# Tagged Questions

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### Probability of differently loaded dice summing to a value

I have a real world problem that boils down to the following: I'm playing dice. I have $n \approx o(10)$ differently biased die. The probability of the $i^{th}$ die showing $x_i$ is given by ...
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### A generalized urn-ball matching problem; Complicated combinatoric/probabilistic limit

I'm looking for a generalization to the urn-ball matching problem. As a reminder of what I've got in mind, here's the simple version: Randomly assign (with replacement) $N$ balls to $M$ urns. ...
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### Calculating the probability that all possible length $r$ subwords exists in a string, with or without overlaps allowed

Let $S$ be a length $L$ string, where each character in the string is chosen with uniform random probability over an alphabet with $q$ characters. For example, a binary string would imply $q = 2$, a ...
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### Arctic Circle Theorems and the Wave Equation

I've seen the following remark in a number of papers but don't know what to make of it. In this paper by Cohn, Elkies and Propp, it is mentioned that the normalized average Height function ...
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### Cardinality of intersection of a random subset with a fixed subset

How can I simply prove the following fact: Let $A := \{1, \dots n \}$ and $B := \{1, \dots, \lfloor \frac{n}{4} \rfloor \}$. Let $d \in (0,1)$ and let $R$ be a randomly choosen (with uniform ...
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### Generalised Polya's urn with i.i.d. replacement

Let $\mu$ be a fixed measure (possibly with moment conditions) on $\mathbb N$ and $X_1,X_2,\dots$ be i.i.d. samples from $\mu$. Start with one white and one black ball in the urn. At the $n$-th step, ...
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### Probability of seeing m nonzero bits in off any d consecutive bits in a circle of n bits

Suppose n bits are arranged circularly with given condition that random k of them are 1 and rest 0, and all possible d consecutive bits (total n possibilities) are looked at, what is the probability ...
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### Number rank-k 0-1 matrices (characteristic 0)

What is the number of $n\times n$ 0/1-matrices with rank $k$? (The rank is taken over the rationals.)
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### What is the probability two random maps on n symbols commute?

It is well known that two randomly chosen permutations of $n$ symbols commute with probability $p_n/n!$ where $p_n$ is the number of partitions of $n$. This is a special case of the fact that in a ...
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### Laws of Iterated Logarithm for Random Matrices and Random Permutation

The law of iterated logarithm asserts that if $x_1,x_2,\dots$ are i.i.d $\cal N(0,1)$ random variables and $S_n=x_1+x_2+\cdots+x_n$, then \limsup_{n \to \infty} S_n/\sqrt {n \log \log n} = \sqrt 2, ...
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### How to efficiently sample uniformly from the set of p-partitions of an n-set?

Let $n,p \in \mathbb{N}_+$ with $p \leq n.$ Let $\mathcal{P}$ denote the set of partitions of $\{1, \ldots, n\}$ into $p$ nonempty sets. How can I efficiently sample uniformly from $\mathcal{P}$?
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### Calculate the probability of winning for a selected tic-tac-toe player

I am not a mathematician, I am a programmer. Sorry, if formulation of the problem is inexact. I want to calculate the probability of winning for a selected tic-tac-toe player. I have a directed graph ...
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### The probability for a streak when tossing a coin

I'm trying to solve the following problem: Let's say I'm tossing a coin $N$ times. The coin is not fair, such that the probability for heads is $p_0$ and for tails is $1-p_0$. What is the ...
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### Asymptotics of a Splitting Process

Consider $p(n)$ defined recursively by $p(1)=1$ and $\displaystyle p(n)=\frac{1}{(n-1)^n}\sum_{i=1}^{n-1}\left\{\sum_{j=i}^{n-1}(-1)^{j-i}{n \choose j}{j\choose i}(n-j)^j(n-j-1)^{n-j}\right\}p(i)$. ...
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### A simple proof for a theorem of Szekeres and Turán

Szekeres and Turán found in 1937 a formula for the sum of the squares and the sum of the fourth powers of determinants of all $n$ by $n$ matrices with $\pm 1$ entries. (The sum of squares case follows ...
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### A colorful fractal structure on a graph provided by Wilson's algorithm: any explanation?

Consider a big finite rescaled piece of $\mathbb{Z}^2$, i.e. consider a unit square with a thick grid. Famous Wilson's method allows to generate a colored spanning tree of such a graph in a uniform ...
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### How many boxes so that there is $k$ of same of color from $n$ different colors?

Say you have $m$ boxes each of which is colored with one of $n$ colors. What should $m$ be so that the probability that there is atleast $k$ boxes with one same color is strictly greater than ...
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### Balls and bins — concentration bounds pertaining to the minimal load bin

Consider the standard balls and bins process, where $m$ balls are thrown uniformly at random into $n$ bins. Previous work has been done on estimating the value of the maximum load (i.e., the number of ...
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### Is there an Arctic Circle phenomenon for Amman-Beenker tilings?

I found some slides on tilings and one of them pertained to Amman-Beenker tilings. It looks like there is an Arctic Circle phenomenon similar to that for dominos or lozenges. Is there any ...
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### Limiting probability question [closed]

Let $X$ denote an $m\times n$ matrix and suppose that each value $x_{ij}$ is an integer that is selected uniformly at random from ${1,\dots,n}$, independently of all other values. If we fix $m$ and ...
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### Random Walk on $\mathbb{R}$ with Uniformly Distributed Steps and “Reflective” Boundary at Origin

A particle lies on the real number line at the origin. For each step taken, the particle moves from its current position a distance (and direction) chosen equi-probably from range $[-1,r]$. However, ...
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### Random RSK and Plancherel Measure

Let $(X_1,X_2,\ldots)$ be a sequence of i.i.d. random variables. It is known that if these random variables are distributed uniformly on the unit interval, then applying the RSK algorithm to this ...
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### the following inequality is true，but I can't prove it

The inequality is \begin{equation*} \sum_{k=1}^{2d}\left(1-\frac{1}{2d+2-k}\right)\frac{d^k}{k!}>e^d\left(1-\frac{1}{d}\right) \end{equation*} for all integer $d\geq 1$. I use computer to verify ...
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