# Tagged Questions

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**1**answer

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### First Parameterized Subset of Primes that was Related to a Mathematical Result

To my knowledge, Fermat primes, i.e. primes of the form $2^{2^n}+1$ were the first to play a role in a mathematical result, namely in the characterization of constructible regular n-gons. Gauss ...

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**3**answers

564 views

### Definition of Prime Numbers [duplicate]

The first time I heard of prime numbers, they were defined as natural numbers $n$ that can only be divided by 1 and themselves without remainder; later, when prime factorization was introduced, I ...

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### An Euler-proof that cannot be repaired?

Ed Sandifer writes on Euler's wonderful work on prime numbers: The sum of the series of reciprocals of prime numbers $\frac{1}{2}+\frac{1}{3}+\frac{1}{5}+...$ is infinitely large, and is infinitely ...

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### Primes represented by two-variable quadratic polynomials

I'm looking over a paper, "Primes represented by quadratic polynomials in two variables" [1] which attempts to characterize the density of the primes in two-variable quadratic polynomials. Its ...

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**1**answer

429 views

### Whence the k-tuple conjecture?

What is the source of the $k$-tuple conjecture, that every integer tuple $(k_1,\ldots,k_n)$ either contains all members of a congruence class mod a prime or has infinitely many primes amongst ...

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### Did Andre Weil predict that the Riemann Hypothesis would be settled by prime number theory rather than by analysis? If so, what are a reference and/or a quotation?

Did Andre Weil predict that the Riemann Hypothesis would be settled by prime number theory rather than by analysis? If so, what are a reference and/or a quotation?

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### Fermat for polynomials, as used in the AKS (Agrawal-Kayal-Saxena) algorithm

The basis for the deterministic polynomial-time algorithm for primality of Agrawal, Kayal and Saxena is (the degree one version of) the following generalization of Fermat's theorem.
Theorem
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### Who first proved that there are at least n^(1-ε) primes up to n?

It's well-known that Hadamard and de la Vallée-Poussin independently proved the Prime Number Theorem in 1896: that $\pi(n)=n/\log n+o(n/\log n)$. I'm curious as to a weaker result: that for any ...

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### Twin Prime Conjecture Reference

I'm looking for a reference which has the first statement of the twin prime conjecture. According to wikipedia, nova, and several other quasi-reputable resources it is Euclid who first stated it, but ...