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6
votes
1answer
423 views

Mean of i.i.d Random Variables With No Expected Value

Let $X$ be an integer-valued random variable and let $X_n$ be the sum of $n$ independent realizations of $X$. I would like to understand the behavior of $X_n/n$ for large $n$ in some cases where $X$ ...
3
votes
1answer
100 views

Variance of maximum of mixture of gaussians

Let $\{X_i\}$ be an iid collection of standard normal $(N(0,1))$ random variables . Let $X = (X_1,\ldots,X_n)$, and consider a function of the form $f(X) = \max(A\cdot X)$, where $A$ is some ...
4
votes
0answers
58 views

Cramér-Wold theorem with independence assumption

Let $X = (X_1, X_2)$ be a random vector with joint probability density $p$. The celebrated Cramér-Wold theorem says that we can reconstruct $p$ from knowing the push-forward densities of $X$ under all ...
1
vote
1answer
69 views

Is there a simple closed form solution for the joint density distribution of an exponential distribution with a rate given by a Gamma distribution?

I have an exponential distribution with rate $\lambda$, where $\lambda$ is drawn from a Gamma distribution with shape and scale parameters $(k,\theta)$. I'd like to calculate an exact PDF for values, ...
6
votes
0answers
261 views

1-Wasserstein distance between two multivariate normal

The $p$-Wasserstein between two measures $\nu_1$ and $\nu_2$ on $X$ is given by ...
1
vote
0answers
41 views

Does this kind of integral equations have unique solution?

Suppose $f_1$ and $f_2$ are two probability density functions on support $[0,1]$ (i.e. $f_1(x)=f_2(x)=0$ for any $x\not\in[0,1]$). Let $\varphi(x)$ denote a known probability density function on ...
1
vote
0answers
57 views

Distribution of the local time for reflected Brownian motion on the quadrant

If $W$ and $B$ are two independent Brownian motions, $X_t=W_t-\sup_{u\le t} B_u + 1$. I want to find the distribution of $S$ the first hitting time of $0$ by $X$. If someone could give me a direction ...
5
votes
1answer
225 views

Convergence rate of the central limit theorem near the center of the distribution

I'm looking for fast convergence rates for the central limit theorem - when we are not near the tails of the distribution. Specifically, from the general convergence rates stated in the Berry–Esseen ...
1
vote
1answer
93 views

explicit expressions of the distribution of sums of i.i.d. logistic random variables

Where can I find the explicit expression of the distribution of the sum of n i.i.d. logistic random variables, for n=2,3,4... The expressions given in "On the convolution of logistic random ...
2
votes
3answers
168 views

Expected value of swaps

Suppose you have a list of non negative numbers of size N. Now you calculate the maximum element in the list by scanning the list linearly and constantly updating a variable which has initial value of ...
4
votes
3answers
382 views

Are there known expressions for total variation distance between $N(0,\sigma_1^2)$ and $N(0,\sigma^2)$

Are known expressions for total variation distance between $N(0,\sigma^2)$ and $N(0,\sigma^2+\epsilon)$ for small $\epsilon$? The only thing I seem to find is things are expression about the mean but ...
0
votes
0answers
74 views

Fitting distribution to spatial data

I am studying a physical process generating data which projects nicely into two dimensions with non-negative values. Each process has a (projected) track of $x$-$y$ points -- see the image below. ...
2
votes
0answers
56 views

Can truncated/non-smooth distributions be used as priors/posteriors in Variational Bayesian methods?

Variational Bayesian methods can sometimes be a good alternative to Markov Chain Monte Carlo numerical evaluation of probability distributions. They do this, as I understand it, by approximating the ...
1
vote
0answers
103 views

approximation of probability distribution

I have a question: Let $\mu$ be a probability distribution defined on $(\mathbb{R}, \mathcal{B}(\mathbb{R}))$ satisfying $$\int_{\mathbb{R}}|x|d\mu<+\infty$$ Set $$A_n=\Big\{\frac{i}{n}:~ ...
1
vote
1answer
252 views

Euclidian norm of Gaussian vectors

Let $X \sim \mathcal{N}(0, \Sigma)$ be a Gaussian vector in dimension $N$. I am interested by the probability density of the random variable $\lVert X \lVert_2$. If $\Sigma = {I}_N$, we recognize ...
1
vote
0answers
76 views

Cramér-Wold like theorem for independent random variables

Let $X$ be a random vector in $\mathbb R^n$ with probability distribution $\mathbb P_X$. Now when given only the family of distributions \begin{align*} \left\{ \mathbb P_{v_1 X_1 + \dots + v_n ...
4
votes
1answer
109 views

Does second order stochastical domination with increasing likelihood ratio imply first order domination?

This question is coming from the fact that all the counter examples for which second order stochastical domination holds but first oder stochastical domination fails do not accept increasing ...
4
votes
2answers
229 views

Estimate on gaussian distribution

Let X be an $\mathbb R^d$-valued random variable with distribution $N_d(0,\Sigma)$. I'm looking for a function $f$ such that $$P(|X_1|\leq M, |X_2|\leq M,\dots, |X_d|\leq M)\geq f(M),$$ and such that ...
1
vote
0answers
50 views

Characteristic function known on subsets

Let $X$ be a random variable in $\mathbb R^n$ with distribution $\mathbb P_X$. Given a (infinite) family of matrices $W_t \in \mathbb R^{n \times m}$ parameterized by $t \in \mathbb R$, suppose we ...
3
votes
1answer
77 views

Relaxing conditions for Cramer-Wold type theorem

Let $X$ be a random vector in $\mathbb R^n$ with probability distribution $\mathbb P_X$. Now when given only the family of distributions \begin{align*} \left\{ \mathbb P_{v_1 X_1 + \dots + v_n ...
4
votes
1answer
211 views

Population dynamics for fish arriving via a Poisson process and living for a time given by some (not necessarily symmetric) general distribution

Imagine we have a hypothetical population of fish in a pond. The fish cannot reproduce, but are introduced by a Poisson process (with some known and fixed rate parameter independent of the total ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

Distribution of the square of a AR process

Suppose given a discrete time AR process $\{h_k\}$ with the following dynamics: $h_k = (1 + a)h_{k-1}-b+v_{k-1}$, where $a, b$ are constants and $v_k\sim \mathcal{CN}(0,1)$ is complex gaussian ...
2
votes
1answer
84 views

Question about infinite-dimensional BM

Suppose we are given an $L^2(\mathcal{D})$-valued Brownian motion $W_t$ defined by $$W_t:=\sum_{k=1}^{\infty}\sqrt{\sigma_k}W_t^k\phi_k(x),$$ where $\mathcal{D}$ is bounded domain in $\mathbb{R}^d$, ...
5
votes
1answer
179 views

“Smallest” event such that probability greater than a given value

Very briefly, consider the probability space $(\mathbb R^n, \mathcal{B}(\mathbb R^n),P)$. During a problem I am studying, I came to a point where i need to compute \begin{equation*} \begin{aligned} ...
5
votes
3answers
219 views

How do you call the problem of approximating a continuous distribution with a simple discrete distribution?

The following problem came up on the Mathematica forum as "Generating a list of integers that roughly satisfy a distribution": Given $n$, find $n$ integers (possibly with duplicates) whose ...
2
votes
0answers
48 views

Is this exponential family Gaussian?

Let $m$ be a positive measure on the real line. Assume that $\exp k(t)=\int\exp(xt)m(dx)<\infty$ for $a<t<b$ and that $\exp k(t)=\infty$ if $t\notin[a,b],$, with $-\infty\leq a<b\leq ...
2
votes
1answer
131 views

Computation complexity of calculating the cdf of an n-th dimensional gaussian random vector

Suppose you have a general $n$-th dimensional random Gaussian vector with probability distribution function $\mathcal{N}\left(\mathbf{x}|\boldsymbol{\mu},\boldsymbol{\Sigma}\right)$. What is the ...
2
votes
1answer
85 views

Maximal component of a multivariate Gaussian distribution

Suppose you have a general random Gaussian vector $\mathbf{X}\sim\mathcal{N}\left(\boldsymbol{\mu},\boldsymbol{\Sigma}\right)$. I'm looking for the simple way to calculate the distribution of the ...
1
vote
0answers
73 views

Obtaining the 'threshold' of a distribution

Context of Research Consider the expression: \begin{align} \widehat{\Theta}(\rho)_i = \frac{1}{(1-\rho)\Delta t} \ln\left(\frac{1}{T} \sum_{t=1}^T \left(\frac{1+r_t}{1+rf_t}\right)^{1-\rho} \right) ...
0
votes
0answers
65 views

Eigen value distribution of autocorrelated Wishart matrix

Suppose the matrix W is constructed as $W=XX^T$ where $X_i(t) = \phi_i X_i(t-1) + a_i(t)$, and $a_i(t)$ ~ $N(0,1)$. I am interested in knowing the eigen value distribution of W. My google search on ...
3
votes
3answers
277 views

Repeated draws from multinomial distribution

(This is a cross-post from Math StackExchange http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/609641/multinomial-distribution-sum-of-squared-probabilities) Let $\vec X = (X_1, \dots, X_k)$ be a draw from a ...
0
votes
0answers
54 views

Relative influences of terms in the law of total cumulance

$\newcommand{\cum}{\operatorname{cum}}$ Denote the joint cumulant of several random variables by $\cum(A,B,C,\ldots)$ (more precisely, the cumulant of the joint probability distribution). In ...
2
votes
2answers
287 views

What is the maximum entropy distribution on the natural numbers?

On the reals $\mathbb{R}$, the maximum entropy distribution with a given mean and variance is the Gaussian distribution. Let $\mu, \sigma > 0$. What is the maximum entropy distribution on the ...
2
votes
0answers
35 views

existence of Markov operators not generated by transition probability function

Transition probability functions can always be used to generate Markov operators, correct? So is it correct to say that a Markov process is a collection of Markov operators? On the other hand, are ...
0
votes
0answers
45 views

Distinguishing two different matrix distributions in polynomial time

I have two distributions: $\{ (f^TA + e_1, f^T(As+e) \}$ and $\{ (f^TA, f^T(As+e) + s_i \}$ where $A$ is a randomly generated $m \times n$ binary matrix $A, A_{ij} \in \{0,1\}$, $f$ and $e$ are a ...
0
votes
0answers
45 views

Estimating the mean of a bivariate distribution by randomly sampling variates and rounding them to integer coordinates

Imagine that we have a particle sampling positions on a two-dimensional plane according to a bivariate probability distribution: $A*e^{-(\frac{(x-x_0)}{2\sigma_x^2}+\frac{(y-y_0)}{2\sigma_y^2})}$, ...
1
vote
0answers
143 views

Sampling a two-dimensional Gaussian distribution at points along an integer lattice

Please consider a two-dimensional Gaussian of the general form: $A*e^{-(\frac{(x-x_0)}{2\sigma_x^2}+\frac{(y-y_0)}{2\sigma_y^2})}$, where $C$ is the peak of the Gaussian, i.e. the point at which the ...
2
votes
2answers
213 views

What's the probability of differences among n independent uniform distribution variables?

Given n independent random variables $x_1,x_2,...,x_n$, they have standard uniform distributions over [0,1]. Then what's the probability that there is at least one $|x_i-x_j| >= d$ for any ...
2
votes
2answers
138 views

Unusual Differential Equation for CDF

Consider the following differential equation $$F(cx) = F(x) + x F'(x)$$ for $c>1$. Does this differential equation belong to a some well known class? Is there a way to find all the solutions ...
1
vote
0answers
65 views

Determining the position of a coordinate by binning Gaussian noise around that coordinate to lattice points with vertex-specific probabilities [closed]

(NOTE: I have changed and hopefully simplified this question by removing the section on randomly perturbing lattice points, and instead specifying that the counts at each vertex should be randomly ...
1
vote
0answers
62 views

Multiple independent random number streams

This question is somehow related to this one. Having multiple streams of pseudo-random numbers known to be independent and with a uniform distribution (U1, U2,...,Un) I want to do Monte Carlo ...
0
votes
1answer
239 views

Distribution and moments of ratio of two beta variables?

If $X$ and $Y$ are two Beta random variables, I am interested in the distribution of their ratio $X/Y$. More specifically, I am interested in the moment generating function of this ratio. There is a ...
2
votes
0answers
100 views

Quantifying the “flatness” of functions which are the Fourier transforms of positive functions

Short version of question: I'm trying to understand the extent to which a function is prevented from being "flat" as a result of being the Fourier transform of a positive function. That is, the extent ...
0
votes
0answers
65 views

Distribution of Quadratic Forms in Rademacher Random Vector

This is a fairly well-known theorem on quadratic form in normal distribution, which is taken from here. If $\mathbf y ∼ N(0, \sigma^2)$ is an $n\times 1$ column vector and $\mathbf M$ is an ...
1
vote
1answer
159 views

Set of distributions that minimize KL divergence,

Assuming that $p,q$ are probability distributions defined on the same support $\{x_i\}_{0 \leq i \leq n}$, $\epsilon$ a small real number, and $D_{KL}$ the Kullback-Leibler divergence, is there a ...
0
votes
0answers
67 views

The supreme distribution of Brownian motion increment

Let $W_t$ be an one-dimensional standard Brownian motion, and $\theta_s$ is the shift such that $\theta_s( W_t)=W_{t+s}-W_s$, then are there any reference available regarding the distribution of the ...
0
votes
0answers
47 views

Independence of Eigenvalues of Wishart

This question regards a previous post, but it is not immediately obvious the two are related, so I ask it anyways: are the eigenvalues of a Wishart matrix $\mathbf{S}$ $=$ ...
2
votes
1answer
320 views

Expectation of Maximum of Uniform Multinomial Distribution

Suppose we have a uniform multinomial distribution with $k$ buckets, i.e. we put $n$ items uniformly at random in $k$ buckets leading to $n_1, \dots, n_k$ items in each bucket respectively. Let $m = ...
1
vote
1answer
271 views

Order statistics of independent NOT identically distributed random variables

I want to find the p.d.f of the n-th order statistics from a set of independent, but NOT identically distributed random variables $X_1, \dots, X_n$ (the p.d.f. of the $X_i$'s is at hand)
0
votes
1answer
115 views

concentration of sums of fourth moment of normals

I was wondering what is the best tail bound for \begin{equation*} \mathbb{P}\bigg\{\sum_{k=1}^n X_k^4>(1+t)3n\bigg\}\le ? \end{equation*} where $X_k$ are i.i.d. $\mathcal{N}(0,1)$.