The pseudo-differential-opera tag has no usage guidance.

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### Positivity of semiclassical pseudodifferential operators

Let me first give some background. (My reference is Martinez's book An introduction to semiclassical and microlocal analysis)
Let $m\in\mathbb{R}$, and ...

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258 views

### Characteristic Variety of the Principal Symbol solves PDE system?

In the study of partial differential equations, it is often considered enough to analyze the principal symbols and their characteristic variety (see for example, ...

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votes

**1**answer

289 views

### Pseudo-differential evolution equation

I'm looking for results (or some ideas) on the following kind of pseudo-differential evolution equation:
$$
\frac{\partial u(t,x)}{\partial t} = \int_{-\infty}^{t} B(t-s,x)\, A(x,D_{x})u(s,x)\,ds \; ...

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42 views

### Hypoelliptic pseudodifferential operators and Fredholm equations?

I read here
the following:
The parametrix is a useful concept in the study of elliptic
differential operators and, more generally, of hypoelliptic
pseudodifferential operators with variable ...

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votes

**2**answers

143 views

### Differential structures and K-homology groups

What is an example of a (compact) manifold, which has two non-equivalent differential structures such that the K-homology groups are non-isomorphic? If no such example exists, i.e. "K-homology does ...

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vote

**1**answer

95 views

### Schwartz kernel

Up on Schwartz kernel theorem we know that the kernel of an integral operator belongs to distribution space S'(R^n). Moreover, we know that the kernel K is $C^{\infty}$ off diagonal in $\mathbb{R}^n ...

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55 views

### Looking for some “nontrivial” examples of pseudodifferential operators/symbols

I'm reading up on $\Psi DO$'s and trying to find some examples of symbols that are not quite so trivial.
Obviously, the first example of a symbol that most people talk about is just a polynomial in ...

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votes

**1**answer

48 views

### Locality of homogeneous pseudo-differential operator

Let $P$ be a polynomial in several variables, and let $P(D)$ be the corresponding differential operator. Obviously, $P(D)$ is a local operator, in the sense that I need only to know the function $u$ ...

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193 views

### Does hypoellipticity imply the existence of a parametrix?

Let $M$ be a smooth manifold, like $\mathbb{R}^n$ for instance. The existence of a parametrix for an operator $P$ on $C^\infty(M)$ in any reasonable pseudodifferential calculus implies that $P$ is ...

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39 views

### Equivalence of fractional power of second-order positive differential operator as pseudodifferential operator and a fractional definition

Let $A$ be a second-order differential operator on a closed manifold $M$ satisfying
$$(Au,u) \geq 0$$
with $A=-\Delta$ the Laplace-Beltrami the model case. One can define for $s \in (0,1)$ the ...

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votes

**1**answer

150 views

### Elliptic regularity of second order pseudos

Let $M$ be a compact manifold. Choose a point $q \in M$. Let $P$ be a second order positive self-adjoint pseudodifferential operator such that $\text{Spec}(P) \subset (0, \infty)$. Also, we know that ...

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**1**answer

135 views

### Ask the validity of Tauberian lemma in Sogge's book

In C.D.Sogge's Fourier Integrals in Classical Analysis pp.128-129, he proved Lemma4.2.3(Tauberian Lemma):
Lemma. Let$g(\lambda)$ be a piece-wise continuous tempered function of $\mathbb{R}$. Assume ...

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**2**answers

188 views

### Pseudodifferential operators on spaces with boundary

Consider the upper half space $\mathbb{R}^n_{+} = \{x = (x_1,..,x_n) \in \mathbb{R}^n : x_n \geq 0\}$. Consider the Laplacian on this space with either the Dirichlet boundary condition or the Neumann ...

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**1**answer

69 views

### Compactness of Weyl pseudodifferential operators with integrable symbols

Given a tempered distribution $s \in \mathcal{S}'(\mathbb{R}^{2d})$, define the Weyl pseudodifferential operator of symbol $s$ as the mapping $\mathcal{S}(\mathbb{R}^{d}) \rightarrow ...

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### Recursive formula for symbol of resolvent on noncompact manifold

On a compact Riemannian manifold $(M,g)$ without boundary it was shown (by R. Seeley) how to define the complex power of an elliptic classical pseudodifferential operator $A$ of positive order $m$: ...

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**1**answer

233 views

### Exponential decay for the gradient of a solution

Dear all,
I would like to prove the exponential decay of the derivatives of a solution to the following equation in $\mathbb{R}^N$:
$$
\sqrt{-\Delta+m^2} u +u= f(u),
$$
where I can assume that $m \neq ...

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3k views

### Square roots of the Laplace operator

In several places in the literature (e.g. this paper of Caffarelli and Silvestre), I've seen an integral formula for fractional Laplacians. I'd like to understand it. In this question, I'll stick to ...

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**0**answers

93 views

### Uniqueness of a Integro-parabolic differential equation?

Let $r, q,\lambda,\sigma,\kappa,\mu$ are positive real numbers and let $c(t)$ is a differential function of $t$. $\Gamma(\eta)$ is a probability density function.
When I consider price of American ...

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votes

**1**answer

111 views

### Abstract stationary phase

I have been reading Semi-classical analysis by Guillemin and Sternberg. At the end of Chapter 8, they gave an abstract version of the stationary phase method. I have a hard time figuring out what ...

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**1**answer

194 views

### Application of Egorov's Theorem for Pseudodifferential Operators

Let $\;P_{0} \in OPS^{m}_{1,0}(\mathbb{R}^{n} \; \times \; \mathbb{R}^{n})\;$, $\;A \in OPS^{1}(\mathbb{R}^{n} \; \times \; \mathbb{R}^{n})$ and $S(t)$ the solution operator of the scalar hyperbolic ...

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311 views

### applications of C$^*$-algebras in the field of PDEs

I know only a little bit about C$^*$-algebras and I want a to know if you know a nice apllication or the influence of them in the field of partial differential equations (it is better that it is ...

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894 views

### Green's operator of elliptic differential operator

Let $P:\Gamma(E)\rightarrow\Gamma(F)$ be an elliptic partial differential operator, with index $=0$ and closed image of codimension $=1$, between spaces $\Gamma(E)$ and $\Gamma(F)$ of smooth sections ...

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**1**answer

114 views

### What is a good reference for conormal distributions?

May I humblely ask what is a good reference for conormal distributions (for student with some rudimentary pseudo-differential operator background)? I heard from my advisor that it is useful in index ...

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**1**answer

135 views

### Elliptic Fourier integral operators

I know what it means for a pseudodifferential operator $A\in\Psi(\mathbb{R}^n)$ to be elliptic at a point $(x,\xi)\in T^*\mathbb{R}^n$: the principal symbol of $A$ is non-vanishing at the point.
But ...

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**1**answer

97 views

### Paraproduct and Fourier series

I know that it's possible to define the paraproduct $T_a u$ when $a=a(x)\in L^{\infty}$ and $u\in H^s$ and in this case $T_a u\in H^s$.
Remark: $T_a u$ is the pseudo differential operator with symbol ...

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**1**answer

184 views

### Extension of pseudodifferential operators

I'm very sorry if this is the wrong place to ask this question, but I've asked it on StackExchange and received no answers. ( ...

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444 views

### How to define the square root of $1-\Delta $?

If $M$ is a Riemannian manifold with $\Delta $ its Laplacian, how can we define $(1-\Delta)^{1/2}$?
The book I am reading says that $(1-\Delta)^{1/2}$ is an invertible first-order pseudo-differential ...

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### Extension of a bounded operator on manifold

I have a problem, which is quite urgent, as I have only today discovered an error in a proof i had in a thesis which is to be handed in tomorrow.
The problem, if stated in as full generality as ...

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### Closure of pseudodifferential operators of order 0 on compact manifolds

Let $M$ be a compact manifold. If we have a pseudodifferential operator $P$ of order $0$ on $M$, then $P$ is pseudolocal, i.e., every commutator $[f,P]$ with a continuous function $f \in C(M)$ is a ...

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76 views

### Estimate the analytical wavefront set $WF_A(u)$ given $WF_A(A_K u)$

Let $X$ and $Y$ be two real-analytic manifolds and $Z \subset X \times Y$ be a real-analytic embedded closed submanifold. Suppose now that $K \in \mathscr D'(X \times Y)$ is a distribution conormal to ...

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168 views

### Practical way to check whether a distribution is conormal

Let $X$ be a $C^\infty$-manifold, $Y$ be its $C^\infty$-submanifold. Hörmander defines the set $I^m(X,Y)$ of conormal distributions as the set of all $u \in \mathscr D'(X)$ such that
$$
L_1 ...

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### Support-preserving pseudodifferential operators

Let $A = F^{-1}\sigma F$ be a pseudodifferential operator acting on functions on $\mathbb R^n$, where $F$, $F^{-1}$ are the direct and inverse Fourier transforms respectively and $\sigma$ is the ...

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779 views

### Applications of Atiyah-Singer using pseudodifferential operators

Though the Atiyah-Singer index theorem holds for pseudodifferential operators, all the applications of the index theorem I know of only need it for Dirac-type operators. I know that pseudodifferential ...

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707 views

### Fractional Leibniz formula

Let $T=(-\Delta)^{1/2}$.
Can we have estimates, similar to the one below
$$
\| T^{\alpha}(fg)-(T^{\alpha}f)g-f(T^{\alpha}g) \|_p \leq \|T^{\alpha-1}f\|_p \|T^{\alpha-1}g\|_p,
$$
hold in $L^p$, where ...

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197 views

### Schwartz kernel of a pseudodifferential operator with singular symbols

If we have a smooth symbol $r(x,\xi)$ of order $d$ the corresponding pseudodifferential operator $P$ is integral operator with kernel given by
$$K(x,y)=\int_{\mathbb{R}^n}e^{i(x-y)\cdot \xi} ...

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457 views

### Atiyah-Singer for pseudodifferential operators via heat kernel?

The Atiyah-Singer theorem for Dirac-type operators can be proved using the heat kernel and this proof has an advantage over the proof via K-theory, because the first is local but the latter is not. ...

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655 views

### Why take 'complex powers' of pseudo-differential operators?

Given a pseudo-differential operator $P$ of order zero, Seeley showed that the holomorphic family of operators $\lbrace P^{z} : z\in \mathbb{C} \rbrace$ of all complex powers is contained in the ...

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**1**answer

343 views

### Pseudo-differential operators with compactly supported symbols

If the symbol $p(x,\xi)$ of a pseudodifferential operator $P$ has compact $x$-support, then for any Schwartz function $f$, $Pf$ has compact $x$-support.
Is the reverse true? Namely that if some PDO ...

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1k views

### (sharp)Garding's inequality and inequality with lower bounds

The origin of Garding's inequality was an effort to solve Dirichlet's problem for linear elliptic operators of high even order.Let $$P(x,D)= \sum a_{\alpha}(x)D^{\alpha}$$ with principal part ...

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### Motivation for and history of pseudo-differential operators

Suppose you start from partial differential equations and functional analysis (on $\mathbb R^n$ and on real manifolds). Which prominent example problems lead you to work with pseudo-differential ...

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333 views

### Criteria for Positivity of Pseudoddifferential Operators on Manifolds

Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian Manifold and $L^2$ the Hilbert space given by the volume form associated to the metric. Let $L_0^2$ be the subspace which is orthogonal to the constant functions. When is ...

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722 views

### Applications of pseudodifferential operators to PDE

I am planning to build a PDE course centred around pseudodifferential operators. I know some important applications of pseudodifferential operators to PDEs, but I don't know enough to get the whole ...

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### Why is symplectic geometry so important in modern PDE ?

First, we recall that symplectic manifold is a smooth manifold, $M$, equipped with a closed nondegenerate differential 2-form, $\omega$, called the symplectic form. The study of symplectic manifolds ...

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273 views

### pseutotensor category

In the paper B. Bakalov, A.D'Andrea and V.G.Kac, Theory of finite pseudoalgebras, section 3, one finds the following definition of pseudotensor category:
A pseudotensor category is a class of ...

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676 views

### Pseudo-differential operators which are independent of lower order perturbations

In the area of pseudo-differential operators, we know that for elliptic type or real principal type operators reductions are independent of lower order terms. For example, if $P$ is zeroth order real ...

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286 views

### about smoothing pseudodifferential operators

Hi,
I have a question which involves pdo.
Let us consider a pseudodifferential operator $A:S(\mathbb{R}^d)\rightarrow S(\mathbb{R}^d) $ whose symbol $a(x,\xi)$ lives in the $S_{0,0}^0$ class :
$$ ...

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635 views

### What are the invariant Pseudo-differential operators on a Lie group?

It is well-known that (left) $G$-invariant differential operators on a Lie group $G$, has an algebraic description, i.e. universal enveloping algebra of the Lie algebra of the group.
On the other ...

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772 views

### what's the motivation of Weyl calculus ?

In the pseudo-differential operator theory, we can define a pseudo-differential operator by $$a(x,D)u=(2\pi)^{-n}\int{a(x,\xi)e^{i\langle x-y,\xi \rangle}u(y)dyd\xi}$$ with $a(x,\xi)$ belong to some ...

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107 views

### Analogue of the integral Fourier operator with angle in some cone

Let $\Phi(x,y,\theta)$ be a phase function defined on $X \times X \times (\mathbb R^n-0)$ where $X$ is some domain in $\mathbb R^n$, let $A(x,y,\theta)$ be an amplitude function. As usually an ...

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### When is a Pseudo-differential operator trace class or in Dixmier ideal?

Let's denote the set of all Pseudo-differential operators with symbol of “order” $d$ by $\Psi_d(M)$ and Sobolev space on $M$ by $H_s(M)$. It is known that
If $P\in\Psi_d(M)$ Then $P$ extends to a ...