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3
votes
1answer
108 views

Secant varieties of curves in $\mathbb{P}^4$

My question is motivated by the following simple observations. By a standard dimensions count in $\mathbb{P}^4$ there should not exist neither an hypersurface of degree $3$ with multiplicity $2$ in ...
5
votes
1answer
103 views

Singularities of Pfaffian hypersurfaces

Let $X\subset\mathbb{P}^4$ be an hypersurface of degree six given by the Pfaffian of a $6\times 6$ matrix $M$ whose entries are quadratic forms in the homogeneous coordinates of $\mathbb{P}^4$. I am ...
5
votes
1answer
220 views

What criteria are to determine if two projective varieties are projectively equivalent?

A projective transformation is a morphism of $P^n$ to $P^n$, for some $n$, determined by an $(n + 1) \times (n + 1)$ invertible matrix $A$ in the obvious way. The sets $Q$, $R$ are projectively ...
5
votes
1answer
189 views

Looking for reference or proof to some facts stated on Anand Pillay's book

In my current work I am using facts 2.1.11 and 2.1.12 from Anand Pillay's book Geometric Stability Theory. The facts are stated as follows: Fact 2.1.11. Let $(S,\mbox{cl})$ be a locally ...
4
votes
2answers
292 views

Reference on the Veblen-Young characterization of projective spaces

Can someone point me to a modern treatment of the Veblen-Young characterization of projective spaces of dimension greater than $2$ as $P(V)$ for some vector space $V$? [Added: see here for a ...
3
votes
2answers
194 views

Upper bound on Betti numbers of an intersection of hypersurfaces (or quadrics)

I have a problem I have been stuck with since several weeks now, and yet I believe it should be easy to specialists. Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field, $m$ and $n$ two integers. Let ...
1
vote
1answer
107 views

When a collineation is a perspectivity?

Veblen & Young, in "projective geometry", vol. 1, section 105, use the following lemma: If a collineation between two intersecting planes in 3d projective space is such that any two corresponding ...
8
votes
1answer
278 views

Who first proved the fundamental theorem of projective geometry?

The following theorem is often called the fundamental theorem of projective geometry: Let $k$ be a field and let $n \geq 3$. Let $X$ be the partially ordered set of nonzero proper subspaces of ...
-2
votes
0answers
69 views

Cohomology of conic bundle 3-folds [migrated]

It is known that for a smooth cubic 3fold $X\subset \mathbb{P}^4$ we have $H^3(X,\mathcal{O}_X)$ (or if you prefer $H^{0,3}(X)=0$). Moreover, if I project off a line $l\subset X$ I can resolve the map ...
7
votes
1answer
245 views

A geometric construction of the complex projective plane?

The paper Kötter's synthetic geometry of algebraic curves, (N. Fraser, Proceedings of the Edinburgh Mathematical Society 7, 46–61, 1888) opens with a sketch of what appears to be a synthetic ...
6
votes
2answers
299 views

Will (general points + small number of arbitrary points) impose independent condtions on plane curves?

It is well known that imposing vanishing at general points of $\mathbb P^2$ gives independent conditions on curves of degree $d$. Also, it is known that a small number ($\le d+1$) points always impose ...
9
votes
2answers
221 views

Embedding $\mathrm{PGL}(n,q^h)$ in $\mathrm{PGL}(nh,q)$

It is not very hard to see that for each prime power $q$ and natural numbers $n,h$, we have an embedding $$\iota \colon \mathrm{GL}(n,q^h) \hookrightarrow \mathrm{GL}(nh, q),$$ obtained by choosing a ...
1
vote
0answers
24 views

Find coordinate infinity points from unity point using synthetic geometric constructions [migrated]

A common way to put coordinates on $\mathbb P^k\mathbb R$ is to choose $k+2$ points (such that no one of them lies on the hyperplane generated by any $k$ of the others) and interpret them as the ...
5
votes
1answer
132 views

Synthetic projective definition of cubic curves

In a synthetic (Pappian) projective plane, one can define a conic in various clever ways not referring to coordinates. For instance, if $f$ is a projectivity from the pencil of lines through a point ...
6
votes
0answers
85 views

The Maximum Number of Lines Contained in the Point Set of a Finite Projective Plane

Consider a finite projective plane of order $q$. Define $f(m)$ to be the maximum number of lines completely contained in any point set of size $m$, where $1 \leq m \leq q^2+q+1$. I would like to ...
3
votes
3answers
249 views

Reference request about the representations of the group $PSL_2(\mathbb{F}_q)$

Is there a review/exposition of the representation theory of $PSL_2(\mathbb{F}_q)$ ? Like an enumeration of its irreducible representations and their dimensions as a function of $q$?
4
votes
0answers
71 views

How many subspaces are generated by three or more subspaces in a Hilbert space?

In the book of G. D. Birkhoff "lattice theory", it is mentioned that there are 28 subspaces that can be obtained from three subspaces in general position in a Hilbert space (using intersections and ...
9
votes
2answers
263 views

Fibrations of projective varieties

Let $f:X\rightarrow Y$ be a flat morphism of normal projective varieties with fibers of positive dimension (in particular all the fibers are connected and of the same dimension). Let $g:X\rightarrow ...
9
votes
9answers
3k views

What is the exact statement of “there are 27 lines on a cubic”?

I think there was a theorem, like every cubic hypersurface in $\mathbb P^3$ has 27 lines on it. What is the exact statement and details?
0
votes
0answers
31 views

Pascal and Brianchon's theorems generalized for hyperbolic paraboloid

I know that giving a general version of these two theorems for quadrics can be quite tricky, but if we restrict ourselves to a verssion that holds for the hyperbolic paraboloid only it should be ...
2
votes
0answers
98 views

Blow-up of the diagonal

Let $\Delta$ be the small diagonal in $\mathbb{P}^1\times \mathbb{P}^1\times \mathbb{P}^1$, and let $X$ be the blow-up of $\mathbb{P}^1\times \mathbb{P}^1\times \mathbb{P}^1$ along $\Delta$ with ...
8
votes
1answer
312 views

Blowing-up a point in the singular locus

Let $X\subset\mathbb{P}^n$ be a variety singular along a smooth subvariety $Z\subset X$ of positive dimension. Let us assume that $X$ has ordinary singularities along $Z$. Now, let $\pi:Y\rightarrow ...
1
vote
1answer
154 views

Creating a Latin rectangle from a projective plane

Given a projective plane I'd like to form a latin rectangle from the lines. In particular, I'd like to take each line from the plane, order the elements in some way, and stick them into the matrix as ...
1
vote
1answer
148 views

Special linear sections of a hypersurface

We discuss on the field of complex numbers. Let $X$ be a smooth projective hypersurface of dimension $n \geq 4$ in $\mathbb{P}^{n+1}(\mathbb{C})$. Assume that for a general point $x \in X$, there ...
1
vote
0answers
81 views

Is there a projective metric on a projective space induced by a p-norm?

A projective metric on a projective space is a metric on the underlying set such that shortest path with respect to this metric are parts of entire projective straight lines. The 2-norm induces the ...
27
votes
2answers
2k views

Projective Plane of Order 12

I asked this question on the new Theoretical Computer Science "overflow" site, and commenters suggested I ask it here. That question is here, and it contains additional links, which I doubt I can ...
3
votes
2answers
214 views

A question on the effective cone

Let $X$ be a projective variety and $G$ a finite group acting on $X$. We consider the quotient $\pi:X\rightarrow Y :=X/G$. I'm interested in the relation between $Eff(X)$ and $Eff(Y)$. In ...
1
vote
0answers
66 views

Higher entry loci

Let $X\subset\mathbb{P}^n$ be a projective variety, and let $p\in\mathbb{P}^n$ be a general point. The secant cone $C_p(X)$ relative to $p$ is the union of all the secant line of $X$ through $p$. The ...
2
votes
1answer
317 views

A question about an intersection number

Let $\pi:Y\rightarrow \mathbb{P}^3$ be the blow-up of two points $p,q\in\mathbb{P}^3$, and then of the strict transform of the line $L$ spanned by them. Now, Let $E_p,E_q, E_{p,q}$ be respectively the ...
0
votes
0answers
165 views

projective map from $\overline{\mathcal{M}}_{0,n}$

Suppose I have a morphism $f:\overline{\mathcal{M}}_{0,n} \to \mathbb{P}^N$ birational onto its image, and I know exactly what $F$-curves are contracted (or "dually", what divisors are contracted). ...
2
votes
0answers
260 views

Enumerating certain types of permutation polynomials

Given a prime power $q$, I would like to enumerate (preferably up to isomorphism*) all the permutation polynomials $f(x)$ on $K = GF(q^3)$ satisfying the following conditions: $f(ax) = af(x)$ for ...
0
votes
0answers
85 views

Why is the set of geometrically irreducible curves of degree d in P^2 open in P^((d+2 2)-1)?

Let $X$ be a $k$-scheme. We say that $X$ is geometrically irreducible if $X\times_k \mathrm{spec}{K}$ is irreducible for all algebraically closed extensions $K$ of $k$. Ravi Vakil states in his ...
6
votes
1answer
109 views

Measuring how closely a missing projective plane can be approached by an equivalent structure

It is well known that for a number of structures, their existence is equivalent to the existence of a projective plane for a given order. Some of them depend on more than one parameters, which means ...
10
votes
2answers
366 views

Blow-ups of $\mathbb{P}^{n-3}$ and $(\mathbb{P}^1)^{n-3}$

Let us consider the points $$p_1=[1:0:...:0],p_2 = [0:1:...:0],...,p_{n-2} =[0:...:0:1],\\ p_{n-1}=[1:1:...:1]\in\mathbb{P}^{n-3}$$ and the blow-up $X = Bl_{p_1,...,p_{n-1}}\mathbb{P}^{n-3}$. ...
6
votes
1answer
529 views

Bertini's Theorem

Let $p_1,...,p_n\in\mathbb{P}^{N}$ be general points. Consider the linear system $|L|$ of hypersurfaces of degree $d$ in $\mathbb{P}^{N}$ with prescribed multiplicities $m_1,...,m_n$ at $p_1,...,p_n$. ...
5
votes
2answers
357 views

Generalization of Pascal's Theorem to Higher Dimensions

Pascal's celebrated theorem in classical geometry gives a necessary and sufficient condition for the existence of a conic through six given points in the plane. Does there exists a similar statement ...
3
votes
2answers
211 views

Standard plane Cremona transformation

Let us consider nine general points $p_1,...,p_9\in\mathbb{P}^2$ and the line $L = \left\langle p_1,p_2\right\rangle$. Take the standard Cremona $f_1$ centred in $p_3,p_4,p_5$, then $C_1 = f_1(L)$ is ...
1
vote
0answers
114 views

A question on the secondary fan

I am studying the secondary fan decomposition of the effective cone of a projective variety $X$. Let as assume that $X$ is a Mori Dream Space. As far as I understand passing from a cone of maximal ...
1
vote
1answer
88 views

Piercing of subspaces in a projective space?

The "piercing subspace" problem may be stated as follows: There are given several subspaces in a projective space, rather non-intersecting. Find an additional subspace of a prescribed dimension that ...
-1
votes
1answer
67 views

Equal-area projections of the hyperbolic plane [closed]

I'm aware of the projections of the hyperbolic plane at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hyperbolic_geometry#Models_of_the_hyperbolic_plane, but how would I project the hyperbolic plane onto a flat piece ...
11
votes
3answers
788 views

Natural examples of Reverse Mathematics outside classical analysis?

Harvey Friedman at the 1974 ICM motivated Reverse Mathematics by the following statement: When the theorem is proved from the right axioms, the axioms can be proved from the theorem. Reverse ...
1
vote
0answers
48 views

Projection from a polytope to an affine space

Let $P\subseteq \mathbf{R}^n$ be some polytope defined by an intersection of half spaces with corresponding hyperplanes $H_k$, and let $A\subseteq \mathbf{R}^n$ be some affine space, with $A\cap P ...
1
vote
0answers
136 views

Projective tangent cones, ordinary singularities and blow-ups

Let $X\subset\mathbb{P}^n$ be a projective variety and let $Y\subset X$ be the singular locus of $X$. Assume that $Y$ is smooth. I would like to know if the following are equivalent: $X$ has an ...
0
votes
1answer
117 views

the paraboloid model for hyperbolic space [closed]

In Thurston's Three-Dimensional Geometry and Topology, he gives a recipe for a non-standard model for hyperbolic space which he calls the paraboloid model. I'd like to use the model to try out ...
1
vote
0answers
86 views

Reference for a proof of a projective representation of $A_6$

This question is copied from math.stackexchange, in hope that it might get some attension. I want to understand the proof of There is a projective representation of $A_6 \hookrightarrow ...
1
vote
0answers
118 views

Resolution of singularities of projective varieties

Let $X\subset\mathbb{P}^n$ be an irreducible variety, and let $Sing(X)$ be its singular locus. Let $Y$ be the blow-up of $\mathbb{P}^n$ along $Sing(X)$. Assume that we know that the strict transform ...
4
votes
1answer
186 views

Rectifying texture from image

I have a camera matrix $P$ which defines a projective transformation $\mathbb{P}^3 \rightarrow \mathbb{P}^2$. In the former space there is a plane $[ x|\pi^Tx=0 ]$. The image of the plane under $P$ ...
60
votes
6answers
6k views

Is there an underlying explanation for the magical powers of the Schwarzian derivative?

Given a function $f(z)$ on the complex plane, define the Schwarzian derivative $S(f)$ to be the function $S(f) = \frac{f'''}{f'} - \frac{3}{2} (\frac{f''}{f'})^2$ Here is a somewhat more conceptual ...
1
vote
1answer
192 views

pencil of quadrics consisting of singular quadrics

A pencil $l$ of quadrics in $\mathbb{P}^4_{<x_0,\cdots,x_4>}$ consists of singular quadrics only if: (1) quadrics in $l$ have a common singular point; or (2) quadrics in $l$ contain a common ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

singular locus of $\mathcal{A}_3(2)^{hyp}$

The geometry of the Satake compactification of $\mathcal{A}_2(2)$ is very well known. It is the singular quartic 3-fold in $P^4$ known as $Igusa\ quartic$. I am looking for references (or ...