The pseudo-differential-opera tag has no usage guidance.

**5**

votes

**2**answers

445 views

### When is a Pseudo-differential operator trace class or in Dixmier ideal?

Let's denote the set of all Pseudo-differential operators with symbol of “order” $d$ by $\Psi_d(M)$ and Sobolev space on $M$ by $H_s(M)$. It is known that
If $P\in\Psi_d(M)$ Then $P$ extends to a ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

275 views

### Trace formula for PSDOs

In Getzler's famous paper "Pseudodifferential Operators on Supermanifolds and the Atiyah-Singer Index Theorem", he states that for a (trace-class) pseudo-differential operator $P$ on a Riemannian ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

247 views

### Exponential decay for the gradient of a solution

Dear all,
I would like to prove the exponential decay of the derivatives of a solution to the following equation in $\mathbb{R}^N$:
$$
\sqrt{-\Delta+m^2} u +u= f(u),
$$
where I can assume that $m \neq ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

158 views

### a question about first-order hyperbolic equations

Performing certain manipulations on pseudo-differential equations I have come across the following first order equation:
$$
D_{t}u-\lambda(t,x,D_{t},D_{x})u=0, \ \ (*)
$$
where $\lambda$ is a scalar ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

252 views

### On the generalization of the Mittag-Leffler function and fractional derivative

The Mittag-Leffler function $E_{\alpha}(x)$ has an important property:
$$
\frac{\partial^{\alpha}}{\partial x^{\alpha}} E_{\alpha}(x^{\alpha}) = E_{\alpha}(x^{\alpha}).
$$
I tried to find an ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

479 views

### Is this kernel space of finite dimension ?

Assume that $P \in \Psi^{m}(X)$ (X is a $C^{\infty}$ manifold)is properly supported and has a real principal part p which is homogeneous of degree m.I'm interested in the existence theorem(at least ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

712 views

### Why take 'complex powers' of pseudo-differential operators?

Given a pseudo-differential operator $P$ of order zero, Seeley showed that the holomorphic family of operators $\lbrace P^{z} : z\in \mathbb{C} \rbrace$ of all complex powers is contained in the ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

437 views

### Generalized Friedrichs Lemma

Taylor's PUP book on pseudodifferential operators in II.7 has an extension of the pseudodifferential version of Friedrichs' lemma to generalized Friedrichs' mollifiers $J_\epsilon$ on a compact ...

**7**

votes

**3**answers

369 views

### Criteria for Positivity of Pseudoddifferential Operators on Manifolds

Let $(M,g)$ be a Riemannian Manifold and $L^2$ the Hilbert space given by the volume form associated to the metric. Let $L_0^2$ be the subspace which is orthogonal to the constant functions. When is ...

**28**

votes

**5**answers

3k views

### Why is symplectic geometry so important in modern PDE ?

First, we recall that symplectic manifold is a smooth manifold, $M$, equipped with a closed nondegenerate differential 2-form, $\omega$, called the symplectic form. The study of symplectic manifolds ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

200 views

### second order operator with real coefficients and not locally solvable

This question is a follow up of the following answer I posted recently:
Counterexamples in PDE
Is there a second order partial differential operator with real coefficients which are not solvable in ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

876 views

### when a pseudo-differential operators to be compact?

In the theory of Pseudo-differential operators,when a symbol $a(x,\xi)\in S^{0}$,then the operator $a(x,D)$ defined by$$a(x,D)u=\int{e^{ix\xi}a(x,\xi)\widehat{u}}d \xi$$ is $L^2$ bounded.$ $
My ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

702 views

### Pseudo-differential operators which are independent of lower order perturbations

In the area of pseudo-differential operators, we know that for elliptic type or real principal type operators reductions are independent of lower order terms. For example, if $P$ is zeroth order real ...

**19**

votes

**6**answers

4k views

### Square roots of the Laplace operator

In several places in the literature (e.g. this paper of Caffarelli and Silvestre), I've seen an integral formula for fractional Laplacians. I'd like to understand it. In this question, I'll stick to ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### (sharp)Garding's inequality and inequality with lower bounds

The origin of Garding's inequality was an effort to solve Dirichlet's problem for linear elliptic operators of high even order.Let $$P(x,D)= \sum a_{\alpha}(x)D^{\alpha}$$ with principal part $$P_{2m}...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

829 views

### what's the motivation of Weyl calculus ?

In the pseudo-differential operator theory, we can define a pseudo-differential operator by $$a(x,D)u=(2\pi)^{-n}\int{a(x,\xi)e^{i\langle x-y,\xi \rangle}u(y)dyd\xi}$$ with $a(x,\xi)$ belong to some ...

**4**

votes

**6**answers

796 views

### Fractional Leibniz formula

Let $T=(-\Delta)^{1/2}$.
Can we have estimates, similar to the one below
$$
\| T^{\alpha}(fg)-(T^{\alpha}f)g-f(T^{\alpha}g) \|_p \leq \|T^{\alpha-1}f\|_p \|T^{\alpha-1}g\|_p,
$$
hold in $L^p$, where $...

**9**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### Characterization of inverse differential operators

If I have a partial differential operator $p(D)$, where $p$ is a polynomial with constant coefficients and $D$ is the derivative in Euclidean space. Its inverse is easily described in Fourier space: $\...

**8**

votes

**3**answers

722 views

### Functions of Pseudodifferential Operators

Suppose I have a self-adjoint pseudo-differential operator $A$ on $\mathbb{R}^n$ and a continuous function $f$ (possibly bounded, or Schwartz, or compactly supported) on its spectrum. Then I can ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

407 views

### Elliptic pseudodifferential operator estimate [closed]

If $P$ is an elliptic pseudodifferential operator of order 1 in the sense that its principal symbol is invertible, then we have the a priori estimate
$\|u\|_{H^1(U)} \le C (\|Pu\|_{L^2(W)} + \|u\|_{...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

304 views

### Between Being a Connection and Being an Elliptic Operator

Let $E$ be a smooth complex vector bundle over a smooth compact manifold $M$ and let $H$ be the $Z_{2}$-graded (with the $Z_{2}$-grading given by even/odd forms) Hilbert space of $L_{2}$ (with respect ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

751 views

### Understanding the analytic index map of the Atiyah-Singer index theorem

Hi,
I'm currently trying to understand the Atiyah-Singer index theorem and its proof as presented in the book "Spin Geometry" by Lawson and Michelsohn.
I do not understand why the analytic index map ...

**35**

votes

**8**answers

4k views

### Motivation for and history of pseudo-differential operators

Suppose you start from partial differential equations and functional analysis (on $\mathbb R^n$ and on real manifolds). Which prominent example problems lead you to work with pseudo-differential ...