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1
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1answer
186 views

Projecting projective curves

I've been stuck for quite a while on what is probably a trivial problem. Let $X\subset\mathbb{P}^n$ be a smooth projective curve, and let $$\mathcal{I}=\{(p,q,r):p,q\in X,p\neq ...
2
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2answers
1k views

Calculate camera position from 3x4 projection matrix

I have a 3 x 4 projection matrix $P$ given that calculates a homogeneous 2-Vector ${\bf i}=(u,v,w)^T$ on some screen (e.g.) from a homogeneous 3-Vector ${\bf x}=(x,y,z,w)^T$ in world space by $P \cdot ...
20
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2answers
1k views

Accumulation of algebraic subvarieties: Near one subvariety there are many others (?)

Let's work over the field $\mathbb{C}$ of complex numbers, and let $X\subset \mathbb{P}^n$ be a projective variety. Let $\tilde{X}\subset \mathbb{P}^n$ be any small open neighborhood of $X$, in the ...
13
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2answers
874 views

Why do all incidence theorems follow from Pappus' theorem?

In Hilbert and Cohn-Vossen's ``Geometry and the Imagination," they state in the last paragraph of Chapter 20 that "Any theorems concerned solely with incidence relations in the [Euclidean ...
7
votes
4answers
469 views

Low rate c-uniform pairwise intersecting set systems

Let $U$ be some (unbounded) universe of elements, and let $\mathcal{S}$ be a collection of subsets of size $c$ each, such that any two elements from $\mathcal{S}$ have a non-empty intersection. Let $C ...
0
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2answers
153 views

Dimensionality of a map — distance

Hello, I am looking for some words to describe what going on here. I'm sure this is not an original thought, so I'd like to read up on more from others who have thought out this topic further. FORMAT ...
3
votes
0answers
183 views

Polarizations on $M_{0,n}$ from Kapranov's quotient constructions

In Kapranov's marvelous paper Chow quotients of Grassmannian I, he proves that $\overline{M}_{0,n}$ is isomorphic to both the Hilbert quotient and Chow quotient $(\mathbb{P}^1)^n//\text{SL}_2$. These ...
8
votes
1answer
372 views

Can curves differentiate vector bundles on P^2?

Not much is known about vector bundles on $\mathbb{P}^2$ but I wonder if the following is a tractable question: If $E,E'$ are non-isomorphic vector bundles on $\mathbb{P}^2$, then is there always a ...
7
votes
1answer
492 views

Normality of a locus of points in projective space

Let $U_{d,n}\subseteq(\mathbb{P}^d)^n$ denote the locus of $n$-distinct points in projective space $\mathbb{P}^d$ that lie on a rational normal curve of degree $d$, and let $V_{d,n}$ denote its ...
17
votes
1answer
960 views

Rationality of intersection of quadrics

Let $X \subset \mathbb{P}^n$ be a complete intersection of two quadrics. It is classical that, if $X$ contains a line, then it is rational. The proof is very simple and basically it is given by taking ...
9
votes
3answers
863 views

Why can projective varieties just have abelian group operations?

I just started to read Shimura - Automorphic forms and number theory (Lecture notes in mathematics, 54). On page 20 or so, he mentions that every projective variety which is an algebraic group, is ...
5
votes
2answers
349 views

Fano 3-fold of degree 4

Let $X$ be the intersection of two quadrics in $P^5$. It is well known that the intermediate Jacobian $J(X)$ is isomorphic to $J(C)$ for a genus 2 curve, related to the pencil of quadrics whose base ...
4
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0answers
233 views

Quaternionic Veronese Embedding

I know that the complex projective line $\mathbb{C}P^1$ can be embedded in the complex projective space $\mathbb{C}P^n$ (Veronese embedding). For example, $\mathbb{C}P^1\rightarrow \mathbb{C}P^3$ is ...
1
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0answers
220 views

The geometry of PSO(4) and the quaternions [closed]

Question: Given a twist of the projective space, how do I find unit quaternions that represent it? Backgroud and what do I mean: Following Conway & Smith's On Quaternions and Octonions, every ...
6
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2answers
493 views

Embedding of algebraic surfaces

If I am not mistaken there is a theorem that says any curve $C$ can be embedded in $\mathbf{P}^3$. What can be said about surfaces? Do we have a theorem like: All surfaces can be embedded in ...
2
votes
0answers
812 views

Automorphisms of projective space [closed]

According to Wikipedia, Aut(P(V)) = PGL(V). Apparently this is proved by using sheaves generated by global sections but I'm not familiar with this notion. I would appreciate it if anyone could ...
0
votes
1answer
402 views

geometric interpretation of componentwise linear fractional transformation(LFT)

Let x,y,z be points taken exclusively from the positive orthant. For the scaling transformation x'=x/(x+y+z) y'=y/(x+y+z) z'=z/(x+y+z) where each function is a linear fractional transform how can I ...
0
votes
1answer
284 views

Convex sets and projections

Hello! I recently started (it's purely self-education) reading a "Mathematical programming and optimizations" book, did a vast part of the exercises related to the theoretical part and at one moment ...
8
votes
2answers
531 views

Base locus of divisors on blowings up of the projective space

Let $X$ be the blowing-up of $\mathbb{P}^n$ in $r$ points in general position. Let $\{H,E_1,...,E_r\}$ be the standard basis of $Pic(X)$. Further let $D=dH-\sum m_j E_j$, be an effective divisor, with ...
8
votes
2answers
360 views

When can one extend a flat family from a subscheme to the whole scheme?

Is there a nice condition on a closed subscheme $Y$ of $X$ such that for every flat family $Z\to Y$, there is a flat family $W\to X$ whose restriction to $Y$ is $Z$? In particular, I'm interested in ...
0
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0answers
910 views

How to get homography matrix in such case? (from one still image)

In my case as input I have such data structures: original image (RGB pixels), objects (squares) with lines crossing points in pixels (x,y) on Image Plane. I have image like this In my particular ...
22
votes
2answers
2k views

Projective Plane of Order 12

I asked this question on the new Theoretical Computer Science "overflow" site, and commenters suggested I ask it here. That question is here, and it contains additional links, which I doubt I can ...
53
votes
6answers
5k views

Is there an underlying explanation for the magical powers of the Schwarzian derivative?

Given a function $f(z)$ on the complex plane, define the Schwarzian derivative $S(f)$ to be the function $S(f) = \frac{f'''}{f'} - \frac{3}{2} (\frac{f''}{f'})^2$ Here is a somewhat more conceptual ...
2
votes
0answers
225 views

quasi-trigonal curves

I have read in the literature about quasi-trigonal curves. Such a curve C is a hyperelliptic curve X with two points p,q identified (basically a pinch). They seem to be pretty important in the theory ...
1
vote
1answer
454 views

Blocking set in a projective plane.

Let S be any nontrivial blocking set in a projective plane of order q, such that S not containing any line. Let A be a set of points in the same projective plane of order q, raging over all these S. ...
4
votes
2answers
258 views

Endomorphisms of bundles associated to codimension 2 subvarieties

Preamble I initially decided to post this question on math.stackexchange a few days ago, as I consider it to be much less of a research question and much more of "I'm learning" question. But there ...
2
votes
2answers
594 views

Projective transformation between polygons.

Extending my earlier question about linear transformations, what's the easiest way to test if there exists a projective linear transformation that takes one polygon to another (in ...
3
votes
2answers
642 views

Decomposition of GL(2,p) into irreducible representations

Let $G=GL(2,p)$ be the group of linear transformations. It acts on the set $X=F_p^2$. Then $C^X$ is a linear representation of $G$. What is the decomposition of this representation into irreducible ...
1
vote
1answer
204 views

References on the dual frame of a projective frame.

A projective frame $\mathcal{F}$ of a projective space $P=P(E)$ defines a basis of the vector space $E$, defined up to multiplication by a scalar. The corresponding dual basis of $E^*$ is well defined ...
0
votes
1answer
214 views

Restriction of Proj S to D(f) is isomorphic to Spec S_{(f)}

$S$ is a graded ring (over non-negative integers), $f \in S_{+}$ is a homogeneous element of positive degree, $D(f)$ the elements of Proj $S$ not containing $f$. I don't see the bijection between ...
2
votes
1answer
728 views

How far is the tangent bundle from projective space?

Is there a general theory of embeddings of the (total variety of) the tangent bundle on a (nonsingular) projective variety into projective space? I suppose what I really mean is (and to be more ...
2
votes
2answers
479 views

What is known about finite morphisms from X to the projective line

Let $f:X\longrightarrow \mathbf{P}^1$ be a finite morphism of schemes. If $f$ is etale and $X$ is connected, we can show that $f$ is an isomorphism. That is, the projective line is simply connected. I ...
23
votes
6answers
2k views

How should I visualise RP^n?

So I did some algebraic topology at university, including homotopy theory and basic simplicial homology, as well as some differential geometry; and now I'm coming back to the subject for fun via ...
3
votes
1answer
151 views

Edge-maximizing projective transformation on polytopes

Let P and Q be simple polytopes such that P = Q ∩ H and let H be a halfspace with normal vector n. Let projn(e) denote the length of the projection of edge e onto vector n. Consider the set E of ...
4
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1answer
172 views

Rectifying texture from image

I have a camera matrix $P$ which defines a projective transformation $\mathbb{P}^3 \rightarrow \mathbb{P}^2$. In the former space there is a plane $[ x|\pi^Tx=0 ]$. The image of the plane under $P$ ...
6
votes
2answers
429 views

Can projective hypersurfaces contain linear spaces? How big?

I am in this, rather friendly, situation: I have a complex projective space $\mathbb{P}^n$, and there i have a (possibly non-smooth) hypersurface $S$ defined by one irreducible polynomial $P$ of ...
3
votes
2answers
772 views

Function Field of projective space

I'm reading the book of Silverman about elliptic curves. It describes the function field of a variety defined over K to be the quotient field of K[X]/I(V), then says that we may look at the function ...
5
votes
4answers
748 views

Is the theory of incidence geometry complete?

Consider the basic axioms of planar incidence geometry, which allow us to speak of in-betweeness, collinearity and concurrency. These axioms per se are not complete, since for example, Desargues ...
6
votes
4answers
422 views

Divisors, extensions of functions

This might be a silly/obvious question. I know that we have the removable singularity theorem (of Riemann) on the complex line, and we also have the generalization of this to algebraic curves. ...
3
votes
2answers
368 views

Flag Varieties - Projective Curves

Is it true that there are no projective curves which are also flag manifolds? If so, why?
14
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6answers
2k views

Maps to projective space determined by a line bundle

The following should be pretty standard for any algebraic geometer. Let $X$ be a compact complex variety, and let $L$ be a line bundle on $X$. We say $L$ is 'generated by global sections' if for ...
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11answers
2k views

What is the Cayley projective plane?

One can build a projective plane from R^n, C^n and H^n and is then tempted to do the same for octonions. This leads to the construction of a projective plane known as OP^2, the Cayley projective ...
7
votes
9answers
2k views

What is the exact statement of “there are 27 lines on a cubic”?

I think there was a theorem, like every cubic hypersurface in $\mathbb P^3$ has 27 lines on it. What is the exact statement and details?