# Tagged Questions

**0**

votes

**1**answer

71 views

### Singular distributions: Applications and Instances

Singular distributions are special mathematical objects. They have an interesting property of not having a density function, defined on a set with Lebesgue measure zero. Cantor distribution is the ...

**0**

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**0**answers

40 views

### Quantiles moments and Convergence

QUESTION:
Let $F$ be an absolutely continuous distribution function with density $f$, and $F_{n}$ be its nth empirical distribution. Suppose that $t\in (0,1)$ is constant. Is true the convergence
...

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**0**answers

35 views

### Derive concentration bound for the derivative

It that true to conclude that if a random $f(z)$ is a sub-Gaussian random variable for a constant value of z, its derivative $f'(z)|_{z=k}$ with respect to variable $z$ is also sub-Gaussian?
In ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

55 views

### A calculation involving a uniform random variable quantile

THE PROBLEM:
Let $U$ be a uniform distribution and $U_{n}$ be its nth empirical distribution. Suppose $t\in (0,1)$ and $n\in \mathbb{N}$ are constants. What's the explicit expression to
...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

53 views

### Running supremmum of a Levy process

Let X be a cadlag Lévy process with $X_0=0$ and let $p$ be a real number in $[1,\infty)$. Then, the following are equivalent.
1): $X$ is $L^p$-integrable.
2): $X^*_t= \mathop{\sup}_{0\leq s\leq t} ...

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vote

**3**answers

105 views

### Empirical estimator for total variation distance between two product distributions

Let $X = (X_1, X_2, \ldots , X_n)$ be an $n$-dimensional random variable, where each $X_i$ is a random variable on finite discrete set $S$. In addition, $X_i$ are independent of each other (but not ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

57 views

### Cramér-Wold device with limited angle and independence assumption

Let $X$ be a random vector taking values in $\mathbb R^2$ with probability density $p(x) = p_1(x_1)p_2(x_2)$, i.e. the components of $X$ are independent.
Let $V$ be an open set in $\mathbb S^1$, the ...

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votes

**2**answers

152 views

### Joint probability distribution as functions

Suppose $X$ and $Y$ are correlated random variables in a finite set ${\mathcal A}$, and let $f, g$ be functions that map elements from ${\mathcal A}$ to ${\mathcal B}$ for some finite set ${\mathcal ...

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votes

**3**answers

229 views

### Maximum of the expectation of maximum of Gaussian variables

Suppose $X=(X_1,\ldots,X_n)$ is a Gaussian vector with each entry $X_i$ marginally distributed as $\mathcal{N}(0,1)$. Want to find out the possible maximum of
$$\mathbb{E}\max_{1\le i\le n}|X_i|$$
and
...

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**0**answers

66 views

### Learning resources for Probability Distributions/Models [closed]

I've a good background in basic probability. I need to learn and get a good grip on the probability distributions and stochastic processes, counting processes, and other related topics.
I am already ...

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votes

**1**answer

46 views

### Random weighted selection without replacement

I am using the following procedure to select $m$ different numbers $\{i_1,\ldots,i_m\}$ from the set $\Omega = \{1,\ldots,N\}$, with $m,N\in\mathbb{N}$ such that $m< N$.
Selection procedure
...

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**0**answers

45 views

### Bounds or approximations for the conditional probability of an event involving correlated random variables

Let $\tilde{\gamma_1}, \tilde{\gamma_2}, \ldots, \tilde{\gamma_N}$ be exponential random variables (RVs) that are correlated with each other. Let $\gamma_n$ be another exponential RV that is ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

80 views

### General version of Skorokhod representation of random variables

Let $F: \mathbb{R} \to [0,1]$ be cumulative distribution function (cdf). The standard way to build a random variable $\tau$ on $([0,1],\mathcal{B},\text{Leb})$ with $F$ as its cdf is using the ...

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**3**answers

193 views

### Lipschitz continuous maps from $\mathbb R^n$ to $\mathbb R^n$ that preserve Gaussian measure?

The only ones I can think of are linear maps like rotations and permutations. Is there a more general characterization?

**2**

votes

**1**answer

123 views

### Characterizations of the GOE/GUE family of distributions

This question is somewhat related to this one. Loosely speaking, when should I expect a GOE/GUE distribution? The angle of my approach to this is not through statements such as "there is a natural ...

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votes

**1**answer

380 views

### Mean of i.i.d Random Variables With No Expected Value

Let $X$ be an integer-valued random variable and let $X_n$ be the sum of $n$ independent realizations of $X$. I would like to understand the behavior of $X_n/n$ for large $n$ in some cases where $X$ ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

89 views

### Variance of maximum of mixture of gaussians

Let $\{X_i\}$ be an iid collection of standard normal $(N(0,1))$ random variables . Let $X = (X_1,\ldots,X_n)$, and consider a function of the form $f(X) = \max(A\cdot X)$, where $A$ is some ...

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votes

**0**answers

50 views

### Cramér-Wold theorem with independence assumption

Let $X = (X_1, X_2)$ be a random vector with joint probability density $p$. The celebrated Cramér-Wold theorem says that we can reconstruct $p$ from knowing the push-forward densities of $X$ under all ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

204 views

### 1-Wasserstein distance between two multivariate normal

The $p$-Wasserstein between two measures $\nu_1$ and $\nu_2$ on $X$ is given by
...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

171 views

### Convergence rate of the central limit theorem near the center of the distribution

I'm looking for fast convergence rates for the central limit theorem - when we are not near the tails of the distribution.
Specifically, from the general convergence rates stated in the Berry–Esseen ...

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vote

**1**answer

70 views

### explicit expressions of the distribution of sums of i.i.d. logistic random variables

Where can I find the explicit expression of the distribution of the sum of n i.i.d. logistic random variables, for n=2,3,4...
The expressions given in "On the convolution of logistic random ...

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vote

**0**answers

49 views

### What is entropy of a variable described by Knightian uncertainty? [closed]

I have asked this question at Theoretical Computer Science and received no response.
Given a discrete variable whose value is characterized by Knightian uncertainty, that is, belief and plausibility, ...

**2**

votes

**3**answers

152 views

### Expected value of swaps

Suppose you have a list of non negative numbers of size N. Now you calculate the maximum element in the list by scanning the list linearly and constantly updating a variable which has initial value of ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

356 views

### Are there known expressions for total variation distance between $N(0,\sigma_1^2)$ and $N(0,\sigma^2)$

Are known expressions for total variation distance between $N(0,\sigma^2)$ and $N(0,\sigma^2+\epsilon)$ for small $\epsilon$? The only thing I seem to find is things are expression about the mean but ...

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votes

**0**answers

69 views

### Fitting distribution to spatial data

I am studying a physical process generating data which projects nicely into two dimensions with non-negative values. Each process has a (projected) track of $x$-$y$ points -- see the image below.
...

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votes

**0**answers

52 views

### Can truncated/non-smooth distributions be used as priors/posteriors in Variational Bayesian methods?

Variational Bayesian methods can sometimes be a good alternative to Markov Chain Monte Carlo numerical evaluation of probability distributions. They do this, as I understand it, by approximating the ...

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vote

**0**answers

100 views

### approximation of probability distribution

I have a question: Let $\mu$ be a probability distribution defined on $(\mathbb{R}, \mathcal{B}(\mathbb{R}))$ satisfying
$$\int_{\mathbb{R}}|x|d\mu<+\infty$$
Set
$$A_n=\Big\{\frac{i}{n}:~ ...

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vote

**0**answers

55 views

### Cramér-Wold like theorem for independent random variables

Let $X$ be a random vector in $\mathbb R^n$ with probability distribution $\mathbb P_X$. Now when given only the family of distributions
\begin{align*}
\left\{ \mathbb P_{v_1 X_1 + \dots + v_n ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

105 views

### Does second order stochastical domination with increasing likelihood ratio imply first order domination?

This question is coming from the fact that all the counter examples for which second order stochastical domination holds but first oder stochastical domination fails do not accept increasing ...

**4**

votes

**2**answers

222 views

### Estimate on gaussian distribution

Let X be an $\mathbb R^d$-valued random variable with distribution $N_d(0,\Sigma)$. I'm looking for a function $f$ such that
$$P(|X_1|\leq M, |X_2|\leq M,\dots, |X_d|\leq M)\geq f(M),$$
and such that ...

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vote

**0**answers

45 views

### Characteristic function known on subsets

Let $X$ be a random variable in $\mathbb R^n$ with distribution $\mathbb P_X$. Given a (infinite) family of matrices $W_t \in \mathbb R^{n \times m}$ parameterized by $t \in \mathbb R$, suppose we ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

72 views

### Relaxing conditions for Cramer-Wold type theorem

Let $X$ be a random vector in $\mathbb R^n$ with probability distribution $\mathbb P_X$. Now when given only the family of distributions
\begin{align*}
\left\{ \mathbb P_{v_1 X_1 + \dots + v_n ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

191 views

### Population dynamics for fish arriving via a Poisson process and living for a time given by some (not necessarily symmetric) general distribution

Imagine we have a hypothetical population of fish in a pond. The fish cannot reproduce, but are introduced by a Poisson process (with some known and fixed rate parameter independent of the total ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

84 views

### Question about infinite-dimensional BM

Suppose we are given an $L^2(\mathcal{D})$-valued Brownian motion $W_t$ defined by
$$W_t:=\sum_{k=1}^{\infty}\sqrt{\sigma_k}W_t^k\phi_k(x),$$
where $\mathcal{D}$ is bounded domain in $\mathbb{R}^d$, ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

170 views

### “Smallest” event such that probability greater than a given value

Very briefly, consider the probability space $(\mathbb R^n, \mathcal{B}(\mathbb R^n),P)$. During a problem I am studying, I came to a point where i need to compute
\begin{equation*}
\begin{aligned}
...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

115 views

### Computation complexity of calculating the cdf of an n-th dimensional gaussian random vector

Suppose you have a general $n$-th dimensional random Gaussian vector with probability distribution function $\mathcal{N}\left(\mathbf{x}|\boldsymbol{\mu},\boldsymbol{\Sigma}\right)$.
What is the ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

81 views

### Maximal component of a multivariate Gaussian distribution

Suppose you have a general random Gaussian vector $\mathbf{X}\sim\mathcal{N}\left(\boldsymbol{\mu},\boldsymbol{\Sigma}\right)$. I'm looking for the simple way to calculate the distribution of the ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

71 views

### Obtaining the 'threshold' of a distribution

Context of Research
Consider the expression:
\begin{align}
\widehat{\Theta}(\rho)_i = \frac{1}{(1-\rho)\Delta t} \ln\left(\frac{1}{T} \sum_{t=1}^T \left(\frac{1+r_t}{1+rf_t}\right)^{1-\rho} \right) ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

62 views

### Eigen value distribution of autocorrelated Wishart matrix

Suppose the matrix W is constructed as $W=XX^T$ where $X_i(t) = \phi_i X_i(t-1) + a_i(t)$, and $a_i(t)$ ~ $N(0,1)$. I am interested in knowing the eigen value distribution of W. My google search on ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

259 views

### Repeated draws from multinomial distribution

(This is a cross-post from Math StackExchange http://math.stackexchange.com/questions/609641/multinomial-distribution-sum-of-squared-probabilities)
Let $\vec X = (X_1, \dots, X_k)$ be a draw from a ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

272 views

### What is the maximum entropy distribution on the natural numbers?

On the reals $\mathbb{R}$, the maximum entropy distribution with a given mean and variance is the Gaussian distribution.
Let $\mu, \sigma > 0$. What is the maximum entropy distribution on the ...

**0**

votes

**0**answers

43 views

### Distinguishing two different matrix distributions in polynomial time

I have two distributions:
$\{ (f^TA + e_1, f^T(As+e) \}$ and $\{ (f^TA, f^T(As+e) + s_i \}$
where $A$ is a randomly generated $m \times n$ binary matrix $A, A_{ij} \in \{0,1\}$, $f$ and $e$ are a ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

151 views

### Set of distributions that minimize KL divergence,

Assuming that $p,q$ are probability distributions defined on the same support $\{x_i\}_{0 \leq i \leq n}$, $\epsilon$ a small real number, and $D_{KL}$ the Kullback-Leibler divergence,
is there a ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

302 views

### Expectation of Maximum of Uniform Multinomial Distribution

Suppose we have a uniform multinomial distribution with $k$ buckets, i.e. we put $n$ items uniformly at random in $k$ buckets leading to $n_1, \dots, n_k$ items in each bucket respectively. Let $m = ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

99 views

### concentration of sums of fourth moment of normals

I was wondering what is the best tail bound for
\begin{equation*}
\mathbb{P}\bigg\{\sum_{k=1}^n X_k^4>(1+t)3n\bigg\}\le ?
\end{equation*}
where $X_k$ are i.i.d. $\mathcal{N}(0,1)$.

**4**

votes

**1**answer

167 views

### Limit of pushforward measures of random variables is “represented” by a random variable

Suppose we have an arbitrary probability space $(\Omega,\mathcal{F},\mathbb{P})$ and a sequence of real random variables $X_n:\Omega\to\mathbb{R}$ such that the pushforward measures ...

**2**

votes

**2**answers

118 views

### Drawing random variates from a partially described probability distribution

I have a probability distribution over $\{0,1\}^n$ but instead of knowing the full joint distribution $p(x_1,\dots,x_n)$, I only know $p(x_i=x_j)$ for each $i,j$. How could I draw a random binary ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

323 views

### Central limit theorem for $P(x)\sim 1/x^3$ distribution

I have a random variable $x \in (0,\infty)$ with distribution $P(x)$ falling off slowly $P(x) \sim 1/x^3$ for large $x$. So the expectation value $\bar{x}$ is finite but the second moment $\bar{x^2}$ ...

**3**

votes

**2**answers

376 views

### Distribution of a product of two discrete i.i.d. variables

The problem is to estimate the distribution of product of two $\textit{discretized Gaussian}$ random variables with zero means. The discretized Gaussian means that the p.m.f. looks like
...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

107 views

### Concentration inequality for function of independent Bernoulli r.v.'s (related to random graph)

Consider a random undirected graph on a set of $n$ nodes, say $\{1,2,\ldots,n\}$, such that the probability of edge between nodes $i$ and $j$ is $p_{ij}$ (we may assume $p_{ij}=o(1)$ for all $i,j$, ...