A poset or partially ordered set is a set endowed with a partial order, meaning a binary relation $\leq$ which is reflexive ($x \leq x$ for all $x$) and transitive ($x\leq y$ and $y\leq z$ implies $x \leq z$).

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51
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11k views

How many orders of infinity are there?

Define a growth function to be a monotone increasing function $F: {\bf N} \to {\bf N}$, thus for instance $n \mapsto n^2$, $n \mapsto 2^n$, $n \mapsto 2^{2^n}$ are examples of growth functions. Let's ...
27
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3answers
817 views

Is the fixed point property for posets preserved by products?

Recall that a partially ordered set (poset) $P$ has the fixed point property (FPP) if any order preserving function $f:P\longrightarrow P$ has a fixed point. Theorem. Suppose $P$ and $Q$ are posets ...
22
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2answers
1k views

Does this poset have a unique minimal element?

Recently I have been thinking about the following poset: the underlying set is $\mathcal{AFT}$ consisting of all (finite) automorphism-free undirected trees (with at least one edge to exclude the ...
16
votes
6answers
2k views

The category of posets

I am trying to teach myself category theory and, as a begginer, I am looking for examples that I have a hands-on experience with. Almost every introductory text in category theory contains following ...
16
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0answers
238 views

Is the Poset of Graphs Automorphism-free?

For $n\geq 5$, let $\mathcal {P}_n$ be the set of all isomorphism classes of graphs with n vertices. Give this set the poset structure given by $G \le H$ if and only if $G$ is a subgraph of $H$. ...
14
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3answers
1k views

Banach and Knaster-Tarski fixed point theorems — are they related?

It there any known way of obtaining the Banach fixed-point theorem from the Tarski fixed-point theorem or vice-versa?
14
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3answers
3k views

Proving that a poset is a lattice

I discovered experimentally that a certain finite poset (sorry, I cannot give its definition here) seems to be in fact a (non-distributive, non-graded) lattice. The covering relations are reasonably ...
14
votes
1answer
517 views

Bruhat order and the Robinson-Schensted correspondence

The Robinson-Schensted correspondence is a bijection between elements of the symmetric group $S_n$ and pairs of standard tableaux of the same shape. The symmetric group is partially ordered by the ...
14
votes
3answers
822 views

Subposets of small Dushnik-Miller dimension

The Dushnik–Miller dimension of a partial order $(P,{\leq})$ is the smallest possible size $d$ for a family ${\leq_1},\ldots,{\leq_d}$ of total orderings of $P$ whose intersection is ${\leq}$, ...
11
votes
1answer
158 views

Fastest algorithm to compute the width of a poset

An colleague recently came to me with a problem concerning the scheduling of tasks in the presence of constraints (of the kind: task $x$ can't begin until task $y$ has been completed). It turned out ...
10
votes
2answers
324 views

Do operations generate well-ordered sets only?

I've read   @TauMu's question   about the set of functions   $\mathbb N\rightarrow\mathbb N$   generated from the identity map by repeatedly applying exponentiation of two already ...
10
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1answer
686 views

What is the size of a largest antichain in this poset?

Let $[n]:=\lbrace 1, \dots, n \rbrace$. We define a partial ordering on the set of subsets of $[n]$ as follows. We say that $X \preceq Y$ if there is an injective map $f:X \to Y$ such that $x \leq ...
10
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1answer
307 views

When is the derived category of representations of a finite poset equivalent to its opposite?

If I have a finite partially ordered set $K$, I can look at its derived category of finite dimensional representations $D(K)$. Note that $D(K^{op}) \simeq D(K)^{op}$ by linear duality. But when do ...
10
votes
0answers
358 views

Asymptotic growth of antichains in divisibility posets

The following question is inspired by a problem that Erdős used to ask epsilons. It asks to prove that if one chooses a subset of $\lbrace 1,\dots,n\rbrace$ with more than ...
9
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3answers
212 views

Is the homomorphism poset directed if the codomain is directed?

Let $P,Q$ be partially ordered sets (posets). We consider the set $\text{Hom}(P,Q)$ of order-preserving functions $f:P\to Q$. (We call a function $f:P\to Q$ order preserving if $x\leq y$ in $P$ ...
9
votes
2answers
292 views

How exactly does Schützenberger promotion relate to Striker-Williams promotion?

Schützenberger promotion, studied (for example) in Richard Stanley, Promotion and Evacuation, 2009, is a permutation of the set of all linear extensions of a finite poset. Since one can identify the ...
9
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1answer
426 views

Does this property of a partially ordered set have a name?

What do you call a poset with this property? For any elements $a,b,c,d$ such that $\{a,b\}\le\{c,d\}$, there is an element x such that $\{a,b\}\le x\le\{c,d\}$. (Equivalently, for any finite sets ...
9
votes
1answer
309 views

Set of maximal subfields not containing particular elements.

Instead of extending a field, by adjoining a new element, consider what happens if we remove an element or elements. This started as a question on math.SE Field reductions where Pete L. Clark ...
8
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2answers
528 views

Statements forced by one condition of a poset, but not the whole thing

In order to get the relative consistency of some statement, it suffices to find a notion of forcing, and a condition $p$ in that forcing, such that $p$ forces the desired statement. It seems to be ...
8
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1answer
330 views

Decomposing posets into countably many chains

A conjecture of Galvin's is that the following is possible (which I take to mean that the consistency of the following can be proven relative to the consistency of something like ZFC, or ZFC plus some ...
8
votes
1answer
441 views

Ordered sum of posets

Let $I$ be a poset and for any $i$ let $P_i$ be a poset. Let $P$ be the sum over $I$ of the sets $P_i$, and let $<_P$ be the relation defined on $P$ by $q<_Pr$ iff $q$ and $r$ are members of the ...
7
votes
3answers
587 views

Characterizing forcings that don't add any dominating reals

Regarding reals as functions from $\omega$ to $\omega$, let's say a real $f$ eventually dominates $g$ iff $(\exists n)(\forall m > n)[ f(m) > g(m)]$. Let's say that a (non-trivial separative) ...
7
votes
2answers
386 views

A sequence of generic filters that does not come from an iteration

Fix a countable transitive model $M$ of ZFC. In my answer to this question I indicated that there are forcing iterations $((Q_\alpha:\alpha\leq\omega),(\dot P_\alpha:\alpha<\omega))$ in $M$ and ...
7
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1answer
261 views

Does this lattice have a name (and literature)?

The "lattice" in the title appears to be a lattice. At least it's a poset, which I define now. Fix a partition $\lambda$ of $n$ and consider the set of all standard Young tableaux (each of ...
7
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1answer
229 views

The category of categories and adjunctions

What is known about the category that has small categories as objects and adjunctions as morphisms? Obviously, it has neither terminal nor initial objects. But what about other kinds of limits? Are ...
7
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1answer
246 views

Which of these relations on partial orders allows us to identify forcing equivalence?

Background This question was inspired by Justin Palumbo's excellent question Cantor Bernstein for notions of forcing. In his question, Justin considers a relation $\lhd$ on partial orders (defined ...
7
votes
1answer
509 views

Does ⋄ generate all De Morgan algebras?

(Asked by Nathaniel Hellerstein on the Q&A board at JMM) This question is about De Morgan algebras (see also Wikipedia), which are something like Boolean algebras, but with a different weaker ...
7
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0answers
117 views

Fixed points and universal maps for posets

In a recent post about f.p.p. for poset products, @M.Mirabi brought back an old-standing problem about the fixed point property of the product of two arbitrary posets which already enjoy the fixed ...
7
votes
0answers
143 views

Strength of claims about extensions of partial preorders and orders to linear ones

Consider these two axioms: Every partial order extends to a linear order. Every partial preorder (reflexive and transitive relation) extends to a linear preorder while preserving strict orderings: ...
7
votes
0answers
410 views

The name for a partial order

In a recent paper of mine, my co-authors found that a partial order that we were using was contained in a paper by Kundgen. In it, he called it "right-shifted partial order". I was curious, and found ...
6
votes
2answers
809 views

Is every poset the poset of prime ideals of a ring?

The answer to this question, as it is, is trivially false, for one necessary condition is the existence of maximal element(s), i.e., maximal ideals exist and are prime. My question was inspired from ...
6
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1answer
364 views

Posets of cosets and contractibility

For this question let $G$ be a group, perhaps infinite, and let $H_i$ for $i\in I$ be a (finite) family of subgroups closed under taking intersections. I am interested in the coset poset ...
6
votes
1answer
203 views

Terminology question for poset maps

Is there a standard name for order-preserving maps $f\colon P\to Q$ of posets with the property that the image of a lower set is a lower set, or equivalently if $q\leq f(p)$ then there exists $p'\leq ...
6
votes
1answer
419 views

Order homomorphism functions on $\omega_1$

Let $\omega_1$ be the first uncountable ordinal, same as the set of all countable ordinals. Let $F$ be the set of all functions $f$ from $\omega_1$ minus singleton $0$ into $\omega_1$ that are (a) ...
6
votes
0answers
139 views

“Double convolution” with the Mobius function on a poset

Let $f$ and $g$ be arbitrary (say integer-valued) functions on some poset $P$, and say $\mu$ is the Mobius function of $P$. I'm studying a quantity that's a sort of "double convolution" of $f$ and $g$ ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

Constructing a metric over a lattice

Consider a lattice $({\cal L}, \wedge, \vee)$ with an antimonotonic function $f: {\cal L} \rightarrow {\mathbb R}$ defined on it (i.e $x \preceq y \implies f(x) \ge f(y)$). $f$ is said to be ...
5
votes
1answer
363 views

Does “antichain” mean something different in set-forcing than in lattice theory?

On page 3 of Introduction to Lattices and Order, Davey and Priestley define an antichain in a poset $\langle P,\leq\rangle$ as a set of pairwise incomparable elements: The ordered set P is an ...
5
votes
1answer
336 views

Minimum set cardinality for a given partially ordered set

Let S be a finite set of cardinality k. I consider subsets of S that I order by set inclusion. For any given k, this defines the partially ordered set S_k. To a given partially ordered set P, I ...
4
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3answers
269 views

Classification of countable posets?

Is there a classification of countable posets where between each two comparable elements there is a third element between them?
4
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4answers
768 views

Category = Groupoid x Poset?

Is it possible to split a given category $C$ up into its groupoid of isomorphisms and a category that resembles a poset? "Splitting up" should be that $C$ can be expressed as some kind of extension ...
4
votes
1answer
158 views

Principal Order Ideals in the Weak Bruhat Order

Let $\sigma\in S_n$ be a permutation on $n$ elements, and $\mathrm{Inv}(\sigma):=\{(i,j) : 1\leq i<j\leq n\text{ and }\sigma(i)>\sigma(j)\}$ be its set of inversions. In the weak order on ...
4
votes
2answers
427 views

Is every lattice the fixed-point set of an order endomorphism of ⋄^n?

(Asked by Nathaniel Hellerstein on the Q&A board at JMM) Let ⋄ be the 4 element lattice τ / \ i j \ / f Is every lattice isomorphic to the fixed point lattice of some ...
4
votes
1answer
323 views

On the barycentric subdivision of a poset

Hi everybody, I'm interested in the barycentric subdivision of a poset $P$, defined as the face poset of the corresponding order complex $\mathcal F(\Delta(P))$ (or alternatively, the poset of chains ...
4
votes
1answer
295 views

Posets of finite sequences are highly connected

I need the following result for an example in a paper I'm writing. It's easy enough to prove, but I'd prefer to just give a reference. Does anyone know one? Fix $1 \leq k \leq n$. Define $X_{n,k}$ ...
4
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1answer
177 views

About subposet of Levy collapse

Let $\lambda>\kappa$ and $\operatorname{Coll}(\kappa, \lambda)$ be the poset collapsing $\lambda$ to $\kappa$. Pick a subposet $P$ which is $\lt\kappa$-closed and of size $\lambda$. Can we say that ...
4
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0answers
160 views

When can we determine an $f$-vector or rank-generating function from its unordered list of coefficients?

Let $f_i$ be the number of $i$-dimensional faces in a $d$-dimensional simplicial complex $\Delta $. Recall that the $f$-vector of $\Delta $ is the vector $(f_{-1},f_0,f_1,\dots ,f_d)$ where ...
3
votes
1answer
183 views

When is the homomorphism poset between posets a lattice?

Let $P,Q$ be partially ordered sets (posets). We consider the set $\text{Hom}(P,Q)$ of order-preserving functions $f:P\to Q$. There is a natural ordering relation on $\text{Hom}(P,Q)$ given by $f\leq ...
3
votes
2answers
644 views

Does order isomorphism of linear extensions of two partially ordered sets imply order isomorphism of themselves?

Consider two partially ordered sets $A = \{a< b,a< c\}$, $B=\{x< z,y< z\}$. Their linear extensions (here we allow equality in linear extensions) for $A, B$ are $$A_L=\{A_1=\{a< b< ...
3
votes
1answer
281 views

A compactness property of posets

Consider a poset $P$ and suppose that every finite subset admits a supremum. Call an ideal $I$ of $P$ minimal infinite if it is infinite and every ideal properly contained in $I$ is finite. I am ...
3
votes
1answer
162 views

Decomposing a poset into directed subposets

Let us say that a poset $P$ is $\mathbf{\kappa}$-directed iff every collection of fewer than $\kappa$-many elements in $P$ has an upper bound in $P$. $P$ has the $\mathbf{\kappa}$ chain condition iff ...