The positivity tag has no wiki summary.

**5**

votes

**0**answers

83 views

### A weak Perron-Frobenius property for sets of positive matrices

A popular form of the Perron-Frobenius theorem states the following result: if $A$ is a $d \times d$ real matrix all of whose entries are positive, then the spectral radius of $A$ is a simple ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

114 views

### Non-negative decomposition of a non-negative matrix

Consider a matrix $A\in{\bf M}_{n\times m}({\mathbb R})$, whose entries are non-negative. Let $r$ be the rank of $A$.
It is well-known that $A$ decomposes as $x_1y_1^T+\cdots+x_ry_r^T$ with ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

92 views

### Notions of positivity for q-polynomials

What are some existing notions of positivity (or nonnegativity) for $\mathbf{R}[q]$ such that all $q$-integers $[n]_q = 1+q+...+q^{n-1}$ are positive, as well as all polynomials that can be expressed ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

162 views

### Polynomial-time algorithm for determining whether a polynomial is positive on $\mathbb{N}$

Does there exist a polynomial-time algorithm to determine whether a given polynomial $p(n)$ with integer coefficients is positive on $\mathbb{N}$, in the sense that $p(n) \geq 0$ for all ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

155 views

### Largest area of a compactly supported positive definite function

Consider a continuous function $f: \mathbb{R} \rightarrow \mathbb{R}$, supported on $[-1,1]$, of positive type. Assume $f(0) = 1$; what is the "largest area" $\int f\,dx$ that can be achieved?
To be ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

191 views

### Another kind of the positivity of matrices

For given $n$, the following $n\times n$ complex matrix $M=M^{\dagger}$ is called positive, if
$x^{\dagger}M x\geq 0$
holds for all complex vector $x=(z,z^2,\cdots,z^n)^T$ with arbitrary complex ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

193 views

### Positive definite quadratic forms on Banach spaces

This is a question about characterizing Hilbert spaces in terms of quadratic forms. Let $X$ be a real Banach space and $E$ a bounded quadratic form on it, it is called positive definite if ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

442 views

### Big and Nef divisors

In Example 2.2.19 of
Lazarsfeld, Positivity in Algebraic Geometry I,
I found the following statement:
Let $D$ be a divisor on an irreducible projective variety $X$. Then $D$ is nef and big if and ...

**4**

votes

**3**answers

376 views

### Weak Fano and Log fano varieties

A projective smooth variety $X$ is weak Fano if $-K_X$ is nef and big. We say that $X$ is log Fano is there exists a divisor $D$ such that $-(K_X+D)$ is ample and $(X,D)$ is Kawamata log terminal.
Is ...

**5**

votes

**4**answers

254 views

### Exponential of a specific hypergeometric series

This is motivated by this question.
Let $f$ be the hypergeometric series
$ f(x) = 2 x \, _{4}F_3([1, 1, 4/3, 5/3], [2, 2, 2], 27 x) $
which is explictly given by
$ f(x) = \sum_{n \geq 1} ...

**0**

votes

**2**answers

240 views

### Push-forward of a nef bundle

Let $f:X\rightarrow Y$ be a finite morphism between normal varieties. Let $E$ be a vector bundle on $X$ and let us consider its pushforwad $f_{*}E$.
Does anyone know an example where $E$ is nef but ...

**7**

votes

**2**answers

338 views

### Higher degree generalizations of the Hard Lefschetz Theorem

Let $M$ be a $2d$-dimensional manifold. We say that $\omega \in H^2(M)$ has the Hard Lefschetz Property (HLP) if multiplication with $\omega^j$ is an isomorphism $H^{d-j} \to H^{d+j}$. This holds for ...

**4**

votes

**0**answers

150 views

### (Relative) ampleness on algebraic spaces

This is a follow-up (of sorts) to this question.
Let $f : X \to T$ be a proper morphism of schemes. Then the notion of a relative ample (or $f$-ample) line bundle can be defined in several ...

**1**

vote

**1**answer

62 views

### Does every $\alpha$-normal ordered Banach space have minimal upper bounds?

Let $\alpha>0$ and $X$ be an $\alpha$-normal (meaning, for $x,y\in X$,
$0\leq x\leq y$ implies $\|x\|\leq\alpha\|y\|$) ordered Banach space
with closed generating cone $X_{+}$. If $X$ is reflexive, ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

284 views

### If $L$ is positive, $E\otimes L^k$ is Nakano positive for some $k$

I'm trying to prove the following:
Let $L$ be a positive holomorphic line bundle on a compact complex manifold $X$. For any hermitian holomorphic vector bundle $E$ on $X$, there is $k \in ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

115 views

### Degree principles for non-symmetric polynomials

A theorem of Timofte says that a symmetric polynomial inequality of degree $d$ holds on $\mathbb{R}^{n}_{+}$ if and only if it holds for all vectors in $\mathbb{R}^{n}_{+}$ with at most $\max\{\lfloor ...

**0**

votes

**1**answer

178 views

### Sommese's theorem (generalized Weak Lefschetz) in arbitrary characteristic?

Sommese's theorem is a natural generalization of the Weak Lefschetz; for a smooth projective (connected) $X$, an ample vector bundle $E/X$ of rank $e$, and a section $s:X\to E$ it states that the ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

122 views

### Quadratic forms over symmetric $3\times3$ matrices

This question is motivated by a technique called compensated compactness (CC), which was elaborated by L. Tartar and F. Murat for the analysis of PDEs. The foreword of CC is a problem about quadratic ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

170 views

### Positive definite functions on G from Hilbert space vectors?

Let $G$ be a countable discrete group. Given a vector $\xi \in l^{2}(G)$, is there any way to naturally construct a positive definite function on $G$ using $\xi$?
This question is rather vague and ...

**3**

votes

**1**answer

117 views

### Mapping a subset of semi-definite matrices through arcsinus

Hi
I am meeting a problem concerning semi-definite positive matrices, and I have no clue concerning them, the classical approaches I know have not given any result, maybe people used to manipulating ...

**8**

votes

**2**answers

361 views

### What is the physical difference between states and unital completely positive maps?

Mathematically, completely positive maps on C*-algebras generalize positive linear functionals in that every positive linear functional on a C*-algebra $A$ is a completely positive map of $A$ into ...

**3**

votes

**0**answers

106 views

### Proving non-negativity of a hypergeometric type sum

I am trying to prove the following inequality:
$$
\sum\limits_{k=0}^{m}\frac{(a)_k(a+\mu)_{m-k}}{(c)_k(c+\mu)_{m-k}}\binom{m}{k}(m-2k+\mu)\geq{0},
$$
where $(a)_0=1$, $(a)_k=a(a+1)\cdots(a+k-1)$ is ...

**3**

votes

**3**answers

1k views

### Matrices whose inverse is positive

I have recently come across some examples of matrices with a special structure.
I will describe these matrices here and I hope that somebody will be able
to point out a source where I can find more ...

**5**

votes

**1**answer

411 views

### Numerically equivalent effective divisors and semiampleness

Recall that a divisor $M$ on a variety $X$ is said to be semiample if $kM$ is base point free for a certain $k > 0$.
Being semiample is not a numerical property (take for example torsion and a ...

**4**

votes

**1**answer

460 views

### When is the norm of all positive operators on an ordered Banach space determined by their values on the positive cone?

I'm trying to investigate the interplay between the norm and cone of positive elements in ordered Banach spaces. In particular, I would like a nice characterization of when the norm of a positive ...

**5**

votes

**0**answers

278 views

### Do there exist weak Lefschetz-type statements that were proved for varieties over complex numbers, but were not proved in finite characteristic?

As far as I understood the situation (reading section 3.5B of Lazarsfeld's "Positivity in algebraic geometry" and also some of the references), some of weak Lefschetz-type statements known rely on ...

**2**

votes

**1**answer

353 views

### Which (reducible) projective varieties could be presented as 'relatively smooth' hyperplane sections of irreducible (normal) ones?

Are there any restrictions known on a (complex reducible) projective variety $Y$ that can be presented as $Z\cap H$, where $Z$ is a normal (or just irreducible) closed subvariety of a smooth ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

559 views

### Norm of Cesaro matrix

EDIT (28.11.2013).
This math.SE question about Cesaro operators should also be of interest (it discusses upper bounds; Noam has produced lower bounds below)
Federico's recent question Norm of upper ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

640 views

### Positive operators - norm equality

I hope that somebody can help me with the following problem:
Let $A$ be a positive operator on $\mathbf{B}(\mathcal{H})$, ( $\mathcal{H}$ is a Hilbert space) with its spectral measure $E$. Show that ...

**9**

votes

**2**answers

377 views

### Signed factors of harmonic polynomials

Let ${\rm Harm}_n^d$ be the space of real harmonic polynomials in $n$ variables, homogeneous of degree $d$. If $P\in{\rm Harm}_n^d$, then
$$\left(\frac{\partial^2}{\partial ...

**10**

votes

**0**answers

244 views

### Positivity of polynomial sequences via generating series

In this question I address
the problem of proving the nonnegativity of a numerical sequence
$a_0,a_1,a_2,\dots$ via generating series technique. In the notation
$A(x)=\sum_{n=0}^\infty a_nx^n\ge0$ ...

**10**

votes

**3**answers

456 views

### Effective algorithm to test positivity

Let $f(x_1,\ldots, x_n)$ be a real polynomial in several variables. Is there an effective algorithm to test whether $f$ is positive (or nonnegative) on the whole of ${\mathbb{R}}^n$?

**4**

votes

**1**answer

335 views

### volume of big line bundles under finite morphisms

Let $X$, $Y$ be complex projective varieties of dimension $n$, let $f:X \rightarrow Y$ be a surjective finite morphism of degree $d$ and let $B$ be a big line bundle on $Y$.
Is that true that ...

**13**

votes

**0**answers

660 views

### Polynomials with presumably positive coefficients

After seeing that some positivity problems get their solutions on MO,
I am quite enthusiastic of posing my (and not only) problem of positive flavour.
In order to state it, I have to introduce the ...

**1**

vote

**2**answers

504 views

### Nakano semipositivity

Let $X$ be a compact Kaehler manifold.
What is a good, possibly algebraic-geometric, way to think to Nakano semipositivity of holomorphic vector bundles on $X$?
Is the trivial line bundle ...

**4**

votes

**7**answers

916 views

### Nef divisors with few global sections

Are there nef divisors D on a complex projective manifold X such that $h^0(X,D)$ is less than or equal to $\dim X$?
Edit: In fact I'm interested in nef line bundles D, not just divisors.

**14**

votes

**3**answers

2k views

### sum of squares in ring of integers

Lagrange proved that every (positive) rational integer is a sum of 4 squares.
Are there general results like this for ring of integers of a number field? Is this class field theory?
Explicity, ...

**24**

votes

**7**answers

2k views

### When is a monic integer polynomial the characteristic polynomial of a non-negative integer matrix?

Suppose $P(x)$ is a monic integer polynomial with roots $r_1, ... r_n$ such that $p_k = r_1^k + ... + r_n^k$ is a non-negative integer for all positive integers $k$. Is $P(x)$ necessarily the ...