The projective-geometry tag has no usage guidance.

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### Independent Generic Curves in the Projective Plane

I'm trying to read a paper by Masayoshi Nagata
(available here)
where he gives a counter-example to Hilbert's fourteenth prolem
and I've run into some trouble understanding the terminology he's using.
...

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159 views

### Morphisms contracting a family of curves

Let $f:X\rightarrow Y$ be a morphism of normal projective varieties. Let $S\subseteq X$ be a surface admitting a morphism $g:S\rightarrow C$ to a curve $C$ such that any fiber of $g$ is a curve.
...

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205 views

### dimension of singular locus and complete intersection of a hypersurface

Let $X$ be a reduced projective hypersurface over a field $k$, which is defined by the homogeneous equation $f(T_0,\ldots,T_n)=0$. If the dimension of the singular locus of $X$ is $s$, $0\leq s\leq ...

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215 views

### Infinitesimal deformations of a singular projective surface

Let $X$ be a normal projective surface with just two singular points $x_1,x_2\in X$, where $X$ has rational quotient singularities.
Assume that both the singularities in $x_1$ and in $x_2$ admit a ...

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266 views

### A $d$-form on ${\mathbb R}^n$ that vanishes on $\binom{d+n-1}{n-1}$ general points, vanishes identically

I'm looking for a reference for the fact that a $d$-form on ${\mathbb R}^n$ that vanishes on $p_1,..,p_{\binom{d+n-1}{n-1}}$ general points, vanishes identically.
A specific construction of a set of ...

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75 views

### Rational curves through a fixed number of points

Let us fix two positive integers $d$, and $N$. Can we determine a third integer $n$ such that given $n$ general points $p_1,...,p_n\in\mathbb{P}^N$ there exists a unique rational curve of degree $d$ ...

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227 views

### Rational curves in projective spaces

Let $X\subset(\mathbb{P}^{N})^n$ be the variety defined as follows: $(p_1,...,p_n)\in (\mathbb{P}^{N})^n$ such that there exists a rational curve $C$ of degree $d$ with $p_1,...,p_n\in C$.
Is there a ...

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117 views

### Schubert Polynomials for Complex Projective Space

The Borel picture of the cohomology ring of a flag variety gives a description as a coset space, without identifying any representatives for the classes. Lascoux and Schützenberger gave specific ...

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236 views

### Secant varieties of curves in $\mathbb{P}^4$

My question is motivated by the following simple observations. By a standard dimensions count in $\mathbb{P}^4$ there should not exist neither an hypersurface of degree $3$ with multiplicity $2$ in ...

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254 views

### Singularities of Pfaffian hypersurfaces

Let $X\subset\mathbb{P}^4$ be an hypersurface of degree six given by the Pfaffian of a $6\times 6$ matrix $M$ whose entries are quadratic forms in the homogeneous coordinates of $\mathbb{P}^4$. I am ...

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252 views

### Looking for reference or proof to some facts stated on Anand Pillay's book

In my current work I am using facts 2.1.11 and 2.1.12 from Anand Pillay's book Geometric Stability Theory.
The facts are stated as follows:
Fact 2.1.11. Let $(S,\mbox{cl})$ be a locally ...

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291 views

### Upper bound on Betti numbers of an intersection of hypersurfaces (or quadrics)

I have a problem I have been stuck with since several weeks now, and yet I believe it should be easy to specialists.
Let $k$ be an algebraically closed field, $m$ and $n$ two integers. Let ...

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348 views

### A geometric construction of the complex projective plane?

The paper Kötter's synthetic geometry of algebraic curves, (N. Fraser, Proceedings of the Edinburgh Mathematical Society 7, 46–61, 1888) opens with a sketch of what appears to be a synthetic ...

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254 views

### Embedding $\mathrm{PGL}(n,q^h)$ in $\mathrm{PGL}(nh,q)$

It is not very hard to see that for each prime power $q$ and natural numbers $n,h$, we have an embedding
$$\iota \colon \mathrm{GL}(n,q^h) \hookrightarrow \mathrm{GL}(nh, q),$$
obtained by choosing a ...

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177 views

### Synthetic projective definition of cubic curves

In a synthetic (Pappian) projective plane, one can define a conic in various clever ways not referring to coordinates. For instance, if $f$ is a projectivity from the pencil of lines through a point ...

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### The Maximum Number of Lines Contained in the Point Set of a Finite Projective Plane

Consider a finite projective plane of order $q$. Define $f(m)$ to be the maximum number of lines completely contained in any point set of size $m$, where $1 \leq m \leq q^2+q+1$. I would like to ...

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329 views

### Will (general points + small number of arbitrary points) impose independent condtions on plane curves?

It is well known that imposing vanishing at general points of $\mathbb P^2$ gives independent conditions on curves of degree $d$. Also, it is known that a small number ($\le d+1$) points always impose ...

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290 views

### Reference request about the representations of the group $PSL_2(\mathbb{F}_q)$

Is there a review/exposition of the representation theory of $PSL_2(\mathbb{F}_q)$ ? Like an enumeration of its irreducible representations and their dimensions as a function of $q$?

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166 views

### How many subspaces are generated by three or more subspaces in a Hilbert space?

In the book of G. D. Birkhoff "lattice theory", it is mentioned that there are 28 subspaces that can be obtained from three subspaces in general position in a Hilbert space (using intersections and ...

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311 views

### Fibrations of projective varieties

Let $f:X\rightarrow Y$ be a flat morphism of normal projective varieties with fibers of positive dimension (in particular all the fibers are connected and of the same dimension).
Let $g:X\rightarrow ...

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### Pascal and Brianchon's theorems generalized for hyperbolic paraboloid

I know that giving a general version of these two theorems for quadrics can be quite tricky, but if we restrict ourselves to a verssion that holds for the hyperbolic paraboloid only it should be ...

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191 views

### Creating a Latin rectangle from a projective plane

Given a projective plane I'd like to form a latin rectangle from the lines. In particular, I'd like to take each line from the plane, order the elements in some way, and stick them into the matrix as ...

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259 views

### Is there a projective metric on a projective space induced by a p-norm?

A projective metric on a projective space is a metric on the underlying set such that shortest path with respect to this metric are parts of entire projective straight lines.
The 2-norm induces the ...

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180 views

### Special linear sections of a hypersurface

We discuss on the field of complex numbers. Let $X$ be a smooth projective hypersurface of dimension $n \geq 4$ in $\mathbb{P}^{n+1}(\mathbb{C})$. Assume that for a general point $x \in X$, there ...

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438 views

### Blowing-up a point in the singular locus

Let $X\subset\mathbb{P}^n$ be a variety singular along a smooth subvariety $Z\subset X$ of positive dimension. Let us assume that $X$ has ordinary singularities along $Z$. Now, let $\pi:Y\rightarrow ...

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247 views

### A question on the effective cone

Let $X$ be a projective variety and $G$ a finite group acting on $X$. We consider the quotient $\pi:X\rightarrow Y :=X/G$.
I'm interested in the relation between $Eff(X)$ and $Eff(Y)$. In ...

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74 views

### Higher entry loci

Let $X\subset\mathbb{P}^n$ be a projective variety, and let $p\in\mathbb{P}^n$ be a general point. The secant cone $C_p(X)$ relative to $p$ is the union of all the secant line of $X$ through $p$. The ...

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117 views

### When a collineation is a perspectivity?

Veblen & Young, in "projective geometry", vol. 1, section 105, use the following lemma:
If a collineation between two intersecting planes in 3d projective space is such that any two corresponding ...

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333 views

### A question about an intersection number

Let $\pi:Y\rightarrow \mathbb{P}^3$ be the blow-up of two points $p,q\in\mathbb{P}^3$, and then of the strict transform of the line $L$ spanned by them. Now, Let $E_p,E_q, E_{p,q}$ be respectively the ...

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### projective map from $\overline{\mathcal{M}}_{0,n}$

Suppose I have a morphism $f:\overline{\mathcal{M}}_{0,n} \to \mathbb{P}^N$ birational onto its image, and I know exactly what $F$-curves are contracted (or "dually", what divisors are contracted). ...

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### Why is the set of geometrically irreducible curves of degree d in P^2 open in P^((d+2 2)-1)?

Let $X$ be a $k$-scheme. We say that $X$ is geometrically irreducible if $X\times_k \mathrm{spec}{K}$ is irreducible for all algebraically closed extensions $K$ of $k$.
Ravi Vakil states in his ...

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### Who first proved the fundamental theorem of projective geometry?

The following theorem is often called the fundamental theorem of projective geometry:
Let $k$ be a field and let $n \geq 3$. Let $X$ be the partially ordered set of nonzero proper subspaces of ...

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117 views

### Measuring how closely a missing projective plane can be approached by an equivalent structure

It is well known that for a number of structures, their existence is equivalent to the existence of a projective plane for a given order. Some of them depend on more than one parameters, which means ...

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393 views

### Blow-ups of $\mathbb{P}^{n-3}$ and $(\mathbb{P}^1)^{n-3}$

Let us consider the points
$$p_1=[1:0:...:0],p_2 = [0:1:...:0],...,p_{n-2} =[0:...:0:1],\\
p_{n-1}=[1:1:...:1]\in\mathbb{P}^{n-3}$$
and the blow-up $X = Bl_{p_1,...,p_{n-1}}\mathbb{P}^{n-3}$.
...

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319 views

### Standard plane Cremona transformation

Let us consider nine general points $p_1,...,p_9\in\mathbb{P}^2$ and the line $L = \left\langle p_1,p_2\right\rangle$. Take the standard Cremona $f_1$ centred in $p_3,p_4,p_5$, then $C_1 = f_1(L)$ is ...

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387 views

### Generalization of Pascal's Theorem to Higher Dimensions

Pascal's celebrated theorem in classical geometry gives a necessary and sufficient condition for the existence of a conic through six given points in the plane. Does there exists a similar statement ...

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164 views

### A question on the secondary fan

I am studying the secondary fan decomposition of the effective cone of a projective variety $X$. Let as assume that $X$ is a Mori Dream Space. As far as I understand passing from a cone of maximal ...

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84 views

### Equal-area projections of the hyperbolic plane [closed]

I'm aware of the projections of the hyperbolic plane at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hyperbolic_geometry#Models_of_the_hyperbolic_plane, but how would I project the hyperbolic plane onto a flat piece ...

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### Piercing of subspaces in a projective space?

The "piercing subspace" problem may be stated as follows:
There are given several subspaces in a projective space, rather non-intersecting.
Find an additional subspace of a prescribed dimension that ...

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### Projection from a polytope to an affine space

Let $P\subseteq \mathbf{R}^n$ be some polytope defined by an intersection of half spaces with corresponding hyperplanes $H_k$, and let $A\subseteq \mathbf{R}^n$
be some affine space, with $A\cap P ...

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245 views

### Projective tangent cones, ordinary singularities and blow-ups

Let $X\subset\mathbb{P}^n$ be a projective variety and let $Y\subset X$ be the singular locus of $X$. Assume that $Y$ is smooth. I would like to know if the following are equivalent:
$X$ has an ...

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188 views

### the paraboloid model for hyperbolic space [closed]

In Thurston's Three-Dimensional Geometry and Topology, he gives a recipe for a non-standard model for hyperbolic space which he calls the paraboloid model. I'd like to use the model to try out ...

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### Reference for a proof of a projective representation of $A_6$

This question is copied from math.stackexchange, in hope that it might get some attension.
I want to understand the proof of
There is a projective representation of $A_6 \hookrightarrow ...

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### Resolution of singularities of projective varieties

Let $X\subset\mathbb{P}^n$ be an irreducible variety, and let $Sing(X)$ be its singular locus. Let $Y$ be the blow-up of $\mathbb{P}^n$ along $Sing(X)$. Assume that we know that the strict transform ...

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### Natural examples of Reverse Mathematics outside classical analysis?

Harvey Friedman at the 1974 ICM motivated Reverse Mathematics by the
following statement:
When the theorem is proved from the right axioms, the axioms can be proved
from the theorem.
Reverse ...

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280 views

### pencil of quadrics consisting of singular quadrics

A pencil $l$ of quadrics in $\mathbb{P}^4_{<x_0,\cdots,x_4>}$ consists of singular quadrics only if:
(1) quadrics in $l$ have a common singular point; or
(2) quadrics in $l$ contain a common ...

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122 views

### Universal covering space of a Zariski open subset of projective space

Let $U$ be a Zariski open subset of $\mathbb P^n_{\mathbb C}$. Assume $U$ is the complement of some divisors.
Have the possible universal covering spaces of $U$ been classified?
Do we know when the ...

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256 views

### The space of varieties between two given varieties

Let $\mathbf{P} = \mathbf{P}^n(k)$ be the $n$-dimensional projective space over a field $k$, let $A, B$ be projective varieties in $\mathbf{P}$ such that $A \subset B$. Now define
$V(A,B)$ to be the ...

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246 views

### Multiplicity of a variety along a subvariety

Let $X\subset\mathbb{P}^n$ be an hypersurface given by the vanishing of a polynomial $F\in k[x_0,...,x_n]_d$. Let $Y\subset X$ be a subvariety. Then $X$ has multiplicity $m$ along $Y$ if all the ...

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138 views

### A question on resolution of singularities

I am wondering if it could be possible in particular cases to resolve a singularity of dimension $n$ by blowing-up a locus of dimension smaller than $n$.
For instance consider a cubic surface ...