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9
votes
10answers
3k views

What is the exact statement of “there are 27 lines on a cubic”?

I think there was a theorem, like every cubic hypersurface in $\mathbb P^3$ has 27 lines on it. What is the exact statement and details?
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Pascal and Brianchon's theorems generalized for hyperbolic paraboloid

I know that giving a general version of these two theorems for quadrics can be quite tricky, but if we restrict ourselves to a verssion that holds for the hyperbolic paraboloid only it should be ...
2
votes
0answers
84 views

Blow-up of the diagonal

Let $\Delta$ be the small diagonal in $\mathbb{P}^1\times \mathbb{P}^1\times \mathbb{P}^1$, and let $X$ be the blow-up of $\mathbb{P}^1\times \mathbb{P}^1\times \mathbb{P}^1$ along $\Delta$ with ...
2
votes
1answer
173 views

What criteria are to determine if two projective varieties are projectively equivalent?

A projective transformation is a morphism of $P^n$ to $P^n$, for some $n$, determined by an $(n + 1) \times (n + 1)$ invertible matrix $A$ in the obvious way. The sets $Q$, $R$ are projectively ...
8
votes
1answer
290 views

Blowing-up a point in the singular locus

Let $X\subset\mathbb{P}^n$ be a variety singular along a smooth subvariety $Z\subset X$ of positive dimension. Let us assume that $X$ has ordinary singularities along $Z$. Now, let $\pi:Y\rightarrow ...
1
vote
1answer
114 views

Creating a Latin rectangle from a projective plane

Given a projective plane I'd like to form a latin rectangle from the lines. In particular, I'd like to take each line from the plane, order the elements in some way, and stick them into the matrix as ...
1
vote
1answer
137 views

Special linear sections of a hypersurface

We discuss on the field of complex numbers. Let $X$ be a smooth projective hypersurface of dimension $n \geq 4$ in $\mathbb{P}^{n+1}(\mathbb{C})$. Assume that for a general point $x \in X$, there ...
1
vote
0answers
54 views

Is there a projective metric on a projective space induced by a p-norm?

A projective metric on a projective space is a metric on the underlying set such that shortest path with respect to this metric are parts of entire projective straight lines. The 2-norm induces the ...
1
vote
1answer
74 views

When a collineation is a perspectivity?

Veblen & Young, in "projective geometry", vol. 1, section 105, use the following lemma: If a collineation between two intersecting planes in 3d projective space is such that any two corresponding ...
27
votes
2answers
2k views

Projective Plane of Order 12

I asked this question on the new Theoretical Computer Science "overflow" site, and commenters suggested I ask it here. That question is here, and it contains additional links, which I doubt I can ...
3
votes
2answers
204 views

A question on the effective cone

Let $X$ be a projective variety and $G$ a finite group acting on $X$. We consider the quotient $\pi:X\rightarrow Y :=X/G$. I'm interested in the relation between $Eff(X)$ and $Eff(Y)$. In ...
1
vote
0answers
66 views

Higher entry loci

Let $X\subset\mathbb{P}^n$ be a projective variety, and let $p\in\mathbb{P}^n$ be a general point. The secant cone $C_p(X)$ relative to $p$ is the union of all the secant line of $X$ through $p$. The ...
2
votes
1answer
316 views

A question about an intersection number

Let $\pi:Y\rightarrow \mathbb{P}^3$ be the blow-up of two points $p,q\in\mathbb{P}^3$, and then of the strict transform of the line $L$ spanned by them. Now, Let $E_p,E_q, E_{p,q}$ be respectively the ...
0
votes
0answers
165 views

projective map from $\overline{\mathcal{M}}_{0,n}$

Suppose I have a morphism $f:\overline{\mathcal{M}}_{0,n} \to \mathbb{P}^N$ birational onto its image, and I know exactly what $F$-curves are contracted (or "dually", what divisors are contracted). ...
2
votes
0answers
259 views

Enumerating certain types of permutation polynomials

Given a prime power $q$, I would like to enumerate (preferably up to isomorphism*) all the permutation polynomials $f(x)$ on $K = GF(q^3)$ satisfying the following conditions: $f(ax) = af(x)$ for ...
0
votes
0answers
82 views

Why is the set of geometrically irreducible curves of degree d in P^2 open in P^((d+2 2)-1)?

Let $X$ be a $k$-scheme. We say that $X$ is geometrically irreducible if $X\times_k \mathrm{spec}{K}$ is irreducible for all algebraically closed extensions $K$ of $k$. Ravi Vakil states in his ...
8
votes
0answers
177 views

Who first proved the fundamental theorem of projective geometry?

The following theorem is often called the fundamental theorem of projective geometry: Let $k$ be a field and let $n \geq 3$. Let $X$ be the partially ordered set of nonzero proper subspaces of ...
5
votes
1answer
97 views

Measuring how closely a missing projective plane can be approached by an equivalent structure

It is well known that for a number of structures, their existence is equivalent to the existence of a projective plane for a given order. Some of them depend on more than one parameters, which means ...
8
votes
2answers
356 views

Blow-ups of $\mathbb{P}^{n-3}$ and $(\mathbb{P}^1)^{n-3}$

Let us consider the points $$p_1=[1:0:...:0],p_2 = [0:1:...:0],...,p_{n-2} =[0:...:0:1],\\ p_{n-1}=[1:1:...:1]\in\mathbb{P}^{n-3}$$ and the blow-up $X = Bl_{p_1,...,p_{n-1}}\mathbb{P}^{n-3}$. ...
6
votes
1answer
527 views

Bertini's Theorem

Let $p_1,...,p_n\in\mathbb{P}^{N}$ be general points. Consider the linear system $|L|$ of hypersurfaces of degree $d$ in $\mathbb{P}^{N}$ with prescribed multiplicities $m_1,...,m_n$ at $p_1,...,p_n$. ...
5
votes
2answers
349 views

Generalization of Pascal's Theorem to Higher Dimensions

Pascal's celebrated theorem in classical geometry gives a necessary and sufficient condition for the existence of a conic through six given points in the plane. Does there exists a similar statement ...
3
votes
2answers
194 views

Standard plane Cremona transformation

Let us consider nine general points $p_1,...,p_9\in\mathbb{P}^2$ and the line $L = \left\langle p_1,p_2\right\rangle$. Take the standard Cremona $f_1$ centred in $p_3,p_4,p_5$, then $C_1 = f_1(L)$ is ...
1
vote
0answers
106 views

A question on the secondary fan

I am studying the secondary fan decomposition of the effective cone of a projective variety $X$. Let as assume that $X$ is a Mori Dream Space. As far as I understand passing from a cone of maximal ...
1
vote
1answer
88 views

Piercing of subspaces in a projective space?

The "piercing subspace" problem may be stated as follows: There are given several subspaces in a projective space, rather non-intersecting. Find an additional subspace of a prescribed dimension that ...
-1
votes
1answer
59 views

Equal-area projections of the hyperbolic plane [closed]

I'm aware of the projections of the hyperbolic plane at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hyperbolic_geometry#Models_of_the_hyperbolic_plane, but how would I project the hyperbolic plane onto a flat piece ...
11
votes
3answers
756 views

Natural examples of Reverse Mathematics outside classical analysis?

Harvey Friedman at the 1974 ICM motivated Reverse Mathematics by the following statement: When the theorem is proved from the right axioms, the axioms can be proved from the theorem. Reverse ...
1
vote
0answers
47 views

Projection from a polytope to an affine space

Let $P\subseteq \mathbf{R}^n$ be some polytope defined by an intersection of half spaces with corresponding hyperplanes $H_k$, and let $A\subseteq \mathbf{R}^n$ be some affine space, with $A\cap P ...
1
vote
0answers
117 views

Projective tangent cones, ordinary singularities and blow-ups

Let $X\subset\mathbb{P}^n$ be a projective variety and let $Y\subset X$ be the singular locus of $X$. Assume that $Y$ is smooth. I would like to know if the following are equivalent: $X$ has an ...
0
votes
1answer
107 views

the paraboloid model for hyperbolic space [closed]

In Thurston's Three-Dimensional Geometry and Topology, he gives a recipe for a non-standard model for hyperbolic space which he calls the paraboloid model. I'd like to use the model to try out ...
1
vote
0answers
81 views

Reference for a proof of a projective representation of $A_6$

This question is copied from math.stackexchange, in hope that it might get some attension. I want to understand the proof of There is a projective representation of $A_6 \hookrightarrow ...
1
vote
0answers
115 views

Resolution of singularities of projective varieties

Let $X\subset\mathbb{P}^n$ be an irreducible variety, and let $Sing(X)$ be its singular locus. Let $Y$ be the blow-up of $\mathbb{P}^n$ along $Sing(X)$. Assume that we know that the strict transform ...
4
votes
1answer
186 views

Rectifying texture from image

I have a camera matrix $P$ which defines a projective transformation $\mathbb{P}^3 \rightarrow \mathbb{P}^2$. In the former space there is a plane $[ x|\pi^Tx=0 ]$. The image of the plane under $P$ ...
61
votes
6answers
6k views

Is there an underlying explanation for the magical powers of the Schwarzian derivative?

Given a function $f(z)$ on the complex plane, define the Schwarzian derivative $S(f)$ to be the function $S(f) = \frac{f'''}{f'} - \frac{3}{2} (\frac{f''}{f'})^2$ Here is a somewhat more conceptual ...
1
vote
1answer
186 views

pencil of quadrics consisting of singular quadrics

A pencil $l$ of quadrics in $\mathbb{P}^4_{<x_0,\cdots,x_4>}$ consists of singular quadrics only if: (1) quadrics in $l$ have a common singular point; or (2) quadrics in $l$ contain a common ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

singular locus of $\mathcal{A}_3(2)^{hyp}$

The geometry of the Satake compactification of $\mathcal{A}_2(2)$ is very well known. It is the singular quartic 3-fold in $P^4$ known as $Igusa\ quartic$. I am looking for references (or ...
15
votes
6answers
2k views

Maps to projective space determined by a line bundle

The following should be pretty standard for any algebraic geometer. Let $X$ be a compact complex variety, and let $L$ be a line bundle on $X$. We say $L$ is 'generated by global sections' if for ...
3
votes
0answers
112 views

Universal covering space of a Zariski open subset of projective space

Let $U$ be a Zariski open subset of $\mathbb P^n_{\mathbb C}$. Assume $U$ is the complement of some divisors. Have the possible universal covering spaces of $U$ been classified? Do we know when the ...
4
votes
1answer
253 views

The space of varieties between two given varieties

Let $\mathbf{P} = \mathbf{P}^n(k)$ be the $n$-dimensional projective space over a field $k$, let $A, B$ be projective varieties in $\mathbf{P}$ such that $A \subset B$. Now define $V(A,B)$ to be the ...
1
vote
1answer
135 views

Multiplicity of a variety along a subvariety

Let $X\subset\mathbb{P}^n$ be an hypersurface given by the vanishing of a polynomial $F\in k[x_0,...,x_n]_d$. Let $Y\subset X$ be a subvariety. Then $X$ has multiplicity $m$ along $Y$ if all the ...
2
votes
0answers
126 views

A question on resolution of singularities

I am wondering if it could be possible in particular cases to resolve a singularity of dimension $n$ by blowing-up a locus of dimension smaller than $n$. For instance consider a cubic surface ...
2
votes
1answer
169 views

Singularities of secant varieties of rational normal curves

Let $C\subset\mathbb{P}^n$ be a rational normal curve of degree $n$, and let $Sec_k(C)\subset\mathbb{P}^n$ be its $k$-th secant variety. By Theorem 1.1 in this paper: ...
13
votes
1answer
532 views

When is $(q^k-1)/(q-1)$ a perfect square?

Let $q$ be a prime power and $k>1$ a positive integer. For what values of $k$ and $q$ is the number $(q^k-1)/(q-1)$ a perfect square, that is the square of another integer? Is the number of such ...
2
votes
0answers
112 views

Degree of join of two varieties‏

Let $X\subset\mathbb{P}^n$ be an irreducible variety of degree $d$ and dimension $n-4$. Let $L\subset X$ be a line of mulitplicity $m$ in $X$. Assume that $m+1\leq d$ so that the general line spanned ...
15
votes
1answer
421 views

Maps to projective space == line bundles; what do maps to weighted projective space correspond to?

A map from an algebraic variety $X$ to a projective space is the same thing as a globally generated line bundle on $X$. What geometric object on $X$ corresponds to a map to a weighted projective ...
1
vote
1answer
197 views

Cremona transformations

Let $f:\mathbb{P}^n_1\dashrightarrow\mathbb{P}^n_2$ be the standard Cremona transformation based on $p_1,...,p_{n+1}\in\mathbb{P}^n_1$ and $q_1,...,q_{n+1}\in\mathbb{P}^n_2$. That is, $f$ is the ...
2
votes
2answers
271 views

Schwarzian derivative of a diffeomorphism is zero iff Linear-fractionals?

I have found the following derivation of the Schwarzian derivatives in the book of Ovsienko and Tabachnikov: For a diffeomorphism $\gamma$ which acts on 4 points $t_1,t_2,t_3,t_4 \in \mathbb{RP}_1$, ...
9
votes
1answer
396 views

$6$ points lie on a conic if and only if $ABC$ and $A_0B_0C_0$ are perspective

Let $ABC$ be a triangle with incircle $\omega$. Let $A_0,B_0,C_0$ be points outside $\omega$. The tangents from $A_0$ to $\omega$ intersect $BC$ at $A_1,A_2$. Define $B_1,B_2$ and $C_1,C_2$ similarly. ...
6
votes
3answers
985 views

Original proof of Pappus' Hexagon Theorem

Does anyone know where I can find an english translation, preferrably online or in a book the library of a small liberal arts college would be likely to have, of the original proof of Pappus' hexagon ...
0
votes
0answers
134 views

classify antiholomorphic involutions of projective space

On $\mathbb{CP}^1$ with standard complex structure, how to prove that there are only two types of antiholomorphic involution, given by $$ \tau :[z:w]\mapsto [\bar w, \bar z] \qquad \eta :[z:w]\mapsto ...
1
vote
1answer
179 views

Rational normal curves as set-theoretic complete intersections

Let $C\subset\mathbb{P}^n$ be a rational normal curve of degree $n$. It is know that $C$ is a set-theoretic complete intersection and that, if $n\geq 3$, is a not a scheme-theoretic complete ...