The projective-geometry tag has no wiki summary.

**0**

votes

**0**answers

86 views

### Independent Generic Curves in the Projective Plane

I'm trying to read M. Nagata's paper On the Fourteenth Problem of Hilbert
and I've run into some trouble understanding the definitions he's using.
The setup is as follows: let $\pi$ be a prime field ...

**-2**

votes

**0**answers

20 views

### projection of point, Coordinates [closed]

Please see the link below
http://mathworld.wolfram.com/Point-LineDistance3-Dimensional.html
I can get 'd' from the above link
How about getting the intersection point? Do we have any relation for ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

134 views

### Morphisms contracting a family of curves

Let $f:X\rightarrow Y$ be a morphism of normal projective varieties. Let $S\subseteq X$ be a surface admitting a morphism $g:S\rightarrow C$ to a curve $C$ such that any fiber of $g$ is a curve.
...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

785 views

### When does a planar ternary ring uniquely coordinitise a projective plane?

From every projective plane a coordinitisation can be constructed on a planar ternary ring, and conversely from every planar ternary ring a projective plane can be constructed. (For background see ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

251 views

### What criteria are to determine if two projective varieties are projectively equivalent?

A projective transformation is a morphism of $P^n$ to $P^n$, for some $n$, determined by an
$(n + 1) \times (n + 1)$ invertible matrix $A$ in the obvious way. The sets $Q$, $R$ are projectively ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

74 views

### dimension of singular locus and complete intersection of a hypersurface

Let $X$ be a reduced projective hypersurface over a field $k$, which is defined by the homogeneous equation $f(T_0,\ldots,T_n)=0$. If the dimension of the singular locus of $X$ is $s$, $0\leq s\leq ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

100 views

### Infinitesimal deformations of a singular projective surface

Let $X$ be a normal projective surface with just two singular points $x_1,x_2\in X$, where $X$ has rational quotient singularities.
Assume that both the singularities in $x_1$ and in $x_2$ admit a ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

190 views

### A $d$-form on ${\mathbb R}^n$ that vanishes on $\binom{d+n-1}{n-1}$ general points, vanishes identically

I'm looking for a reference for the fact that a $d$-form on ${\mathbb R}^n$ that vanishes on $p_1,..,p_{\binom{d+n-1}{n-1}}$ general points, vanishes identically.
A specific construction of a set of ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

196 views

### Rational curves in projective spaces

Let $X\subset(\mathbb{P}^{N})^n$ be the variety defined as follows: $(p_1,...,p_n)\in (\mathbb{P}^{N})^n$ such that there exists a rational curve $C$ of degree $d$ with $p_1,...,p_n\in C$.
Is there a ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

102 views

### Schubert Polynomials for Complex Projective Space

The Borel picture of the cohomology ring of a flag variety gives a description as a coset space, without identifying any representatives for the classes. Lascoux and Schützenberger gave specific ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

68 views

### Rational curves through a fixed number of points

Let us fix two positive integers $d$, and $N$. Can we determine a third integer $n$ such that given $n$ general points $p_1,...,p_n\in\mathbb{P}^N$ there exists a unique rational curve of degree $d$ ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

178 views

### Singularities of Pfaffian hypersurfaces

Let $X\subset\mathbb{P}^4$ be an hypersurface of degree six given by the Pfaffian of a $6\times 6$ matrix $M$ whose entries are quadratic forms in the homogeneous coordinates of $\mathbb{P}^4$. I am ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

199 views

### Secant varieties of curves in $\mathbb{P}^4$

My question is motivated by the following simple observations. By a standard dimensions count in $\mathbb{P}^4$ there should not exist neither an hypersurface of degree $3$ with multiplicity $2$ in ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

220 views

### Looking for reference or proof to some facts stated on Anand Pillay's book

In my current work I am using facts 2.1.11 and 2.1.12 from Anand Pillay's book Geometric Stability Theory.
The facts are stated as follows:
Fact 2.1.11. Let $(S,\mbox{cl})$ be a locally ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

307 views

### Reference on the Veblen-Young characterization of projective spaces

Can someone point me to a modern treatment of the Veblen-Young characterization of projective spaces of dimension greater than $2$ as $P(V)$ for some vector space $V$?
[Added: see here for a ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

211 views

### Upper bound on Betti numbers of an intersection of hypersurfaces (or quadrics)

I have a problem I have been stuck with since several weeks now, and yet I believe it should be easy to specialists.
Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field, $m$ and $n$ two integers. Let ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

109 views

### When a collineation is a perspectivity?

Veblen & Young, in "projective geometry", vol. 1, section 105, use the following lemma:
If a collineation between two intersecting planes in 3d projective space is such that any two corresponding ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

298 views

### Who first proved the fundamental theorem of projective geometry?

The following theorem is often called the fundamental theorem of projective geometry:
Let $k$ be a field and let $n \geq 3$. Let $X$ be the partially ordered set of nonzero proper subspaces of ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

252 views

### A geometric construction of the complex projective plane?

The paper Kötter's synthetic geometry of algebraic curves, (N. Fraser, Proceedings of the Edinburgh Mathematical Society 7, 46–61, 1888) opens with a sketch of what appears to be a synthetic ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

303 views

### Will (general points + small number of arbitrary points) impose independent condtions on plane curves?

It is well known that imposing vanishing at general points of $\mathbb P^2$ gives independent conditions on curves of degree $d$. Also, it is known that a small number ($\le d+1$) points always impose ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

222 views

### Embedding $\mathrm{PGL}(n,q^h)$ in $\mathrm{PGL}(nh,q)$

It is not very hard to see that for each prime power $q$ and natural numbers $n,h$, we have an embedding
$$\iota \colon \mathrm{GL}(n,q^h) \hookrightarrow \mathrm{GL}(nh, q),$$
obtained by choosing a ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

140 views

### Synthetic projective definition of cubic curves

In a synthetic (Pappian) projective plane, one can define a conic in various clever ways not referring to coordinates. For instance, if $f$ is a projectivity from the pencil of lines through a point ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

92 views

### The Maximum Number of Lines Contained in the Point Set of a Finite Projective Plane

Consider a finite projective plane of order $q$. Define $f(m)$ to be the maximum number of lines completely contained in any point set of size $m$, where $1 \leq m \leq q^2+q+1$. I would like to ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

266 views

### Reference request about the representations of the group $PSL_2(\mathbb{F}_q)$

Is there a review/exposition of the representation theory of $PSL_2(\mathbb{F}_q)$ ? Like an enumeration of its irreducible representations and their dimensions as a function of $q$?

**4**

votes

**0**answers

78 views

### How many subspaces are generated by three or more subspaces in a Hilbert space?

In the book of G. D. Birkhoff "lattice theory", it is mentioned that there are 28 subspaces that can be obtained from three subspaces in general position in a Hilbert space (using intersections and ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

273 views

### Fibrations of projective varieties

Let $f:X\rightarrow Y$ be a flat morphism of normal projective varieties with fibers of positive dimension (in particular all the fibers are connected and of the same dimension).
Let $g:X\rightarrow ...

**9**

votes

**9**answers

3k views

### What is the exact statement of “there are 27 lines on a cubic”?

I think there was a theorem, like
every cubic hypersurface in $\mathbb P^3$ has 27 lines on it.
What is the exact statement and details?

**0**

votes

**0**answers

35 views

### Pascal and Brianchon's theorems generalized for hyperbolic paraboloid

I know that giving a general version of these two theorems for quadrics can be quite tricky, but if we restrict ourselves to a verssion that holds for the hyperbolic paraboloid only it should be ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

100 views

### Blow-up of the diagonal

Let $\Delta$ be the small diagonal in $\mathbb{P}^1\times \mathbb{P}^1\times \mathbb{P}^1$, and let $X$ be the blow-up of $\mathbb{P}^1\times \mathbb{P}^1\times \mathbb{P}^1$ along $\Delta$ with ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

328 views

### Blowing-up a point in the singular locus

Let $X\subset\mathbb{P}^n$ be a variety singular along a smooth subvariety $Z\subset X$ of positive dimension. Let us assume that $X$ has ordinary singularities along $Z$. Now, let $\pi:Y\rightarrow ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

178 views

### Creating a Latin rectangle from a projective plane

Given a projective plane I'd like to form a latin rectangle from the lines. In particular, I'd like to take each line from the plane, order the elements in some way, and stick them into the matrix as ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

152 views

### Special linear sections of a hypersurface

We discuss on the field of complex numbers. Let $X$ be a smooth projective hypersurface of dimension $n \geq 4$ in $\mathbb{P}^{n+1}(\mathbb{C})$. Assume that for a general point $x \in X$, there ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

103 views

### Is there a projective metric on a projective space induced by a p-norm?

A projective metric on a projective space is a metric on the underlying set such that shortest path with respect to this metric are parts of entire projective straight lines.
The 2-norm induces the ...

**27**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### Projective Plane of Order 12

I asked this question on the new Theoretical Computer Science "overflow" site, and commenters suggested I ask it here. That question is here, and it contains additional links, which I doubt I can ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

219 views

### A question on the effective cone

Let $X$ be a projective variety and $G$ a finite group acting on $X$. We consider the quotient $\pi:X\rightarrow Y :=X/G$.
I'm interested in the relation between $Eff(X)$ and $Eff(Y)$. In ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

66 views

### Higher entry loci

Let $X\subset\mathbb{P}^n$ be a projective variety, and let $p\in\mathbb{P}^n$ be a general point. The secant cone $C_p(X)$ relative to $p$ is the union of all the secant line of $X$ through $p$. The ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

321 views

### A question about an intersection number

Let $\pi:Y\rightarrow \mathbb{P}^3$ be the blow-up of two points $p,q\in\mathbb{P}^3$, and then of the strict transform of the line $L$ spanned by them. Now, Let $E_p,E_q, E_{p,q}$ be respectively the ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

167 views

### projective map from $\overline{\mathcal{M}}_{0,n}$

Suppose I have a morphism $f:\overline{\mathcal{M}}_{0,n} \to \mathbb{P}^N$ birational onto its image, and I know exactly what $F$-curves are contracted (or "dually", what divisors are contracted). ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

263 views

### Enumerating certain types of permutation polynomials

Given a prime power $q$, I would like to enumerate (preferably up to isomorphism*) all the permutation polynomials $f(x)$ on $K = GF(q^3)$ satisfying the following conditions:
$f(ax) = af(x)$ for ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

88 views

### Why is the set of geometrically irreducible curves of degree d in P^2 open in P^((d+2 2)-1)?

Let $X$ be a $k$-scheme. We say that $X$ is geometrically irreducible if $X\times_k \mathrm{spec}{K}$ is irreducible for all algebraically closed extensions $K$ of $k$.
Ravi Vakil states in his ...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

112 views

### Measuring how closely a missing projective plane can be approached by an equivalent structure

It is well known that for a number of structures, their existence is equivalent to the existence of a projective plane for a given order. Some of them depend on more than one parameters, which means ...

**10**

votes

**2**answers

369 views

### Blow-ups of $\mathbb{P}^{n-3}$ and $(\mathbb{P}^1)^{n-3}$

Let us consider the points
$$p_1=[1:0:...:0],p_2 = [0:1:...:0],...,p_{n-2} =[0:...:0:1],\\
p_{n-1}=[1:1:...:1]\in\mathbb{P}^{n-3}$$
and the blow-up $X = Bl_{p_1,...,p_{n-1}}\mathbb{P}^{n-3}$.
...

**6**

votes

**1**answer

531 views

### Bertini's Theorem

Let $p_1,...,p_n\in\mathbb{P}^{N}$ be general points. Consider the linear system $|L|$ of hypersurfaces of degree $d$ in $\mathbb{P}^{N}$ with prescribed multiplicities $m_1,...,m_n$ at $p_1,...,p_n$. ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

359 views

### Generalization of Pascal's Theorem to Higher Dimensions

Pascal's celebrated theorem in classical geometry gives a necessary and sufficient condition for the existence of a conic through six given points in the plane. Does there exists a similar statement ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

223 views

### Standard plane Cremona transformation

Let us consider nine general points $p_1,...,p_9\in\mathbb{P}^2$ and the line $L = \left\langle p_1,p_2\right\rangle$. Take the standard Cremona $f_1$ centred in $p_3,p_4,p_5$, then $C_1 = f_1(L)$ is ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

118 views

### A question on the secondary fan

I am studying the secondary fan decomposition of the effective cone of a projective variety $X$. Let as assume that $X$ is a Mori Dream Space. As far as I understand passing from a cone of maximal ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

88 views

### Piercing of subspaces in a projective space?

The "piercing subspace" problem may be stated as follows:
There are given several subspaces in a projective space, rather non-intersecting.
Find an additional subspace of a prescribed dimension that ...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

68 views

### Equal-area projections of the hyperbolic plane [closed]

I'm aware of the projections of the hyperbolic plane at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hyperbolic_geometry#Models_of_the_hyperbolic_plane, but how would I project the hyperbolic plane onto a flat piece ...

**11**

votes

**3**answers

812 views

### Natural examples of Reverse Mathematics outside classical analysis?

Harvey Friedman at the 1974 ICM motivated Reverse Mathematics by the
following statement:
When the theorem is proved from the right axioms, the axioms can be proved
from the theorem.
Reverse ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

49 views

### Projection from a polytope to an affine space

Let $P\subseteq \mathbf{R}^n$ be some polytope defined by an intersection of half spaces with corresponding hyperplanes $H_k$, and let $A\subseteq \mathbf{R}^n$
be some affine space, with $A\cap P ...