A poset or partially ordered set is a set endowed with a partial order, meaning a binary relation $\leq$ which is reflexive ($x \leq x$ for all $x$), antisymmetric ($x\leq y$ and $y\leq x$ implies $x=y$), and transitive ($x\leq y$ and $y\leq z$ implies $x \leq z$).

learn more… | top users | synonyms

2
votes
3answers
227 views

Antichain on $\mathcal{P}(\omega)/fin$ of cardinality $2^{\aleph_0}$?

We define an equivalence relation on $\mathcal{P}(\omega)$: for $x,y\in\mathcal{P}(\omega)$ we say $$x\simeq_{fin} y \text{ iff there is } n \in \omega \text{ such that } x\setminus \{0,\ldots,n\} = y ...
34
votes
3answers
1k views

Is the fixed point property for posets preserved by products?

Recall that a partially ordered set (poset) $P$ has the fixed point property (FPP) if any order preserving function $f:P\longrightarrow P$ has a fixed point. Theorem. Suppose $P$ and $Q$ are posets ...
8
votes
0answers
168 views

Fixed points and universal maps for posets

In a recent post about f.p.p. for poset products, @M.Mirabi brought back an old-standing problem about the fixed point property of the product of two arbitrary posets which already enjoy the fixed ...
60
votes
6answers
14k views

How many orders of infinity are there?

Define a growth function to be a monotone increasing function $F: {\bf N} \to {\bf N}$, thus for instance $n \mapsto n^2$, $n \mapsto 2^n$, $n \mapsto 2^{2^n}$ are examples of growth functions. Let's ...
17
votes
6answers
3k views

The category of posets

I am trying to teach myself category theory and, as a begginer, I am looking for examples that I have a hands-on experience with. Almost every introductory text in category theory contains following ...
3
votes
1answer
183 views

Is the top interval of a finite distributive lattice, a boolean lattice?

Let $(L,\wedge,\vee)$ be a finite distributive lattice, and let $1$ its greatest element. An element $a \in L$ is called maximal if $a \le a' < 1$ implies $a = a'$. Let $b$ be the meet of all the ...
2
votes
1answer
123 views

Are the connected components of a Priestley space closed?

Preliminaries A Priestley space is both a poset and a topological space. The topologically connected components of the space are trivially closed. (They are just the points of the underlying set.) But ...
2
votes
1answer
140 views

Product of posets with Hausdorff interval topology

Given a poset $(P,\leq)$ the interval topology on $P$ is generated by $$\{P\setminus\downarrow x : x\in P\} \cup \{P\setminus\uparrow x : x\in P\},$$ where $\downarrow x = \{y\in P: y\leq x\}$ and $\...
5
votes
5answers
963 views

Category = Groupoid x Poset?

Is it possible to split a given category $C$ up into its groupoid of isomorphisms and a category that resembles a poset? "Splitting up" should be that $C$ can be expressed as some kind of extension ...
10
votes
1answer
816 views

What is the size of a largest antichain in this poset?

Let $[n]:=\lbrace 1, \dots, n \rbrace$. We define a partial ordering on the set of subsets of $[n]$ as follows. We say that $X \preceq Y$ if there is an injective map $f:X \to Y$ such that $x \leq ...
2
votes
2answers
208 views

Complete sets of incompatible totally ordered down-set in a partially ordered set

Let $(P,\leq)$ be a partially ordered set. A down-set is a set $d\subseteq P$ such that $x\in d$ and $x'\in P, x'\leq x$ imply $x'\in d$. If the down-set is totally ordered, we say it is a totally ...
1
vote
1answer
155 views

Quotients of posets

Let $\mathbf{Poset}$ denote the category of partially ordered sets and order-preserving maps. Does $\mathbf{Poset}$ have quotients?
0
votes
3answers
1k views

Well-ordered cofinal subsets [closed]

Let $(P, \leq)$ be a total ordering (some of you prefer the name linear order). Can we find a subset $R\subseteq P$ which is well ordered (with respect to $\leq\upharpoonright R$) and cofinal in $P$, ...
10
votes
2answers
321 views

Principal Order Ideals in the Weak Bruhat Order

Let $\sigma\in S_n$ be a permutation on $n$ elements, and $\mathrm{Inv}(\sigma):=\{(i,j) : 1\leq i<j\leq n\text{ and }\sigma(i)>\sigma(j)\}$ be its set of inversions. In the weak order on ...
7
votes
0answers
490 views

The name for a partial order

In a recent paper of mine, my co-authors found that a partial order that we were using was contained in a paper by Kundgen. In it, he called it "right-shifted partial order". I was curious, and found ...
7
votes
2answers
425 views

A sequence of generic filters that does not come from an iteration

Fix a countable transitive model $M$ of ZFC. In my answer to this question I indicated that there are forcing iterations $((Q_\alpha:\alpha\leq\omega),(\dot P_\alpha:\alpha<\omega))$ in $M$ and ...
4
votes
2answers
143 views

Image of poset with Hausdorff interval topology

Given a poset $(P,\leq)$ the interval topology $\tau_{\text{int}}(P)$ on $P$ is generated by $$\{P\setminus\downarrow x : x\in P\} \cup \{P\setminus\uparrow x : x\in P\},$$ where $\downarrow x = \{y\...
3
votes
0answers
83 views

Weighted maximal number of disjoint singly-generated ideals in the divisibility poset for $\{1,2,\ldots,n\}$

In the mathoverflow question here the asymptotic growth of antichains in the divisibility poset ${\cal P}_n$ of the set of natural numbers $\{1,\ldots,n\}$ is considered. I have a somewhat dual ...
3
votes
2answers
77 views

Does the collection of coverings on a set $X$ form a lattice when ordered by refinement?

This is a follow-up question to this question, prompted by a comment in Todd Trimble's answer. Let $X\neq \emptyset$ be a set. We say that $U\subseteq {\cal P}(X)\setminus \{\emptyset\}$ is a proper ...
1
vote
1answer
79 views

Universal and left-factoring order-preserving maps

Trying to get a different angle for the question Fixed points and universal maps for posets, I want to compare universal maps to a different kind of functions. First recall that for posets $P,Q$ an ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

On the number of antichains of a poset

I am not an expert in combinatorics, but I need to count (or to approximate) the number of antichains of a poset. The idea relies on approximating this number by embedding my poset into another one, ...
1
vote
1answer
68 views

Order on the collection of coverings

Let $X\neq \emptyset$ be a set. We say that $U\subseteq {\cal P}(X)\setminus \{\emptyset\}$ is a proper covering if $\bigcup U = X$, and for $a\neq b\in U$ we have $a\not\subseteq b$. Let $\text{...
1
vote
2answers
114 views

Completion of a single totally ordered down-set

This is a follow-up question to Complete sets of incompatible totally ordered down-set in a partially ordered set. Let $(P,\leq)$ be a partially ordered set such that for every $p\in P$ the set $\{q\...
1
vote
1answer
91 views

Order-preserving images of $(\mathcal{P}(\kappa),\subseteq)$

Is there a cardinal $\kappa \neq \emptyset$ and a connected poset $P$ of cardinality $\leq \kappa$ such that there is no surjective order-preserving map from $(\mathcal{P}(\kappa),\subseteq)$ onto $P$?...