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8
votes
2answers
219 views

How do I find coefficients of a product expansion

Any power series $f(t) = 1 + t \mathbb{Z}[[t]]$ can be uniquely expanded in the following two ways: $$1 + \sum_{i=1}^\infty f_i t^i = \prod_{i=1}^\infty (1-t^i)^{-n_i}$$ Here, the $f_i$ and $n_i$ ...
0
votes
0answers
67 views

Examples of functions with natural boundary that do not satisfy Fabry or Hadamard gap theorem condition

there are examples of lacunary functions with natural boundary that do not satisfy Fabry or Hadamard gap theorem condition.I want to know more examples of those functions,the more the ...
9
votes
3answers
406 views

Combinatorial interpretation of composition of power series?

This is a minor curiosity that came up in a joint project recently. Consider the sequence $a_n=3\frac {(2n)!}{(n+2)!(n-1)!}$ (A000245 in OEIS). It has multiple combinatorial descriptions. One can ...
0
votes
1answer
90 views

A pole of function in the article of Springer

I read the article Springer, T.A. On the invariant theory of $SU_2$, Indag. Math. 42, 339-345 (1980). Author considers $\mathbb{C}$-linear map at page $340.$ If $n$ is a positive integer, then write ...
1
vote
0answers
194 views

R[[X]] flat as a R[X]-module?

I assume $R[X]\rightarrow R[[X]]$ is not flat in general, but I was wondering if any conditions on a commutative ring $R$ are known such that $R[[X]]$ is flat as a $R[X]$-module. Would $R$ noetherian ...
5
votes
1answer
267 views

Laurent expansion of a principal value integral

Let $f(t)$ be a nice Hölder continuous function. Also, suppose that $f$ is even. I'm interested in evaluating integrals of the form: $$\oint (1-z)^{k+1}\int_0^1 \frac{f(t)}{(1-zt)^{n+1}}dtdz,$$ ...
2
votes
0answers
157 views

closed form expression for an infinite series

Is there any closed form expression for the infinite sum $\sum_{n \geq 0}q^{n(n+1)/2}(1+q)(1+q^2)\cdots(1+q^n)u^n$ where both $q$ and $n$ are variables and $n \in N \cup {0}$?
-1
votes
1answer
82 views

derivatives and uniformly convergence [closed]

Let $f$ be a function of a real variable expandable in power series on $\mathbb R$: there exists a sequence $(a_n)_{n\in\mathbb N}$ of reals such that for all $x\in\mathbb R$, one has ...
-3
votes
1answer
122 views

Randomness about coefficients of series

$B\subset \mathbb{N}\bigcup \{0\}$ is finite and not empty, infinite series:$$f(x)=\sum_{i=1}^{\infty}a_i x^i,a_i \in B$$ Now $f(x)$ is rational or has a natural boundary. Now,the question :if ...
4
votes
3answers
287 views

Sum of series $a^{i^2}$

Is there any closed form known for the expression $\sum_{i=1}^\infty a^{i^2}$ where $|a|<1$? Thanks!
3
votes
3answers
275 views

An apparently simple question (behaviour at infinity of a power series)

Let $(a_n)$ be a sequence of real numbers, and suppose that the real power series (function) $S(x):=\sum_{n=0}^{\infty} a_n x^n$ converges for every $x\in\mathbb{R}$. $\mathbf{Question}$: Suppose ...
1
vote
2answers
390 views

Given a formal power series ,decide whether there exists a polynomial the series satisfies and if it exists,how to write it down?

Given a formal power series $$y(x)=\sum_{i=0}^{\infty} a_i x^i$$ Is there an algorithm that decides whether there exists a polynomial$$ P(x,y)=p_n(x)y^n+p_{n-1}(x)y^{n-1}+\cdots+p_0(x)=0,p_j(x)\in ...
6
votes
3answers
219 views

On formal solutions to differential equations

Let $k$ be a field of characteristic zero. Put $K=k[\![ t]\!]$ and $W=k\langle t,\partial\rangle / ([\partial,t]=1)$. Then $W$ operates on $K$ in the obvious way ($\partial f = \frac{d f}{dt}$), and ...
3
votes
0answers
137 views

derivatives of composite function [closed]

There's a formula for the $n$th derivative of a composite function $f(g(x))$ - it's called Faa di Bruno's formula - but I'm not really interested in the formula but in the proof given in the book of ...
1
vote
0answers
26 views

Saturation of a subalgebra over the Tate-algebra inside the power series ring

Let $A$ be a discrete valuation ring and $\pi$ a uniformizer. Over $A$ we consider the Tate-algebra $$A\langle t \rangle =\{ f=\sum_{n=0}^\infty a_nt^n \mid a_n\in A, \lim_{n\to \infty} \lvert ...
7
votes
1answer
116 views

Positivity of coefficients of a power series

How does one check for the positivity of coefficients of a rational function,say, for example $\frac{p_1(x,t)}{(1-xt)(1-x^2t)(1-x^3t)}$ where $p_1(x,t) = 1 + tx + 2t^2x^2 - 3x^3t^2 -x^5t^3 - ...
7
votes
0answers
279 views

name for a degree-like invariant of a power series over a commutative ring

Let $R$ be a commutative ring, and let $f \in R[\![X]\!]$ be a formal power series. Sometimes (and for example, this will always be possible if $R$ is Noetherian), one may write $f$ in the form $$ f ...
3
votes
2answers
256 views

existence and uniqueness of solutions for ODEs in formal power series?

I came across this question and it looked like something that is likely to have been looked into, but I couldn't find a reference. Let $k$ be some (algebraically closed, if needed) field. There is a ...
4
votes
3answers
178 views

Exponential of a specific hypergeometric series

This is motivated by this question. Let $f$ be the hypergeometric series $ f(x) = 2 x \, _{4}F_3([1, 1, 4/3, 5/3], [2, 2, 2], 27 x) $ which is explictly given by $ f(x) = \sum_{n \geq 1} ...
2
votes
1answer
234 views

Localisation of $\mathbb{Z}_p[[X]]$ at ideal $(p)$

Let $R=\mathbb{Z}_p[[X]]$ where $\mathbb{Z}_p$ denotes the $p$-adic integers and $p$ is a prime. Then what is $R_{(p)}$ $(R$ localised at the ideal $pR)$ $?$
21
votes
1answer
259 views

Rearrangements of a power series at the boundary of convergence

Take some power series $f(z) = \sum a_n z^n$ with a finite non-zero radius of convergence. I can rearrange the terms of the series, say, to get a different infinite series $$f_{\sigma}(z) = ...
0
votes
1answer
132 views

An extension of the real semiring with multiple degrees of infinity

Is it possible to define an extension of the probability semiring $(\mathbb{R}^+, +, \times, 0, 1)$ such that Closure $a^* = 1 + a + a^2 + \ldots$ is defined for every element of the semiring, not ...
1
vote
0answers
106 views

Automorphism on F_2[[X,S]]

Let us define the automorphism $\sigma$ on ${\Bbb F}_2[[X,S]]$ such that $\sigma \colon S \mapsto S + S^2 + S^3$ $\sigma \colon X \mapsto X + S$. It is easy to see that the ideal $(S)$ is stable ...
2
votes
1answer
87 views

Convolution-type operator for series

Suppose $f(z)=\lambda(a_1z+a_2z^2+\cdots)$ is holomorphic in $\{|z|<1\}$ with $\lambda>0$. For each $d\geq 1$ , I am trying to define an operation, $\star_d$ , so that $f(z)\star_d ...
11
votes
1answer
239 views

A Product Related to Unrestricted Partitions

Start with the product for unrestricted partitions: (1+x+x$^2$+...)(1+x$^2$+x$^4$+...)(1+x$^3$+x$^6$+...)... Now replace some of the plus signs with minus signs and expand the product into a ...
3
votes
1answer
174 views

Are these powers of a characteristic 3 power series annihilated by certain Hecke operators?

Let D in Z/3[[x]] be sum ((a_n)(x^n)) where the sum runs over all n prime to 6 and a_n is the mod 3 reduction of the number of ideals of norm n in the ring of integers of Q(root(-3)). (So ...
1
vote
1answer
171 views

What's the asymptotic behavior of this function at large distance? [closed]

This question is based on some Physics motivation. Define a distance function $f(\mathbf{r})=\int_{\Omega }d^2k\int_{\Omega }d^2q \cos[(\mathbf{k}-\mathbf{q})\cdot\mathbf{r}]$, where ...
4
votes
0answers
133 views

Are these subspaces of $\mathbb{Z}/3[[x]]$ stable under the shallow Hecke algebra?

This is a characteristic $3$ analog of part of my earlier question, "Are these two subspaces of $\mathbb{Z}/2[[x]]$ the same?" Notation Fix a prime $N$ other than $3$. Let $F,G \in ...
1
vote
1answer
165 views

elementary question on a completion of a ring

Let $k$ a field, and $k[\epsilon]=k[X]/(X^{2})$ , what is the completion of the ring $k[\epsilon][t]$ with respect to the ideal $(t^{2}+\epsilon)$?
2
votes
0answers
117 views

Solving ODE with negative expansion power series

I'm moving this here, as suggested from physics.stackexchange. The original is here. So, I need to solve a system of ODE, using negative power expansion. I will give all the necessary equations and ...
5
votes
1answer
167 views

Is it decidable whether the support of a rational $\mathbb{Z}$-series is a regular language?

Let $S \in \mathbb{Z}\langle\langle A\rangle\rangle$ be a rational series in noncommutative variables. The support of $S$ is the set of all words $u \in A^*$ such that $(S, u) \not= 0$. It is ...
5
votes
0answers
285 views

Are these two subspaces of $\mathbb{Z}/2[[x]]$ the same?

The following questions arise from modular form theory. But this theory isn't needed to formulate or understand them, and I'm not using the modular-forms tag. NOTATION Fix an odd prime $N$. Let $$ ...
1
vote
0answers
161 views

Can the series $\sum\limits_{n=0}^\infty q^{F_n}$ be expressed in terms of theta functions?

Let $F_0=0,F_1=1,...$ be the Fibonacci numbers. Is there a known closed form for the sum $\sum\limits_{n=0}^\infty q^{F_n}$? By closed form, I mean in terms of well-known functions, the first ones to ...
9
votes
1answer
196 views

An analogue of the Bass-Quillen conjecture with power or Laurent series

The famous Quillen-Suslin theorem (formerly known as Serre's problem/conjecture) states that every projective module over $k[x_1,\dots, x_n]$ is free for $k$ a field. Replacing $k$ by a more general ...
1
vote
0answers
54 views

Is it obvious that the defining conditions to obtain a particular singularity are well defined on the quotient space?

Let $~f:\mathbb{C}^2 \rightarrow \mathbb{C}$ be a holomorphic function vanishing at the origin, with the following properties: $$ f_{00}, ~f_{10}, ~f_{01}, ~f_{20}, ~f_{11} =0,~~f_{20} \neq 0 ...
5
votes
1answer
147 views

Is there an algorithm to find out the number of small solutions to a polynomial equation, when we vary all the coefficients?

Let $\Phi (z,t)$ be a polynomial given by $$ \Phi(z,t) := z^n + A_{n-1}(t) z^{n-1} + \ldots + A_1(t) z + A_0(t).$$ Assume that $\Phi(0,0) =0$. It is a fact that a solution $z(t)$ of the equation $$ ...
15
votes
1answer
609 views

Higher level analogs of Nicolas-Serre theory

NICOLAS-SERRE THEORY Let $F \in Z/2[[x]]$ be $x+x^9+x^{25}+...$, the exponents being the odd squares, and $V$ be the space spanned by the $F^k$ with $k$ odd. Nicolas and Serre define formal Hecke ...
0
votes
1answer
412 views

construct a power series with infinitely many zeros in the complex plane, bounded coefficients???

Hi all. I want to construct a power series $F(z)=\sum_{n=0}^\infty c_nz^n$ centered at zero and with finite radius of convergence in the complex plane, and which has infinitely many zeros (in its ...
4
votes
0answers
151 views

Does this space of mod 2 modular forms admit a (Z/8)* degree decomposition?

Fix an odd N>0. Let M consist of all odd elements of Z/2[[x]] that are the mod 2 reductions of elements of Z[[x]] arising as the Fourier expansions of modular forms for (Gamma_0)(N); it's easy to see ...
3
votes
2answers
213 views

Sign of coefficients

Let $a_0,a_1,\dots$ be the sequence satisfying $$ \left(\sum_{n=0}^\infty a_n x^n\right)\left(\sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{x^n}{n+1}\right)=1. $$ This means that $a_0=1$ and ...
0
votes
1answer
234 views

Uniform convergence of $g(x) = \sum_{n=1}^\infty (1-x) a_n x^n$

Let's assume that $ f(x) = \sum_{n=1}^\infty a_n x^n $ has a radius of convergence $1$ and that $ \lim_{x\to 1^-} f(x) = +\infty. $ Does it imply that power series $ g(x) = \sum_{n=1}^\infty (1-x) ...
0
votes
1answer
342 views

A simple question from mathematical analysis (assumption changed) [closed]

Let $\forall n=0,1,2,\dots$, $\alpha_{n}(x)$ are POLYNOMIALS in $x$. Next, let for all $x\neq0$ the power series $$\sum_{n=0}^{\infty}\alpha_{n}(x)t^{n}$$ has positive radius of convergence. Can one ...
4
votes
0answers
105 views

A subring of the Serre Swinnerton -Dyer ring of level N modular power series

Suppose ell is prime and (N,ell)=1. Consider those power series over Z that are expansions at infinity of modular forms for gamma_0 (N) of weight a multiple of ell-1. I'll say that an element of ...
5
votes
0answers
289 views

Are these empirical discoveries about the Serre Swinnerton-Dyer ring of prime level modular power series actual theorems?

In this question Joel Bellaiche constructed an algebra, M, of modular forms for gamma_0 (N) in finite characteristic (which he called p, but I'll call ell) and asked to know its structure. Matt ...
7
votes
0answers
206 views

Level p characteristic 2 modular forms and thetas

BACKGROUND Let p be an odd prime. An element of Z/2[[x]] is "modular of level p" if it is the mod 2 reduction of a g in Z[[x]] with g the Fourier expansion of a modular form for gamma_0(p). In ...
7
votes
1answer
310 views

flatness of power series rings

It is known that $A[[X]]$ is flat if $A$ is noetherian (see for example Bourbaki, Algèbre commutative, Ch. III, §3, Cor. 3 p. 146). What happens if A is not noetherian? Is there an easy ...
0
votes
0answers
150 views

Condition and algorithm for Decomposition of formal power series

$$F(x)= \Sigma_0^{\infty} a_i x^i$$ is formal power series, $a_i\in N\bigcup 0$,N is the set of natural number,under what condition may it be decomposed into a system of equations terms of which are ...
2
votes
0answers
132 views

Radius of convergence to be proved more precisely (differential equation)

There is a differential equation in polar coordinates: $r'^2+r^2=(kt)^2$, $r(t=0)=0$, k- Const. It is possible to get a solution which is a power series (see below). However, I am looking for an ...
5
votes
3answers
284 views

Groebner bases for power series rings (reference request)

Hello, Could you help me with a reference to elementary properties of Groebner bases in rings of formal power series over a field? I am especially interested in generic initial ideals. Thank you in ...
12
votes
3answers
868 views

If a formal power series over the complex numbers satisfies a polynomial identity, does it imply that the power series has a radius of convergence?

Let $ P(z) $ be a $\textit{formal}$ power series in $z$ that a priori may not have a non zero radius of convergence. Assume that $P(0) =0$. Let $\Phi(w,z)$ be a polynomial in two variables, that ...