The prime-number-theorem tag has no wiki summary.

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### Lower bounds on the error term of the prime number theorem

Are there any lower bounds on the error term for the prime number theorem, or in other words, is there a nontrivial $f$ s.t.
$$f(x)\ll |\psi(x) - x|$$
where $\psi$ is the Chebyshev function.

**6**

votes

**2**answers

209 views

### Divisor sums over values of binary forms of primes

Let $\tau$ be the divisor function, that is
$$
\tau(n)=\sharp\{d \in \mathbb{N}, d|n\}.
$$
I was wondering if anyone has ever proved an asymptotic estimate
for the sum
$$S(x):=\sum_{p,q\leq ...

**5**

votes

**2**answers

566 views

### The shortest interval for which the prime number theorem holds [closed]

It is well known that the prime number theorem on the form
\begin{align*}
\pi(x+y) - \pi(x) \sim \frac{y}{\log (x+y)}
\end{align*}
breaks down for short enough intervals, e.g. taking $y=(\log ...

**9**

votes

**1**answer

299 views

### Squarefree numbers $n$ such that $432n+1$ is also squarefree

This is a second attempt (see Primes $p$ such that $432 p +1$ is prime)
Is the set of squarefree numbers $n$ such that $n(432 n+1)$ is also squarefree known to be infinite?
Fact: the number of such ...

**-1**

votes

**1**answer

290 views

### Primes $p$ such that $432 p +1$ is prime [closed]

Is the set of prime numbers $p$ such that $432 p + 1$ is also prime infinite?
It doesn't follow from Dirichlet's theorem as far as I can tell.

**13**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### Why is the Chebyshev function relevant to the Prime Number Theorem

Why is the Chebyshev function
$\theta(x) = \sum_{p<=x}\log p$
useful in the proof of the prime number theorem. Does anyone have a conceptual argument to motivate why looking at $\sum_{p<=x} ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

150 views

### Log weight removal in general (weaker) prime number theorem

Let $a_n$ be a sequence of non-negative numbers.
Assume that $$\limsup _{X\to \infty}\frac{\sum_{p\leq X} a_p\log p}{X}\leq 1.$$
Can we prove that $$\limsup _{X\to \infty}\frac{\sum_{p\leq X} ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

100 views

### Prime counting function with a form of finite product using perron's formula

There's a form of complex integral what Riemann obtained to finding $\pi (x)$,
$$ \pi^{*}(x)=\int_{L}\frac{\log \zeta (s)}{s}x^{s}ds, (1)$$
we already know that it lead us to the Prime Number ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

110 views

### Does Riemann's explicit formula imply invariance of the prime gaps distribution under a Fourier-like transform?

Loosely speaking, Riemann's explicit formula states that there exists a Fourier-type duality between the primes and the non trivial zeroes of the Riemann zeta function. Does this mean that the ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

151 views

### Question on an arithmetic function with the sieve of Eratosthenes

I want to ask some question related with the sieve of Eratosthenes.
The sieve of Eratosthenes: write it as $E_1(x) (=\pi(x)-\pi(\sqrt x)+1)$.
Then we have an obvious result
$$E_1(x)/x\ln^{-1}x = ...

**22**

votes

**2**answers

3k views

### Why do primes dislike dividing the sum of all the preceding primes?

I was investigating primes with the property that the sum of the first $n$ primes is divisible by $p_n$. It turns out that these primes are extremely extremely rare. For primes less than $10^9$, I ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

157 views

### Consecutive Primes mod 3

Is anything known asymptotically about the binary "primes mod 3" sequence besides Dirichlet's result that 1 and 2 occur half of the time? For example, can you prove that it does not eventually cycle ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

101 views

### asymptotics of primes in arithmetic progressions

If $a$ and $q$ are given coprime positive integers, what is the best known error term for
$$
\sum_{p<x,\,p\,\text{is prime},\,p\equiv a \pmod q} \frac{\log p}p-\frac{\log x}{\varphi(q)}?
$$
Is it, ...

**6**

votes

**0**answers

269 views

### implication of divergence of $1/\zeta(s) $ at 1/2

$1/\zeta(s)=\sum_{n>0}\frac{\mu(n)}{n^s}$ where $\mu$ is the Moebius function. This series is known to converge for $s\ge 1$ and diverge for $s\le 1/2$.
Its convergence is unknown if $1/2< ...

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votes

**0**answers

135 views

### Similarities between counting primes and counting integers

Primes can be counted via the explicit logarithmic counting function $\psi(x) \thicksim \pi(x) \log(x)$:
$$\displaystyle \psi(x) = x - \log(2\pi) - \frac12 \log(1- \frac{1}{x^2}) - \sum_{\rho} ...

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votes

**5**answers

2k views

### Upper bounds for the sum of primes <= n

Let $s(n)$ denote the sum of primes less than or equal to n. Clearly, $s(n)$ is bounded from above by the sum of the first $n/2$ odd integers $+1$. $s(n)$ is also bounded by the sum of the first $n$ ...

**5**

votes

**3**answers

628 views

### a question for the prime counting function

A famous inequality that has been proved by J.B. Rosser and L. Schoenfeld says that
$\frac{n}{\ln n-1/2}$ < $\pi(n)$<$\frac{n}{\ln n-3/2} , n\ge 67$.
Using this inequality we can prove ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

171 views

### apparent contradiction from result on prime gaps [closed]

I'm looking at Theorem 3 of this paper, which is
If $\:x\geq \exp(\exp(45))\:$ and $\;\;h\:\geq\:3\cdot x^{\frac23}\;\;$ then $$\pi(x+h)-\pi(x) \; \geq \; h\cdot \left(1-\left(3192.34\cdot ...

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votes

**3**answers

506 views

### Asymptotic bounds on $\pi^{-1}(x)$ (inverse prime counting function)

What are the current best asymptotic bounds on $\pi^{-1}(x)$, where $\pi(x)$ denotes the prime counting function (number of primes at most $x$)?
In other words, I am curious about the state of the ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

221 views

### Given an even integer N, what is the minimum set of primes such that any even number x <= N can be expressed as the sum of two primes from the set?

Given an even integer N, what is the minimum set of primes such that any even number $x \leq N$ can be expressed as the sum of two primes in the set?
Goldbach's conjecture said Every even integer ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

229 views

### Estimate on the prime-counting function $\psi(x)$.

There is an elementary statement that I believe I have read somewhere, but I can't remember where. I'd like to know if the statement is correct (in which case it is surely standard) and if so, where I ...

**0**

votes

**4**answers

318 views

### The prime number $2$ [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate:
Why is 2 so odd?
I have read few books and articles, almost all of them refer that any prime $p>2$. Just wondering why it has to be $>2$?

**7**

votes

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272 views

### Montgomery's conjecture and lower bound on certain Fourier transform.

Recently I have come across the following question, while meditating about Matt Young's answer to this question of mine, explaining the heuristic (or at least, one possible heuristic) behind ...

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votes

**2**answers

905 views

### Probability that randomly chosen integers from a restricted set of natural numbers are coprime

We know that the probability $P(k)$ of $k$ randomly chosen integers $(k \ge 2)$ from the set of natural number are coprime is
$$
P(k) = \frac{1}{\zeta(k)}.
$$
I am looking at a special case of ...

**1**

vote

**0**answers

134 views

### Limit of Sequence of unusual Prime Product

Let $p_n$ be the nth prime and $p_L$ be closest to its square root:
\begin{equation}
p_L^2 \approx p_n \approx x
\end{equation}
Let $\sigma \in Z^+$ be a positive integer constant. Define the ...

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**1**answer

368 views

### Name of a conjecture on difference of prime numbers? [closed]

Hello Dear
there is a conjecture for which I do not know how it is called. The conjecture is:
Every even number can be always written as the difference between two prime numbers.
Could you ...

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vote

**2**answers

361 views

### Can $\epsilon$ be a generating function? [closed]

I would like to know if I could do something like:
$\epsilon (0)\text{:=}0$
$\epsilon (n)\text{:=}\frac{4}{2 n-(-1)^n+1}$
and use it instead of a constant.
As $n\rightarrow \infty$, $\epsilon ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

1k views

### Error term of the Prime Number Theorem and the Riemann Hypothesis

I have read that the Riemann Hypothesis is equivalent to
$\pi(x)=\text{Li}(x)+O(\sqrt{x}\log x)$
Is there an analogous statement saying the Riemann Hypothesis is equivalent to
$\pi(x)=\frac{x}{\log ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

386 views

### Primes are to Irreducible Polynomials as Prime-related theorems are to ?? [closed]

Irreducible polynomials are often introduced as the analog to prime numbers in polynomial rings. Prime numbers, of course, have a very rich theory, leading to the likes of the Riemann Zeta function ...

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814 views

### Asymptotics for primality of sum of three consecutive primes

We consider the sequence $R_n=p_n+p_{n+1}+p_{n+2}$, where $\{p_i\}$ is the prime number sequence, with $p_0=2$, $p_1=3$, $p_2=5$, etc..
The first few values of $R_n$ are:
10, 15, 23, 31, 41, 49, 59, ...