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2
votes
0answers
151 views

Have you seen this one parameter family of distributions before?

This is a one parameter family of distributions. Choose some parameter $\lambda > 0$ and define the measure $\nu_\lambda$ which is absolutly continuous with respect to the Lebsegue measure with the ...
0
votes
2answers
244 views

probability density function

Hey, what is the probability density function of the following random variable $\theta$ : $\theta=tan^{-1}\frac{Y_1-Y_2}{X_1-X_2}$ for $X_1-X_2>0$ and $\theta=tan^{-1}\frac{Y_1-Y_2}{X_1-X_2}+\pi$ ...
2
votes
2answers
243 views

Computing hypergeometric function of matrix argument

In the context of the Bingham probability distribution the ${ }_1F_1$ hypergeometric function of matrix argument naturally arises as a normalization constant of the probability distribution function. ...
1
vote
1answer
137 views

Weak convergence in measure for negligible sets.

Let $X$ be a Polish space and $(P_n)$ a sequence of Borel probabilities which converges weakly in measure to a Borel probability $P$. By this i mean that for any $f\in C_b(X)$ which is continuous and ...
5
votes
2answers
215 views

Liverani's CLT (a question)

Let $(\Omega,\mathcal{F},P)$ be a probability space where $\Omega$ is a complete separable metric space, let $T:\Omega\to \Omega$ ` be an ergodic transformation, let $\hat{T}:L^{2}_{_P}(\Omega)\to ...
2
votes
0answers
104 views

question about circular law

Hi, I have a question about the circular law. Consider $A_n=[x_{ij}]$ a sequence of random matrices where $x_{ij}$ are iid with mean $0$ and variance $1$. Consider $\lambda_{n,1},\dots,\lambda_{n,n}$ ...
0
votes
1answer
207 views

Order of difference of two generators of cyclic group

Let $n\in\mathbb{Z}^+$ and $\alpha,\beta $ be two generators of the cyclic group $\left(\frac{\mathbb{Z}}{(2^n - 1)\mathbb{Z}},+\right)$. Question: What are known theorems regarding the order of ...
1
vote
1answer
147 views

Moments of the Kolmogorov distribution

Up to what order do the moments of the Kolmogorov distribution exist? References would be appreciated.
4
votes
2answers
313 views

Expectation of $(c+e^{N(0,\sigma^2)})^{-n},\, n>0$

I would like to know if there's a way to compute or approximate the following expectation: $$\mathbb{E}[(c+e^X)^{-n}]$$ where $X=N(0,\sigma^2)$ and $n,c>0$ (you can also assume that $n$ is a ...
1
vote
0answers
97 views

Inequality for square of the subgaussian distributions

Hi all, For my research I am trying to bound some exponential moments of subgaussian r.v.'s. And I am stuck with proving one of such inequalities. More specifically: Let $a$ be unit vector in ...
2
votes
1answer
144 views

Central Limit Theorem for additive function of permutations of sequences

Fix the finite sets $\mathcal{X}$ and $\mathcal{Y}$, and probability mass functions $P_X(x)$ and $P_Y(y)$ on these sets. Assume each value of $P_X(x)$ and $P_Y(y)$ is rational. For each $n$ such ...
1
vote
1answer
252 views

Calculate channel capacity of general channel under constraint

Hi! Given a conditional distribution $P_{Y|X}$ I'd like to find the prior distribution $P_X$ that maximizes the mutual information $I(X;Y)$ with $P_Y(y)=\int P_{Y|X}(y|x)P_X(x)\text{dx}$ (this ...
3
votes
1answer
124 views

Statistical properties of principal components and their convergence rates.

Hello everyone, I'm interested in doing statistical tests on properties of principal components, but none of the literature I've found so far seems quite right for my purposes. Many articles present ...
0
votes
0answers
182 views

Expectation of sample variance

Hi all, Just a quick question - I want to make sure I'm not missing anything obvious here! I'm trying to evaluate $E(S^2 \mid \bar{X} = \bar{x})$, where $X_1,\ldots,X_n$ are i.i.d. Normal($\mu, \sigma ...
0
votes
2answers
191 views

Are all variables in a set of random variables independent if all pairs are independent?

If I have a sequence of random variables $X_1, X_2, \ldots, X_n$ (possibly infinite) such that all pairwise cdf's are factorized: $$F(X_i, X_j) = F_i(X_i) F_j(X_j)$$ for all pairs $(X_i, X_j)$, does ...
1
vote
1answer
199 views

Distribution of the powers of a primitive element of a finite field

What are known results regarding the distribution of the powers of a primitive element (generator of the multiplicative group) of a finite field? Specifically, compare the ordered list of ascending ...
0
votes
1answer
389 views

Is an L_1 bounded sequence of random variables with uniformly converging CDFs uniformly integrable?

Changing my question in light of Dan's answer. Thanks, Dan. Consider a sequence of real random variables $X_i$ bounded in $L_1$, that is $\mathbb E\left|X_i\right|\leq M$ for all $i$. Suppose that ...
7
votes
2answers
376 views

Concentration bounds for sums of random variables of permutations

I'm trying to find theorems regarding random variables derived from sampling permutations, specifically concentration bounds. As an example, let $X_i$ be the $\{0,1\}$-random variable that represents ...
7
votes
1answer
297 views

Probability density that minimizes the sample range

Let $\mathcal{F}$ denote the set of all "concave probability distributions" on the unit interval, that is, all functions $f:[0,1]\to \mathbb{R}$ such that $f$ is concave, $f(x)\geq 0$ for all $x\in ...
7
votes
2answers
329 views

What is the most extreme set 4 or 5 nontransitive n-sided dice?

A set of nontransitive dice is a set of dice whose face numbers are such that the relation "is more likely to roll a higher number than" is not transitive. (See wikipedia) For some sets, the ...
0
votes
1answer
77 views

Multinomial — how many trials in order to see all the values with prob 1-\alpha

Let suppose that I have a box with $k$ different balls, each one with a different color. At each time I have to extract a ball and observe the color. Then I put the ball back in the box. How many ...
3
votes
3answers
319 views

Support of an infinitely divisible measure.

Hello, if $G$ is a compact Lie group. Let $\mu$ be an infinitely divisible measure on $G$, such that $e$, the neutral element of $G$, is in the support of $\mu$. Is that true that the support of ...
1
vote
1answer
74 views

Numerical optimisation for multivariate Gaussians

Hi, I want to calculate $ f_{\mathbf x}(x_1,\ldots,x_k)\, = \frac{1}{(2\pi)^{k/2}|\boldsymbol\Sigma|^{1/2}} \exp\left(-\frac{1}{2}({\mathbf x}-{\boldsymbol\mu})^T{\boldsymbol\Sigma}^{-1}({\mathbf ...
1
vote
2answers
495 views

minimum of different independent Poisson random variables

Let $X_1,\ldots,X_N$ be independent Poisson distributed random variables with unequal parameters $\lambda_1,\ldots,\lambda_N$. Is there any closed form expression or at least a good approximation for ...
1
vote
0answers
628 views

Distribution of Inverse of a Random Matrix

Recently i got stuck into a problem and couldn't find its satisfactory answer anywhere. My question is simple. Suppose i have a fat random matrix (i,e $R$ has dimensions $k\times d$ where $k<d$) ...
4
votes
1answer
256 views

Distribution function for divisors of an Integer

For a fixed $n$, let $D_n(x) = \{ d|n : d \leq x \}$ . We assume here $p \leq x \leq n/p$, where $p$ is the smallest prime factor of $n$. For example if $n = p^i$ for some prime $p$ then $D_n(x) ...
0
votes
0answers
128 views

softmax activation function with infinite support ?

Hi, How do we calculate the terms of a softmax activation function with an infinite support ? That is, finding the $\{p_i\}_i$ with $p_i = {{e^{q_i}} \over {\sum_{j=1}^\infty e^{q_j} }}$ (how to ...
1
vote
1answer
134 views

First moment of a function of a normally distributed random variable

I'm trying to find the first moment of the following function: $f(x) = \frac{(-ax+\sqrt{1-a^2})(-bx+\sqrt{1-b^2})}{\sqrt{x^2+1}}H(-ax+\sqrt{1-a^2})H(-bx+\sqrt{1-b^2})$ where $H(x)$ denotes the ...
1
vote
1answer
87 views

Equivalence between choosing a subspace and choosing its orthogonal

Hi, We consider subspaces of $\mathbb{R}^N$. Suppose that we have a property called $\mbox{Prop}$ that apply to subspaces of $\mathbb{R}^N$. That is to say a function from the set of subspaces of ...
0
votes
1answer
275 views

Simple markov chain problem

I know this is an easy problem, but I can't figure it out. A particle takes discrete steps $σ_1,σ_2,σ_3,…,σ_n$ which take on values +1 or −1. However, $P(σ_i=+1)=p$ and $P(σ_i=−1)$ will be $1-p$. ...
6
votes
1answer
197 views

Trasportation metric (AKA Earth-Mover's, Wasserstein, etc.) as “natural” / “induced”?

Context: Given a discrete finite metric space $X$ (in my case X={0,1}$^n$ with the Hamming/L$_1$ distance), I need to define the natural or canonical metric on the set of all probability distributions ...
0
votes
1answer
172 views

Limit of the stochastic process at time 0

This is not a homework question so please be kind not to remove it right away. I am working on some research but have to justify the following argument: Assume $S_t$ is a continuous stochastic ...
0
votes
0answers
461 views

Derivative of the most probable value (of a gaussian variable) VS most probable value of the derivative

Let $x$ be a random variable with gaussian probability distribution $P(x)$. We assume that $x$ depends parametrically on a parameter $t$ so that : ...
0
votes
0answers
98 views

power law distribution of time events

Suppose you have the logs of a web server. In these logs you have tuples of this kind: user1, timestamp1 user1, timestamp2 user1, timestamp3 user2, timestamp4 user1, timestamp5 ... These ...
0
votes
0answers
77 views

Marginal Distribution.

Consider a couple of real random variables $(X,Y)$ and $\mu_{X,Y}$ the induced probability distribution. Denote by $\mu_X$ and $\mu_Y$ the distributions of $X$ and $Y$. Is it true that ...
2
votes
2answers
338 views

Sampling without replacement until hitting a subset

I randomly sample uniformly from $ \{1,..,N \}$ without replacement until drawing a number $ \leq k$. Denote the expected number of draws by $R(N,k)$. I want a good approximation for $\sum_{k=1}^N ...
2
votes
1answer
164 views

If two probability distributions have the same weak limit and one of them satisfies Large Deviation Principle, what can we say about the other?

If the probability distribution function of two sequences of random variables have the same weak limit and one of the sequences satisfies a Large deviation principle, then does it imply that the other ...
4
votes
2answers
184 views

Sampling from a recursively defined distribution

I'd like to know if there are techniques for sampling from a recursively defined probability distribution, assuming that solving the recursion for a formula for the distribution is too difficult. As ...
1
vote
1answer
257 views

Product of probability densities of the form x^{-t} exp (-ax)

I have two probability distributions $p(x) = N_1 x^{-\tau} \exp(-\frac{x}{x_0})$ and $p(y) = N_2 y^{-\kappa} \exp(-\frac{y}{y_0})$. $N_1$ and $N_2$ are just normalization constants and $x>0$, ...
1
vote
1answer
145 views

Expectation under a t-distribution

Given parameters $\lambda, \nu>0$, a covariance matrix $R$, a mean vector $\mu \in R^p$, the Arellano-Valle and Bolfarine's generalized $t$ distribution is given by (see, for example, the book by ...
0
votes
0answers
82 views

Proving that a property holds for random sequences with given marginal distribution by rearrangement

I am currently investigating the property of random sequences with a special marginal distribution function $F(x)$. Given any random sequence $X_1, X_2, \cdots, X_n$, supposing their joint ...
1
vote
2answers
225 views

Finding Decision Boundary from empirical distribution

Based on measuring a certain characteristic, we want to classify measurements as coming from either of two populations. The true population distributions are unknown (and we don't want to take any ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Upper bound on expectation value of the product of two random variables [closed]

Hello, I am trying to find an upper bound on the expectation value of the product of two random variables. So suppose x, y are two non-independent random variables, given that I know the distribution ...
1
vote
2answers
114 views

limit of functionals on weak convergent random variables

Suppose real value random variables satisfy $X_{n} \Rightarrow X$ (convergence in distribution) as $n\to \infty$ in the same probability space $(\Omega, \mathcal F, \mathbb P)$. It is well known that ...
1
vote
0answers
250 views

Distribution of random vectors

Two positive numbers $\alpha$ and $\beta$ are given. We are going to describe a process of choosing a random vector on the unit sphere $S$ in $\mathbb R^3$ (given by $x^2+y^2+z^2=1$). A vector $u\in ...
1
vote
1answer
124 views

Ergodicity and convergence time in Probabilistic Cellular Automata

Has the following conjecture been prooved, or has any step in the direction of its proof been done? "ANY Probabilistic Cellular Automata converge fast on the stationary probability distribution iff ...
3
votes
2answers
206 views

Ergodicity for a Probabilistic Cellular Automaton on a finite space

Let's consider a Probabilistic Cellular Automaton on a one dimensional lattice $S$. Each site of the lattice can have two states, $0$ and $1$. The transition probability acting on each site is: ...
0
votes
2answers
1k views

Cumulative distribution function and convolution.

Hello, Given a probability distribution of a discrete variable p1(x) and a probability distribution of a discrete variable p2(y) defined by p2(y) = Sum_{x,x'} p1(x) p1(x') * KroneckerDelta((x+x')/2 = ...
3
votes
1answer
387 views

When can you describe a population and its component subpopulations with the same parametric family of distributions?

I believe that it is often the case that you are trying to select the best probability distribution to use to describe some phenomenon you are studying, and you have data not only for a population, ...
1
vote
3answers
133 views

$Y|X \sim N(\mu X,X^2)$ and $X\sim N(\alpha, \beta)$. How is $Y$ distributed?

Dear all, I have recently been breaking my head over this question. The idea is that a certain variable $Y$ is normally distributed with a parameter $X$ in both mean and variance. $Y|X \sim N(\mu ...