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3
votes
0answers
67 views

A Karrass-Solitar or Ivanov-Schupp for profinite groups

Let $F$ be a nonabelian free profinite group, $H \leq_c F$ finitely generated with $[F:H] = \infty$. Must there be some $\{1\} \neq N \lhd_c F$ such that $N \cap H = \{1\}$?
0
votes
0answers
95 views

Thin profinite groups - nonabelian analogues of p-adic integers

Let $p$ be a prime number, $S = C_p$ a cyclic group of order $p$, $G = \mathbb{Z}_p$ the profinite additive group of $p$-adic integers. It is well known that all the closed nontrivial subgroups of $G$ ...
6
votes
1answer
244 views

discrete group cohomology vs continuous group cohomology for profinite groups

Let $G$ be a profinite group and $M$ be a finite $G$-module. I can compute the cohomology of $G$ with coefficients in $M$ either as a topological group or as a discrete group. There is an obvious map ...
1
vote
0answers
103 views

An epimorphism into a profinite group

Let $p$ be an odd prime number, $G$ a finitely generated nonabelian profinite group, $L \lhd_o G$ a pro-$p$ group with $[G : L] = 2$. Suppose that there is a continuous surjection from $G$ onto a free ...
1
vote
0answers
59 views

Bases for free pro-p groups

Let $p$ be a prime number, $F$ a free nonabelian finitely generated pro-$p$ group, $L \lhd_o F$ and $Y$ a basis for $L$ with $y \in Y$. Is there a basis $X$ for $F$ such that $y$ is in the abstract ...
0
votes
0answers
71 views

Dense free subgroups

Let $F$ be a free pro-$p$ group (for a prime number $p$) on a finite set $X$, $\Phi$ the abstract subgroup generated by $X$, $\{1\} \neq N \lhd_c F$. Is it possible that $\Phi \cap N = \{1\}$?
1
vote
0answers
45 views

Lower central series in a free pro-p group

Let $F$ be a nonabelian finitely generated free pro-$p$ group, $H \leq_c F$ of infinite index. Denote by $\{F_n\}_{n \in \mathbb{N}}$ the lower central series of $F$, and set $r_n = [F : F_nH]$. Is ...
0
votes
0answers
66 views

A bound on the size of the center

Let $p$ be a prime number, $F$ a free pro-$p$ group, $H \leq_c F$ of infinite index. Can it be that $$\sup_{N \lhd_o F} |Z((F/N)/C_{F/N}(HN/N))| < \infty ?$$
1
vote
0answers
168 views

Finite Cohomology and free groups

Let $F$ be a finitely generated nonabelian free profinite group, $p$ a prime number, $L \lhd_o F$ with $[F : L]$ coprime to $p$, $N \lhd_c^\infty F$ contained in $L$ with $L/N$ pro-$p$, and $N \leq H ...
1
vote
0answers
130 views

Accessible subgroups of free groups

Let $F$ be a nonabelian free finitely generated group, and $F = G_0 \rhd G_1 \rhd G_2 \dots$ a strictly descending subnormal chain of subgroups ($G_n \lhd G_{n-1}$ for each $n \in \mathbb{N}$) each ...
3
votes
1answer
159 views

Canonical presentation of pro-modules over pro-rings

Let $A = (\dotsc \twoheadrightarrow A_2 \twoheadrightarrow A_1 \twoheadrightarrow A_0)$ be a (commutative) pro-ring with surjective transition maps. Consider the category $\mathcal{M} := \varprojlim_i ...
6
votes
1answer
209 views

When is the profinite completion a pro-$p$ group?

My research area is mainly pro-$p$ groups and profinite groups. However, in the last few year I became also interested in discrete groups. Therefore, it seems to me a natural problem to look for ...
2
votes
1answer
285 views

Is every closed subgroup of $\text{GL}_n(K[[x]])$ finitely generated?

Let $n \in \mathbb{N}$, $K$ a finite field. Denote by $K[[x]]$ the (profinite) ring of formal power series over $K$. Note that $\text{GL}_n(K[[x]])$ is a profinite group. Is every closed subgroup of ...
3
votes
1answer
158 views

Faithful representations of free pro-p groups

Let $p$ be a prime number, $m,n \in \mathbb{N}$, $F = F(p,m)$ be the free pro-$p$ group on $m$ generators. For which $(m,n)$ there is a continuous faithful representation (embedding) $\rho : F ...
2
votes
1answer
230 views

Can a closure make the index finite?

Let $F$ be a free finitely generated group, $H \leq F$ of infinite index. Let $c : F \rightarrow \hat{F}$ be the embedding in the profinite completion. Denote by $\tilde{F}, \tilde{H}$ the closure of ...
2
votes
1answer
187 views

Making a profinite group free

Let $F$ be a free profinite group, $G$ a profinite group. Suppose that the free profinite product $F \amalg G$ is a free profinite group. Must $G$ be a free profinite group? For abstract groups the ...
6
votes
2answers
224 views

Union of conjugates of a closed subgroup of a compact group

Let $G$ be a compact Hausdorff group, $H \leq G$ a closed subgroup of infinite index in $G$. Is it possible that the conjugates of $H$ cover some open neighbourhood of $1$ in $G$ (or the whole of ...
3
votes
1answer
196 views

Bases of free groups

Let $F$ be a free group on a finite set $X$. Let $A \subseteq X$ be a subset of $X$ contained in some $H \leq F$, a subgroup of finite index in $F$. Must there be a basis (free generating set) for $H$ ...
4
votes
1answer
153 views

Generators of Sylow subgroups

Is there a function $f : \mathbb{N} \rightarrow \mathbb{N}$ such that for each finite supersolvable group $G$, and a Sylow subgroup $S \leq G$ we have $d(S) \leq f(d(G))$? Here $d(H)$ denotes the ...
0
votes
0answers
96 views

Actions and representations of profinite groups

Let $p$ be a prime number, and denote by $\mathbb{Z}_p$ the additive profinite group of p-adic integers. Let $G$ be a finitely generated profinite group of order coprime to $p$, and $V = ...
3
votes
0answers
181 views

Profinite groups, completions, and Schreier's formula

Let $G$ be a finitely generated profinite group, and $H \leq_o G$. We say that $H$ satisfies Schreier's formula in $G$ if $d(H) - 1 = (d(G)-1)[G:H]$. We say that $G$ satisfies Schreier's formula if ...
4
votes
2answers
300 views

Profinite completions

I call a profinite group $G$ Noetherian, if evrey ascending chain of closed subgroups is eventually stable. A standart argument shows that every closed subgroup of a Noetherian profinite group is ...
4
votes
0answers
178 views

Schreier's formula and descending chains

For a group $G$ we denote by $d(G)$ the cardinality of a smallest set of generators. A finitely generated group $G$ is said to satisfy Schreier's formula if for every subgroup $H \subseteq G$ of ...
2
votes
0answers
89 views

Coprime automorphisms of finitely generated pro-$p$ groups

Let $P$ be a finitely generated pro-$p$ group and let $G$ be a semidirect product $P \rtimes A$, where $A$ is a finite group of order coprime to $p$ that acts faithfully on $P$. Then one can show ...
2
votes
0answers
83 views

Free profinite completions

Let $m,n \in \mathbb{N}$. Which residually finite groups $G$ generated by $m$ elements, have the free profinite group on $n$ generators as their profinite completion?
3
votes
0answers
98 views

Automorphisms of profinite groups

Let $d,n \in \mathbb{N}$, and $p$ a prime number. Let $F$ be a free pro-$p$ group on $d$ generators. Is there an automorphism of $F$ of order $n$?
5
votes
1answer
193 views

Is any finitely generated nilpotent pro-$p$ group necessarily the pro-$p$ completion of some finitely generated nilpotent group?

While thinking about this question, I was led to the following question: My question: Let $G$ be a topologically finitely generated pro-$p$ nilpotent group. Does there exist a finitely generated ...
4
votes
3answers
538 views

Action of a profinite group

Let $G$ be a finitely generated profinite group, $p$ a prime number. Put $$ V = \prod_{i \in I} \mathbb{Z}_p$$ a (profinite) group equipped with the product topology (for convenience, $I$ may be ...
4
votes
1answer
258 views

Normal Subgroup Growth

Let $F$ be a free group on $d$ generators. Denote by $F_{k}$ the $k$-th term in $F$'s derived series. Put $G = F/F_k$. What is the normal subgroup growth of $G$? Explicitly, for each natural number ...
4
votes
2answers
261 views

Schreier's index formula

A finitely generated group G is said to satisfy Schreier's index formula if for every subgroup H of index k in G we have: d(H) - 1 = k(d(G) - 1). For example, a finitely generated free group satisfies ...
3
votes
1answer
473 views

Relations between the cohomology of discrete groups and of profinite groups

Let $G$ be a discrete group and $K$ be the profinite completion of $G$. Let $C_K$ denote the category of contionuous $K$-modules and ${C_K}'$ denotes category of finite continuous $K$-modules. Now for ...
5
votes
1answer
258 views

Open subgroups of the etale fundamental group of $P^1_\mathbb Q\setminus\{0,\infty\}$

Let $G$ be the etale fundamental group of $P^1_\mathbb Q\setminus\{0,\infty\}$. Then $G$ is isomorphic to a semidirect product of $\widehat {\mathbb Z}(1)$ by $ Gal_\mathbb Q$. Is it true that ...
5
votes
1answer
263 views

Locally finite compact groups

I assume all tolpological groups here to be Hausdorff. A group is called locally finite if every finitely generated subgroup is finite. What can be said about a locally finite compact group? Must it ...
4
votes
0answers
172 views

Computing the pro-solvable closure of a finitely generated subgroup of a free group

The pro-solvable topology on a group $G$ is the unique group topology such that the set of normal subgroups $N\lhd G$ with $G/N$ a finite solvable group is a fundamental system of neighborhoods of the ...
4
votes
2answers
345 views

Irreducible representations of compact groups

Let G be a compact group (or even profinite - Galois group). Let $V$ be a vector space over the field ${\mathbb F}_p$ with $p$ elements, $p$ a finite prime, such that $V$ is a contable product of ...
2
votes
0answers
109 views

Hall's paper on the profinite groups and Andre Weils “voisinage” notion

I am reading through a classical paper A Topology for Free Groups and Related Groups by Marshall Hall Jr. in which profinite groups are defined for the first time. There he defines on p. 129: ...
1
vote
0answers
111 views

Local Profinite Ring

I haven't received any substantial responses to a similar question on math.stackexchange, so let me try here. Let $R$ be a profinite ring (that is a projective limit of finite rings). Assume ...
6
votes
1answer
270 views

“Concretely” writing down elements in a free profinite group

Let $r$ be a natural number. The elements of the free group $F_r$ on $r$ generators have a nice concrete description as "words" in the $r$ generators (and their inverses). I'd like to know if there is ...
4
votes
1answer
171 views

Is $SL_1(D)$ toplogically finitely generated, for $D$ a division algebra over a local field?

I've been struggling with this one all day, and I was wondering if someone can give me a hand with the proof. I'm not even sure if the group in question is finitely generated, so I would appreciate if ...
4
votes
1answer
111 views

Layman question: A dense subgroup with completion not isomorphic to the big (pro-p) group?

This is unlikely a research level question... one that would be answered in a blink of an eye, rather...it is an (early) exercise from the book "Analytic Pro-p groups". But since no reply was received ...
4
votes
1answer
86 views

Is every countably generated profinite group countably based?

In a profinite group: Does the existence of a countable generating (topologically) set imply the existence of a countable basis for the topology.
3
votes
2answers
160 views

Is every first countable profinite group, second countable?

Is every first countable profinite group actually second countable?
15
votes
3answers
483 views

An algebraic approach to the thermodynamic limit $N\rightarrow\infty$?

In physics one studies quite often the thermodynamic limit or what we call the $N\rightarrow \infty$ behavior of a system of $N\rightarrow\infty$ particles. This is of particular relevance in the ...
0
votes
1answer
137 views

Can finite index be seen at the level of profinite completion

Let $G$ be a group, and $H$ a subgroup of $G$. Is it possible to "see" from the profinite completions of $H$ and $G$ that $H$ has finite index in $G$? Naively, does $H$ have finite index in $G$ iff ...
9
votes
3answers
509 views

History of profinite groups, when was it first mentioned? What was the original definition?

Searching left me hanging. One of my professors told me the definition using the topological properties was the first one but I cannot find any resources. Is that true? If not, how was it originally ...
6
votes
1answer
287 views

Are finite index subgroups of inertia closed?

Let $K$ be a finite extension of the $p$-adic numbers. $G_K$ be its absolute Galois group and $I_K$ the inertia subgroup. Are finite index subgroups of $I_K$ closed in its profinite topology? By a ...
1
vote
1answer
86 views

Quotients of Free pro-p groups

Let $P_n$ denote the pro-$p$ completion of $F_n$ the free group of rank $n$. Given a (abstract) group homomorphism $$ \phi:P_n\rightarrow G $$ where $G$ is a discrete group. Is $\phi$ continuous? ...
0
votes
1answer
163 views

Strongly Complete Profinite Groups.

I've been reading about profinite groups and have encountered the notion of strong completeness. I.e. that a profinite group $G$ is strongly complete if it is isomorphic to it's profinite completion ...
3
votes
0answers
98 views

Centralizers in free products of $p$-groups

If $G_1,\dots,G_n$ are discrete groups, and $G=G_1 \ast G_2 \ast \dots \ast G_n$ is their free product, then for $g \in G_i$ sean as an element of $G$, it is clear the centralizer of $g$ in $G$ is ...
1
vote
0answers
192 views

does s.e.s 0->A->B->C->0 of profinite groups imply C=B/A and A<B topologically?

Assume $A, B, C$ are profinite groups and $0\to A\to B\to C\to 0$ is an exact sequence of continuous maps. Which of the following assertions follows?: (i) the subspace-topology induced on $A$ via ...