0
votes
0answers
43 views

Under what conditions for the pure jump measures $\mu$ of infinite mass, we have $ \mu* e^{-|\cdot|}\in L^\infty(\mathbb{R})$?

This is a related question to my previous post. Let $\mu$ be a nonnegative measures with pure jumps on $\mathbb{R}$ with infinite mass. It can be written as $$ \sum_{n=-\infty}^{\infty} s_n\: ...
0
votes
0answers
66 views

Ask for a good reference for the calculus involving singular continuous measure [migrated]

I am not an expert on measure theory. I am sorry if this question is too simple for some experts here. Suppose the measure $\mu$ is singular continuous on $\mathbb{R}$, such as the cantor measure. ...
0
votes
1answer
262 views

For what nonnegative measures $\mu$ does $\mu*e^{-|\cdot|}\in L^{\infty}$?

I am trying to characterize all measures on $\mathbb{R}$ such that $$ \sup_{x\in\mathbb{R}} \: (\mu*f)(x)<+\infty, $$ where $f(x)$ is some specific integrable functions, such as $f(x)=e^{-|x|}$, ...
3
votes
1answer
156 views

Unusual augmentation of a filtration

consider a probablity space $(\Omega,\mathcal{F}, \mathcal{P})$ and a filtration $(\mathcal{F}^0_t)$. In general $(\mathcal{F}^0_t)$ doesn't satisfy the usual conditions (it is not both complete at ...
3
votes
1answer
123 views

Is it possible to construct any random variable on the Euclidean Probability space?

Let $(\Omega,\mathscr A,P)$ be an arbitrary probability space, and let $X:\Omega\to\mathbb R$ be a random variable. Then, one can generate a random variable $Y$ from the probability space ...
0
votes
0answers
215 views

Morphisms associated to measured spaces [duplicate]

In a previous discussion (von neumann algebras and measurable spaces), the connexion between von Neumann algebras and localized measured spaces was clarified. I would like to have a category theory ...
0
votes
0answers
87 views

Girsanov theorem with Geometric Brownian Motion

I am not a student in mathematics, but I am trying to use the following Theorem 8.6.6 (Girsanov theorem II) of Oksendal's SDE with geometric Brownian motion $S_{t}$ instead of the standard Brownian ...
0
votes
0answers
85 views

Reference request: density of $C_c^{\infty}(\mathbb R^d)$ in $L^2(\mathbb R^d,d\rho)$

My question is motivated by an optimal transportation approach to PDE's and gradient flows in metric spaces (see e.g Otto's geometry of dissipative evolution equations: the porous media equation and ...
3
votes
3answers
203 views

Do regular conditional distributions almost surely assign trivial measure to all members of the conditioning $\sigma$-algebra?

Let $(X,\Sigma)$ be a standard measurable space, let $\rho$ be a probability measure on $(X,\Sigma)$, and let $\mathcal{E}$ be a sub-$\sigma$-algebra of $\Sigma$. We will say that a stochastic kernel ...
0
votes
1answer
82 views

Measurable functions lifted onto a space of point measures are measurable

I've been reading [1] and attempting to prove statements given without proof. In the paper the authors construct a measurable space of measures over a base space, and as an aside show an elegant way ...
3
votes
2answers
86 views

Is this generating family of a measurable space of point measures a pi-system?

I'm learning some probability and measure theory and working my way through the first few paragraphs of [1]. My question is perhaps too basic for Math Overflow, but I hope it is welcome here. Point ...
2
votes
0answers
63 views

Uniformization/measurable selection theorems

Let $X,Y$ be measurable spaces and $F\subseteq X\times Y$. We say that $f:X\to Y$ is a uniformization map for $F$ if $(x,f(x))\in F$ for each $x\in \pi_X(F)$ where $\pi_X$ is the left projection map. ...
2
votes
0answers
49 views

Stronger version of linearity for functions of measures

Let $X$ be a standard Borel space, and $P(X)$ be space of Borel probability measures on $X$. It is also a standard Borel space if endowed with the topology of weak convergence, so we can integrate ...
2
votes
1answer
182 views

Inverse of a Borel surjection

Let $X$ and $Y$ be standard Borel spaces, and let $f:X\to Y$ be a surjective Borel map. Does there exist a Borel inverse of $f$, that is a Borel map $g:Y\to X$ such that $f\circ g = \mathrm{id}_Y$. ...
3
votes
1answer
195 views

Quotients of standard Borel spaces

Let $X$ and $Y$ be standard Borel spaces: topological spaces homeomorphic to Borel subsets of complete metric spaces. Given a surjective Borel map $f:X\to Y$, we get an equivalence relation ...
4
votes
1answer
108 views

Analytic enlargement of an analytic set

Let $X,Y$ be Borel spaces and $A\subseteq X\times Y$ be an analytic set. Let $\pi:X\times Y \to X$ denote the projection map onto $X$. Does there always exist a set $B$ such that $\pi(B) = X\setminus ...
3
votes
0answers
122 views

Embedding probability spaces in the completion of $[0,1]^K$

Question: Can every probability space $(X,\scr F,\mu)$ be $\sigma$-embedded in the completion of the space $[0,1]^K$ (equipped with a product of Lebesgue measure) for some set $K$? Here, $f:\scr F\to ...
1
vote
0answers
96 views

Make this marginalization statement rigorous

Intuition tells me that $$ p(x\,|\,y) = \int p(x,\theta\,|\,y) \; d\theta$$ by the "law of marginalization", pretty much for any object $\theta$. I would like to make this statement rigorous, ...
3
votes
1answer
206 views

Uncountable family of random variables

Let $\{ \xi _a \}_{a \in [0;1]}$ be a family of independent uniformly distributed on $[0;1]$ random variables on some probability space $(\Omega, \mathscr{F},P)$, indexed by a continuous parameter. ...
4
votes
2answers
305 views

The borel $\sigma-$algebra of the set of probability measures

Let $X$ be a compact metric space and $M(X)$ the set of all Borel probability measures on $X$. It is know that $M(X)$ is a convex compact metric space endowed with the weak-* topology i.e. $(\mu_n)_n ...
3
votes
1answer
173 views

PDE-Based Triangle Inequality for Optimal Transportation

Suppose $\Omega$ is a suitably regular domain in $\mathbb{R}^n$ and $\rho_0,\rho_1\in\textrm{Prob}(\Omega)$. Benamou and Brenier showed that the $L_2$ transportation distance between $\rho_0$ and ...
5
votes
0answers
172 views

Finitely additive measures on $\mathbb Z_2^\omega$ with invariance and independence constraints

Let $G = \mathbb Z_2^\omega$, with pointwise addition. Assume the Axiom of Choice. I am interested in finitely additive probability measures $\mu$ defined on all of $\mathcal PG$ that can be ...
15
votes
3answers
520 views

Which distributions can you sample if you can sample a Gaussian?

Explicitly: You have a computer that is able to pick a real number at random according to the normal distribution: $\mathcal{N}(0,1) = \frac{1}{\sqrt{2\pi}}e^{-x^2/2}$. Which distributions can this ...
1
vote
1answer
185 views

question about uniform continuity under Skorokhod Metric

Let $D=D([0,1], \mathbb{R})$ be the space of cadlag functions $x$ with $x(0)=0$ and $x$ is continuous on $1$. If we endow $D$ with Skorokhod Metric, see: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/C%C3%A0dl%C3%A0g ...
-1
votes
2answers
122 views

conditional expectation under convex combinaison of probability measures(II)

Let $(\Omega,\mathcal{F})$ denote some measurable space. Let $P_1$ and $P_2$ denote respectively two probability measures. Now let $\mathcal{G}$ be some sub sigma-algebra of $\mathcal{F}$. Given a ...
1
vote
2answers
159 views

Empirical estimator for total variation distance between two product distributions

Let $X = (X_1, X_2, \ldots , X_n)$ be an $n$-dimensional random variable, where each $X_i$ is a random variable on finite discrete set $S$. In addition, $X_i$ are independent of each other (but not ...
3
votes
1answer
141 views

conditional expectation under convex combinaison of probability measures

Let $(\Omega,\mathcal{F})$ denote some measurable space. Let $P_1$ and $P_2$ denote respectively two probability measures. Now let $\mathcal{G}$ be some sub sigma-algebra of $\mathcal{F}$. Given a ...
1
vote
1answer
62 views

Measures of disjoint unions and complements of a collection of sets

Let $\mu$ be a probability measure. Let $\mathcal A$ be a collection of measurable sets and $D(\mathcal A)$ be the minimal $\lambda$-system (Dynkin system) containing $\mathcal A$. Is $\mu(D)$ for ...
2
votes
0answers
76 views

Existence of a conditional distribution

Let $X$ and $Y$ be standard Borel spaces and let $J$ be an analytic subset of $X\times \mathcal P(Y)$ where $\mathcal P(\Omega)$ is a set of probability measures on a Borel space $\Omega$ endowed ...
4
votes
0answers
160 views

Conditional expectation with respect to random closed sets

Short question If $X$ is a random closed set, and $Y$ is an integrable random variable, I would like a definition of the "conditional expectation" $$\mathbf{E}[Y \mid X\ni x].$$ Has this been worked ...
4
votes
1answer
101 views

General version of Skorokhod representation of random variables

Let $F: \mathbb{R} \to [0,1]$ be cumulative distribution function (cdf). The standard way to build a random variable $\tau$ on $([0,1],\mathcal{B},\text{Leb})$ with $F$ as its cdf is using the ...
5
votes
0answers
266 views

Skorohod theorem (weak convergence) on a discrete setting

I have a question about the application of Skorohod representation theorem. The questions arises in this paper about robust hedging in mathematical finance. It is about the very last equation on page ...
2
votes
1answer
127 views

Cameron-Martin theorem for non-Gaussian measures

Let $X$ be a locally convex topological linear space, and $\mathbb P$ be a probability measure on $X$. Denote the mean vector $m \in X$ and covariance operator $k : X^* \to X$. Let $\tau_u : X \to X$ ...
3
votes
1answer
206 views

Density of linear functionals in $L^2$

Let $X$ be a locally convex topological linear space, and let $\mathbb P$ be a probability measure on $X$. Suppose that $\operatorname{var}(\varphi) < \infty$ for all continuous linear functionals ...
1
vote
0answers
104 views

approximation of probability distribution

I have a question: Let $\mu$ be a probability distribution defined on $(\mathbb{R}, \mathcal{B}(\mathbb{R}))$ satisfying $$\int_{\mathbb{R}}|x|d\mu<+\infty$$ Set $$A_n=\Big\{\frac{i}{n}:~ ...
3
votes
1answer
311 views

Integral wrt probability measure

Let $\Theta\subseteq\mathbb{R}^d$ is open set and $(\cal X, \cal A)$ be a measurable space . For every $\theta\in\Theta$, suppose that $P_\theta$ is a probability measure on $(\cal X, \cal A)$. ...
1
vote
0answers
75 views

equivalence of topologies defined on $M_1$(a subspace of bounded measures on $\mathbb{R}$)

Let $\mathcal{C}:=\mathcal{C}(\mathbb{R})$ be the space of continuous functions on $\mathbb{R}$ and $\mathcal{C}_b$ its subspace consisting of bounded elements. Define for $\phi(x):=1+|x|$, $$ ...
0
votes
1answer
69 views

Existence of a map connecting two marginals of a product measure

Let $X$ and $\bar X$ be two standard Borel spaces, and let $A\subseteq X\times\bar X$ be an analytic subset of the product space. Let $P$ be any probability measure such that $P(A) = 1$, and denote by ...
2
votes
1answer
142 views

A question about stochastic kernels and invariant measures

Suppose that $E$ is a metric space, let $\mathcal{B}_E$ denote the set of its Borel subsets and suppose that $\mu$ is a probability measure on $(E,\mathcal{B}_E)$. In addition, suppose that $p:E\times ...
1
vote
1answer
259 views

From Lebesgue Integral to Stieltjes Integral, and integration by parts

Let $X$ be a real random variable with c.d.f function $F$. Let $g$ be an increasing measurable real function and assume that $\mathbb{E}\left[g(X)\right]$ exists (and is finite). What additional ...
6
votes
2answers
237 views

Is there a measure / probability theory in a topos of “generalized measure spaces”?

Consider the category with the standard Lebesgue measure space $\Omega$ as its only object and measure type preserving nonincreasing (equivalence classes of) maps as morphisms. Question: is there an ...
1
vote
1answer
186 views

dual space of the subspace of the space of probability measures [closed]

I have a question which maybe so naive but I want to know the result about it. Let $\mathcal{M}=\mathcal{M}(\mathbb{R})$ be the space of bounded measures. Then by some materiau such as ...
2
votes
1answer
162 views

Proving that Brownian motion has no points of increase

I am reading Burdzy's paper on the points of increase of Brownian motion: Burdzy's Paper He is proving that, almost surely, a Brownian motion, has no points of increase. What he actually proves is ...
1
vote
0answers
108 views

Uniform Law Of Iterated Logarithm for VC classes

Kenneth Alexander proved a uniform Law Of Iterated logarithm for Vapnik-Chervonenkis classes in the article Probability Inequalities for Empirical Processes and a Law of the Iterated Logarithm (Ann. ...
2
votes
1answer
195 views

Probability measures on $L^p$

Let $(X,\mathcal X,\mu)$ be a fixed measure space, and suppose that $\mu$ is stationary and ergodic with respect to the (left) action of a topological group $G$. Stationarity means that $\mu = g_* \mu ...
2
votes
1answer
135 views

When is a space of probability measures not perfectly normal?

I am looking for examples of pairs ($(\Omega,\Sigma)$, ($\mathcal P(\Omega)$, $\tau$)), where $(\Omega,\Sigma)$ is a measurable space and ($\mathcal P(\Omega)$, $\tau$) is a space of probability ...
3
votes
1answer
175 views

Particular neighborhoods of analytical sets

Let $X$ be a standard Borel space: a topological space isomorphic to a Borel subset of a complete separable metric space. Denote by $\mathcal P(X)$ the set of all Borel probability measures over $X$ ...
9
votes
3answers
567 views

measure with given push-forwards

Let $X,Y$ be locally compact spaces (in my specific case, they are locally compact groups). Suppose that we are given a measure $\mu$ on $X$ and a finite number of quotient maps ...
4
votes
3answers
369 views

A non-trivial probability measure on $2^{\mathbb R}$

Consider the measurable space $2^{\mathbb R}$, equipped with the tensor-product $\sigma$-algebra. Famously, this space has a measurable structure which is not generated by a topology (see this ...
7
votes
2answers
305 views

Measure theory in nuclear spaces

Much of the literature on measure theory in linear spaces focuses on the case of normed linear spaces (e.g., the outstanding book by Vakhania, or its sequel). However, nuclear linear spaces "as far ...