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3
votes
0answers
99 views

Involutions on $[0,1]$ given by power series (related to probability generating functions)

Let $A$ be a function from $[0,1]$ to $[0,1]$. $A$ is an involution if $A(A(x))=x$ for all $x\in[0,1]$. Which involutions $A$ exist such that $A(x)=\sum_{k=0}^\infty a_k x^k$ with $a_0=1$ and ...
3
votes
0answers
60 views

Crossed homomorphisms between power series groups

Consider the group $\mathbb{C}[[z]]_1$ of the power series of the form $a_1 z + a_2 z^2 + \cdots$, with $a_1\neq 0$, under the operation of composition, and $\mathbb{C}[[z]]$ as a ...
1
vote
2answers
138 views

How do powers affect asymptotics in generating functions?

Let $a_n$ be a sequence of non-negative real numbers, and $A(x) = \sum_{n=0}^{\infty} a_n \frac{x^n}{n!}$ its exponential generating function. Also, suppose $B(x) = \sum_{n=0}^{\infty} b_n ...
0
votes
0answers
61 views

Finding singularities from power series

I am sorry beforehand for the length of my post, but I thought I should give some details. I try to figure out where are the singularities of a rather complicated power series. This series comes from ...
0
votes
1answer
108 views

Formal Power series decomposition

Let $G$ be a linear algebraic group over $\mathbb C$ (say $SL_r$) consider a formal power series $$g(t)\in G(\mathbb C((t)))$$ My question is: Is it possible to decompose $g$ as $$g=ha$$ with $h\in ...
0
votes
0answers
104 views

Power series with matrix coefficients

Let $A(t)\in SL_r(\mathbb C((t)))$ be a formal power series with matrix coefficients, and let $B(t)\in SL_r(\mathbb C[t])$ and $C(t)\in SL_r(\mathbb C[[t]])$ such that : $$A(t)=B(1/t) \;( ...
7
votes
1answer
177 views

Conjectured equivalent conditions on certain power-series

Let $P(x)=1+a_1x+a_2x^2+a_3x^3+...$ be a series such that every $a_i$ is an integer, $a_1<0$, and $a_i\ge 0$ for every $i\ge 2$. Are the following statements equivalent ? $P(y)=0$ for some ...
3
votes
0answers
80 views

Is there a name for the operation that stretches out an invertible series by a factor of $m$?

The question is whether there is an established word for the transformation that starts with an invertible formal power series over a field $k$, $u(x)=xg(x)=x(1+a_1x+a_2x^2+\cdots)$ and delivers the ...
9
votes
6answers
2k views

Is this a rational function?

Is $$\sum_{n=1}^{\infty} \frac{z^n}{2^n-1} \in \mathbb{C}(z)\ ?$$ In a slightly different vein, given a sequence of real numbers $\{a_n\}_{n=0}^\infty$, what are some necessary and sufficient ...
7
votes
2answers
288 views

Radial limit does not exist almost everywhere

Problem 4 in Chapter 4 of Stein's book "Real Analysis" says $\sum_{n\geqslant 0}z^{2^n}$ doesn't have radial limit as $z$ approaches the unit circle from inside almost everywhere. It's fairly easy ...
2
votes
0answers
52 views

Discrete “difference” equations that involve changes in both shift and scale

A standard use of the Z-transform ($F(z) = \sum_n (f[n] \cdot z^{-n} )$) is to understand the effect of a difference equation on a signal. For instance: $y[n] = x[n] + y[n-1]$ $Y(z) = X(z) + Y(z) ...
2
votes
0answers
136 views

Mod 2 modular forms in levels 5 and 25--how to account for this Hecke isomorphism?

The space $P1$ of my earlier question 203755 "Two spaces attached to mod 2 level 9 modular forms...", is essentially the space of mod 2 level 3 modular forms. That such a space should appear inside ...
1
vote
0answers
39 views

Simplifying closed form for Meta Operator

I was consider the set of linear operators: $$O_{a,k} = \frac{f(ax^k) - f(x)}{ax^k - x} $$' Particularly I am looking for the closed forms of the eigenfunctions of this operator, that is the ...
2
votes
2answers
348 views

Local coordinates on (infinite dimensional) Lie groups, factorization of Riemann zeta functions

Given a (finite dimensional) Lie group $G$ (real $k=\mathbb{R}$ or complex $k=\mathbb{C}$) and its Lie algebra $\mathfrak{g}$, one can prove (a basis $B=(b_i)_{1\leq i\leq n}$ of $\mathfrak{g}$ being ...
1
vote
0answers
152 views

Two spaces attached to mod 2 level 9 modular forms--a conjectural Hecke isomorphism

MOTIVATION Nicolas and Serre have analyzed the structure of the space of mod $2$ modular forms of level $1$, viewed as a "Hecke-module". They show that for each $p>2$, the operator $T_p$ acting on ...
4
votes
1answer
157 views

Raising coefficients of a power series to some power

Suppose you are given a power series $P=\sum_{i=0}^\infty{a_nt^n}$. I am primarily concerned with those power series coming from rational functions of the form $$ ...
2
votes
1answer
78 views

A question about decomposing mod 2 modular forms of level p^2

Fix an odd prime $p$. Each $f \in \mathbb{Z}/2[[x]]$ can be written as $f_{+} + f_{-} + f_0$ where each exponent k of $x$ appearing in $f_{+}$ (resp. $f_{-}$, $f_0$) has Legendre symbol $(k/p)$ equal ...
20
votes
0answers
371 views

Identities for power series like $\sum_n z^{n^3}$

Probably, one of the first power series that every mathematician encounter is the geometric series $$\sum_{n=0}^\infty z^n = \frac1{1-z}, \quad z \in \mathbb{C},\; |z| < 1 .$$ Also, a particular ...
7
votes
0answers
151 views

Singularities of an analytic function over a non-archimedean field

What do we know about the types of singularities that a convergent power series over a non-archimedean field can have? More specifically: i) What types of essential singularities can occur? ii) Are ...
0
votes
0answers
43 views

t-linked extension

Let $A\subseteq B$ be an extension of commutative integral domains. the extension is t-linked if it satisfies the following property: If P is a finitely generated ideal of A such that $P^{-1}=A$ than ...
1
vote
1answer
58 views

Generating function for products of laguerre polynomials?

In a quantum physics context, I would like to evaluate $S=\sum_{n=0}^\infty z^n\cos(\pi L_n(x))$ for $z<1$. I found generating functions for squares of Laguerre polynomials but not for any higher ...
4
votes
1answer
561 views

How to prove this identity on double summation series?

I suspect the following identity is valid, but I can not prove it. I just calculate it numerically. ...
1
vote
0answers
62 views

Relative nonarchimedean disks and annuli

Let $A$ be a Huber (i.e. f-adic) ring, meaning a topological ring with an open subring $A_0$ which is adic and has finitely generated ideal of definition. Is there a good notion of closed disk of ...
30
votes
3answers
912 views

Which power series have bounded integral coefficients and have an inverse given by a series having bounded integral coefficients

Let $A=1+\sum_{n=1}^\infty \alpha_nx^n\in\mathbb Z[[x]]$ and $B=\frac{1}{A}=1+\sum_{n=1}^\infty\beta_n x^n$ two mutually inverse power series having bounded integral coefficients (ie. $\vert ...
3
votes
3answers
386 views

Find an integrable, positive, unbounded, analytic function

Is there a standard example of a function $f \in L^1( \mathbb R)$ which is analytic, positive, integrable but not bounded? An example which comes immediately to mind is to take the series of narrower ...
2
votes
1answer
184 views

The rigid-analytic open disk

Let $K$ be a local field and $D_K$ the open unit disk, considered as a rigid space or adic space over $K$. What is the algebra of analytic functions on $D_K$? Proposition 1.1 of this article describes ...
2
votes
1answer
99 views

Matching power series to infinity

As pointed out by Makoto, on this question about power series rings and the axiom of choice, an idea I had needed the axiom of dependent choice to work. However, the construction raises another ...
7
votes
3answers
354 views

properties of formal delta functions

The formal delta function is $\,\,\displaystyle\delta(x):=\sum_{n\in\mathbb Z}x^n. $ If we agree that expressions $(x+y)^n$ for $n\in\mathbb Z$ are always expanded in non-negative powers of the second ...
4
votes
1answer
136 views

Estimate of the sum Taylor's coefficients

Let $f(x) = \begin{cases}\ln\frac{x}{e^x-1}, \quad x > 0; \\ 0, \quad\qquad x=0; \\ \ln\frac{x}{e^x-1}, \quad x < 0. \end{cases}$ Power series in 0: $f(x) = \sum_{n=1}^{\infty} a_n x^n = ...
0
votes
1answer
218 views

Is there any algorithm to decide whether a series with integral coefficiens is a algebraic function? [closed]

Given a series with integral coefficiens as following: $$F(x)=\sum_0^i a_i x^i,\text{where }a_i\in \mathbb{N}\bigcup 0 $$$$\text{and there is a computable function $\psi$ such that } \forall i ...
2
votes
1answer
140 views

Ordinary or Rational Generating Function for Associated Stirling Numbers $b(n,k)$

I am trying to identify or find the ordinary or rational generating function (not the exponential generating function) for the Associated Stirling numbers of the Second kind, denoted ...
0
votes
0answers
67 views

For which recurrence relations is it decidable whether a formal power series has a maximal zero coefficient?

In this MSE question, I asked whether one can prove that a generating function has infinitely many coefficients equal to zero. The answer given (and accepted) to that rather broad question was “No”. ...
2
votes
0answers
70 views

Orders of certain quotients of power series rings

Let $\Lambda_d := \mathbb{Z}_p[[T_1, \ldots, T_d]]$ denote the ring of formal power series in $d$ variables over the ring of $p$-adic integers. Suppose that $g \in \Lambda_d$ is an irreducible ...
8
votes
2answers
278 views

How do I find coefficients of a product expansion

Any power series $f(t) = 1 + t \mathbb{Z}[[t]]$ can be uniquely expanded in the following two ways: $$1 + \sum_{i=1}^\infty f_i t^i = \prod_{i=1}^\infty (1-t^i)^{-n_i}$$ Here, the $f_i$ and $n_i$ ...
0
votes
0answers
158 views

Examples of functions with natural boundary that do not satisfy Fabry or Hadamard gap theorem condition

there are examples of lacunary functions with natural boundary that do not satisfy Fabry or Hadamard gap theorem condition.I want to know more examples of those functions,the more the ...
9
votes
3answers
501 views

Combinatorial interpretation of composition of power series?

This is a minor curiosity that came up in a joint project recently. Consider the sequence $a_n=3\frac {(2n)!}{(n+2)!(n-1)!}$ (A000245 in OEIS). It has multiple combinatorial descriptions. One can ...
0
votes
1answer
99 views

A pole of function in the article of Springer

I read the article Springer, T.A. On the invariant theory of $SU_2$, Indag. Math. 42, 339-345 (1980). Author considers $\mathbb{C}$-linear map at page $340.$ If $n$ is a positive integer, then write ...
1
vote
0answers
221 views

R[[X]] flat as a R[X]-module?

I assume $R[X]\rightarrow R[[X]]$ is not flat in general, but I was wondering if any conditions on a commutative ring $R$ are known such that $R[[X]]$ is flat as a $R[X]$-module. Would $R$ noetherian ...
5
votes
1answer
296 views

Laurent expansion of a principal value integral

Let $f(t)$ be a nice Hölder continuous function. Also, suppose that $f$ is even. I'm interested in evaluating integrals of the form: $$\oint (1-z)^{k+1}\int_0^1 \frac{f(t)}{(1-zt)^{n+1}}dtdz,$$ ...
2
votes
0answers
261 views

closed form expression for an infinite series

Is there any closed form expression for the infinite sum $\sum_{n \geq 0}q^{n(n+1)/2}(1+q)(1+q^2)\cdots(1+q^n)u^n$ where both $q$ and $n$ are variables and $n \in N \cup {0}$?
-1
votes
1answer
130 views

derivatives and uniformly convergence [closed]

Let $f$ be a function of a real variable expandable in power series on $\mathbb R$: there exists a sequence $(a_n)_{n\in\mathbb N}$ of reals such that for all $x\in\mathbb R$, one has ...
-3
votes
1answer
134 views

Randomness about coefficients of series

$B\subset \mathbb{N}\bigcup \{0\}$ is finite and not empty, infinite series:$$f(x)=\sum_{i=1}^{\infty}a_i x^i,a_i \in B$$ Now $f(x)$ is rational or has a natural boundary. Now,the question :if ...
3
votes
2answers
391 views

Sum of series $a^{i^2}$

Is there any closed form known for the expression $\sum_{i=1}^\infty a^{i^2}$ where $|a|<1$? Thanks!
3
votes
3answers
319 views

An apparently simple question (behaviour at infinity of a power series)

Let $(a_n)$ be a sequence of real numbers, and suppose that the real power series (function) $S(x):=\sum_{n=0}^{\infty} a_n x^n$ converges for every $x\in\mathbb{R}$. $\mathbf{Question}$: Suppose ...
2
votes
2answers
433 views

Given a formal power series ,decide whether there exists a polynomial the series satisfies and if it exists,how to write it down?

Given a formal power series $$y(x)=\sum_{i=0}^{\infty} a_i x^i$$ Is there an algorithm that decides whether there exists a polynomial$$ P(x,y)=p_n(x)y^n+p_{n-1}(x)y^{n-1}+\cdots+p_0(x)=0,p_j(x)\in ...
6
votes
3answers
232 views

On formal solutions to differential equations

Let $k$ be a field of characteristic zero. Put $K=k[\![ t]\!]$ and $W=k\langle t,\partial\rangle / ([\partial,t]=1)$. Then $W$ operates on $K$ in the obvious way ($\partial f = \frac{d f}{dt}$), and ...
3
votes
0answers
162 views

derivatives of composite function [closed]

There's a formula for the $n$th derivative of a composite function $f(g(x))$ - it's called Faa di Bruno's formula - but I'm not really interested in the formula but in the proof given in the book of ...
1
vote
0answers
42 views

Saturation of a subalgebra over the Tate-algebra inside the power series ring

Let $A$ be a discrete valuation ring and $\pi$ a uniformizer. Over $A$ we consider the Tate-algebra $$A\langle t \rangle =\{ f=\sum_{n=0}^\infty a_nt^n \mid a_n\in A, \lim_{n\to \infty} \lvert ...
7
votes
1answer
164 views

Positivity of coefficients of a power series

How does one check for the positivity of coefficients of a rational function,say, for example $\frac{p_1(x,t)}{(1-xt)(1-x^2t)(1-x^3t)}$ where $p_1(x,t) = 1 + tx + 2t^2x^2 - 3x^3t^2 -x^5t^3 - ...
7
votes
0answers
301 views

name for a degree-like invariant of a power series over a commutative ring

Let $R$ be a commutative ring, and let $f \in R[\![X]\!]$ be a formal power series. Sometimes (and for example, this will always be possible if $R$ is Noetherian), one may write $f$ in the form $$ f ...