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61
votes
6answers
6k views

Is there an underlying explanation for the magical powers of the Schwarzian derivative?

Given a function $f(z)$ on the complex plane, define the Schwarzian derivative $S(f)$ to be the function $S(f) = \frac{f'''}{f'} - \frac{3}{2} (\frac{f''}{f'})^2$ Here is a somewhat more conceptual ...
15
votes
2answers
992 views

Why do all incidence theorems follow from Pappus' theorem?

In Hilbert and Cohn-Vossen's ``Geometry and the Imagination," they state in the last paragraph of Chapter 20 that "Any theorems concerned solely with incidence relations in the [Euclidean ...
5
votes
1answer
639 views

Top self-intersection of exceptional divisors

Let $Y\subset\mathbb{P}^n$ be a smooth variety of codimension two. Consider the blow-up $X = Bl_Y\mathbb{P}^n$ of $\mathbb{P}^n$ along $Y$, and let $E$ be the exceptional divisor over $Y$. Then $E$ ...
14
votes
1answer
606 views

When is $(q^k-1)/(q-1)$ a perfect square?

Let $q$ be a prime power and $k>1$ a positive integer. For what values of $k$ and $q$ is the number $(q^k-1)/(q-1)$ a perfect square, that is the square of another integer? Is the number of such ...
8
votes
2answers
538 views

Can projective hypersurfaces contain linear spaces? How big?

I am in this, rather friendly, situation: I have a complex projective space $\mathbb{P}^n$, and there i have a (possibly non-smooth) hypersurface $S$ defined by one irreducible polynomial $P$ of ...
2
votes
0answers
268 views

Enumerating certain types of permutation polynomials

Given a prime power $q$, I would like to enumerate (preferably up to isomorphism*) all the permutation polynomials $f(x)$ on $K = GF(q^3)$ satisfying the following conditions: $f(ax) = af(x)$ for ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Generalisations of Riemann-Roch for surfaces

Let $X$ be a smooth projective algebraic surface (over $\mathbb{C}$ ). For all $L\in \mathrm{Pic}(X)$, we have $$\chi(L)=\chi(\mathcal{O}_X)+\frac{1}{2}(L^2-L\cdot \omega_X).$$ This is the famous ...
2
votes
1answer
533 views

Line bundles, linear systems and normalization

One example that I always have in mind is that the plane nodal (or even the plane cuspidal) cubic curve $X$ is obtained by an appropirate 2-dim linear subsystem of $|\mathcal{O} (3)|$ on ...
1
vote
2answers
276 views

Möbius transformation by 3 points in the Minkowski model

Goal I'm interested in describing Möbius transformations in the plane, and I'd like to define them in terms of three points and their images. What I have tried I know that a projective ...
4
votes
2answers
304 views

Infinitesimal deformations of a fibration

Let $f:X\rightarrow Y$ be a morphism of normal projective varieties over an algebraically closed field with connected fibers. Assume that both $Y$ and the general fiber of $f$ admit a non-trivial ...
3
votes
2answers
217 views

Proper subgroups of $\rm{SU}(d)$ that act transitively on $\rm{CP}^{d-1}$?

The special unitary group $\rm{SU}(d)$ has a canonical action on the Hilbert space of dimension $d$, and this action induces a canonical action on the projective space $\rm{CP}^{d-1}$, which is ...
1
vote
0answers
161 views

What is the Birkhoff norm of a Perron vector?

Let $A$ be a positive matrix. What is known about the Birkhoff norm of its Perron vector? By the Birkhoff norm of a vector $x$ I refer to the quantity $\frac{\max{x}}{\min{x}}$. P.S. This is ...