The projective-geometry tag has no wiki summary.

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### Multiplicity of a variety along a subvariety

Let $X\subset\mathbb{P}^n$ be an hypersurface given by the vanishing of a polynomial $F\in k[x_0,...,x_n]_d$. Let $Y\subset X$ be a subvariety. Then $X$ has multiplicity $m$ along $Y$ if all the ...

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### A question on resolution of singularities

I am wondering if it could be possible in particular cases to resolve a singularity of dimension $n$ by blowing-up a locus of dimension smaller than $n$.
For instance consider a cubic surface ...

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### When is $(q^k-1)/(q-1)$ a perfect square?

Let $q$ be a prime power and $k>1$ a positive integer. For what values of $k$ and $q$ is the number $(q^k-1)/(q-1)$ a perfect square, that is the square of another integer? Is the number of such ...

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### Singularities of secant varieties of rational normal curves

Let $C\subset\mathbb{P}^n$ be a rational normal curve of degree $n$, and let $Sec_k(C)\subset\mathbb{P}^n$ be its $k$-th secant variety. By Theorem 1.1 in this paper:
...

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### Degree of join of two varieties

Let $X\subset\mathbb{P}^n$ be an irreducible variety of degree $d$ and dimension $n-4$. Let $L\subset X$ be a line of mulitplicity $m$ in $X$. Assume that $m+1\leq d$ so that the general line spanned ...

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### Maps to projective space == line bundles; what do maps to weighted projective space correspond to?

A map from an algebraic variety $X$ to a projective space is the same thing as a globally generated line bundle on $X$. What geometric object on $X$ corresponds to a map to a weighted projective ...

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### Cremona transformations

Let $f:\mathbb{P}^n_1\dashrightarrow\mathbb{P}^n_2$ be the standard Cremona transformation based on $p_1,...,p_{n+1}\in\mathbb{P}^n_1$ and $q_1,...,q_{n+1}\in\mathbb{P}^n_2$. That is, $f$ is the ...

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### Schwarzian derivative of a diffeomorphism is zero iff Linear-fractionals?

I have found the following derivation of the Schwarzian derivatives in the book of Ovsienko and Tabachnikov:
For a diffeomorphism $\gamma$ which acts on 4 points $t_1,t_2,t_3,t_4 \in \mathbb{RP}_1$, ...

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### $6$ points lie on a conic if and only if $ABC$ and $A_0B_0C_0$ are perspective

Let $ABC$ be a triangle with incircle $\omega$. Let $A_0,B_0,C_0$ be points outside $\omega$. The tangents from $A_0$ to $\omega$ intersect $BC$ at $A_1,A_2$. Define $B_1,B_2$ and $C_1,C_2$ similarly. ...

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### classify antiholomorphic involutions of projective space

On $\mathbb{CP}^1$ with standard complex structure, how to prove that there are only two types of antiholomorphic involution, given by
$$ \tau :[z:w]\mapsto [\bar w, \bar z] \qquad \eta :[z:w]\mapsto ...

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### dimensions of strata of Pfaffian varieties

Let $V$ a complex vector space of dimension $2n$. Let us consider $W=\wedge^2V$ and the Pfaffian variety $Pf\subset \mathbb{P}W$ that parametrize degenerate skew-symmetric matrices. $Pf$ is naturally ...

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### Rational normal curves as set-theoretic complete intersections

Let $C\subset\mathbb{P}^n$ be a rational normal curve of degree $n$. It is know that $C$ is a set-theoretic complete intersection and that, if $n\geq 3$, is a not a scheme-theoretic complete ...

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### Enumerating certain types of permutation polynomials

Given a prime power $q$, I would like to enumerate (preferably up to isomorphism*) all the permutation polynomials $f(x)$ on $K = GF(q^3)$ satisfying the following conditions:
$f(ax) = af(x)$ for ...

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### A question about pairs of lines in 3D projective space

Consider a 3-dimensional projective space $X$.
Let $m$ be the smallest number so that there are $m$ pairs of lines
$ \ell_1,\ell'_1$, $ \ell_2,\ell_2'$, ... , $\ell_m, \ell'_m$ in $X$:
a) For ...

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### Are Schubert varieties for Kac-Moody groups cut out by linear equations?

Let $G$ be a reductive group, and let $X$ be a partial flag variety for $G$. Then it is known that for any projective embedding of $X$, that the equations scheme-theoretically cutting out a Schubert ...

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### Top self-intersection of exceptional divisors

Let $Y\subset\mathbb{P}^n$ be a smooth variety of codimension two. Consider the blow-up $X = Bl_Y\mathbb{P}^n$ of $\mathbb{P}^n$ along $Y$, and let $E$ be the exceptional divisor over $Y$. Then $E$ ...

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### Surfaces singular along a curve

Let $C\subset\mathbb{P}^3$ be a smooth curve a degree $d$ and genus $g$. Let $\mathcal{S}$ be the system of surfaces of degree $k$ in $\mathbb{P}^3$ containing $C$ with multiplicity $\beta$.
What is ...

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### Point-Hyperplane incidence in finite projective spaces

Let $P$ be a finite projective space of order $q$ and dimension $d$. I am interested in finding the least $k$ such that for any set $S$ of $k$ points of $P$, and for any set $S'$ of $k$ hyperplanes of ...

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### degree 7 rational curves through ten points in P4

This is a very classical flavoured question, and probabaly it is not difficult. I would like to know the shape of the space of rational degree 7 curves in $P^4$ that pass through 10 fixed points. By ...

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### Bertini's Theorem

Let $p_1,...,p_n\in\mathbb{P}^{N}$ be general points. Consider the linear system $|L|$ of hypersurfaces of degree $d$ in $\mathbb{P}^{N}$ with prescribed multiplicities $m_1,...,m_n$ at $p_1,...,p_n$. ...

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### Counting curves of degree 4 in $\mathbb{P}^{3}$

Let $p_1,...,p_8\in\mathbb{P}^{3}$ be points in linear general position. Then there exists a unique elliptic curve $C$ of degree $4$ passing through $p_1,...,p_8$. I am interested in what happens for ...

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### Embed the normalization of a curve in a larger space

I'd like to believe that this problem has a positive answer, but I don't know a nice reference. Actually I've never worked with embedded curves, so I apologize in advance if the question is too silly.
...

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### Curve of 3-secant lines

Let $C\subset\mathbb{P}^{3}$ be a smooth, non-degenerate curve over an algebraically closed field of characteristic zero. Let $d$ be the degree of $C$ and $g$ be its genus.
Consider the variety ...

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### semi-orthogonal decompositions and embeddings

This is most likely a stupid question, but I am curious. It is well known that $\mathbb{P}^n$ has a semi-orthogonal decomposition
$$D^b(X)=\langle \mathcal{O},\dots,\mathcal{O}(n)\rangle$$
Suppose ...

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### Möbius transformation by 3 points in the Minkowski model

Goal
I'm interested in describing Möbius transformations in the plane, and I'd like to define them in terms of three points and their images.
What I have tried
I know that a projective ...

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### Non-equivariant vector bundles over complex projective $N$-space

From Grothendieck's lemma, we know that all holomorphic vector bundles over the complex projective line are direct sums of line bundles, and so, are $SU(2)$-equivariant.
I wonder, do there exist ...

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### (Non-)Existence of curves of low degree on affine and projective varieties

I am interested in papers that investigates the existence or non-existence of curves of low degree (relative to the degree of the ambient variety). The starting example is that of surfaces and ...

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### minimality/universality of the Springer resolution of a determinantal variety

Let $X\subset P^n$ be a singular determinantal variety and $S\to X$ its Springer resolution. Let $X'\to X$ another resolution of singularities (say, a blow-up). Does $S$ have some ...

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### Flag primitivity of the correlation group of classical projective planes.

We know that the full automorphism group of the $\pi_q = PG(2,q)$ acts imprimitively on the flags (all flags through a fixed point form a block). But, things change when we consider the action of full ...

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### What is the formula for the commutative multiplication on CP(infinity)?

There is a classic formula for maps $\mathrm{CP}(r) \times \mathrm{CP}(s) \to \mathrm{CP}(r+s)$ or maybe $r+s+1$ using Plücker coordinates - IF memory serves. In the limit we get the abelian ...

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### Degree of a smooth projective variety

Let $i_1:X \hookrightarrow \mathbb{P}^n$ and $i_2:Y \hookrightarrow \mathbb{P}^N$ be two projective schemes.
Let $f:X \to Y$ be a surjective projective morphism between smooth projective varieties ...

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### Non minimal K3 surfaces as hypersurfaces of weighted projective spaces

I recently learnt that the hypersurface
$$
S:=(x^2+y^3+z^{11}+w^{66}=0) \subset \mathbb{P}(33,22,6,1)
$$
is birational to a K3 surface. This is surprising because the surface is quasi-smooth, ...

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### Dimension of the global sections of the Serre twisting sheaf on a curve

Let, $C$ be a projective curve (not necessarily reduced), $i:C \to \mathbb{P}^n$ be a closed immersion. Does there exist a bound on/geometric interpretation of the dimension of ...

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### singularities of the dual variety of a surface

I am looking for a proof/reference of the following simple fact, which I think it holds true.
Let $S\subset \mathbb{P}^n$ be a surface embedded by a very ample linear system. Then I know that the ...

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### Extension of linear system

Let $X$ be a normal irreducible closed subvariety of $\mathbb{P}^n$ and let $\Lambda$ be a linear system on $X$, without fixed component. Then, there exists a linear system $\Lambda'$ on ...

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### Does every ample divisor “span” a hyperplane?

Let $X\subset\mathbb{P}^n$ be a smooth projective variety of dimension $\geq 2$ and assume that it is not contained in any hyperplane. Now, take some hyperplane $H\subset\mathbb{P}^n$ and consider the ...

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### Minor theorems of Pappus and Desargues in “old school” geometry?

My question concerns the dependence relations between the minor theorem of Pappus which, following Heyting, I will denote by $P_9$, and (one of the) minor theorems of Desargues, $D_9$.
$P_9$ states ...

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### A question on infinitely many closed points on a smooth projective variety and their behavior under embeddings

While working on a research problem (algebraic cycles), I bumped into a question that I want to prove, though I couldn't yet prove. After several days of attempts, I realized that if the following ...

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### Partitioning the Projective Plane

Throughout this post, by projective plane I mean the set of all lines through the origin in $\mathbb{R}^3$.
Side Note: If there are more standard definitions for any of the ideas presented here, ...

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### blow-up along singular variety

Can somebody give me a nice example of blow-up of a smooth algebraic variety along a singular subvariety? Something I can do some exercise on and check the differences with a smooth blow-up. Thanks!

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### Properties of divisors when moving from char 0 to char p.

Consider a smooth projective variety $X$ over $\mathbb{C}$ such that $X$ has models over $\mathbb{Z}[1/N]$ and $X_p=X_{\mathbb{Z}[1/N]}\times \text{Spec}(\mathbb{F}_p)$ is also a smooth projective ...

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### Non-Symmetric Equivariant Riemannian Metrics on Homogeneous Spaces

For a homogeneous space $M = G/H$, the number of $H$-equivariant Riemannian metrics on $M$ is usually much smaller than the space of Riemannian metrics. I am wondering what happens when the symmetric ...

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### Global sections of a coherent sheaf in terms of a presentation

Let $A$ be a graded ring satisfying the usual finiteness conditions of EGA II (for example $A_0$ is noetherian, $A_1$ is finite over $A_0$ and $A$ is generated by finitely many elements of $A_1$ as an ...

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### Projective planes that contain the Fano plane

I am interested in the following question:
Given a projective plane of order $n=2^a$, is its incidence matrix must contain the incidence matrix of the Fano plane? If not, is it true that for any $n$ ...

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### Reference for Weighted Projective Stacks

For a sequence of positive integers $a_0, \ldots, a_n$ and a ring $R$, there is a graded ring $R[x_0,\ldots, x_n]$ where $x_i$ is in degree $a_i$. There is a corresponding $\mathbb{G}_m$-action on ...

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### On well-formedness of weighted projective spaces and a Hurwitz theorem calculation

This question has two parts: A calculation that is giving me a lot of troubles, and a theoretical one on weighted projective spaces.
1) I want to find the genus of the curve $C_7 \subset ...

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### On the Haar measure of Grassmanians

How can one write down the Haar measure of complex Grassmanians in terms of Plucker coordinates? Is there any way to define a Kahlarian measure like $d\mu\propto \det(g)dp_{ij}dp^{*}_{ij}$ where $g$ ...

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### Angles and projective metric

Unless I am very wrong, the following seems to be true:
If the angle between two vectors in $\mathbb{R}^{n}_{++}$ is small, then the
value of the Hilbert projective metric between them is also ...

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### What criteria are to determine if two projective varieties are projectively equivalent?

A projective transformation is a morphism of $P^n$ to $P^n$, for some $n$, determined by an
$(n + 1) \times (n + 1)$ invertible matrix $A$ in the obvious way. The sets $Q$, $R$ are projectively ...

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### Visualization of the real projective plane [closed]

Consider a closed (compact and without boundary) and non-orientable 2-manifold $M$. By Whitney embedding theorem, one can embed $M$ in $\mathbb{R}^4$. $M$ cannot be embeded in $\mathbb{R}^3$ and just ...