The power-series tag has no wiki summary.

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### Is there any algorithm to decide whether a series with integral coefficiens is a algebraic function? [on hold]

Given a series with integral coefficiens as following:
$$F(x)=\sum_0^i a_i x^i,\text{where }a_i\in \mathbb{N}\bigcup 0 $$$$\text{and there is a computable function $\psi$ such that } \forall i ...

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### Ordinary or Rational Generating Function for Associated Stirling Numbers $b(n,k)$

I am trying to identify or find the ordinary or rational generating function (not the exponential generating function) for the Associated Stirling numbers of the Second kind, denoted ...

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### For which recurrence relations is it decidable whether a formal power series has a maximal zero coefficient?

In this MSE question, I asked whether one can prove that a generating function has infinitely many coefficients equal to zero. The answer given (and accepted) to that rather broad question was “No”.
...

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### Orders of certain quotients of power series rings

Let $\Lambda_d := \mathbb{Z}_p[[T_1, \ldots, T_d]]$ denote the ring of formal power series in $d$ variables over the ring of $p$-adic integers. Suppose that $g \in \Lambda_d$ is an irreducible ...

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### integral curves and differential equations on arcs

I am trying to prove a statement that is obivious in analytic setting, but makes me feel at a loss in formal algebraic setting.
Let $M$ be a smooth curve over an algebraically closed field $k$. Let ...

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### How do I find coefficients of a product expansion

Any power series $f(t) = 1 + t \mathbb{Z}[[t]]$ can be uniquely expanded in the following two ways:
$$1 + \sum_{i=1}^\infty f_i t^i =
\prod_{i=1}^\infty (1-t^i)^{-n_i}$$
Here, the $f_i$ and $n_i$ ...

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### Examples of functions with natural boundary that do not satisfy Fabry or Hadamard gap theorem condition

there are examples of lacunary functions with natural boundary that do not satisfy Fabry or Hadamard gap theorem condition.I want to know more examples of those functions,the more the ...

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### Combinatorial interpretation of composition of power series?

This is a minor curiosity that came up in a joint project recently.
Consider the sequence $a_n=3\frac {(2n)!}{(n+2)!(n-1)!}$ (A000245 in OEIS).
It has multiple combinatorial descriptions.
One can ...

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### A pole of function in the article of Springer

I read the article Springer, T.A. On the invariant theory of $SU_2$, Indag. Math. 42, 339-345 (1980). Author considers $\mathbb{C}$-linear map at page $340.$
If $n$ is a positive integer, then write ...

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### R[[X]] flat as a R[X]-module?

I assume $R[X]\rightarrow R[[X]]$ is not flat in general, but I was wondering if any conditions on a commutative ring $R$ are known such that $R[[X]]$ is flat as a $R[X]$-module.
Would $R$ noetherian ...

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### Laurent expansion of a principal value integral

Let $f(t)$ be a nice Hölder continuous function. Also, suppose that $f$ is even. I'm interested in evaluating integrals of the form:
$$\oint (1-z)^{k+1}\int_0^1 \frac{f(t)}{(1-zt)^{n+1}}dtdz,$$
...

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### closed form expression for an infinite series

Is there any closed form expression for the infinite sum $\sum_{n \geq 0}q^{n(n+1)/2}(1+q)(1+q^2)\cdots(1+q^n)u^n$ where both $q$ and $n$ are variables and $n \in N \cup {0}$?

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### derivatives and uniformly convergence [closed]

Let $f$ be a function of a real variable expandable in power series on $\mathbb R$: there exists a sequence $(a_n)_{n\in\mathbb N}$ of reals such that for all $x\in\mathbb R$, one has
...

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### Randomness about coefficients of series

$B\subset \mathbb{N}\bigcup \{0\}$ is finite and not empty, infinite series:$$f(x)=\sum_{i=1}^{\infty}a_i x^i,a_i \in B$$ Now $f(x)$ is rational or has a natural boundary.
Now,the question :if ...

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### Sum of series $a^{i^2}$

Is there any closed form known for the expression $\sum_{i=1}^\infty a^{i^2}$ where $|a|<1$? Thanks!

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### An apparently simple question (behaviour at infinity of a power series)

Let $(a_n)$ be a sequence of real numbers, and suppose that the real power series (function) $S(x):=\sum_{n=0}^{\infty} a_n x^n$ converges for every $x\in\mathbb{R}$.
$\mathbf{Question}$: Suppose ...

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### Given a formal power series ,decide whether there exists a polynomial the series satisfies and if it exists,how to write it down?

Given a formal power series $$y(x)=\sum_{i=0}^{\infty} a_i x^i$$ Is there an algorithm that decides whether there exists a polynomial$$ P(x,y)=p_n(x)y^n+p_{n-1}(x)y^{n-1}+\cdots+p_0(x)=0,p_j(x)\in ...

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### On formal solutions to differential equations

Let $k$ be a field of characteristic zero. Put $K=k[\![ t]\!]$ and $W=k\langle t,\partial\rangle / ([\partial,t]=1)$. Then $W$ operates on $K$ in the obvious way ($\partial f = \frac{d f}{dt}$), and ...

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### derivatives of composite function [closed]

There's a formula for the $n$th derivative of a composite function $f(g(x))$ - it's called Faa di Bruno's formula - but I'm not really interested in the formula but in the proof given in the book of ...

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### Saturation of a subalgebra over the Tate-algebra inside the power series ring

Let $A$ be a discrete valuation ring and $\pi$ a uniformizer.
Over $A$ we consider the Tate-algebra
$$A\langle t \rangle =\{ f=\sum_{n=0}^\infty a_nt^n \mid a_n\in A, \lim_{n\to \infty} \lvert ...

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### Positivity of coefficients of a power series

How does one check for the positivity of coefficients of a rational function,say, for example $\frac{p_1(x,t)}{(1-xt)(1-x^2t)(1-x^3t)}$ where $p_1(x,t) = 1 + tx + 2t^2x^2 - 3x^3t^2 -x^5t^3 - ...

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### name for a degree-like invariant of a power series over a commutative ring

Let $R$ be a commutative ring, and let $f \in R[\![X]\!]$ be a formal power series. Sometimes (and for example, this will always be possible if $R$ is Noetherian), one may write $f$ in the form $$
f ...

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### existence and uniqueness of solutions for ODEs in formal power series?

I came across this question and it looked like something that is likely to have been looked into, but I couldn't find a reference.
Let $k$ be some (algebraically closed, if needed) field. There is a ...

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### Exponential of a specific hypergeometric series

This is motivated by this question.
Let $f$ be the hypergeometric series
$ f(x) = 2 x \, _{4}F_3([1, 1, 4/3, 5/3], [2, 2, 2], 27 x) $
which is explictly given by
$ f(x) = \sum_{n \geq 1} ...

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### Localisation of $\mathbb{Z}_p[[X]]$ at ideal $(p)$

Let $R=\mathbb{Z}_p[[X]]$ where $\mathbb{Z}_p$ denotes the $p$-adic integers and $p$ is a prime. Then what is $R_{(p)}$ $(R$ localised at the ideal $pR)$ $?$

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### Rearrangements of a power series at the boundary of convergence

Take some power series $f(z) = \sum a_n z^n$ with a finite non-zero radius of convergence. I can rearrange the terms of the series, say, to get a different infinite series
$$f_{\sigma}(z) = ...

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### An extension of the real semiring with multiple degrees of infinity

Is it possible to define an extension of the probability semiring $(\mathbb{R}^+, +, \times, 0, 1)$ such that
Closure $a^* = 1 + a + a^2 + \ldots$ is defined for every element of the semiring, not ...

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### Automorphism on F_2[[X,S]]

Let us define the automorphism $\sigma$ on ${\Bbb F}_2[[X,S]]$ such that
$\sigma \colon S \mapsto S + S^2 + S^3$
$\sigma \colon X \mapsto X + S$.
It is easy to see that the ideal $(S)$ is stable ...

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### Convolution-type operator for series

Suppose $f(z)=\lambda(a_1z+a_2z^2+\cdots)$ is holomorphic in $\{|z|<1\}$ with $\lambda>0$. For each $d\geq 1$ , I am trying to define an operation, $\star_d$ , so that $f(z)\star_d ...

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### A Product Related to Unrestricted Partitions

Start with the product for unrestricted partitions:
(1+x+x$^2$+...)(1+x$^2$+x$^4$+...)(1+x$^3$+x$^6$+...)...
Now replace some of the plus signs with minus signs and expand the product into a ...

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### Are these powers of a characteristic 3 power series annihilated by certain Hecke operators?

Let D in Z/3[[x]] be sum ((a_n)(x^n)) where the sum runs over all n prime to 6 and a_n is the mod 3 reduction of the number of ideals of norm n in the ring of integers of Q(root(-3)). (So ...

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### What's the asymptotic behavior of this function at large distance? [closed]

This question is based on some Physics motivation. Define a distance function $f(\mathbf{r})=\int_{\Omega }d^2k\int_{\Omega }d^2q \cos[(\mathbf{k}-\mathbf{q})\cdot\mathbf{r}]$, where ...

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### Are these subspaces of $\mathbb{Z}/3[[x]]$ stable under the shallow Hecke algebra?

This is a characteristic $3$ analog of part of my earlier question, "Are these two subspaces of $\mathbb{Z}/2[[x]]$ the same?"
Notation
Fix a prime $N$ other than $3$. Let $F,G \in ...

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### elementary question on a completion of a ring

Let $k$ a field, and $k[\epsilon]=k[X]/(X^{2})$ , what is the completion of the ring $k[\epsilon][t]$ with respect to the ideal $(t^{2}+\epsilon)$?

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### Solving ODE with negative expansion power series

I'm moving this here, as suggested from physics.stackexchange. The original is here.
So, I need to solve a system of ODE, using negative power expansion. I will give all the necessary equations and ...

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### Is it decidable whether the support of a rational $\mathbb{Z}$-series is a regular language?

Let $S \in \mathbb{Z}\langle\langle A\rangle\rangle$ be a rational series in noncommutative variables. The support of $S$ is the set of all words $u \in A^*$ such that $(S, u) \not= 0$. It is ...

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### Are these two subspaces of $\mathbb{Z}/2[[x]]$ the same?

The following questions arise from modular form theory. But this theory isn't needed to formulate or understand them, and I'm not using the modular-forms tag.
NOTATION
Fix an odd prime $N$. Let
$$
...

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### Can the series $\sum\limits_{n=0}^\infty q^{F_n}$ be expressed in terms of theta functions?

Let $F_0=0,F_1=1,...$ be the Fibonacci numbers. Is there a known closed form for the sum $\sum\limits_{n=0}^\infty q^{F_n}$? By closed form, I mean in terms of well-known functions, the first ones to ...

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### An analogue of the Bass-Quillen conjecture with power or Laurent series

The famous Quillen-Suslin theorem (formerly known as Serre's problem/conjecture) states that every projective module over $k[x_1,\dots, x_n]$ is free for $k$ a field. Replacing $k$ by a more general ...

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### Is it obvious that the defining conditions to obtain a particular singularity are well defined on the quotient space?

Let $~f:\mathbb{C}^2 \rightarrow \mathbb{C}$ be a holomorphic function
vanishing at the origin, with
the following properties:
$$ f_{00}, ~f_{10}, ~f_{01}, ~f_{20}, ~f_{11} =0,~~f_{20} \neq 0 ...

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### Is there an algorithm to find out the number of small solutions to a polynomial equation, when we vary all the coefficients?

Let $\Phi (z,t)$ be a polynomial given by
$$ \Phi(z,t) := z^n + A_{n-1}(t) z^{n-1} + \ldots + A_1(t) z + A_0(t).$$
Assume that $\Phi(0,0) =0$. It is a fact that a solution $z(t)$ of the equation
$$ ...

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### Higher level analogs of Nicolas-Serre theory

NICOLAS-SERRE THEORY
Let $F \in Z/2[[x]]$ be $x+x^9+x^{25}+...$, the exponents being the odd squares, and $V$ be the space spanned by the $F^k$ with $k$ odd. Nicolas and Serre define formal Hecke ...

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### construct a power series with infinitely many zeros in the complex plane, bounded coefficients???

Hi all.
I want to construct a power series $F(z)=\sum_{n=0}^\infty c_nz^n$ centered at zero and with finite radius of convergence in the complex plane, and which has infinitely many zeros (in its ...

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### Does this space of mod 2 modular forms admit a (Z/8)* degree decomposition?

Fix an odd N>0. Let M consist of all odd elements of Z/2[[x]] that are the mod 2 reductions of elements of Z[[x]] arising as the Fourier expansions of modular forms for (Gamma_0)(N); it's easy to see ...

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### Sign of coefficients

Let $a_0,a_1,\dots$ be the sequence satisfying
$$
\left(\sum_{n=0}^\infty a_n x^n\right)\left(\sum_{n=0}^\infty \frac{x^n}{n+1}\right)=1.
$$
This means that $a_0=1$ and ...

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### Uniform convergence of $g(x) = \sum_{n=1}^\infty (1-x) a_n x^n$

Let's assume that $ f(x) = \sum_{n=1}^\infty a_n x^n $ has a radius of convergence $1$
and that
$ \lim_{x\to 1^-} f(x) = +\infty. $
Does it imply that power series $ g(x) = \sum_{n=1}^\infty (1-x) ...

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### A simple question from mathematical analysis (assumption changed) [closed]

Let $\forall n=0,1,2,\dots$, $\alpha_{n}(x)$ are POLYNOMIALS in $x$. Next, let for all $x\neq0$ the power series $$\sum_{n=0}^{\infty}\alpha_{n}(x)t^{n}$$
has positive radius of convergence. Can one ...

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### A subring of the Serre Swinnerton -Dyer ring of level N modular power series

Suppose ell is prime and (N,ell)=1. Consider those power series over Z that are expansions at infinity of modular forms for gamma_0 (N) of weight a multiple of ell-1. I'll say that an element of ...

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### Are these empirical discoveries about the Serre Swinnerton-Dyer ring of prime level modular power series actual theorems?

In this question Joel Bellaiche constructed an algebra, M, of modular forms for
gamma_0 (N) in finite characteristic (which he called p, but I'll call ell) and asked to know its structure. Matt ...

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### Level p characteristic 2 modular forms and thetas

BACKGROUND
Let p be an odd prime. An element of Z/2[[x]] is "modular of level p" if it is the mod 2 reduction of a g in Z[[x]] with g the Fourier expansion of a modular form for gamma_0(p). In ...