A poset or partially ordered set is a set endowed with a partial order, meaning a binary relation $\leq$ which is reflexive ($x \leq x$ for all $x$), antisymmetric ($x\leq y$ and $y\leq x$ implies $x=y$), and transitive ($x\leq y$ and $y\leq z$ implies $x \leq z$).

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Matroid Representation of the Antichains of a Poset

Introduction I am studying a problem in which the antichains of a poset are of key importance. They are naturally geometrically embedded as vectors in the space $\mathbb{R}^P$, where $P$ is the poset,...
7
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278 views

Unique factorization of posets

Given two finite posets $P$ and $Q$, we can form the direct product poset $P \times Q$ whose elements are pairs $(p,q) \in P \times Q$ with $(p,q) \leq (p',q')$ if $p \leq p'$ and $q \leq q'$. Let us ...
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57 views

“Downward closed” relation on a poset

I say that a relation $R$ on a poset $P$ is downward closed if for each $(x,y)\in R$, and $x'\le x$, then $(x',y)\in R$. Is there a reference where this thing is studied, maybe under a different name? ...
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1answer
156 views

Posets (partially ordered sets) in equational logic

I know about equational logic, cf. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lattice_(order)#Lattices_as_algebraic_structures, and understood that lattices are expressed equationally, i.e., in terms of equational ...
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152 views

Is there a short expression for height and width of product and coproduct of posets?

I am trying to derive some basic relations for the height and width of the direct product and the coproduct of posets. I feel that these are very basic and should be written somewhere, however, I ...
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57 views

Quick way to compute Ehrhart polynomial of Young diagram posets?

Using the hook formula, it is easy to compute the volume of order polytopes obtained from posets with partition shape, since this is the same as the number of linear extensions. To my knowledge, ...
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171 views

Are these two quotients of $\omega^\omega$ isomorphic?

Let $\omega^\omega$ denote the set of all functions $f:\omega\to\omega$. For $f,g\in\omega^\omega$ we say $f\simeq_{\text{fin}} g$ if there is $n\in \omega$ such that $f(k) = g(k)$ for all $k\geq n$. ...
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82 views

Face structures of chain polytopes

For a finite poset $P$ the chain polytope $\mathscr C(P)\subset\mathbb{R}^P$ consists of such $g$ that $g(p)\ge 0$ for all $p\in P$ and $$g(p_1)+\ldots+g(p_n)\le 1$$ for any chain $p_1<\ldots<...
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1answer
154 views

Can a length n distributive lattice be embedded into Bn?

Let $\mathcal{L}$ be a finite distributive lattice, then it is known that it can be embedded into a finite boolean lattice (see theorem 8.5. p91 in this note). Let $n$ be the length of $\mathcal{...
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83 views

Weighted maximal number of disjoint singly-generated ideals in the divisibility poset for $\{1,2,\ldots,n\}$

In the mathoverflow question here the asymptotic growth of antichains in the divisibility poset ${\cal P}_n$ of the set of natural numbers $\{1,\ldots,n\}$ is considered. I have a somewhat dual ...
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103 views

What are bounds for the number of monotone functions $M:P\rightarrow T$ where $P$ is a finite poset and $T$ is a finite totally ordered set?

For the case where $P=\{0,1\}^n$ and $T=\{0,1\}$ the number of such functions is called the $n$-th Dedekind number and I discovered that there is large literature on determining bounds for these ...
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81 views

Minimal Hausdorff topologies compatible with a bunch of functions

Let $X$ be an infinite set, let ${\cal F}$ be a set of functions $f: X\to X$. We say that a topology $\tau$ is compatible with ${\cal F}$ if every $f\in {\cal F}$ is a continuous function $f:(X, \tau)\...
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32 views

Form of binary function over poset that is monotone over first and antitone over second argument

if I have a partially ordered set $P$, and I have a function $f: P \times P \to \mathbb{R}$ that is monotone over the first and antitone over the second argument, i.e. for any $a,b,c \in P$ $a ≤ b \...
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73 views

reconstructing a linear order corrupted by noise

Suppose we have a partial order (efficiently computable), $\leq$, on $\mathbb{R}^n$, a set $S \subset \mathbb{R}^n$, and let $\rho$ be the standard Euclidean metric. We want to find a set $S^\prime = ...
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83 views

Ideals in strong Bruhat order

Recall that a (lower) ideal in a poset $(P, \le)$ is a subset $I\subset P$ such that $x\in I \Rightarrow y\in I$ for all $y\le x$. In am interested in ideals in finite Coxeter groups $W$ equipped ...
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1answer
113 views

An equivalent definition for the adiamond lattices

A lattice is called adiamond if it admits no sublattice equivalent to the diamond lattice $M_3$ below: The top interval of a lattice is the interval between the meet of all the maximal elements and ...
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1answer
150 views

Quotients of posets

Let $\mathbf{Poset}$ denote the category of partially ordered sets and order-preserving maps. Does $\mathbf{Poset}$ have quotients?
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138 views

ACC (DCC) implies upper (lower) sets are upper (lower) closure of antichains?

I have read around (e.g. in Wikipedia) that if the ascending (descending) chain condition holds, all upper (lower) sets are the upper (lower) closure of an antichain, but I cannot find a proof. More ...
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261 views

Is this algebra isomorphic to an incidence algebra?

This question is motivated by trying to establish a converse to Theorem 7.8 of our paper. I have a finite poset $P$ with the following properties: $P$ has binary meets (and hence a least element). $...
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89 views

Properties of Coefficients of Order Polynomials [closed]

I am working on a problem involving determining the order polynomial $\Omega_P(k)$ of a partial order $P$, which counts the number of order-preserving transformations/maps from $P$ to the $k$-chain (...
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109 views

Surjectively rigid partially ordered sets

This question is related to a question recently asked by Joel David Hamkins. Let $(P,\leq)$ be a poset. We call it surjectively rigid if the only order-preserving surjective map $f:P\to P$ is the ...
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236 views

Pattern Avoidance in Poset Permutations

I am not sure if it is appropriate to use MathOverflow to publicize a conjecture, but I think this is an interesting question and I have no real ideas of how to solve it. A permutation on a $n$-...
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67 views

An equality for the trace of the join of a non-degenerate indecomposable system of projections in a finite factor

Let $M \subset B(H)$ be a finite factor (see for example here p2, or there) with a trace $tr$. The subset of projections of $M$ is naturally a lattice, noted $(\mathcal{P}(M), \wedge, \vee)$. A ...
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183 views

Is the top interval of a finite distributive lattice, a boolean lattice?

Let $(L,\wedge,\vee)$ be a finite distributive lattice, and let $1$ its greatest element. An element $a \in L$ is called maximal if $a \le a' < 1$ implies $a = a'$. Let $b$ be the meet of all the ...
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256 views

Posets preserving stationary subsets of $\omega_1$ and no new $\text{cof}(\omega)$ ordinals, but without countable covering property

What are some examples of posets $\mathbb{P}$ which have the following properties? It's OK if the definition uses large cardinals or some other hypothesis. $\mathbb{P}$ preserves stationary subsets ...
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299 views

Posets isomorphic to their endomorphism poset

Let $(P,\leq)$ be a poset. We set $$\text{End}(P)=\{f: P\to P: f\text{ is order-preserving}\}$$ and order $\text{End}(P)$ pointwise. Is there a poset with more than 1 point such that $P\cong \text{...
8
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1answer
147 views

Optimal strategy for game of 'online sorting' into a poset

Consider a single-player game played with an arbitrary finite poset, and a random number generator with a known distribution: Each turn, the RNG produces a number, and the player must assign that ...
7
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1answer
200 views

Introducing meets while preserving directed closure

A poset $\mathbb{P}$ is called well-met iff every pair of compatible conditions in $\mathbb{P}$ has a greatest lower bound. Question: Suppose $\mathbb{P}$ is a separative partial order which is $\...
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A family of posets

Consider the family of all (finite) posets that can be obtained by repeatedly applying one of the following three operations (starting e.g. with the empty poset): (O1) Disjoint union of one or more ...
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1answer
84 views

Dedekind-MacNeille completion of the strictly increasing members of $\omega^\omega$

Let $\omega^\omega$ denote the set of all functions $f:\omega\to\omega$ ordered by $f\leq g$ iff $f(n) \leq g(n)$ for all $n\in \omega$. Set $K = \{f\in \omega^\omega: m<n\in \omega \implies f(m)&...
3
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1answer
176 views

Order dimension of $\omega^\omega/(fin)$

Let $\omega^\omega$ denote the collection of all functions $f:\omega\to\omega$. For $f,g\in\omega$ we say $f\simeq g$ if and only if $\exists N \in \omega$ such that $f(n) = g(n)$ for all $n\geq N$. ...
0
votes
1answer
98 views

Priestley topologizability and connected components

This question is in the spirit of another older question. We say that a poset $(P,\leq)$ is Priestley-topologizable if there is a topology $\tau$ on $P$ such that $(P,\leq,\tau)$ is a Priestley space....
8
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1answer
172 views

Extending subsets to supersets in different ways

We are given a collection of sets $A_1,\ldots,A_s$, pairwise different and each of cardinality $k$, and a collection of sets $B_1,\ldots,B_s$, pairwise different and each of cardinality $l>k+1$, ...
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vote
2answers
131 views

Poset-enrichment of abelian categories

Let $\mathsf{A}$ be an Abelian category (perhaps vector spaces or modules over your favorite ring), and let $\mathsf{A}(x,y)$ denote the set of morphisms in $\mathsf{A}$ from an object $x$ to another ...
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1answer
101 views

Interval topology and order convergence topology

Throughout this post, let $(P,\leq)$ be a poset. The interval topology $\tau_i(P)$ on $P$ is generated by $$\{P\setminus\downarrow x : x\in P\} \cup \{P\setminus\uparrow x : x\in P\},$$ where $\...
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2answers
116 views

Continuous image relation on topological spaces

Let $\kappa$ be a cardinal, and let $\text{Top}(\kappa)$ be the set of topological spaces $(X,\tau)$ such that $X\subseteq \kappa$. We pre-order $\text{Top}(\kappa)$ by for $X, Y \in \text{...
2
votes
3answers
225 views

Antichain on $\mathcal{P}(\omega)/fin$ of cardinality $2^{\aleph_0}$?

We define an equivalence relation on $\mathcal{P}(\omega)$: for $x,y\in\mathcal{P}(\omega)$ we say $$x\simeq_{fin} y \text{ iff there is } n \in \omega \text{ such that } x\setminus \{0,\ldots,n\} = y ...
3
votes
1answer
87 views

Is $\{0,1\}^\omega$ the order-preserving image of $\{0,1\}^\omega$ modulo some finiteness relation?

Consider the following equivalence relation on $\{0,1\}^\omega$: $x\simeq y$ iff there is $n\in\omega$ such that $x(k)=y(k)$ for all $k\in\omega$ with $k\geq n$. It is easy to see that ...
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vote
2answers
113 views

Completion of a single totally ordered down-set

This is a follow-up question to Complete sets of incompatible totally ordered down-set in a partially ordered set. Let $(P,\leq)$ be a partially ordered set such that for every $p\in P$ the set $\{q\...
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2answers
208 views

Complete sets of incompatible totally ordered down-set in a partially ordered set

Let $(P,\leq)$ be a partially ordered set. A down-set is a set $d\subseteq P$ such that $x\in d$ and $x'\in P, x'\leq x$ imply $x'\in d$. If the down-set is totally ordered, we say it is a totally ...
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Is a distributive lattice planar iff it admits no B3 sublattice?

A finite lattice is planar if it admits a Hasse diagram which is a planar graph (we want the Hasse diagram to be represented in the plane so that the $y$-coordinate of each element respects the order)...
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votes
1answer
147 views

Directed Hypercube Minimal Cuts

If $[n]:=\{1,2,\ldots, n\}$ for some $n\in\mathbb{N}$, then the hypercube digraph of dimension $n$, denoted $H_n$, is the graph whose set of vertices is the power-set $\wp([n])$ where two vertices $U,...
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Decidability of first order theory of subclasses of posets

Is the first order theory of finite posets known to be undecidable? Does anyone know a survey about such results?
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1answer
90 views

Order-preserving images of $(\mathcal{P}(\kappa),\subseteq)$

Is there a cardinal $\kappa \neq \emptyset$ and a connected poset $P$ of cardinality $\leq \kappa$ such that there is no surjective order-preserving map from $(\mathcal{P}(\kappa),\subseteq)$ onto $P$?...
4
votes
2answers
142 views

Image of poset with Hausdorff interval topology

Given a poset $(P,\leq)$ the interval topology $\tau_{\text{int}}(P)$ on $P$ is generated by $$\{P\setminus\downarrow x : x\in P\} \cup \{P\setminus\uparrow x : x\in P\},$$ where $\downarrow x = \{y\...
2
votes
1answer
139 views

Product of posets with Hausdorff interval topology

Given a poset $(P,\leq)$ the interval topology on $P$ is generated by $$\{P\setminus\downarrow x : x\in P\} \cup \{P\setminus\uparrow x : x\in P\},$$ where $\downarrow x = \{y\in P: y\leq x\}$ and $\...
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1answer
212 views

Is there a standard name for this poset

I've run into the following poset and I would expect it has a standard name. Let $n\geq k\geq 0$. Then $P_{n,k}$ consists of all $k$-element subsets of $\{1,\ldots,n\}$ ordered by $X\leq Y$ if $X=\{...
2
votes
1answer
140 views

Terminology question for maps between posets

Let $P$ and $Q$ be two poset (partially ordered sets) and $\phi : P \to Q$ an order-preserving function. I would like to know whether there is a name and perhaps a different characterizations of such ...
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1answer
78 views

Universal and left-factoring order-preserving maps

Trying to get a different angle for the question Fixed points and universal maps for posets, I want to compare universal maps to a different kind of functions. First recall that for posets $P,Q$ an ...
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238 views

Is the homomorphism poset directed if the codomain is directed?

Let $P,Q$ be partially ordered sets (posets). We consider the set $\text{Hom}(P,Q)$ of order-preserving functions $f:P\to Q$. (We call a function $f:P\to Q$ order preserving if $x\leq y$ in $P$ ...