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0
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0answers
15 views

Potential theory solution for Variable coefficient Poisson with Dirichlet Boundary conditions

I am looking for a potential theory representation for the following equation in $2$D: $$\vec{\nabla} \cdot \left(a(x) \vec{\nabla}u\right) = 0 \,\, \forall x \in \Omega \,\, (\spadesuit)$$ $$u = g ...
3
votes
0answers
194 views

Inverse problem for negative moments

Let $D$ be a bounded simply connected domain in the plane, bounded by a smooth closed curve $\partial D$. Moreover$D$ contains the origin. Assume that all negative complex moments w.r.t arc-length ...
1
vote
1answer
49 views

Seeking a specific proof of endpoint boundedness of Riesz potential

The Riesz potential is defined by $$I_\alpha (f)(x) := c_{d, \alpha} \int_{\mathbb R^d} \frac{f(y)}{|x-y|^{d-\alpha}} \, dy.$$ Once $f\in L^{d/\alpha}(\mathbb{R}^n)$, then $I_\alpha f(x)\in BMO$. ...
0
votes
1answer
164 views

$\int_{R^2}\varphi(x)d\mu(x)=0$ $\Leftrightarrow$ $\sum_{n\in \mathbb Z^2} d\mu(x-2\pi n)=0$

Let $\mu$ be a finite measure supported by $\Gamma $ (a smoth finite curve) and absolutely continuous with respect to the length measure on $\Gamma$ such that $\Gamma \cap (\Gamma+x)$ is a finite ...
1
vote
1answer
94 views

How to prove the Hölder continuity of a function $u$ by evaluating $\int_{B_{\rho}(x_0)}\frac{|Du(x)|^{2}}{|x-x_0|^{n-2}} dx$?

I'm looking at a video on thin obstacle problem given by Arshak Petrosyan. In his lecture, he uses the following results: Let $0<\alpha<1$, and $B_1$ be the unit ball centered at origin in ...
4
votes
2answers
197 views

An extremal type problem on segments

I am interested in the following extremal-type problem. Let us define $\Psi$ as $$\Psi(x)=\max_{f\in L^2[0,x] \,\,with\,\,\|f\|_2=1}\Bigg|\int_0^x\int_0^xf(t)f(s)\ln|t-s|dsdt\Bigg|$$ on ...
4
votes
0answers
104 views

regularity of zero point

We consider 1-d process $X$ $$ X(t) = b t + J_{t} + M_{t}$$ where $b$ is constant, $M$ is a continuous martingale process with $M(0) = 0$, and $J$ is a symmestric $\alpha$-stable process with its ...
6
votes
1answer
302 views

electron configuration on manifolds

Let $M$ be a Riemannian manifold. For $k\geq 2$, suppose there are $k$ particles whose mass and volume can be regarded as zero and negatively charged with electricity equally. These $k$ particles move ...
24
votes
1answer
466 views

A problem of potential theory arising in biology

Let $K_0$ and $K_1$ be two bounded, disjoint convex sets in $R^n,n\geq 3$, and $u$ the equibrium potential, that is the harmonic functon in $R^n\backslash\{ K_0\cup K_1\}$ such that $u$ has boundary ...
1
vote
2answers
96 views

Is zero a regular point for a drifted $\alpha$-stable process?

We consider 1-d process of the form $Y_{t} = bt + M_{t}^{\alpha}$, where $M_{t}^{\alpha}$ is $\alpha$-stable process for some $\alpha \in (0,2)$ with its levy symbol $\eta(u) = - |u|^{\alpha}.$, and ...
0
votes
0answers
87 views

How to solve $\sqrt{-1}\partial\bar{\partial}u=\omega$

I'm looking for references on the study of the equation $\sqrt{-1}\partial\bar{\partial}u=\omega$,especially when $\omega$ is a k\"ahler metric on $\Omega\setminus S$,where $\Omega\subset ...
8
votes
1answer
183 views

Which domain maximizes the energy of the Lebesgue measure?

This could be asked in more generality, but let me stick to a concrete case. Usually one considers a fixed domain $E \subset \mathbb{C}$ and attaches to it the equilibrium probability measure ...
1
vote
1answer
63 views

Oscillation of subharmonic functions of slow growth

Given a sequence of real numbers $c_k\to-\infty$, is there always a $C^\infty$ subharmonic function $f$ on $\mathbb R^2$ and a sequence $z_k\to\infty$ with $|z_k|<k$ such that ...
0
votes
1answer
133 views

Positivity of logarithmic energy of certain measures

Let $\Gamma$ be a smooth closed curve in the complex plane (for all practical purposes). Assume $f$ is a real-valued continuous function defined on $\Gamma$ and let $d\mu=fdm$, where $dm$ is the ...
0
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0answers
35 views

References for symmetric α-stable process (SSP) for $a>2$

Many properties of Brownian motion have been extended to SSP's for $0\leq \alpha\leq 2$ and so it is quite easy to find literature on them. However, I am currently studying the SSP for $\alpha>2$ ...
2
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1answer
124 views

Approximation of subharmonic functions

Let $u$ be an (upper semi-continuous) locally bounded subharmonic function in a domain in $\mathbb{R}^n$. Let $\chi_\epsilon$ be a standard smoothing kernel, namely ...
1
vote
0answers
37 views

Uniquenss of domain with given interior newtonian potential

The newtonian potential of a domain $\Omega$ is defined by $\Gamma*(\chi_{\Omega})$ ($\Gamma$ is the fundamental solution of laplacian operator $\Delta$), i.e. the convolution of indicator function ...
1
vote
0answers
51 views

connectedness of coincidence set

Consider the following obstacle problem in the whole domain $\mathbb{R}^n$ min{$\Delta u$, $u$-$\phi$}=0 with prescribed boundary value $\lim_{|x|\rightarrow\infty}u(x)=0$ and $\phi$ (can be assumed ...
1
vote
0answers
103 views

Does Newtonian capacity increase strictly when mass is spread?

We start with two disjoint compact sets A and B with positive capacities. Then, we translate B s.t. $B+rv$ is disjoint from A and B and ,more importantly, $dist(x,y)<dist(x,y+rv)$ for all $x\in A$ ...
1
vote
1answer
109 views

Deriving Newtonian capacity of sphere from Brownian motion

We have the following result by Spitzer (see (1) or Port) $lim_{t\to \infty}\frac{1}{t}\int_{\mathbb{R}^{n}/B_{r_{0}}}P_{x}(T_{B_{r_{0}}}<t)dx=Cap(B_{r_{0}})=\frac{r_{0}}{4\pi}$ By Chuancun and ...
1
vote
0answers
28 views

Taking the potential of a super additive measure

In recent research of my coauthors and me, it has become necessary to consider the Riesz potential of a superadditive measure. Recall that the $s$-dimensional Riesz potential of a finite Borel ...
1
vote
1answer
33 views

$P_{x}(T_{A}<\infty)<P_{x}(T_{B}<\infty)$ imply $Cap_{N}(A)<Cap_{N}(B)$, where $Cap_{N}$ is Newtonian capacity

We start a Brownian motion at $x\in [B(0,r)]^{c}$, where $B(0,r)$ is a large enough ball that contains compact sets $A$ and $B$. In other words, the B.M. starts on the exterior of $A$ and $B$. Then ...
0
votes
2answers
88 views

Newtonian capacity of sphere equals its hitting probability by Brownian motion?

Do we have $Cap_{N}(S(0,r))=P_{x}(T_{S(0,r)}<\infty)$ for $x\in [B(0,r)]^{c}$, where $B(0,r)$ is a ball centered at the origin ? I know for $x=0$, they are both equal to 1. How can I go about ...
-1
votes
1answer
104 views

Analytic extension of the exterior Newtonian potential into the domain

I just want to know for a domain with smooth boundary whether exterior Newtonian potential has singular analytic extension into the domain or into a part of the domain. Definition of Newtonian ...
2
votes
0answers
37 views

Capacity approximations by sets with regular boundary

Suppose I have a continuous, compactly supported function $f : \mathbb{R}^2 \to \mathbb{R}_{+}$ and I define the set $S := f^{-1}([a,\infty)) \subset \mathbb{R}^2$ for some $a > 0$. It is a ...
5
votes
1answer
155 views

Convergence in energy of bounded (semi)subharmonic functions

Consider a sequence $(f_n)$ of functions in the flat torus $T^d$ converging Lebesgue-a.e. to a limit function $f$. Assume that: 1) $|f_n|(x)\leq 1$ for every $n,x$ 2) $\Delta f_n\geq -1$ in the ...
0
votes
1answer
150 views

Holder regularity for the heat potentials

First I apologize for my bad English and for any error: this is my first question. I need some regularity results for the single and double layer heat potentials. If $\Gamma(t,x)$ is the fundamental ...
1
vote
1answer
75 views

Minimum of two plurisubharmonic functions

I know that in general for $u,v\in PSH$ (plurisubharmonic) $\min\{u,v\}$ is not a $PSH$ function. Are there any known results under which conditions on $u$,$v$ a function $\min\{u,v\}$ is $PSH$? I ...
2
votes
0answers
65 views

Probability of hitting a Borel set by transient Brownian motion ($d\geq 3$)

I am looking for references/progress made in estimating the hitting probability for Borel sets. For spheres we have $P_{x}(T_{B_{r}(0)}<\infty)=(\frac{|r|}{|x|})^{d-2}$, where $x=B_{0}$ for ...
2
votes
0answers
175 views

Reference request: optimal $L^p$ regularity for solutions to $-\Delta u=f$ with $f\in L^1(R^d)$

The tilte says it all. Given $f\in L^1(R^d)$ (let me restrict to dimension $d\geq 3$ for convenience), what is the optimal $L^p$ regularity for solutions to $$ -\Delta u=f\hspace{3cm}(1)? $$ I'm of ...
0
votes
1answer
110 views

uniqueness for Poisson equation in R^d with mildly regular data

I'm interested in Poisson's equation $-\Delta u=f$ set in the whole space $R^d$ (let's say $d\geq 3$ for simplicity) when $f$ has very little integrability, specifically $f\in L^{1+\varepsilon}$ for ...
3
votes
1answer
225 views

Is this integration by parts legitimate?

Let's consider in dimension $d\geq 3$ the Newton/riesz potential $f=I_2[g]$ $$ f(x)=\int_{R^d}\frac{1}{|x-y|^{d-2}}g(y)dy, $$ which solves $-\Delta f=g$ (up to positive normalizing constants, which I ...
3
votes
1answer
193 views

reference request: Riesz/Newton potential and HLS inequality in L1.logL1

Let's consider in dimension $d\geq 3$ the Newton/riesz potential $f=I_2[g]$ $$ f(x)=\int_{R^d}\frac{1}{|x-y|^{d-2}}g(y)dy, $$ which solves $-\Delta f=g$ (up to positive normalizing constants, which I ...
1
vote
0answers
36 views

Harmonic Bergman spaces on graphs

Harmonic Bergman spaces on Euclidean domains are a set of harmonic functions on a domain that are from $L^{p}$ of that domain. I tried to find something on harmonic Bergman spaces on graphs because we ...
1
vote
1answer
94 views

Riesz potential inequality

Assume that $\Omega$ is a domain in $\mathbf{R}^n$ with the same area as a ball $B(x,r)$ and let $\alpha\in[1,0)$. I need the reference for the following inequality $$\int_{\Omega} |x-y|^{\alpha-n} ...
2
votes
1answer
252 views

Is Poisson's kernel integrable?

Let $E$ be a smooth domain. Green's function is defined as $G(x,y)=F(x,y)-\Phi(x,y)$ where $F$ is the fundamental solution to the Laplace equation. For a fixed $x\in E$, $\Phi(x,\cdot)$ is a harmonic ...
3
votes
3answers
327 views

Positivity of the Coulomb energy in two dimensions

In dimensions $d\geq 3$ the Coulomb energy is always non-negative (since the Fourier transform of $\frac{1}{\|\cdot\|^{d-2}}$ is non-negative). What can one say about positivity properties of the ...
20
votes
1answer
1k views

The origin of Discrete `Liouville's theorem'

It is known that discrete Liouville's theorem for harmonic functions on $\mathbb{Z}^2$ was proved by Heilbronn (On discrete harmonic functions. - Proc. Camb. Philos. Soc. , 1949, 45, 194-206). If ...
1
vote
1answer
124 views

Number of linear independent equations

Is there any general rule to find the number of linearly independent equations such that $$L_i(T_{\mu\nu},\partial_\eta T_{\mu\nu},\partial_\omega\partial_\eta T_{\mu\nu},...)=0$$ where $L_i$ is a ...
1
vote
1answer
65 views

A formula for the potential part in Riesz decomposition of simple subharmonic functions?

Consider a compact subset $E\subset\mathbb{C}$, holomorphic functions $f_j:V\to \mathbb{C}$, $1\leq j\leq k$, defined in a neighbourhood $V$ of $E$, and set $u:V\to\mathbb{R}\cup\{-\infty\}$, ...
2
votes
0answers
103 views

A Fourier analysis-type identity arising in potential theory

I have recently been learning about potential theory in the complex plane, and I would like to understand why the following proposition is true: Suppose $f: \mathbb C \to \mathbb R$ is smooth, ...
8
votes
0answers
110 views

Functions between Markov chains that preserve local harmonicity

Given two Markov chains with respective state-spaces $S$ and $T$, say that a function $\phi$ from $S$ to $T$ is holomorphic iff for all states $t \in T$, every real-valued function $f$ on $T$ that is ...
2
votes
1answer
280 views

Uniqueness of classical solution with degenerate boundary

Consider heat equation on the domain $\Omega = (0,1)\times (0,1)$ in the form of $$ \partial_{t} u = \frac 1 2 x^{3} (1-x) \partial_{xx} u, \quad (x,t) \in \Omega$$ with initial data $u(x,0) = x$ for ...
2
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0answers
250 views

Analytical continuation of electrostatic potentials

I'm having some trouble figuring out the properties with respect to analytical continuation of functions defined using an integral kernel. More particularly, I am working with the electrostatic ...
5
votes
0answers
174 views

A finely open set, not open up to polar set?

I already asked this on M.SE, but get no answers. Is there a (simple) example of a finely open set (i.e. w.r.t. the fine topology in potential theory) $O$ in $\mathbb R^n$, $n \ge 2$, which is not ...
0
votes
1answer
144 views

Higher dimensional analogue of Kellog's theorem? (Holder continuity of solution to Dirichlet problem with Holder continuous boundary data)

Let $f:S^n\to C$ be a continuous function, $n\geq 1$. When $n=1$, this is a well-known theorem, called Kellog's theorem (or sometimes Kellog-Warschawski's theorem) which states the following Theorem: ...
10
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1answer
351 views

Modern version of an inequality of R. M. Gabriel for contour integrals

I am currently reading the 1998 article Dynamics of the Binary Euclidean Algorithm: Functional Analysis and Operators by Brigitte Vallée, which cites a 1928 article by R. M. Gabriel for the following ...
5
votes
1answer
472 views

Books about Capacity theory

While I was studying the book Variation et Optimisation de formes by Antoine Henrot and Michel Pierre, I encountered a section about the capacity associated to the $H^1$ norm, which is defined for ...
0
votes
1answer
152 views

On a limit at the boundary of $\mathbb{D}$ related to complex and harmonic analysis

Let $p(z,t)=\frac{1}{2\pi}.\frac{1-|z|^2}{|z-t|^2}$ be the Poisson kernel on the open unit disk $\mathbb{D}$, fix $0<\alpha<1$ . Let $a\in \partial\mathbb{D}=S^1$ be fixed. Then my question is : ...
2
votes
1answer
446 views

Is $\int_{t\in S^1} |t-\zeta|^{\alpha}p(z,t) |dt| \leq K|z-\zeta|^{\alpha}, 0< \alpha < 1$ for uniform $K$?

I asked the question before, but didn't get any reply, so I took the liberty to ask again. Let $\zeta\in S^1$(unit circle in the complex plane) and $z\in \mathbb{D}$. Fix $0< \alpha < 1$. Then, ...