the planar algebra generated by its ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

185 views

### Existence of a Kac algebra for a given fusion ring in a particular class

A $n$-dimensional Kac algebra (i.e., a Hopf C*-algebra), admits finitely many irreducible representations, whose cardinal $r$ is called its rank, the increasing sequence $(d_{1},d_{2},d_{3}, ..., ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

203 views

### Jordan-Hölder theorem for planar algebras?

First recall the Jordan-Hölder theorem for groups:
Theorem (Jordan-Hölder): Let $G$ be a group, and let $$ G=G_1 \supset G_2 \supset \dots \supset G_r = \{ e \} $$ be a normal tower such that ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

122 views

### Gradings Induced by Coactions?

A "well-known" fact is that a ${C}_q[U(1)]$-coaction on a vector space $V$ induces a $Z$-grading. I don't see why this is so. Clearly, a ${C}_q[U(1)]$-grading will induce a $Z$-grading. But why does ...

**50**

votes

**11**answers

6k views

### What is Quantization ?

I would like to know what quantization is, I mean I would like to have some elementary examples, some soft nontechnical definition, some explanation about what do mathematicians quantize?, can we ...

**36**

votes

**6**answers

4k views

### What does “quantization is not a functor” really mean?

The answers to this question do a good job of exploring, at a heuristic level, what "quantization" should be. From my perspective, quantization involves replacing a (commutative) Poisson algebra by ...

**49**

votes

**4**answers

4k views

### Why hasn't anyone proved that the two standard approaches to quantizing Chern-Simons theory are equivalent?

The two standard approaches to the quantization of Chern-Simons theory are geometric quantization of character varieties, and quantum groups plus skein theory. These two approaches were both first ...

**31**

votes

**4**answers

1k views

### Intuition behind the definition of quantum groups

Being far from the field of quantum groups, I have nevertheless made in the past several (unsuccessful) attempts to understand their definition and basic properties. The goal of this post is to try to ...

**24**

votes

**2**answers

822 views

### quantum groups… not via presentations

Given a semisimple Lie algebra $\mathfrak g$ with Cartan matrix $a_{ij}$, the quantum group $U_q(\mathfrak g)$ is usually defined as the $\mathbb Q(q)$-algebra with generators $K_i$, $E_i$, $F_i$ (the ...

**17**

votes

**1**answer

2k views

### Grothendieck and Non-commutative Geometry?

When Grothendieck and his followers were working on their profound progress of algebraic geometry, did they ever consider non-commutative rings? Is there anyway evidence that Grothendieck foresaw the ...

**17**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### How many definitions are there of the Jones polynomial?

Even with the connection to quantum groups being made clearer (I believe it was not known when the Jones polynomial was first introduced), it seems to me that still we don't have the "right" ...

**11**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### How to calculate the Witten-Reshetikhin-Turaev invariants from a triangulation?

I'm interested in the Witten-Reshetikhin-Turaev invariants for 3-manifolds, and in particular, how to calculate them from a triangulation of the 3-manifold (recall that as they were first introduced, ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Homotopic morphisms between curved A-infinity algebras

I know how to think about (curved) $A_\infty$-algebras 'geometrically', i.e. via formal non-commutative geometry in the sense of Kontsevich etc. I also know how to think about $A_\infty$-morphisms in ...

**25**

votes

**4**answers

2k views

### A mysterious Heisenberg algebra identity from Sylvester, 1867

I am trying to understand two papers by James Joseph Sylvester:
P92: "Note on the properties of the test operators which occur in the calculus of invariants, their derivatives, analogues, and laws of ...

**9**

votes

**4**answers

963 views

### Kontsevich, and Geometric, Quantization and the Podles sphere

There exist a large family of noncommutative spaces that arise from the quantum matrices. These algebraic objects $q$-deform the coordinate rings of certain varieties. For example, take quantum ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

200 views

### Does the normal ordered product on differential operators lift to $U\left(\mathfrak{gl}_n\right)$?

Let $n\in\mathbb N$. Let $k$ be a commutative ring in which $1,2,3,\ldots$ are invertible. Let $\Omega$ denote the $k$-algebra of polynomial differential operators on $n$ variables $x_1$, $x_2$, ..., ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

101 views

### Compact Quantum Groups and FRT-Algebras

As is well known, every compact quantum group in the sense of Woronowicz has a dense Hopf $*$-sub-algebra. For the case of $q-SU(n)$ (among others) this Hopf $*$-sub-algebra is an FRT-algebra, which ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

349 views

### Yang–Baxter explanation

What are the most simple examples which can explain the meaning of Yang–Baxter equation? Is there any way to explain this mysterious object to a person who is not a professional in quantum groups? ...

**8**

votes

**0**answers

90 views

### Existence/characterization/properties of $C^*$-algebras which “are” quantization of compact symplectic manifolds?

Understanding of "quantization" achieved much progress recent years, especially after Kontsevich breakthrough on deformation quantization, where he proved one-to-one correspondence between Poisson ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

282 views

### Why are relations of degree 3 or less enough in a presentation of the polynomial current Lie algebra g[t]?

Let $\mathfrak{g}$ be a finite dimensional simple Lie algebra over $\mathbb{C}$.
The polynomial current Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}[t] = \mathfrak{g} \otimes \mathbb{C} [t]$
has the bracket
$$[xt^r, ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

147 views

### Are there workable numerical approaches for the pentagon equation?

Warning: this post is the "numerical" analog of
Are there workable algebraic geometry approaches for the pentagon equation?
I've replaced "algebraic geometry" by "numerical" in its content,
...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

478 views

### The category of subfactors extending the category of groups?

This post was inspired by this answer of Dave Penneys.
In the category of (irreducible hyperfinite II$_1$) subfactors, the morphisms of $(N \subset M)$ to $(N' \subset M')$ are usually defined as ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

274 views

### Is there a non-trivial Hopf algebra without left coideal subalgebra?

Let $H$ be a Hopf algebra over an algebraically
closed field $\mathbb{K}$ of characteristic $0$.
A subalgebra $I$ of $H$ is called a left coideal subalgebra if $\Delta(I) \subset H \otimes I$.
$H$ is ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

308 views

### How to explicitly describe algebras in a monoidal 2-category?

I essentially understand (I think) how this ought to be done. Algebras in a monoidal 2-category $\mathcal{C}$, on the level of 0-cells and 1-cells, should appear as algebras in the 1-category ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

356 views

### The Irreducible Corepresentations of the eight-dimensional Kac-Paljutkin Quantum Group

I asked this question on Math.Stack but have not had any answers.
Question
What are the irreducible corepresentations of the eight-dimensional Kac-Paljutkin Quantum Group, $A$?
The trivial ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

65 views

### Quantization of $S^2$ as $C^*$-algebra?

The general context for the question - is belief that quantization of compact symplectic manifolds can be endowed with the structure of $C^*$-algebra (see MO230695).
The particular question is about ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

111 views

### A “nice” Orthogonal Basis for Translation Invariant Symmetric Polynomials

It is going to be a rather long question, so I will first state it and then try to explain and motivate it.
Take $\Lambda_n $ as the graded ring of symmetric polynomials of a field $F$ in $n$ ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

609 views

### Image, kernel, quotient and first isomorphism theorem, in a category of monoid objects

Let $\mathcal{C}$ be a monoidal category and Mon$_{\mathcal{C}}$ the category of monoids (also called algebra objects) on $\mathcal{C}$.
Questions: are there definitions of image and kernel for a ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

339 views

### Pictorial explanation of Dynkin index and quadratic Casimir?

Draw a colored loop. You explained quantum dimension. :-) OK, now you may use trivalent nodes and knot crossings too (with edges colored by irreps). You can now pictorialize 6j symbols, writhe ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

98 views

### Deforming the category of representations of a simple Lie algebra?

This is a follow up question to the insightful answer by Theo Johnson-Freyd to the question 105221.
This answer explained that the quantised enveloping algebra, $U_q(\mathfrak{g})$, (defined by a ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

72 views

### Weakly group theoretical fusion category and subsystems

Let $\mathcal{C}$ be a fusion category and $H$ a semi-simple finite weak Hopf algebra such that $\mathcal{C}(H) = \mathcal{C}$.
Suppose that for every nontrivial left coideal subalgebras $S$ of $H$ or ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

135 views

### The planar algebra generated by the biprojections

Let $(N_1 \subset M_1)$ and $(N_2 \subset M_2)$ be two irreducible finite index subfactors.
Let $\mathcal{B}_i$ be the set of all the biprojections of $\mathcal{P}_{2+}(N_i \subset M_i)$.
Let ...