4
votes
2answers
333 views

Jones polynomial of the concatenation of two braids

Let $\sigma_1$ and $\sigma_2$ be two braids with $n$-strings. Are there any formulas relating $J_{\widehat{\sigma_1\sigma_2}}(q)$, $J_{\hat{\sigma_1}}(q)$, and $J_{\hat{\sigma_2}}(q)$? Here, ...
4
votes
1answer
240 views

Casson invariant and signature

In W. Neumann, J. Wahl, "Casson invariant of links of singularities", Comment. Math. Helv.,1990, Vol. 65, Issue 1, pp 58-78 some connection between the Casson invariant and the signature is ...
4
votes
1answer
120 views

Reference for the image of the adjoint to the differential in graph cohomology (which yields STU & IHX)?

One can define cochain complexes of (combinatorial) graphs, where each term is a vector space of linear combinations of certain (isomorphism classes of) graphs, and where the differential $d$ is a ...
16
votes
2answers
423 views

A direct proof of the Harer-Zagier recursion enumerating the ways to paste a 2n-gon to get a genus g surface?

In a 1986 paper, Harer and Zagier proved the recursion: $$(n+1)e(g,n)=(4n-2)e(g,n-1)+(2n-1)(n-1)(2n-3)e(g-1,n-2)$$ where e(g,n) is the number of ways of grouping sides $S_1...S_{2n}$ of a 2n-gon ...
5
votes
3answers
439 views

Links with same Jones polynomial

Is there anything known about when two links have the same Jones polynomial (beyond a calculated list of small actual examples)? The first thing I would try is to compute the (formal - you would have ...
7
votes
1answer
288 views

Reference request: the “Kauffman bracket skein category”?

There should be a category $3\text{CobTang}$ whose objects are some kind of surfaces with a finite set of marked points morphisms $M : S \to T$ are some kind of $3$-dimensional cobordisms ...
4
votes
1answer
245 views

braids and dynamics of roots of a polynomial

The 2-variable polynomial equation $f(z,t) = 0$ with $z = \mathbb{C}, \\,t \in \mathbb{S^1}$ has $n = \mathrm{deg}_z f$ solutions each fixed $t$. I wanted to follow the roots as they travel with time ...
5
votes
0answers
182 views

deformed Gauss Bonnet formula?

I was reading about Gauss-Bonnet for circles, that integrating the curvature over the circle $\gamma(t)$ leads to the number of times $\gamma'(t)$ rotates around the origin. (The degree of the Gauss ...
4
votes
0answers
272 views

TQFT and Mapping Class Groups

It is well known how could we get a representation of the mapping class group of a surface S (which I assume compact, connected and orientable), given a TQFT. My question is: is there any reference ...
2
votes
2answers
241 views

2-tangles and quantum groups and 2-groups

Turaev developed the notion of a quantum group by considering the category of tangles (thought of with objects as collections of 2$n$ points and with morphisms being braids between them with cups and ...
27
votes
5answers
2k views

Usefulness of using TQFTs

What is a topological feature, that a (some) tqft (e.g. in 3 or 4 dim) sees but homology/cohomology/homotopy groups dont? Or: what is an example where using classical theories is hard, but using a ...
6
votes
1answer
386 views

What is the image of the half/full twist in the Hecke algebra, in the Kazhdan-Lusztig basis? What is the corresponding complex of Soergel bimodules?

Let $B_n$ be the braid group on $n$ strands. It has generators $\tau_i$ for $i = 1,\ldots,n-1$ which exchange the $i$th and $(i+1)$st strands, and which satisfy the relations $\tau_i \tau_j = \tau_j ...
8
votes
2answers
418 views

Computations of the Link homology categorifying the second colored Jones polynomial

Has anybody done computations of such a theory? Is there a place I could look up and see what the answers are for low crossing knots?
17
votes
1answer
709 views

What happened to the Vacuum Hypothesis in TQFT?

I remember that in the beginning, there was an axiom for $(n+1)$-dimensional TQFT that said that the state space $V(\Sigma)$ assigned to an $n$-dimensional oriented manifold is spanned by the ...
6
votes
2answers
589 views

What is the Alexander polynomial of a point?

According to the Baez-Dolan cobordism hypothesis, an extended TQFT is determined by its value on a single point. This value a fully dualizable object of a symmetric monoidal $n$ category (a fully ...