The projective-geometry tag has no wiki summary.

**2**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Generalisations of Riemann-Roch for surfaces

Let $X$ be a smooth projective algebraic surface (over $\mathbb{C}$ ). For all $L\in \mathrm{Pic}(X)$, we have
$$\chi(L)=\chi(\mathcal{O}_X)+\frac{1}{2}(L^2-L\cdot \omega_X).$$
This is the famous ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

246 views

### intersecting sections on the projective line

This question is about intersection theory on the easiest (arithmetic) surface over $\mathbf{Z}$: $\mathbf{P}^1_{\mathbf{Z}}$.
Suppose we are given two distinct $\mathbf{Q}$-rational points $b_1$ and ...

**2**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### How to solve geometry problems using involutions

Some geometry problems ( like this and this ) have short solutions if we use involutions. What references are there for solving geometry problems using involutions? I am particularly interested in ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

507 views

### projective geometry question

what is the three parameter family of plane projective transformations which fix a unit circle at the origin(that is map the unit circle to itself)?
I understand that one such transformation is a ...

**29**

votes

**10**answers

2k views

### Which 'well-known' algebraic geometric results do not hold in characteristic 2?

A smooth curve $X$ in $\mathbb{P}^n$ is strange if there is a point $p$ which lies on all the tangent lines of $X$.
Examples are $\mathbb{P}^1$ is strange and so is $y=x^2$ in characteristic $2$. ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

197 views

### Projecting projective curves

I've been stuck for quite a while on what is probably a trivial problem. Let $X\subset\mathbb{P}^n$ be a smooth projective curve, and let
$$\mathcal{I}=\{(p,q,r):p,q\in X,p\neq ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### Calculate camera position from 3x4 projection matrix

I have a 3 x 4 projection matrix $P$ given that calculates a homogeneous 2-Vector ${\bf i}=(u,v,w)^T$ on some screen (e.g.) from a homogeneous 3-Vector ${\bf x}=(x,y,z,w)^T$ in world space by $P \cdot ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

292 views

### Reference on the Veblen-Young characterization of projective spaces

Can someone point me to a modern treatment of the Veblen-Young characterization of projective spaces of dimension greater than $2$ as $P(V)$ for some vector space $V$?
[Added: see here for a ...

**21**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### Accumulation of algebraic subvarieties: Near one subvariety there are many others (?)

Let's work over the field $\mathbb{C}$ of complex numbers, and let $X\subset \mathbb{P}^n$ be a projective variety. Let $\tilde{X}\subset \mathbb{P}^n$ be any small open neighborhood of $X$, in the ...

**14**

votes

**2**answers

980 views

### Why do all incidence theorems follow from Pappus' theorem?

In Hilbert and Cohn-Vossen's ``Geometry and the Imagination,"
they state in the last paragraph of Chapter 20 that "Any
theorems concerned solely with incidence relations in the
[Euclidean ...

**7**

votes

**4**answers

474 views

### Low rate c-uniform pairwise intersecting set systems

Let $U$ be some (unbounded) universe of elements, and let $\mathcal{S}$ be a collection of subsets of size $c$ each, such that any two elements from $\mathcal{S}$ have a non-empty intersection. Let $C ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

190 views

### Dimensionality of a map — distance

Hello, I am looking for some words to describe what going on here. I'm sure this is not an original thought, so I'd like to read up on more from others who have thought out this topic further.
FORMAT
...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

197 views

### Polarizations on $M_{0,n}$ from Kapranov's quotient constructions

In Kapranov's marvelous paper Chow quotients of Grassmannian I, he proves that $\overline{M}_{0,n}$ is isomorphic to both the Hilbert quotient and Chow quotient $(\mathbb{P}^1)^n//\text{SL}_2$. These ...

**8**

votes

**1**answer

379 views

### Can curves differentiate vector bundles on P^2?

Not much is known about vector bundles on $\mathbb{P}^2$ but I wonder if the following is a tractable question:
If $E,E'$ are non-isomorphic vector bundles on $\mathbb{P}^2$, then is there always a ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

503 views

### Normality of a locus of points in projective space

Let $U_{d,n}\subseteq(\mathbb{P}^d)^n$ denote the locus of $n$-distinct points in projective space $\mathbb{P}^d$ that lie on a rational normal curve of degree $d$, and let $V_{d,n}$ denote its ...

**19**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Rationality of intersection of quadrics

Let $X \subset \mathbb{P}^n$ be a complete intersection of two quadrics. It is classical that, if $X$ contains a line, then it is rational. The proof is very simple and basically it is given by taking ...

**9**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Why can projective varieties just have abelian group operations?

I just started to read Shimura - Automorphic forms and number theory (Lecture notes in mathematics, 54). On page 20 or so, he mentions that every projective variety which is an algebraic group, is ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

365 views

### Fano 3-fold of degree 4

Let $X$ be the intersection of two quadrics in $P^5$. It is well known that the intermediate Jacobian $J(X)$ is isomorphic to $J(C)$ for a genus 2 curve, related to the pencil of quadrics whose base ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

244 views

### Quaternionic Veronese Embedding

I know that the complex projective line $\mathbb{C}P^1$ can be embedded in the complex projective space $\mathbb{C}P^n$ (Veronese embedding). For example, $\mathbb{C}P^1\rightarrow \mathbb{C}P^3$ is ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

229 views

### The geometry of PSO(4) and the quaternions [closed]

Question: Given a twist of the projective space, how do I find unit quaternions that represent it?
Backgroud and what do I mean:
Following Conway & Smith's On Quaternions and Octonions, every ...

**6**

votes

**2**answers

585 views

### Embedding of algebraic surfaces

If I am not mistaken there is a theorem that says any curve $C$ can be embedded in $\mathbf{P}^3$. What can be said about surfaces? Do we have a theorem like:
All surfaces can be embedded in ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

1k views

### Automorphisms of projective space [closed]

According to Wikipedia, Aut(P(V)) = PGL(V). Apparently this is proved by using sheaves generated by global sections but I'm not familiar with this notion. I would appreciate it if anyone could ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

425 views

### geometric interpretation of componentwise linear fractional transformation(LFT)

Let x,y,z be points taken exclusively from the positive orthant.
For the scaling transformation
x'=x/(x+y+z)
y'=y/(x+y+z)
z'=z/(x+y+z)
where each function is a linear fractional transform
how can I ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

285 views

### Convex sets and projections

Hello!
I recently started (it's purely self-education) reading a "Mathematical programming and optimizations" book, did a vast part of the exercises related to the theoretical part and at one moment ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

584 views

### Base locus of divisors on blowings up of the projective space

Let $X$ be the blowing-up of $\mathbb{P}^n$ in $r$ points in general position.
Let $\{H,E_1,...,E_r\}$ be the standard basis of $Pic(X)$. Further let $D=dH-\sum m_j E_j$, be an effective divisor, with ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

378 views

### When can one extend a flat family from a subscheme to the whole scheme?

Is there a nice condition on a closed subscheme $Y$ of $X$ such that for every flat family $Z\to Y$, there is a flat family $W\to X$ whose restriction to $Y$ is $Z$? In particular, I'm interested in ...

**27**

votes

**2**answers

2k views

### Projective Plane of Order 12

I asked this question on the new Theoretical Computer Science "overflow" site, and commenters suggested I ask it here. That question is here, and it contains additional links, which I doubt I can ...

**60**

votes

**6**answers

6k views

### Is there an underlying explanation for the magical powers of the Schwarzian derivative?

Given a function $f(z)$ on the complex plane, define the Schwarzian derivative $S(f)$ to be the function
$S(f) = \frac{f'''}{f'} - \frac{3}{2} (\frac{f''}{f'})^2$
Here is a somewhat more conceptual ...

**2**

votes

**0**answers

232 views

### quasi-trigonal curves

I have read in the literature about quasi-trigonal curves. Such a curve C is a hyperelliptic curve X with two points p,q identified (basically a pinch). They seem to be pretty important in the theory ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

476 views

### Blocking set in a projective plane.

Let S be any nontrivial blocking set in a projective plane of order q,
such that S not containing any line.
Let A be a set of points in the same projective plane of order q,
raging over all these S.
...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

258 views

### Endomorphisms of bundles associated to codimension 2 subvarieties

Preamble
I initially decided to post this question on math.stackexchange a few days ago, as I consider it to be much less of a research question and much more of "I'm learning" question. But there ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

625 views

### Projective transformation between polygons.

Extending my earlier question about linear transformations, what's the easiest way to test if there exists a projective linear transformation that takes one polygon to another (in ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

663 views

### Decomposition of GL(2,p) into irreducible representations

Let $G=GL(2,p)$ be the group of linear transformations. It acts on the set $X=F_p^2$.
Then $C^X$ is a linear representation of $G$. What is the decomposition of this representation into irreducible ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

223 views

### References on the dual frame of a projective frame.

A projective frame $\mathcal{F}$ of a projective space $P=P(E)$ defines a basis of the vector space $E$,
defined up to multiplication by a scalar. The corresponding dual basis of $E^*$ is well defined ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

220 views

### Restriction of Proj S to D(f) is isomorphic to Spec S_{(f)}

$S$ is a graded ring (over non-negative integers), $f \in S_{+}$ is a homogeneous element of positive degree, $D(f)$ the elements of Proj $S$ not containing $f$. I don't see the bijection between ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

815 views

### How far is the tangent bundle from projective space?

Is there a general theory of embeddings of the (total variety of) the tangent bundle on a (nonsingular) projective variety into projective space? I suppose what I really mean is (and to be more ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

509 views

### What is known about finite morphisms from X to the projective line

Let $f:X\longrightarrow \mathbf{P}^1$ be a finite morphism of schemes. If $f$ is etale and $X$ is connected, we can show that $f$ is an isomorphism. That is, the projective line is simply connected. I ...

**23**

votes

**6**answers

2k views

### How should I visualise RP^n?

So I did some algebraic topology at university, including homotopy theory and basic simplicial homology, as well as some differential geometry; and now I'm coming back to the subject for fun via ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

151 views

### Edge-maximizing projective transformation on polytopes

Let P and Q be simple polytopes such that P = Q ∩ H and let H be a halfspace with normal vector n. Let projn(e) denote the length of the projection of edge e onto vector n.
Consider the set E of ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

186 views

### Rectifying texture from image

I have a camera matrix $P$ which defines a projective transformation $\mathbb{P}^3 \rightarrow \mathbb{P}^2$. In the former space there is a plane $[ x|\pi^Tx=0 ]$. The image of the plane under $P$ ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

524 views

### Can projective hypersurfaces contain linear spaces? How big?

I am in this, rather friendly, situation:
I have a complex projective space $\mathbb{P}^n$, and there i have a (possibly non-smooth) hypersurface $S$ defined by one irreducible polynomial $P$ of ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

1k views

### Function Field of projective space

I'm reading the book of Silverman about elliptic curves. It describes the function field of a variety defined over K to be the quotient field of K[X]/I(V), then says that we may look at the function ...

**5**

votes

**4**answers

800 views

### Is the theory of incidence geometry complete?

Consider the basic axioms of planar incidence geometry, which allow us to speak of in-betweeness, collinearity and concurrency. These axioms per se are not complete, since for example, Desargues ...

**6**

votes

**4**answers

437 views

### Divisors, extensions of functions

This might be a silly/obvious question. I know that we have the removable singularity theorem (of Riemann) on the complex line, and we also have the generalization of this to algebraic curves. ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

375 views

### Flag Varieties - Projective Curves

Is it true that there are no projective curves which are also flag manifolds? If so, why?

**15**

votes

**6**answers

2k views

### Maps to projective space determined by a line bundle

The following should be pretty standard for any algebraic geometer.
Let $X$ be a compact complex variety, and let $L$ be a line bundle on $X$. We say $L$ is 'generated by global sections' if for ...

**30**

votes

**11**answers

3k views

### What is the Cayley projective plane?

One can build a projective plane from R^n, C^n and H^n and is then tempted to do the same for octonions. This leads to the construction of a projective plane known as OP^2, the Cayley projective ...

**9**

votes

**9**answers

3k views

### What is the exact statement of “there are 27 lines on a cubic”?

I think there was a theorem, like
every cubic hypersurface in $\mathbb P^3$ has 27 lines on it.
What is the exact statement and details?