# Tagged Questions

**0**

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**0**answers

234 views

### Reverse to Chinese Remainder Theorem [on hold]

Theorem. Let $m_1,m_2,\ldots,m_r$ be positive integers that are relatively prime in pairs, that is, $(m_i,m_j) = 1$ if $i\neq j$. Then for any integers $a_1, a_2,\ldots a_r$. the $r$ congruences
$$
...

**2**

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**0**answers

122 views

### n-ary quadratic forms with $S$-integer values

Let $Q(x_1,\ldots,x_n):=x_1^2+\cdots+x_n^2$ be an $n$-ary quadratic form.
Given a finite set of (rational) primes $S$ is there an algorithm or theorem that describes all solutions to ...

**-4**

votes

**1**answer

138 views

### $p=4x^2+27y^2$,with $p$ a prime [closed]

p is a prime ,on what condition the Diophantine equation is solvable.what is it Linear expression ,for example ,$x^2+3y^2=p$, $p=3k+1$ ,$x^2+5y^2=p$ ,
$p=1,9\pmod{20}$.

**7**

votes

**2**answers

480 views

### The equation $x^m-1=y^n+y^{n-1}+…+1$ in prime powers $x,y$

Does the equation $x^m-1=y^n+y^{n-1}+...+1$ have only finitely many solutions $(x,y,m,n)$ where $x,y$ are prime powers with $y>2$ and $m,n$ are integers with $m,n>1$?
This question arose in the ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

878 views

### The Jones-Sato-Wada-Wiens polynomial for prime numbers and differential calculus?

After works of Davis, Matijasevic, Putman and Robinson between 1960 and 1970, we know that every recursively enumerable set of numbers can be represented by a polynomial.
In particular, it's the case ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

229 views

### Catalan-type equations for prime powers

Do there exist nonzero integers $a,b,c$ for which the equation $$aX + bY = cZ$$ has infinitely many solutions with $X,Y,Z$ distinct prime powers?
For example, if there are infinitely many Sophie ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

346 views

### Determining the exceptional set in the theorem of Ax & Kochen

Ax & Kochen [1] proved that for every $d\in\mathbb{N}$ there exists a finite set $A(d)$ such that for every prime $p\not\in A(d),$ every homogeneous polynomial of degree $d$ over $\mathbb{Q}_p$ in ...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

658 views

### The “universal” diophantine equation

There is a diophantine equation in some number (I think the minimum is now 9) of variables, that can be used to represent
All other diophantine equations (could be wrong on this)
Any particular set ...

**7**

votes

**1**answer

411 views

### Is there a two-variable prime-representing polynomial (in the sense of Jones-Sato-Wada-Wiens)?

In the math.se question Proof of no prime-representing polynomial in 2 variables, Alon Amit asks if Ribenboim's claim that a prime-representing polynomial (a Diophantine polynomial in which the ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

623 views

### Number Theory Representation of Primes

For a primes $p$ sufficiently large, does there always exists
positive integers $k,a,b\in\mathbb{N}$ such that $p=(k+1)(ab)+k(a+b)$ or equivalently
$p\equiv (ab)\bmod ((a+b)+ab)$?
Please note that ...

**2**

votes

**3**answers

396 views

### solution of the equation $a^2+pb^2-2c^2-2kcd+(p+k^2)d^2=0$

i am wondering if there is a complete solution for the equation $a^2+pb^2-2c^2-2kcd+(p+k^2)d^2=0$ in which $a,b,c,d,k$ are integer(not all zero) and $p$ is odd prime.

**0**

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**0**answers

272 views

### When is $Pn^2-2an+\frac{a^2-k}{P}$ , with $P$ Prime, $k=a^2 mod P$, a square?

It is easy to show that the following problems are equivalent.
a. When is $Pn^2-2an+\frac{a^2-k}{P}$ , with $P$ Prime, $k=a^2 mod P$, and $n$ any integer, a square?
and
b. When is $X^2-PY^2=k$ ...