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3
votes
0answers
82 views

Blowig-up a point in the singular locus

Let $X\subset\mathbb{P}^n$ be a variety singular along a smooth subvariety $Z\subset X$ of positive dimension. Let us assume that $X$ has ordinary singularities along $Z$. Now, let $\pi:Y\rightarrow ...
3
votes
2answers
195 views

A question on the effective cone

Let $X$ be a projective variety and $G$ a finite group acting on $X$. We consider the quotient $\pi:X\rightarrow Y :=X/G$. I'm interested in the relation between $Eff(X)$ and $Eff(Y)$. In ...
1
vote
0answers
65 views

Higher entry loci

Let $X\subset\mathbb{P}^n$ be a projective variety, and let $p\in\mathbb{P}^n$ be a general point. The secant cone $C_p(X)$ relative to $p$ is the union of all the secant line of $X$ through $p$. The ...
1
vote
1answer
57 views

When a collineation is a perspectivity?

Veblen & Young, in "projective geometry", vol. 1, section 105, use the following lemma: If a collineation between two intersecting planes in 3d projective space is such that any two corresponding ...
2
votes
1answer
313 views

A question about an intersection number

Let $\pi:Y\rightarrow \mathbb{P}^3$ be the blow-up of two points $p,q\in\mathbb{P}^3$, and then of the strict transform of the line $L$ spanned by them. Now, Let $E_p,E_q, E_{p,q}$ be respectively the ...
0
votes
0answers
163 views

projective map from $\overline{\mathcal{M}}_{0,n}$

Suppose I have a morphism $f:\overline{\mathcal{M}}_{0,n} \to \mathbb{P}^N$ birational onto its image, and I know exactly what $F$-curves are contracted (or "dually", what divisors are contracted). ...
0
votes
0answers
79 views

Why is the set of geometrically irreducible curves of degree d in P^2 open in P^((d+2 2)-1)?

Let $X$ be a $k$-scheme. We say that $X$ is geometrically irreducible if $X\times_k \mathrm{spec}{K}$ is irreducible for all algebraically closed extensions $K$ of $k$. Ravi Vakil states in his ...
8
votes
0answers
162 views

Who first proved the fundamental theorem of projective geometry?

The following theorem is often called the fundamental theorem of projective geometry: Let $k$ be a field and let $n \geq 3$. Let $X$ be the partially ordered set of nonzero proper subspaces of ...
5
votes
1answer
95 views

Measuring how closely a missing projective plane can be approached by an equivalent structure

It is well known that for a number of structures, their existence is equivalent to the existence of a projective plane for a given order. Some of them depend on more than one parameters, which means ...
8
votes
2answers
347 views

Blow-ups of $\mathbb{P}^{n-3}$ and $(\mathbb{P}^1)^{n-3}$

Let us consider the points $$p_1=[1:0:...:0],p_2 = [0:1:...:0],...,p_{n-2} =[0:...:0:1],\\ p_{n-1}=[1:1:...:1]\in\mathbb{P}^{n-3}$$ and the blow-up $X = Bl_{p_1,...,p_{n-1}}\mathbb{P}^{n-3}$. ...
3
votes
2answers
177 views

Standard plane Cremona transformation

Let us consider nine general points $p_1,...,p_9\in\mathbb{P}^2$ and the line $L = \left\langle p_1,p_2\right\rangle$. Take the standard Cremona $f_1$ centred in $p_3,p_4,p_5$, then $C_1 = f_1(L)$ is ...
5
votes
2answers
345 views

Generalization of Pascal's Theorem to Higher Dimensions

Pascal's celebrated theorem in classical geometry gives a necessary and sufficient condition for the existence of a conic through six given points in the plane. Does there exists a similar statement ...
1
vote
0answers
100 views

A question on the secondary fan

I am studying the secondary fan decomposition of the effective cone of a projective variety $X$. Let as assume that $X$ is a Mori Dream Space. As far as I understand passing from a cone of maximal ...
-1
votes
1answer
57 views

Equal-area projections of the hyperbolic plane [closed]

I'm aware of the projections of the hyperbolic plane at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hyperbolic_geometry#Models_of_the_hyperbolic_plane, but how would I project the hyperbolic plane onto a flat piece ...
1
vote
1answer
88 views

Piercing of subspaces in a projective space?

The "piercing subspace" problem may be stated as follows: There are given several subspaces in a projective space, rather non-intersecting. Find an additional subspace of a prescribed dimension that ...
1
vote
0answers
46 views

Projection from a polytope to an affine space

Let $P\subseteq \mathbf{R}^n$ be some polytope defined by an intersection of half spaces with corresponding hyperplanes $H_k$, and let $A\subseteq \mathbf{R}^n$ be some affine space, with $A\cap P ...
1
vote
0answers
108 views

Projective tangent cones, ordinary singularities and blow-ups

Let $X\subset\mathbb{P}^n$ be a projective variety and let $Y\subset X$ be the singular locus of $X$. Assume that $Y$ is smooth. I would like to know if the following are equivalent: $X$ has an ...
0
votes
1answer
99 views

the paraboloid model for hyperbolic space [closed]

In Thurston's Three-Dimensional Geometry and Topology, he gives a recipe for a non-standard model for hyperbolic space which he calls the paraboloid model. I'd like to use the model to try out ...
1
vote
0answers
80 views

Reference for a proof of a projective representation of $A_6$

This question is copied from math.stackexchange, in hope that it might get some attension. I want to understand the proof of There is a projective representation of $A_6 \hookrightarrow ...
1
vote
0answers
113 views

Resolution of singularities of projective varieties

Let $X\subset\mathbb{P}^n$ be an irreducible variety, and let $Sing(X)$ be its singular locus. Let $Y$ be the blow-up of $\mathbb{P}^n$ along $Sing(X)$. Assume that we know that the strict transform ...
11
votes
3answers
747 views

Natural examples of Reverse Mathematics outside classical analysis?

Harvey Friedman at the 1974 ICM motivated Reverse Mathematics by the following statement: When the theorem is proved from the right axioms, the axioms can be proved from the theorem. Reverse ...
1
vote
1answer
180 views

pencil of quadrics consisting of singular quadrics

A pencil $l$ of quadrics in $\mathbb{P}^4_{<x_0,\cdots,x_4>}$ consists of singular quadrics only if: (1) quadrics in $l$ have a common singular point; or (2) quadrics in $l$ contain a common ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

singular locus of $\mathcal{A}_3(2)^{hyp}$

The geometry of the Satake compactification of $\mathcal{A}_2(2)$ is very well known. It is the singular quartic 3-fold in $P^4$ known as $Igusa\ quartic$. I am looking for references (or ...
3
votes
0answers
109 views

Universal covering space of a Zariski open subset of projective space

Let $U$ be a Zariski open subset of $\mathbb P^n_{\mathbb C}$. Assume $U$ is the complement of some divisors. Have the possible universal covering spaces of $U$ been classified? Do we know when the ...
4
votes
1answer
253 views

The space of varieties between two given varieties

Let $\mathbf{P} = \mathbf{P}^n(k)$ be the $n$-dimensional projective space over a field $k$, let $A, B$ be projective varieties in $\mathbf{P}$ such that $A \subset B$. Now define $V(A,B)$ to be the ...
1
vote
1answer
126 views

Multiplicity of a variety along a subvariety

Let $X\subset\mathbb{P}^n$ be an hypersurface given by the vanishing of a polynomial $F\in k[x_0,...,x_n]_d$. Let $Y\subset X$ be a subvariety. Then $X$ has multiplicity $m$ along $Y$ if all the ...
2
votes
0answers
122 views

A question on resolution of singularities

I am wondering if it could be possible in particular cases to resolve a singularity of dimension $n$ by blowing-up a locus of dimension smaller than $n$. For instance consider a cubic surface ...
13
votes
1answer
531 views

When is $(q^k-1)/(q-1)$ a perfect square?

Let $q$ be a prime power and $k>1$ a positive integer. For what values of $k$ and $q$ is the number $(q^k-1)/(q-1)$ a perfect square, that is the square of another integer? Is the number of such ...
2
votes
1answer
160 views

Singularities of secant varieties of rational normal curves

Let $C\subset\mathbb{P}^n$ be a rational normal curve of degree $n$, and let $Sec_k(C)\subset\mathbb{P}^n$ be its $k$-th secant variety. By Theorem 1.1 in this paper: ...
2
votes
0answers
106 views

Degree of join of two varieties‏

Let $X\subset\mathbb{P}^n$ be an irreducible variety of degree $d$ and dimension $n-4$. Let $L\subset X$ be a line of mulitplicity $m$ in $X$. Assume that $m+1\leq d$ so that the general line spanned ...
15
votes
1answer
413 views

Maps to projective space == line bundles; what do maps to weighted projective space correspond to?

A map from an algebraic variety $X$ to a projective space is the same thing as a globally generated line bundle on $X$. What geometric object on $X$ corresponds to a map to a weighted projective ...
1
vote
1answer
194 views

Cremona transformations

Let $f:\mathbb{P}^n_1\dashrightarrow\mathbb{P}^n_2$ be the standard Cremona transformation based on $p_1,...,p_{n+1}\in\mathbb{P}^n_1$ and $q_1,...,q_{n+1}\in\mathbb{P}^n_2$. That is, $f$ is the ...
2
votes
2answers
267 views

Schwarzian derivative of a diffeomorphism is zero iff Linear-fractionals?

I have found the following derivation of the Schwarzian derivatives in the book of Ovsienko and Tabachnikov: For a diffeomorphism $\gamma$ which acts on 4 points $t_1,t_2,t_3,t_4 \in \mathbb{RP}_1$, ...
9
votes
1answer
396 views

$6$ points lie on a conic if and only if $ABC$ and $A_0B_0C_0$ are perspective

Let $ABC$ be a triangle with incircle $\omega$. Let $A_0,B_0,C_0$ be points outside $\omega$. The tangents from $A_0$ to $\omega$ intersect $BC$ at $A_1,A_2$. Define $B_1,B_2$ and $C_1,C_2$ similarly. ...
0
votes
0answers
131 views

classify antiholomorphic involutions of projective space

On $\mathbb{CP}^1$ with standard complex structure, how to prove that there are only two types of antiholomorphic involution, given by $$ \tau :[z:w]\mapsto [\bar w, \bar z] \qquad \eta :[z:w]\mapsto ...
2
votes
1answer
109 views

dimensions of strata of Pfaffian varieties

Let $V$ a complex vector space of dimension $2n$. Let us consider $W=\wedge^2V$ and the Pfaffian variety $Pf\subset \mathbb{P}W$ that parametrize degenerate skew-symmetric matrices. $Pf$ is naturally ...
1
vote
1answer
175 views

Rational normal curves as set-theoretic complete intersections

Let $C\subset\mathbb{P}^n$ be a rational normal curve of degree $n$. It is know that $C$ is a set-theoretic complete intersection and that, if $n\geq 3$, is a not a scheme-theoretic complete ...
2
votes
0answers
256 views

Enumerating certain types of permutation polynomials

Given a prime power $q$, I would like to enumerate (preferably up to isomorphism*) all the permutation polynomials $f(x)$ on $K = GF(q^3)$ satisfying the following conditions: $f(ax) = af(x)$ for ...
4
votes
2answers
326 views

A question about pairs of lines in 3D projective space

Consider a 3-dimensional projective space $X$. Let $m$ be the smallest number so that there are $m$ pairs of lines $ \ell_1,\ell'_1$, $ \ell_2,\ell_2'$, ... , $\ell_m, \ell'_m$ in $X$: a) For ...
6
votes
0answers
110 views

Are Schubert varieties for Kac-Moody groups cut out by linear equations?

Let $G$ be a reductive group, and let $X$ be a partial flag variety for $G$. Then it is known that for any projective embedding of $X$, that the equations scheme-theoretically cutting out a Schubert ...
5
votes
1answer
550 views

Top self-intersection of exceptional divisors

Let $Y\subset\mathbb{P}^n$ be a smooth variety of codimension two. Consider the blow-up $X = Bl_Y\mathbb{P}^n$ of $\mathbb{P}^n$ along $Y$, and let $E$ be the exceptional divisor over $Y$. Then $E$ ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

Maximizing the product of projections of a vector on another vectors

I want to get the $N\times1$ complex vector $\mathbf{x}$ which maximizes this real valued function $f=\mathbf{x}^{H}\left (\mathbf{a}_{1} \mathbf{a}_{1}^{H}\mathbf{x}\mathbf{x}^{H}\mathbf{a}_{2} ...
2
votes
1answer
214 views

Surfaces singular along a curve

Let $C\subset\mathbb{P}^3$ be a smooth curve a degree $d$ and genus $g$. Let $\mathcal{S}$ be the system of surfaces of degree $k$ in $\mathbb{P}^3$ containing $C$ with multiplicity $\beta$. What is ...
2
votes
1answer
97 views

Point-Hyperplane incidence in finite projective spaces

Let $P$ be a finite projective space of order $q$ and dimension $d$. I am interested in finding the least $k$ such that for any set $S$ of $k$ points of $P$, and for any set $S'$ of $k$ hyperplanes of ...
2
votes
1answer
304 views

degree 7 rational curves through ten points in P4

This is a very classical flavoured question, and probabaly it is not difficult. I would like to know the shape of the space of rational degree 7 curves in $P^4$ that pass through 10 fixed points. By ...
6
votes
1answer
522 views

Bertini's Theorem

Let $p_1,...,p_n\in\mathbb{P}^{N}$ be general points. Consider the linear system $|L|$ of hypersurfaces of degree $d$ in $\mathbb{P}^{N}$ with prescribed multiplicities $m_1,...,m_n$ at $p_1,...,p_n$. ...
1
vote
1answer
180 views

Counting curves of degree 4 in $\mathbb{P}^{3}$

Let $p_1,...,p_8\in\mathbb{P}^{3}$ be points in linear general position. Then there exists a unique elliptic curve $C$ of degree $4$ passing through $p_1,...,p_8$. I am interested in what happens for ...
0
votes
0answers
84 views

Embed the normalization of a curve in a larger space

I'd like to believe that this problem has a positive answer, but I don't know a nice reference. Actually I've never worked with embedded curves, so I apologize in advance if the question is too silly. ...
2
votes
2answers
186 views

Curve of 3-secant lines

Let $C\subset\mathbb{P}^{3}$ be a smooth, non-degenerate curve over an algebraically closed field of characteristic zero. Let $d$ be the degree of $C$ and $g$ be its genus. Consider the variety ...
2
votes
0answers
115 views

semi-orthogonal decompositions and embeddings

This is most likely a stupid question, but I am curious. It is well known that $\mathbb{P}^n$ has a semi-orthogonal decomposition $$D^b(X)=\langle \mathcal{O},\dots,\mathcal{O}(n)\rangle$$ Suppose ...