The positive-characteristic tag has no wiki summary.

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### Picard scheme of varieties over imperfect fields

Let $k$ be a field and $X$ a proper $k$-scheme. It is a theorem of Murre and Oort that the Picard functor is representable by a $k$-group scheme $\operatorname{Pic}_{X/k}$ which is locally of finite ...

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### Are there noncommutative extensions of $\alpha_p$ by $\mathbb{G}_m$?

Let $k$ be a field of characteristic $p > 0$ (algebraically closed, if you want; that doesn't make a difference). Consider a finite type $k$-group scheme $E$ that is a (central) extension of ...

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### Deligne's exterior power

In "Catégories Tannakiennes", Deligne defines the $n$th exterior power of an object $A$ of an abelian tensor category $\mathcal{C}$ as the image of the morphism
$$p : A^{\otimes n} \to A^{\otimes n}, ...

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### Can a division algebra have degree divisible by its characteristic?

I apologize in advance if this is easy, but I've tried Googling, and had no luck.
I'm currently working on a proof, and I realized in the course of writing that this proof will break if out there ...

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### Lifting to char 0, references and questions

Suppose that I have a surface $S$, smooth proper over an algebraically closed (perfect?)field $k$ that lifts algebraically to some $S_W$ defined over a field of char 0. I am interested in properties ...

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### Number of curves over a finite field

Let $K$ be a finite field. Is there a formula for the number of isomorphism classes of genus $g$ smooth curves over $K$?
In other words does there exists a formula for the number of rational points ...

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### Nagata's conjecture in positive characteristic

For a $\mathbb C P^2$ is known a result: if through the generic points $p_1,p_2,\dots p_n$ with multiplicities $m_1,m_2\dots, m_n$ correspondingly a degree $d$ irreducible reduced curve passes then ...

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### Does every linear group admit a subgroup of dimension 1?

Suppose that $G$ is a linear group of positive dimension, defined over some field $k$. Is that true, that $G$ admits a (closed) one-dimensional subgroup?
I'm pretty much sure this is true in ...

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### On Non F-pure ideal and Sharp F-Purity for a pair $(X, \Delta)$ where $K_X+\Delta$ is NOT $\mathbb{Q}$-Cartier

Suppose $(X,\Delta\ge 0)$ is a pair such that $(p^g-1)(K_X+\Delta)$ is an Integral Weil Divisor for some $g>0$ and $X$ is a normal variety. Define $\mathcal{L}_{e,\Delta} = \mathcal{O}_X( ...

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### Properties of divisors when moving from char 0 to char p.

Consider a smooth projective variety $X$ over $\mathbb{C}$ such that $X$ has models over $\mathbb{Z}[1/N]$ and $X_p=X_{\mathbb{Z}[1/N]}\times \text{Spec}(\mathbb{F}_p)$ is also a smooth projective ...

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### Vanishing theorems in positive characteristic

In the paper
Deligne, Pierre; Illusie, Luc (1987), "Relèvements modulo $p^{2}$ et décomposition du complexe de De Rham", Inventiones Mathematicae 89 (2): 247–270, doi:10.1007/BF01389078
I found the ...

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### Lang isogeny for group stacks

Let $G$ be a commutative algebraic group stack over $\mathbb{F}_q$ (I don't really care about the precise definition: I'm secretly thinking about the Picard stack of a projective curve). To what ...

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### Kawamata-Viehweg Vanishing Theorem for Excellent Surfaces

Is there any version of Kawamata-Viehweg vanishing theorem that holds for excellent surfaces? I will be very glad if there is one such, but if not then is it at least true for a surface over a non ...

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### Adjunction Formula for Weil Divisors on a Normal Variety X

Let $X$ be a normal variety over an algebraically closed field $k$ of characteristic $p>0$ and $S$ be a prime Weil divisor on $X$ which is normal too. Now if $K_X+S$ is NOT $\mathbb{Q}$-Cartier, ...

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### How to Construct a ''Nice'' Birational Model in Characteristic p>0

Let $X=Spec\ A$ be a normal affine variety of dimension $n$ over an algebraically closed field $k$ of characteristic $p>0$. Also, assume that $S\subset X$ be a prime Weil-divisor on $X$. Now, I ...

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### On a Strongly F-regular Pair (X, \Delta)

Let $X$ be a normal projective variety over a field of characteristic $p>0$ and $(X, \Delta\geq 0)$ be a pair such that $K_X+\Delta$ is $\mathbb{Q}$-Cartier whose index is not divisible by $p$. ...

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### Commutativity of the Chow ring in positive characteristic

I was looking in Ravi Vakil's notes on Intersection Theory, Class 20, where he introduces the bivariant intersection theory, in particular the Chow ring $A^\ast (X)$.
On p. 2, he writes the following ...

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### “Higher” Tangent spaces in char-p geometry - definition?

Hi, everyone!
I have some construction that requires exact definition.
I considered polynomial homomorphisms from $\Bbbk$ to $U_n(\Bbbk)$ (unitriangular matrices), where $char \Bbbk = p>0$ (more ...

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### Heisenberg group in characteristic two

I have seen two constructions called the Heisenberg group. If $k$ is a field of characteristic not equal to $2$ and $V$ is a $2n$-dimensional vector space over $k$ with symplectic form $\omega : V ...

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### Is the absolute Galois group of the field of Laurent series in positive characteristic finitely generated?

If $K$ is an algebraically closed field of characteristic $p>0$, then $K((t))$, the field of Laurent series with coefficients in $K$, has infinitely many Galois extensions of degree $p$. Indeed, ...

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### Classification of fibres in pencils of curves of genus two

For the case of characteristic positive, there exist some clasification of families of curves of genus two over a elliptic curve?.

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### understanding Milne's article “Duality in the flat cohomology of a surface”

I have trouble understanding a point of Milne's article "Duality in the flat cohomology of a surface" http://jmilne.org/math/articles/1976a.pdf
see the "Alternatively" on p. 177, paragraph before ...